Elderly Nutrition Questions: Quiz!

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 1848

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Elderly Nutrition Questions: Quiz!

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    All of the following are changes that happen to the GI tract with age EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Decrease in gastric acid

    • B. 

      Decrease in saliva

    • C. 

      Decreased absorption of fluid in the large intestines

    • D. 

      Increased dental caries

  • 2. 
    What is the resting metabolic rate (RMR) and what happens to it with age?
    • A. 

      Energy expended for the maintenance of normal body functions and homeostasis; increased with age

    • B. 

      Energy expended for the maintenance of normal body functions and homeostasis; decreases with age

    • C. 

      Measurement of energy expended over 24 hours expressed in calories; increases with age

    • D. 

      Measurement of energy expended over 24 hours expressed in calories; decreases with age

  • 3. 
    Malnutrition can lead to what consequence(s)?
    • A. 

      Prolonged wound healing

    • B. 

      Increased immunity

    • C. 

      Decreased nutrient needs

    • D. 

      Increased use of medications

  • 4. 
    Getting groceries at the store may be difficult for the elderly because:
    • A. 

      They may not have access to transportation

    • B. 

      Carrying grocery bags from the car to their house may be too much

    • C. 

      They may have difficulty visually reading food labels and counting money

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 5. 
    Body composition shifts with age, showing what changes?
    • A. 

      Increase in bone mineral and protein

    • B. 

      Decrease in fat mass and increase in fat free mass

    • C. 

      Increase in fat mass and decrease in fat free mass

    • D. 

      Increase in water composition and fat free mass

  • 6. 
    The elderly are at an increased risk for deficiency of what two vitamins?
    • A. 

      Vitamin D and B1

    • B. 

      Vitamin A and B12

    • C. 

      Vitamin D and B12

    • D. 

      Vitamin A and B1

  • 7. 
    Which of the following is a preferred food source of carbohydrates?
    • A. 

      White pasta

    • B. 

      Eggs

    • C. 

      Whole wheat bread

    • D. 

      Lean meats

  • 8. 
    Which of the following is true about vitamins?
    • A. 

      All vitamin requirements do not change with age

    • B. 

      Vitamins do not yield energy

    • C. 

      Vitamin D needs are decreased with age

    • D. 

      Vitamins are only found in fruits and vegetables

  • 9. 
    All of the following are factors that may lead to the loss of self-feeding ability EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Stroke

    • B. 

      Dysphagia

    • C. 

      General weakness

    • D. 

      Severe food allergies

  • 10. 
    All of the following are examples of nutritional supplements discussed in this education, EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Ensure drinks

    • B. 

      Boost drinks

    • C. 

      Juice Plus

    • D. 

      Beneprotein powder

  • 11. 
    Which of the following is NOT a good example of a verbal cue that should be used?
    • A. 

      Take another bite Mr. Smith

    • B. 

      Why don't you try your salad?

    • C. 

      Remember to chew

    • D. 

      Swallow

  • 12. 
    If a resident is acting out during a meal, what should you do?
    • A. 

      Walk away until they calm down

    • B. 

      Laugh

    • C. 

      Try to figure out why they are acting out

    • D. 

      Walk away until you can calm down

  • 13. 
    All of the following are important before meal activities to perform, EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Hand washing

    • B. 

      Seating the resident by a window

    • C. 

      Making sure the resident is in a comfortable position

    • D. 

      Checking residents therapeutic and texture modified diet

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is not an example of minimal assistance?
    • A. 

      Cutting foods for the resident

    • B. 

      Encouraging the resident to try certain foods

    • C. 

      Opening condiments

    • D. 

      Placing a straw in a beverage

  • 15. 
    After a meal is finished, it is important to:
    • A. 

      Record the amount of food the resident ate or tell whomever is in charge of it

    • B. 

      Let the resident's nurse know if there were any problems during the meal

    • C. 

      If they need to use the restroom, take them immediately

    • D. 

      Leave residents in wheelchairs in the dining room

  • 16. 
    All of the following are examples of food and feeding safety precautions when assisting a resident EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Holding a mug by the handles

    • B. 

      Holding utensils by the handles

    • C. 

      Washing hands vigorously for 15 seconds

    • D. 

      Opening condiment packages with bare hands

  • 17. 
    It would be acceptable for someone on a mechanically altered diet to have all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Ground beef

    • B. 

      Mashed potatoes

    • C. 

      Dinner roll

    • D. 

      Oatmeal

  • 18. 
    All of the following are true about handwashing EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Hands should be washed vigorously for 20 seconds with soap and water

    • B. 

      A paper towel should be used to touch the door knob after hand washing

    • C. 

      The resident and feeding assistant should wash their hands before meals

    • D. 

      The sink handle should be turned off with a bare hand

  • 19. 
    A resident on a diabetic diet should consume which of the following food(s) in moderation?
    • A. 

      Lean chicken

    • B. 

      Green beans

    • C. 

      Cake

    • D. 

      Lean beef

  • 20. 
    All of the following are proper ways to check the temperature of a residents food and beverages EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Dipping a clean fork or spoon into the food and placing a drop on the back of your hand

    • B. 

      Placing a hand above the food to feel the steam

    • C. 

      Tasting the residents food

    • D. 

      Having the kitchen take the temperature of the food

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