EIPA Written Test And Knowledge Standards!

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EIPA Written Test And Knowledge Standards! - Quiz


Do you know what is EIPA? EIPA stands for Educational Interpreter Performance Assessment. This quiz covers EIPA and gives educational interpreters the ability to work with children who are deaf. Regarding this quiz, you must comprehend why children who are deaf cannot speak any language, why cooperating with others is essential, and what cognitive development is. This valuable quiz will teach you about educating deaf children and language development. Give it a shot.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    As students grow and develop they become more independent, confident and their social skills mature. An interpreter should have a good understanding of these important developmental stages when they develop and the effects they have on a child in order to adjust their interpreting accordingly.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    As students grow and develop, they go through various stages of development that impact their independence, confidence, and social skills. An interpreter needs to be aware of these developmental stages and their effects on a child in order to adapt their interpreting accordingly. This understanding is crucial for effective communication and support for the student. Therefore, the statement "An interpreter should have a good understanding of these important developmental stages when they develop and the effects they have on a child in order to adjust their interpreting accordingly" is true.

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  • 2. 

    What is one major affect hearing loss has on a child early on?

    • A.

      They cannot talk.

    • B.

      The inability to acquire language that is age-appropriate.

    • C.

      They cannot learn to read.

    • D.

      The inability to produce spoken language.

    Correct Answer
    B. The inability to acquire language that is age-appropriate.
    Explanation
    Hearing loss in children early on can have a major effect on their ability to acquire language that is appropriate for their age. This means that they may struggle to develop speech and language skills at the same rate as their peers. It can hinder their ability to communicate effectively and may require additional support and intervention to help them catch up.

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  • 3. 

    The main reason children who are deaf do not have access to a language in early development is

    • A.

      Because they do not have hearing aids.

    • B.

      Because most deaf children have hearing parents.

    • C.

      Because most deaf children have deaf parents

    • D.

      Because deaf children cannot talk.

    Correct Answer
    B. Because most deaf children have hearing parents.
    Explanation
    Deaf children who have hearing parents may not have access to a language in early development because their parents may not know how to communicate with them effectively. Hearing parents may not be familiar with sign language or other means of communication for the deaf, leading to a lack of language exposure and delay in language acquisition for the child.

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  • 4. 

    Between the ages of 6-11, a child develops their confidence (ability to achieve) or feelings of inferiority (an inability to achieve). Experiences at school, at home, and with peers can effect a child’s development in these areas.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Between the ages of 6-11, a child's confidence or feelings of inferiority can be influenced by their experiences at school, at home, and with peers. This suggests that these experiences play a significant role in shaping a child's development in terms of their ability to achieve or their inability to achieve. Therefore, the statement "True" is correct.

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  • 5. 

    The capability to work and cooperate with others is not as important for a child as their factual knowledge that they acquire in school.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement suggests that factual knowledge acquired in school is more important than the capability to work and cooperate with others for a child. However, this is not true. While factual knowledge is important for a child's education, the ability to work and cooperate with others is equally crucial for their overall development. Collaboration and teamwork skills are essential for success in various aspects of life, including academics, career, and personal relationships. Therefore, it is incorrect to prioritize factual knowledge over the capability to work and cooperate with others.

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  • 6. 

    During adolescence students naturally demonstrate more initiative; interpreters should increase the amount of support in order to guide the student during this confusing time of life.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    During adolescence, students may indeed demonstrate more initiative, but this does not necessarily mean that interpreters should increase the amount of support. It is important to strike a balance between allowing students to explore their independence and providing appropriate guidance. Increasing support may hinder their development and prevent them from learning important life skills. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 7. 

    When responding to a student’s inattentiveness, the interpreter should consider the student’s level of maturity.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The interpreter should consider the student's level of maturity when responding to their inattentiveness because different age groups have different levels of understanding and attention span. Younger students may require more guidance and redirection, while older students may need more independence and self-regulation. By considering the student's maturity level, the interpreter can tailor their approach to effectively address the student's inattentiveness and facilitate their understanding and engagement in the learning process.

