Enteric Viruses Bac 2100

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Persianpride18
P
Persianpride18
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 9 | Total Attempts: 8,231
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 127

SettingsSettingsSettings
Enteric Viruses Bac 2100 - Quiz


Enteric Viruses BAC 2100


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Why are these viruses called Enteric Viruses?

    Explanation
    Enteric viruses are called so because they primarily inhabit and reproduce in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. However, contrary to expectations, they do not typically cause gastroenteritis, which is the inflammation of the stomach and intestines. Instead, these viruses can spread to other organs through viremia, which refers to the presence of the virus in the blood. This ability to infect other organs beyond the GI tract distinguishes enteric viruses from other types of viruses that solely target the gastrointestinal system.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    Name ( percentages ) of cases that are inapparent, mild illness and major illness.

    Explanation
    The cases of this illness can be categorized into three groups based on their severity. The majority, 95%, are inapparent cases, meaning they do not show any symptoms and can last for several weeks in the intestine without causing any issues. Around 4-5% of cases are classified as mild illness, characterized by symptoms such as fever and pharyngitis. Less than 1% of cases result in more severe complications such as paralysis, aseptic meningitis, and myocarditis.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Which Virus spreads faecal-orally?

    • A.

      Poliovirus

    • B.

      ECHOvirus

    • C.

      Coxsackie virus

    Correct Answer
    A. Poliovirus
    Explanation
    Poliovirus is the correct answer because it is known to spread through the faecal-oral route. This means that the virus is transmitted when a person ingests food or water contaminated with the faeces of an infected individual. Poor sanitation and hygiene practices contribute to the spread of poliovirus, making it a significant public health concern. ECHOvirus and Coxsackie virus are also enteroviruses, but they are primarily transmitted through respiratory secretions and direct contact rather than the faecal-oral route.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    Which virus has two types (A, B) and has seasonal variation between summer and fall?

    • A.

      Polio

    • B.

      Coxsackievirus

    • C.

      Echovirus

    Correct Answer
    B. Coxsackievirus
    Explanation
    Coxsackievirus is the correct answer because it is a virus that has two types, A and B, and it exhibits seasonal variation between summer and fall. Polio and echovirus do not have the same characteristics mentioned in the question.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    How can you diagnoise Poliovirus? ( 2 methods)

    Correct Answer
    1- Isolation - you take isolated samples from stool ( can last 5-6weeks) , from CSF, pericardial fluid. 2- Serology -actue specimen - must be obtained immeaditly and covalescant specimen - can be taken 2-3 weeks after.
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that there are two methods to diagnose Poliovirus. The first method is isolation, where isolated samples are taken from stool, CSF (cerebrospinal fluid), and pericardial fluid. These samples can last for 5-6 weeks. The second method is serology, which involves obtaining an acute specimen immediately and a convalescent specimen 2-3 weeks later. These methods help in diagnosing Poliovirus by detecting the presence of the virus in the samples or by detecting the antibodies produced in response to the virus.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    What does ECHO virus stand for? Why was it named so?

    Correct Answer
    Enteric Cytopathogenic Human Orphan virus. It was named as such because when it was first isolated there was no apparent connection to disease.
    Explanation
    The ECHO virus stands for Enteric Cytopathogenic Human Orphan virus. It was named so because when it was first isolated, there was no apparent connection to disease. The term "Enteric" refers to the virus being found in the intestines, "Cytopathogenic" indicates its ability to cause damage to cells, "Human" signifies that it infects humans, and "Orphan" suggests that it was initially an unknown virus with no associated disease.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    For Coxsackie virus ,name the 4 complications and which type of coxsackie they are associated with ( A/ B)

    Correct Answer
    Minor respiratory illness ( mainly B) Aspetic meningitis (A and B) Herpangia and hand-foot-and mouth disease ( A) pleurodynia , pericarditis and myocarditis ( B)
    Explanation
    The Coxsackie virus can cause various complications. Minor respiratory illness is mainly associated with Coxsackie B. Aseptic meningitis can be caused by both Coxsackie A and B. Herpangia and hand-foot-and-mouth disease are associated with Coxsackie A. Pleurodynia, pericarditis, and myocarditis are complications that are primarily associated with Coxsackie B.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Which complications are associated with Echovirus?

    Correct Answer
    Asptic mengigitis and minor respiratory illness
    Explanation
    Echovirus is known to cause aseptic meningitis, which is an inflammation of the membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. It can also lead to minor respiratory illnesses, such as the common cold. These complications are commonly associated with Echovirus infections.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Name and describe the two Vaccines for Poliovirus

    Correct Answer
    1. killed vaccine ( salk) ( trivalent) that produces only local IgA immunity in the GI tract so it does protect the indiviual but it doesnt stop the virus from being spread to the rest of the community. Only given to immunocompromised and adults who have never been immunized before. 2. Live attenuated Vaccine ( sabrin) ( trivalent) : produces both local IgA and IgG immunity. Never given to immunocompromised or people who have never been immunized. This is because it has a small percentage of mutating the virus. Not allowed to be adminstered to polio-free communities.
    Explanation
    The two vaccines for Poliovirus are the killed vaccine (salk) and the live attenuated vaccine (sabrin). The killed vaccine produces only local IgA immunity in the GI tract, providing protection to the individual but not stopping the spread of the virus to the community. It is only given to immunocompromised individuals and adults who have never been immunized before. On the other hand, the live attenuated vaccine produces both local IgA and IgG immunity. However, it is not given to immunocompromised individuals or those who have never been immunized due to the small risk of the virus mutating. Additionally, it is not allowed to be administered to polio-free communities.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Which enteric viruses have vaccines?

    • A.

      Polio

    • B.

      Coxsackie

    • C.

      ECHO

    Correct Answer
    A. Polio
    Explanation
    Polio is the correct answer because it is the only enteric virus mentioned that has a vaccine. Coxsackie and ECHO are also enteric viruses, but there are currently no vaccines available for them.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.