EKG Chapter 5 Rhythm Part I

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EKG Quizzes & Trivia

EKG. . . Making this quiz up so I can study for my test.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Arrhythmia literally means without 

    • A.

      Beat

    • B.

      Hunger

    • C.

      Rhythm

    • D.

      Origin

    • E.

      Tube

    Correct Answer
    C. Rhythm
    Explanation
    Arrhythmia is is used to denote any abnormal rhythm. So dysrhythmia (bad rhythm) has the same meaning.

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  • 2. 

    The SA Node generates a regular__________ that paces the heart. Each___________ pacemaker impulse from the SA Node ( Sinus Node) spreads through both _______ as an advancing wave of depolarization. 

    Correct Answer
    Sinus Rhythm, pacemaker, atria
    Explanation
    The SA Node generates a regular electrical signal called the Sinus Rhythm that paces the heart. Each pacemaker impulse from the SA Node spreads through both atria as an advancing wave of depolarization.

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  • 3. 

    The SA Node discharges regular pacing impulses_________ per minute that depolarize the _______.?

    Correct Answer
    60 to 100, atria
    Explanation
    The SA Node is responsible for generating regular pacing impulses that depolarize the atria. These impulses occur at a rate of 60 to 100 per minute.

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  • 4. 

    The SA Node generates pacing impulses at a constant, unvarying rate, producing cycles of equal length, so the rhythm of the heart is said to be?

    • A.

      Messy

    • B.

      Abnormal

    • C.

      Serious

    • D.

      Sudden

    • E.

      Regular

    Correct Answer
    E. Regular
    Explanation
    The SA Node, also known as the sinoatrial node, is responsible for generating pacing impulses in the heart. These impulses are produced at a constant, unvarying rate, resulting in cycles of equal length. As a result, the rhythm of the heart is described as regular.

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  • 5. 

    What is a normal, but extremely minimal, increase in heart rate during inspiration, and an extremely minimal decrease in heart rate during expiration.?

    • A.

      Tachycardia

    • B.

      Bradycardia

    • C.

      Sinus Rhythm

    • D.

      Sinus Arrhythmia

    • E.

      Wandering Pacemaker

    Correct Answer
    D. Sinus Arrhythmia
    Explanation
    Sinus arrhythmia is a normal, but extremely minimal, increase in heart rate during inspiration and an extremely minimal decrease in heart rate during expiration. This is due to the natural variation in the autonomic nervous system's control over the heart rate. During inspiration, there is increased activity in the sympathetic nervous system, leading to a slight increase in heart rate. During expiration, there is increased activity in the parasympathetic nervous system, leading to a slight decrease in heart rate. Sinus arrhythmia is a benign condition and does not cause any symptoms or require treatment.

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  • 6. 

    The Slight increase in the heart rate is due to inspiration-activated ___________ stimulation of the SA Node. The slight decrease in pacing rate is due to expiration-activated _______________ inhibition of the SA Node. Since Sinus pacing is regulated by both divisions of the Autonomic Nervous System. 

    Correct Answer
    Sympathetic, parasympathetic
    Explanation
    During inspiration, sympathetic stimulation of the SA node occurs, leading to an increase in heart rate. This is because the sympathetic nervous system activates the release of norepinephrine, which increases the firing rate of the SA node and enhances the conduction of electrical impulses in the heart. On the other hand, during expiration, parasympathetic inhibition of the SA node takes place. The parasympathetic nervous system releases acetylcholine, which slows down the firing rate of the SA node and reduces the conduction of electrical impulses in the heart. Therefore, the slight increase in heart rate is due to sympathetic stimulation, while the slight decrease in pacing rate is due to parasympathetic inhibition.

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  • 7. 

    The atrial conduction system consists of three specialized internodal tracts in the?

    • A.

      Sinus Rhythm

    • B.

      Right atrium-The Anterior, the middle, and the Posterior.

    • C.

      Left atrium

    • D.

      Coronary Sinus

    • E.

      AV Node

    Correct Answer
    B. Right atrium-The Anterior, the middle, and the Posterior.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the right atrium - the anterior, the middle, and the posterior. The atrial conduction system refers to the network of specialized cells that initiate and coordinate the electrical signals in the atria of the heart. These signals are responsible for the contraction of the atria and the proper functioning of the heart. The three specialized internodal tracts mentioned are located in the right atrium and are responsible for conducting the electrical signals from the sinoatrial (SA) node to the atrioventricular (AV) node.

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  • 8. 

    Bachman's bundle originates in the SA Node and distributes depolarization to the left?

    • A.

      Ventricle

    • B.

      SA Node

    • C.

      Atrium

    • D.

      Posterior

    • E.

      Anterior

    Correct Answer
    C. Atrium
    Explanation
    Bachman's bundle is a specialized pathway that originates in the SA Node, which is known as the natural pacemaker of the heart. It is responsible for initiating the electrical impulses that regulate the heart's rhythm. The bundle then distributes these depolarization signals to the atrium, the upper chambers of the heart. This allows for coordinated contraction and efficient pumping of blood into the ventricles, the lower chambers of the heart. Therefore, the correct answer is Atrium.

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  • 9. 

    Depolarization of the atrial myocardium produces a?

    • A.

      T wave

    • B.

      R wave

    • C.

      U wave

    • D.

      Q wave

    • E.

      P wave

    Correct Answer
    E. P wave
    Explanation
    Depolarization of the atrial myocardium refers to the electrical activation of the atria, which causes them to contract. This depolarization is represented on an electrocardiogram (ECG) as the P wave. Therefore, the correct answer is P wave.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Apr 28, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Lovepeace686
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