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  • 8. 

    Higher skilled interpreters are better equipped to work with older children since their vocabulary, and skills can better match the older student than the younger.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Higher skilled interpreters are not necessarily better equipped to work with older children. While it is true that higher skilled interpreters may have a larger vocabulary and more advanced skills, it does not necessarily mean that they are better suited to work with older children. Working with older children requires more than just language skills, such as understanding their developmental needs, being able to connect with them on a personal level, and adapting to their specific learning styles. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 9. 

    Is it healthy for a student to create a bond with the professionals they work with?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    Professionals must maintain professional boundaries.

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  • 10. 

    Adolescents may be more comfortable with same-gender interpreters

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Adolescents may be more comfortable with same-gender interpreters because they may feel more at ease discussing sensitive topics or personal experiences with someone of the same gender. This can create a sense of trust and understanding, allowing for more open communication and better interpretation of their needs. Having a same-gender interpreter can also help to reduce any potential discomfort or embarrassment that may arise from discussing certain topics. Overall, providing same-gender interpreters can enhance the quality of communication and support for adolescents.

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  • 11. 

    Peer relationships can have a big effect on what two developments throughout student’s school years?

    • A.

      Social and maturity

    • B.

      Social and cognitive

    • C.

      Emotional and physical

    • D.

      Cognitive and emotional

    Correct Answer
    B. Social and cognitive
    Explanation
    Peer relationships can have a big effect on social and cognitive developments throughout a student's school years. Social development refers to the ability to interact with others, form friendships, and navigate social situations. Peer relationships play a crucial role in shaping a student's social skills and ability to relate to others. Additionally, cognitive development refers to the growth of intellectual abilities, such as problem-solving, critical thinking, and decision-making. Interacting with peers can stimulate cognitive growth through collaborative learning, sharing ideas, and engaging in intellectual discussions. Therefore, peer relationships impact both the social and cognitive development of students.

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  • 12. 

    During middle school students develop friendships that are dependent on a great deal of communication. If a student does not have age-appropriate pragmatic skills what may his peers view him as?

    • A.

      Deaf and dumb

    • B.

      Socially awkward

    • C.

      Emotionally instable

    • D.

      Distant and unfriendly

    Correct Answer
    B. Socially awkward
    Explanation
    If a student does not have age-appropriate pragmatic skills, his peers may view him as socially awkward. This is because pragmatic skills involve the ability to understand and use language in social contexts, such as knowing how to start and maintain a conversation, interpret nonverbal cues, and understand social norms. Without these skills, a student may struggle to communicate effectively and may come across as awkward or uncomfortable in social interactions.

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  • 13. 

    What is cognitive development?

    • A.

      Cognitive development is the ability to process language and understand it.

    • B.

      Cognitive development is the ability to analyze math problems and find an answer.

    • C.

      Cognitive development is the understanding of concepts, and the ability to think and reason.

    • D.

      Cognitive development is the ability to hear understand and respond using intelligent age appropriate language.

    Correct Answer
    C. Cognitive development is the understanding of concepts, and the ability to think and reason.
    Explanation
    Cognitive development refers to the process of acquiring knowledge, understanding concepts, and developing the ability to think and reason. It involves the growth and maturation of cognitive abilities such as memory, attention, problem-solving, and language comprehension. This development allows individuals to understand the world around them, make sense of information, and engage in higher-level thinking. It encompasses various aspects of intellectual growth, including the ability to learn, remember, analyze, and apply knowledge.

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  • 14. 

    What approach to cognitive development assumes that cognitive development is independent of language development?

    • A.

      Cognition Independence approach

    • B.

      Piagetian approach

    • C.

      Language Independence approach

    • D.

      Parochialism approach

    Correct Answer
    B. Piagetian approach
    Explanation
    The Piagetian approach to cognitive development assumes that cognitive development is independent of language development. According to Piaget, children go through distinct stages of cognitive development, such as the sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational stages. Piaget believed that children's cognitive abilities develop through their interactions with the physical world, rather than being solely dependent on language acquisition. This approach emphasizes the importance of hands-on experiences and active exploration in children's cognitive growth.

