Emrapproved Monthly Medical Trivia Quiz - February 2012

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Emrapproved Monthly Medical Trivia Quiz - February 2012 - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Three times as many women as men are diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that there are more women diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis compared to men. It implies that the prevalence of rheumatoid arthritis is higher in women.

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  • 2. 

    __________________  is a chronic autoimmune disease in which a person’s white blood cells attack their moisture-producing glands.

    • A.

      Carpal tunnel syndrome

    • B.

      Sjögren’s syndrome

    • C.

      Turner's syndrome

    Correct Answer
    B. Sjögren’s syndrome
    Explanation
    Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic autoimmune disease where a person's white blood cells mistakenly attack their moisture-producing glands. This leads to symptoms such as dry eyes and mouth, as well as other complications like joint pain and fatigue. Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition that causes numbness and tingling in the hand and arm, while Turner's syndrome is a genetic disorder that affects females and results in short stature and infertility. Therefore, the correct answer is Sjögren's syndrome.

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  • 3. 

    What connects muscles to bones?               

    • A.

      Ligaments

    • B.

      Cartilage

    • C.

      Tendons

    Correct Answer
    C. Tendons
    Explanation
    Tendons connect muscles to bones. They are strong and flexible bands of fibrous tissue that attach muscles to bones, allowing for movement and stability. Tendons are made up of collagen fibers and play a crucial role in transmitting the force generated by muscles to the bones, enabling us to perform various physical activities.

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  • 4. 

    What color is Arterial Blood?               

    • A.

      Bright Red

    • B.

      Dark Red

    • C.

      Purple

    Correct Answer
    A. Bright Red
    Explanation
    Arterial blood is bright red in color because it is oxygenated. Oxygen-rich blood is pumped from the heart to the rest of the body through the arteries, and this oxygenation gives it a bright red hue.

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  • 5. 

    The "tail bone" is scientifically known as the coccyx.               

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true. The "tail bone" is indeed scientifically known as the coccyx. The coccyx is a small triangular bone located at the bottom of the vertebral column, consisting of three to five fused vertebrae. It is the remnant of a tail that humans and other mammals used to have in their evolutionary past. The coccyx serves as an attachment point for various muscles, tendons, and ligaments, and provides support while sitting.

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  • 6. 

    The word "adeno", deriving from Greek, refers to which to what body part?               

    • A.

      Kidney

    • B.

      Liver

    • C.

      Gland

    Correct Answer
    C. Gland
    Explanation
    The word "adeno" is derived from Greek and it refers to a gland.

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  • 7. 

    The waste product that creates the yellow skin in jaundice is :  

    • A.

      Bile

    • B.

      Chromium

    • C.

      Bilirubin

    Correct Answer
    C. Bilirubin
    Explanation
    Bilirubin is the waste product that creates the yellow skin in jaundice. Jaundice occurs when there is a buildup of bilirubin in the bloodstream, causing a yellowing of the skin and eyes. Bilirubin is a yellow pigment that is produced when red blood cells break down. It is then processed by the liver and excreted in bile. In cases of liver dysfunction or other conditions that affect the liver's ability to process bilirubin, it can accumulate in the body, leading to jaundice.

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  • 8. 

    What is the medical term for a white blood cell?

    • A.

      Erythrocyte

    • B.

      Leukocyte

    • C.

      Thrombocyte

    Correct Answer
    B. Leukocyte
    Explanation
    The medical term for a white blood cell is leukocyte.

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  • 9. 

    The kidneys are part of the excretory system. What other system are they part of?  

    • A.

      Respiratory System

    • B.

      Digestive System

    • C.

      Urinary System

    Correct Answer
    C. Urinary System
    Explanation
    The kidneys are part of the urinary system. They play a crucial role in filtering waste products from the blood and producing urine. The urinary system also includes other organs such as the bladder, ureters, and urethra, which work together to eliminate waste from the body. Therefore, the correct answer is Urinary System.

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  • 10. 

    Sunlight is a great source of _____________ which is essential for building healthy bones.

    • A.

      Vitamin A

    • B.

      Vitamin C

    • C.

      Vitamin D

    Correct Answer
    C. Vitamin D
    Explanation
    Sunlight is a great source of vitamin D, which is essential for building healthy bones. When our skin is exposed to sunlight, it produces vitamin D. This vitamin helps our body absorb calcium and phosphorus, which are necessary for bone health. Without enough vitamin D, our bones can become weak and brittle, leading to conditions like osteoporosis. Therefore, getting enough sunlight or consuming foods rich in vitamin D is crucial for maintaining strong and healthy bones.

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  • Feb 28, 2024
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  • Jan 31, 2012
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