# 4th Grade Science Test On Electricity! Trivia Quiz

Reviewed by Matt Balanda
Matt Balanda, BS, Science |
Physics Expert
Review Board Member
Matt graduated with a Master's in Educational Leadership for Faith-Based Schools from California Baptist University and a Bachelor's of Science in Aerospace Engineering and Mathematics from the University of Arizona. A devoted leader, transitioned from Aerospace Engineering to inspire students. As the High School Vice-Principal and a skilled Physics teacher at Calvary Chapel Christian School, his passion is nurturing a love for learning and deepening students' connection with God, fostering a transformative educational journey.
, BS, Science
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Electricity is something that all age groups should learn. Regarding this quiz, you will have to discern a parallel unit, a series, an electric diagram versus a circuit diagram, what is a good insulator, what is a good conductor, and what is a material through which electric current cannot easily pass. This quiz will help you turn on the light and see what electricity is all about.

• 1.

### Electric current in a/an ____________________ circuit travels in MORE THAN ONE path.

• A.

Series

• B.

Wire

• C.

Parallel

• D.

Connected

C. Parallel
Explanation
In a parallel circuit, electric current has multiple paths to flow through. This means that the current can divide and flow through different branches simultaneously. This is in contrast to a series circuit, where the current only has one path to follow. Therefore, in a parallel circuit, the electric current travels in more than one path.

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• 2.

### In a ________________________ circuit, if one bulb burns out, the others will stay lit.

• A.

Parallel

• B.

Series

A. Parallel
Explanation
In a parallel circuit, the electrical components are connected in such a way that each component has its own separate path for the flow of current. This means that if one bulb burns out, the others will stay lit because they are still connected to the power source through their own individual paths. In contrast, in a series circuit, the components are connected in a single path, so if one bulb burns out, it breaks the circuit and all the other bulbs will also go out.

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• 3.

### In a _________________________ circuit, if one bulb burns out, the others will not work.

• A.

Parallel

• B.

Series

B. Series
Explanation
In a series circuit, the components are connected in a single path, meaning that the current flows through each component sequentially. If one bulb burns out, it creates an open circuit, interrupting the flow of current. As a result, the other bulbs in the circuit will not receive any current and will not work.

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• 4.

### A drawing that uses symbols to show how the parts of an electric circuit are connected is a/an _____________________________.

• A.

Nichrome wire

• B.

Electric diagram

• C.

Parallel circuit

• D.

Circuit diagram

D. Circuit diagram
Explanation
A circuit diagram is a drawing that uses symbols to illustrate how the different components of an electric circuit are interconnected. It provides a visual representation of the circuit, allowing engineers and electricians to understand the circuit's structure and connections. This helps in troubleshooting and designing circuits, as it provides a clear and concise representation of the circuit's layout.

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• 5.

### Which of the following is NOT a good insulator?

• A.

Plastic

• B.

Glass

• C.

Iron

C. Iron
Explanation
Iron is not a good insulator because it is a metal and metals are generally good conductors of heat and electricity. Insulators are materials that do not allow the flow of heat or electricity easily, while conductors allow the flow of heat or electricity. Plastic and glass are examples of good insulators as they have high resistance to heat and electricity flow.

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• 6.

### Which of the following is NOT a good conductor?

• A.

Iron

• B.

Copper

• C.

Plastic

C. Plastic
Explanation
Plastic is not a good conductor of electricity because it is an insulator. Unlike iron and copper, which are metals and have free electrons that can easily move and carry electric charge, plastic does not have free electrons and cannot conduct electricity effectively. Instead, it acts as a barrier to the flow of electric current.

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• 7.

### Electric current in a/an _____________________ circuit travels in ONE path.

• A.

Series

• B.

Parallel

• C.

Electric

• D.

Wire

A. Series
Explanation
In a series circuit, electric current travels in only one path. This means that the current flows through each component in the circuit, one after another, forming a continuous loop. Unlike in a parallel circuit, where the current can split and flow through multiple paths simultaneously, in a series circuit, the current encounters each component sequentially. Therefore, the correct answer is series.

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• 8.

### A device used to indicate a closed path across two points in a circuit is a/an ______________________.

• A.

Circuit diagram

• B.

Filament

• C.

Nichrome wire

• D.

Circuit tester

D. Circuit tester
Explanation
A circuit tester is a device used to indicate a closed path across two points in a circuit. It is typically used to check if there is continuity in a circuit or to determine if there is a break in the circuit. By connecting the circuit tester to the two points in the circuit, it can provide a visual or audible indication of whether the circuit is complete or not. This helps in identifying any faults or issues in the circuit.

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• 9.

### A material through which electric current CANNOT pass easily is a/an ____________________.

• A.

Tester

• B.

Insulator

• C.

Receptor

• D.

Conductor

B. Insulator
Explanation
An insulator is a material that does not allow electric current to pass easily. Unlike conductors, which allow the flow of electric charges, insulators have high resistance to the flow of electricity. This is because insulators have tightly bound electrons that do not move freely, preventing the flow of current. Therefore, an insulator is the correct answer for a material through which electric current cannot pass easily.

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• 10.

### A material through which electric current CAN pass easily in a/an ______________________

• A.