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  • 15. 

    Which statement below is true?

    • A.

      Socialization is an important aspect of cognitive development

    • B.

      Socialization is not an important aspect of cognitive development

    • C.

      Socialization can sometimes over stimulate cognitive development

    • D.

      Socialization is an important aspect of cognitive development in older age group children.

    Correct Answer
    A. Socialization is an important aspect of cognitive development
    Explanation
    Socialization is an important aspect of cognitive development because it helps individuals learn and acquire knowledge, skills, and behaviors through interactions with others. During socialization, individuals are exposed to different perspectives, ideas, and experiences, which contribute to their cognitive growth and understanding of the world. Through social interactions, individuals also learn important social and communication skills that are essential for their cognitive development. Overall, socialization plays a crucial role in shaping and enhancing cognitive abilities throughout the lifespan.

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  • 16. 

    It is important for interpreters to be skilled and be able to communicate concepts that are simple or used often, however it is not necessary to have the burden of handling the more complex task of communicating concepts that are new, abstract or difficult.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Interpreters need to be skilled and proficient in communicating both simple and complex concepts. They cannot solely focus on simple or frequently used concepts and neglect the more difficult or abstract ones. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 17. 

    Cognitive organization helps students store and remember concepts. Providing students with repetition allows them to see ……which all help them learn.

    • A.

      Patterns, parallels, comparisons, and similarities

    • B.

      Repetitions, consistency, differences, and duplication

    • C.

      Equivalents, proportions, series, and repetitions

    • D.

      Parallels, series, differences and comparisons

    Correct Answer
    A. Patterns, parallels, comparisons, and similarities
    Explanation
    Cognitive organization helps students store and remember concepts by identifying patterns, parallels, comparisons, and similarities. By recognizing these connections, students can better understand and retain information. Providing students with repetition also aids in learning as it allows them to reinforce their understanding and memory of the material.

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  • 18. 

    In terms of cognitive development what causes a student to learn?

    • A.

      When a child begins to read

    • B.

      When new information is presented at a level of language the student understands and then can apply it.

    • C.

      When a student begins to put together what they see and hear and match it with the words they know.

    • D.

      When there is a conflict between what a student thinks and new information that they receive.

    Correct Answer
    D. When there is a conflict between what a student thinks and new information that they receive.
    Explanation
    According to the answer, cognitive development occurs when there is a conflict between what a student thinks and new information they receive. This suggests that learning happens when students encounter new information that challenges their existing beliefs or knowledge, leading to a cognitive conflict. This conflict prompts the student to reevaluate their understanding and potentially revise their thinking, leading to cognitive growth and learning.

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  • 19. 

    What is the definition of a cognitive scheme?

    • A.

      Cognitive scheme is a cognitive structure that organizes information, making sense of experience.

    • B.

      Cognitive scheme is mapping of information based on the input received.

    • C.

      Cognitive scheme is the understanding of information experienced.

    • D.

      Cognitive scheme is a plan use to present mathematical information to help children grasp concepts.

    Correct Answer
    A. Cognitive scheme is a cognitive structure that organizes information, making sense of experience.
    Explanation
    Cognitive scheme refers to a cognitive structure that helps in organizing information and making sense of one's experiences. It acts as a framework or a mental framework through which individuals interpret and understand the world around them. It allows individuals to categorize and organize new information based on their existing knowledge and experiences, enabling them to make connections and draw conclusions. By using cognitive schemes, individuals are able to process and make sense of the vast amount of information they encounter in their daily lives.

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  • 20. 

    What different levels of abstraction in terms of cognitive skills can teachers questions require?

    • A.

      Demonstration of student; participation, obedience, respect for others and follow through

    • B.

      Demonstration of knowledge; Comprehension; Application; Analysis; Synthesis and Evaluation

    • C.

      Demonstration of sensory; hearing, seeing, tasting, smelling and feeling

    • D.

