Environmental Science Test Quiz

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Environmental Science Test Quiz - Quiz

When we start to dive into a topic like environmental science, most tend to realise early on how daunting it can be. The sheer amount of information involved is simply overwhelming at times, but this environmental science test quiz should help you build confidence on your knowledge thus far.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    All of the following disciplines are major contributors to the field of environmental science except

    • A.

      Linguistics and physics

    • B.

      Biology and earth science

    • C.

      Social sciences

    Correct Answer
    A. Linguistics and physics
    Explanation
    Linguistics and physics are not major contributors to the field of environmental science. Environmental science primarily focuses on the study of the environment, including its physical, chemical, and biological components, as well as the social and cultural factors that impact it. While linguistics and physics may have some relevance to certain aspects of the environment, they are not typically considered core disciplines within the field of environmental science.

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  • 2. 

    Most of today's environmental problems began during which period in human history?

    • A.

      Hunter-gatherer period

    • B.

      Agricultural revolution

    • C.

      Industrial revolution

    Correct Answer
    C. Industrial revolution
    Explanation
    The Industrial revolution is the correct answer because it marks the beginning of significant environmental problems. During this period, there was a rapid growth in industries, leading to increased pollution and exploitation of natural resources. The use of fossil fuels, such as coal and oil, resulted in air and water pollution, contributing to climate change and habitat destruction. The Industrial revolution also brought about deforestation and the destruction of ecosystems to make way for factories and urbanization. Overall, this period had a profound and lasting impact on the environment, setting the stage for many of the environmental challenges we face today.

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  • 3. 

    Environmental science is a study of which types of interactions between humans and the environment?

    • A.

      How humans use natural resources

    • B.

      How human beings relate to the nonliving environment

    • C.

      How human actions alter the environment

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Environmental science is the study of the interactions between humans and the environment. This includes how humans use natural resources, how human beings relate to the nonliving environment, and how human actions alter the environment. Therefore, the correct answer is "all of the above" as it encompasses all three types of interactions.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is studied in environmental science?

    • A.

      Interactions between living organisms and their nonliving environment

    • B.

      Impact of humans on the environment

    • C.

      Interactions between organisms

    Correct Answer
    B. Impact of humans on the environment
    Explanation
    Environmental science is the study of the interactions between living organisms and their nonliving environment, as well as the impact of human activities on the environment. This includes the study of how human actions, such as pollution, deforestation, and climate change, affect ecosystems and the overall health of the planet. Understanding the impact of humans on the environment is crucial in order to develop sustainable practices and mitigate the negative effects of human activities on the Earth's natural systems.

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  • 5. 

    Population growth in the 20th century accelerated which environmental stress(es)?

    • A.

      Resource depletion

    • B.

      Pollution

    • C.

      Habitat destruction

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The population growth in the 20th century led to an increase in resource consumption, resulting in resource depletion. As the population grew, more waste and pollutants were generated, leading to increased pollution levels. Additionally, the expansion of human settlements and infrastructure resulted in the destruction of natural habitats, causing habitat destruction. Therefore, all of the mentioned environmental stresses - resource depletion, pollution, and habitat destruction - were accelerated due to population growth in the 20th century.

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  • 6. 

    Why is the world's loss of biodiversity a source of concern?

    • A.

      Humans depend on other organisms for food and oxygen

    • B.

      Species extinctions have been rare throughout history

    • C.

      Loss of biodiversity is not a concern because extinctions are common.

    Correct Answer
    A. Humans depend on other organisms for food and oxygen
    Explanation
    The loss of biodiversity is a source of concern because humans depend on other organisms for food and oxygen. Biodiversity ensures a variety of species that provide essential ecosystem services such as pollination, nutrient cycling, and pest control. The extinction of species disrupts these services, leading to potential food shortages, imbalanced ecosystems, and decreased oxygen production. Therefore, the loss of biodiversity threatens the overall well-being and survival of human populations.

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  • 7. 

    Using economic considerations of resource use, the law of supply and demand describes the

    • A.

      Availability of abundant resources

    • B.

      Relationship between the availability and the worth of resources

    • C.

      Worth of nonrenewable resources

    Correct Answer
    B. Relationship between the availability and the worth of resources
    Explanation
    The law of supply and demand explains the relationship between the availability and the worth of resources. It states that as the availability of a resource decreases, its worth or value increases. This is because when a resource becomes scarce, it becomes more desirable and people are willing to pay more for it. On the other hand, when a resource is abundant, its worth decreases as there is less demand for it. Therefore, the law of supply and demand helps to determine the value or worth of resources based on their availability in the market.

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  • 8. 

    Listing both the merits and expenses involved in implementing a particular solution is an example of a(n)

    • A.

      Cost-benefit analysis

    • B.

      Risk assessment

    • C.

      Ecological footprint

    Correct Answer
    A. Cost-benefit analysis
    Explanation
    A cost-benefit analysis involves evaluating the advantages and disadvantages of a particular solution. Listing both the merits and expenses involved in implementing the solution allows for a comprehensive assessment of its overall value. By considering the potential benefits and weighing them against the associated costs, decision-makers can determine whether the solution is worth pursuing. This analysis helps in making informed decisions by providing a clear understanding of the potential outcomes and the financial implications of implementing the solution.

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  • 9. 

    Compared with their counterparts in developed countries, individuals in developing nations typically have a

    • A.

      Higher standard of living

    • B.

      Larger ecological footprint

    • C.

      Shorter life span

    Correct Answer
    C. Shorter life span
    Explanation
    Individuals in developing nations typically have a shorter life span compared to their counterparts in developed countries. This can be attributed to several factors such as limited access to healthcare, inadequate nutrition, poor sanitation, and higher prevalence of diseases. Developing nations often face challenges in providing quality healthcare services to their populations, resulting in higher mortality rates. Additionally, factors like poverty, lack of education, and limited resources can contribute to a shorter life expectancy in these countries.

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  • 10. 

    Achieving a sustainable world is a goal that will depend on

    • A.

      Responsible consumption by developed countries

    • B.

      A higher standard of living in developing countries

    • C.

      Cooperation between governments, industry, and citizens

    • D.

      Both (a) and (c)

    Correct Answer
    D. Both (a) and (c)
    Explanation
    Achieving a sustainable world requires both responsible consumption by developed countries and cooperation between governments, industry, and citizens. Developed countries, with their higher levels of consumption, need to adopt more sustainable practices to reduce their environmental impact. At the same time, cooperation between governments, industry, and citizens is necessary to implement policies and initiatives that promote sustainability on a global scale. Both (a) and (c) are essential components in achieving a sustainable world.

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  • 11. 

    A good hypothesis is more than a guess because it

    • A.

      Is based on intuition rather than observation

    • B.

      States what is likely to happen

    • C.

      Makes logical sense

    Correct Answer
    C. Makes logical sense
    Explanation
    A good hypothesis is more than a guess because it makes logical sense. This means that it is not simply based on intuition or a random idea, but rather it is supported by logical reasoning and evidence. A hypothesis that makes logical sense is more likely to be accurate and reliable, as it is grounded in a logical framework and can be tested and evaluated based on its logical coherence. Therefore, a hypothesis that makes logical sense is a key characteristic of a good hypothesis.

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