Electrolytes And Acid Base Balance

12 Questions | Total Attempts: 359

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Acid Quizzes & Trivia

FIll in the blank and define terms


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is the major cation in extracellular fluid (90%)?
  • 2. 
    Which Electrolyte helps maintain Acid Base balance and carbon dioxide transport in red blood cells?
    • A. 

      Chloride

    • B. 

      Potassium

    • C. 

      Magnesium

  • 3. 
    The normal range for Phosphorus is 3.5-5.0 mEq/L
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    98-106 mEq/L is the normal range for what electrolyte?
  • 5. 
    Normal Range for Sodium is what value?
    • A. 

      3.0-4.5

    • B. 

      136-145

    • C. 

      9.0-10.5

  • 6. 
    Normal Range for magnesium is 1.3-2.1
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 7. 
    What is the normal range for phosphorus?
  • 8. 
    Which are s/s HYPOkalemia?
    • A. 

      Decreased bowel sounds

    • B. 

      Anorexia

    • C. 

      Hypotension

    • D. 

      Paralysis

    • E. 

      Bradycardia

    • F. 

      Decreased DTRs

    • G. 

      Irregular pulse rate

  • 9. 
    Potassium is responsible for:
    • A. 

      Maintaning weight

    • B. 

      Maintaining heartbeat

    • C. 

      Buildng muscle mass

  • 10. 
    A patient is Dx with hypermagnesemia, to treat this the doctor is likely to order:
    • A. 

      Oral and IV fluids

    • B. 

      Magnesium citrate

    • C. 

      Potassium sparing diuretics

  • 11. 
    You are told you patient has a positive Chvostek's sign. What would you expect the lab reports to reveal?
    • A. 

      A total serum calcium level above 8.9

    • B. 

      An ionized calcium level above 5.3

    • C. 

      A total serum calcium level below 8.9

  • 12. 
    If your patieondary?nt has hyperphosphatemia, what other electrolyte disturbance may come sec
    • A. 

      Hypocalcemia

    • B. 

      Hyperkalemia

    • C. 

      Hypernatremia

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