      Demonstration of educational; Advancement; Performance; Success and Completion

    Correct Answer
    B. Demonstration of knowledge; Comprehension; Application; Analysis; Synthesis and Evaluation
    Explanation
    The different levels of abstraction in terms of cognitive skills that teachers' questions can require are: demonstration of knowledge, comprehension, application, analysis, synthesis, and evaluation. These levels represent increasingly complex cognitive abilities, starting from basic knowledge recall to higher-order thinking skills such as critical thinking and problem-solving. By asking questions that require students to demonstrate these different levels of cognitive skills, teachers can assess their understanding, encourage deeper learning, and foster critical thinking abilities.

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  • 21. 

    Name three good supports that can aid students in learning new concepts.

    • A.

      Practice, repetition and experience

    • B.

      Verbalizing, writing and memorization

    • C.

      Memorization, practice and verbalizing

    • D.

      Repetition, writing and acting it out

    Correct Answer
    A. Practice, repetition and experience
    Explanation
    Practice, repetition, and experience are all effective supports for students in learning new concepts. By engaging in regular practice, students can reinforce their understanding and develop their skills. Repetition helps to consolidate knowledge and improve retention. Experience, such as hands-on activities or real-life examples, provides context and allows students to apply what they have learned. These supports work together to enhance learning and promote deeper understanding.

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  • 22. 

    A student’s ability to repeat a concept does not mean the student understands it. Students can memorize language without understanding what it means. What are some evidences that will help to determine if a student has learned?

    • A.

      A student’s ability to recite what they know in front of the class with confidence.

    • B.

      A student’s ability to pass an exam on first try, and remember the concepts a week later.

    • C.

      A student’s ability to write what they understand in a meaningful paragraph or present the information learned on a graph or chart.

    • D.

      A student’s ability to answer questions spontaneously about concepts or show that they understand.

    Correct Answer
    D. A student’s ability to answer questions spontaneously about concepts or show that they understand.
    Explanation
    The ability to answer questions spontaneously about concepts or show understanding is a strong evidence of learning. This indicates that the student has not simply memorized information, but has a deeper understanding of the material. It shows that they can apply their knowledge and explain concepts in their own words. This type of understanding is crucial for critical thinking and problem-solving skills.

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  • 23. 

    How do students learn?

    • A.

      Students learn by doing experiments, participating in class projects and completing their homework.

    • B.

      Students learn from exploration, making mistakes, and self-correction.

    • C.

      Students learn when they review information until their memory sets in.

    • D.

      Students learn from watching peers and doing what they do.

    Correct Answer
    B. Students learn from exploration, making mistakes, and self-correction.
    Explanation
    Students learn from exploration, making mistakes, and self-correction. This answer highlights the importance of active learning and hands-on experiences in the learning process. By exploring new concepts and ideas, students are able to engage with the material and develop a deeper understanding. Making mistakes is also crucial for learning, as it allows students to identify and correct their misconceptions. Through self-correction, students take ownership of their learning and develop critical thinking skills. This answer emphasizes the role of experiential learning and the iterative process of learning from mistakes.

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  • 24. 

    Behavioral approaches to learning propose that….

    • A.

      Positive behavior can be encouraged by reward and negative behavior can be decreased by ignoring bad behavior until the child corrects it.

    • B.

      Positive behavior can be increased with soft voices and gentle coaxing to do the right thing, where bad behavior can be solved through a discipline plan set up with the parent that can be enforced at home and in school.

    • C.

      Positive behavior can be increased by the use of positive re-enforcers, and negative behavior can be decreased by the use of punishment or withdrawal of privileges.

    • D.

      Positive behavior can be increased by giving special attention to a student, and bad behavior can be corrected through note home to the parent, grades reflecting the negative behavior, and privileges taken away.

    Correct Answer
    C. Positive behavior can be increased by the use of positive re-enforcers, and negative behavior can be decreased by the use of punishment or withdrawal of privileges.
    Explanation
    Behavioral approaches to learning propose that positive behavior can be increased by the use of positive re-enforcers, such as rewards or praise, while negative behavior can be decreased through the use of punishment or withdrawal of privileges. This approach suggests that by reinforcing desired behaviors and discouraging unwanted behaviors, individuals can learn to modify their behavior and make positive choices.