Tester

• B.

Insulator

• C.

Receptor

• D.

Conductor

D. Conductor
Explanation
A conductor is a material that allows electric current to flow through it easily. Unlike an insulator, which restricts the flow of electricity, a conductor has free electrons that are able to move and carry the electric charge. Conductors are commonly used in electrical wiring and circuits to transmit electricity efficiently. In the context of a tester, a conductor would be the appropriate choice as it would allow the electric current to pass through and be detected by the tester.

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• 11.

### ___________________________ wire is made of nickel and chromium.

• A.

Copper chrome

• B.

Nichrome

• C.

Cochrome

• D.

Nikelchrome

B. Nichrome
Explanation
Nichrome is the correct answer because it is a type of wire that is made of nickel and chromium. It is commonly used in heating elements due to its high electrical resistance and ability to withstand high temperatures. Copper chrome, Cocrome, and Nikelchrome are not valid options as they do not accurately describe the composition of the wire.

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• 12.

### A fine wire that becomes hot and produces light when an electric current passes through it is called a _________________.

• A.

Filament

• B.

Nichrome wire

• C.

Circuit

• D.

Wire

A. Filament
Explanation
A fine wire that becomes hot and produces light when an electric current passes through it is called a filament. This is commonly found in incandescent light bulbs, where the filament is made of tungsten. When the electric current flows through the filament, it heats up and emits light.

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• 13.

### In order for a circuit to work, the path must be __________________.

• A.

Series

• B.

Parallel

• C.

Open

• D.

Closed

D. Closed
Explanation
For a circuit to work, the path must be closed. This means that there must be a complete loop for the current to flow through, with no breaks or interruptions in the circuit. If the circuit is open, there is a gap in the path and the current cannot flow, resulting in the circuit not working.

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• 14.

### A/An _____________________ is used to turn the electricity in a current on or off.

• A.

Battery

• B.

Switch

• C.

Conductor

• D.

Insulator

B. Switch
Explanation
A switch is a device that is used to control the flow of electricity in a circuit by either allowing the current to pass through or interrupting it. It acts as a bridge between the power source and the load, enabling the user to turn the electricity on or off as desired. By flipping the switch, the circuit is either completed or broken, thus controlling the flow of electrical current.

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• 15.

### The flow of electric charge through something is a/an __________________________.

• A.

Electric current

• B.

Circuit tester

• C.

Battery

• D.

Wire

A. Electric current
Explanation
The flow of electric charge through something is referred to as electric current. Electric current is the movement of electrically charged particles, such as electrons, through a conductor. It is measured in units called amperes (A) and is essential for the operation of electrical devices and systems.

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• 16.

### A metal strand used to connect electrical devices in a circuit is a/an ________________________.

• A.

Battery

• B.

Switch

• C.

Filament

• D.

Wire

D. Wire
Explanation
A metal strand used to connect electrical devices in a circuit is referred to as a wire. Wires are made of conductive materials such as copper or aluminum, allowing the flow of electric current between different components of a circuit. They provide a pathway for the electrical energy to travel, enabling the transfer of power and signals between devices.

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• 17.

### A power source that can produce an electric current as a result of a chemical change in it is a/an ______________________.

• A.

Circuit

• B.

Wire

• C.

Battery

• D.

Filament

C. Battery
Explanation
A battery is a power source that can produce an electric current as a result of a chemical change in it. When the chemicals inside a battery react, they create a flow of electrons, which generates an electric current. This current can then be used to power various devices or circuits.

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• 18.

### The path for electricity to travel along is a/an ________________________.

• A.

Electric current

• B.

Circuit

• C.

Closed circuit

• D.

Electric diagram

B. Circuit
Explanation
A circuit is the path that electricity follows in order to flow from one point to another. It is a complete loop or pathway that allows the current to flow continuously. A circuit can be either open or closed. In an open circuit, the pathway is broken, and electricity cannot flow. In a closed circuit, the pathway is complete, allowing the electric current to flow uninterrupted. Therefore, a circuit is the correct answer as it accurately describes the path for electricity to travel along.

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• 19.

### A circuit must have which of the following?

• A.

Energy source, battery, something to work

• B.

Energy source, wire, circuit tester

• C.

Energy source, wire, switch

• D.

Energy source, wire, something to work

D. Energy source, wire, something to work
Explanation
A circuit must have an energy source to provide the necessary power, wires to connect the components, and something to work or operate, such as a load or device. The energy source provides the electrical energy, the wires transmit the current, and the load or device utilizes the electrical energy to perform a specific function. Without any of these components, a circuit would not be complete and functional.

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Matt Balanda |BS, Science |
Physics Expert
Matt graduated with a Master's in Educational Leadership for Faith-Based Schools from California Baptist University and a Bachelor's of Science in Aerospace Engineering and Mathematics from the University of Arizona. A devoted leader, transitioned from Aerospace Engineering to inspire students. As the High School Vice-Principal and a skilled Physics teacher at Calvary Chapel Christian School, his passion is nurturing a love for learning and deepening students' connection with God, fostering a transformative educational journey.

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• Apr 15, 2024
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Expert Reviewed by
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• Oct 04, 2011
Quiz Created by
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