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  • 25. 

    What is the goal of education?

    • A.

      The goal of education is for students to acquire thinking skills, and not to just memorize facts.

    • B.

      The goal of education is to teach children the basic skills of reading, writing and arithmetic.

    • C.

      The goal of education is to prepare children to be productive adults in our society by getting college educations.

    • D.

      The goal of education is for students to achieve knowledge in reading, math, history and the sciences, which will support them in the career they desire as an adult.

    Correct Answer
    A. The goal of education is for students to acquire thinking skills, and not to just memorize facts.
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that education should focus on developing critical thinking skills in students rather than simply memorizing facts. This approach allows students to understand and apply knowledge, analyze information, and solve problems effectively. By acquiring thinking skills, students are better equipped to navigate the complexities of the world, make informed decisions, and contribute to society. This goal of education emphasizes the importance of active learning, creativity, and independent thinking, which are essential for personal growth and success in various aspects of life.

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  • 26. 

    What is an essential part of language development?

    • A.

      Hearing

    • B.

      Reading

    • C.

      Interaction with people

    • D.

      Pre-k

    Correct Answer
    C. Interaction with people
    Explanation
    Interaction with people is an essential part of language development because it allows individuals to engage in conversations, practice speaking and listening skills, and learn new vocabulary and grammar structures. Through interactions with others, individuals can receive feedback on their language use, gain exposure to different speech patterns and accents, and develop the ability to understand and respond appropriately in various social contexts. Additionally, interacting with people provides opportunities for language learners to ask questions, seek clarification, and receive guidance, which can greatly enhance their language acquisition process.

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  • 27. 

    Does an educational interpreter have any influence on a hard of hearing student’s language development?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    An educational interpreter can have a significant influence on a hard of hearing student's language development. The interpreter plays a crucial role in facilitating communication between the student and the teacher, ensuring that the student can access and understand the educational content effectively. By providing accurate and clear interpretations, the interpreter helps the student comprehend and engage with the material, which in turn supports their language development. Additionally, the interpreter can also provide language modeling and support, helping the student improve their own language skills. Therefore, the presence of an educational interpreter can positively impact a hard of hearing student's language development.

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  • 28. 

    To help the interpreter become familiar with the student’s current level of function the interpreter should…

    • A.

      Talk with interpreters who worked with the student previously to find out where the student’s level of functioning is.

    • B.

      Review the students IEP with a professional

    • C.

      Should ask the teacher who is currently with the student.

    • D.

      Should discuss it with the ESE director of the school.

    Correct Answer
    B. Review the students IEP with a professional
    Explanation
    To help the interpreter become familiar with the student's current level of function, they should review the student's Individualized Education Program (IEP) with a professional. The IEP is a document that outlines the student's specific learning needs, goals, and accommodations. By reviewing the IEP, the interpreter can gain valuable information about the student's abilities, challenges, and any necessary support or modifications that may be needed during interpretation. This will enable the interpreter to provide appropriate and effective communication support for the student.

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  • 29. 

    What three things impact a student’s ability to learn new concepts?

    • A.

      Language level, world knowledge, and vocabulary

    • B.

      Hearing level, ability to process information, and practice

    • C.

      Language level, ability to process information, and vocabulary

    • D.

      Hearing, repetition of knowledge, and memorization skills

    Correct Answer
    A. Language level, world knowledge, and vocabulary
    Explanation
    The ability to learn new concepts is impacted by a student's language level, world knowledge, and vocabulary. Language level refers to the student's proficiency in the language used for instruction, as a strong language foundation is essential for understanding and expressing new ideas. World knowledge refers to the student's prior knowledge and experiences, which provide a framework for understanding new information. Vocabulary plays a crucial role in comprehension and communication, as a limited vocabulary can hinder a student's ability to grasp new concepts effectively.

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  • 30. 

    Language Development in American Sign Language is not parallel to the development of spoken languages.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The explanation for the answer being False is that the development of American Sign Language (ASL) is indeed parallel to the development of spoken languages. ASL is a complete and complex language with its own grammar, syntax, and vocabulary, just like spoken languages. It has evolved and developed over time, just like any other language. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that the development of ASL is not parallel to the development of spoken languages.

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  • 31. 

    Students who are deaf or hard of hearing may have language skills that are delayed compared with their hearing peers due to ……

    • A.

      A learning problem

    • B.

      An environmental problem

    • C.

      A family problem

    • D.

      A speech problem

    Correct Answer
    B. An environmental problem
    Explanation
    An environmental problem could refer to the lack of access to appropriate language models and resources for students who are deaf or hard of hearing. This could include limited exposure to sign language or spoken language, inadequate educational support, or a lack of assistive technology. These environmental factors can significantly impact their language development and contribute to delayed language skills compared to their hearing peers.

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  • 32. 

    How is academic language different from daily conversation?

    • A.

      Daily conversation takes place at home or with friends and academic language is how we write and talk at school.

    • B.

      Conversations have more turn taking about topics that reflect a shared experience, and allow correction of mistakes, where academic language has less turn taking, longer monologues, more complex vocabulary and syntax as well as provides fewer contexts to understand the topic.

    • C.

      Daily conversations consists of generally topics about friends, home, and activities connected with those relationships, where academic language is conversing about subjects like Science, Math, Geography, and History.

    • D.

      Conversations have interrupted turn taking that never offer an opportunity to make corrections and is full of idioms and expressions, where academic language is always polite and offers much opportunity to correct grammatical errors as well as covers a multitude of academic topics.

    Correct Answer
    B. Conversations have more turn taking about topics that reflect a shared experience, and allow correction of mistakes, where academic language has less turn taking, longer monologues, more complex vocabulary and syntax as well as provides fewer contexts to understand the topic.
    Explanation
    Daily conversation and academic language differ in terms of turn taking, topic focus, complexity of vocabulary and syntax, and opportunities for correction. In daily conversation, there is more turn taking and discussions revolve around shared experiences, allowing for the correction of mistakes. Academic language, on the other hand, involves less turn taking, longer monologues, and utilizes more complex vocabulary and syntax. It also provides fewer contexts to understand the topic. Additionally, daily conversations typically center around topics related to friends, home, and personal relationships, while academic language is used to discuss subjects like Science, Math, Geography, and History.

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  • 33. 

    Deaf and Hard of hearing students are often in the process of learning language in school while they are learning new concepts. Hearing students are using their language to learn new concepts. What can an interpreter do to help the deaf and hard of hearing student, if anything, to facilitate learning for the deaf or hard of hearing student?

    • A.

      There is nothing an interpreter can do to facilitate learning; they are to facilitate communication only. The teacher of the deaf is responsible for facilitating learning.

    • B.

      The interpreter can tutor the deaf or hard of hearing student on concepts they miss once they have mastered their language.

    • C.

      Interpreters may need to include an explanation of a concept in the interpretation in order to facilitate learning.

    • D.

      The interpreter must stay in their role and allow the teacher to teach, therefore the teacher can explain concepts that the student may miss.

    Correct Answer
    C. Interpreters may need to include an explanation of a concept in the interpretation in order to facilitate learning.
    Explanation
    Interpreters may need to include an explanation of a concept in the interpretation in order to facilitate learning. This is because deaf and hard of hearing students are often learning new concepts while also learning language in school. Unlike hearing students who use language to learn new concepts, deaf and hard of hearing students may need additional support in understanding the content being taught. By providing explanations along with the interpretation, interpreters can help bridge the gap and facilitate the learning process for these students.

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  • 34. 

    Who should conduct language evaluations for deaf or hard of hearing students?

    • A.

      The ESE director should conduct all language evaluations for the deaf or hard of hearing student.

    • B.

      A professional who has training specific to language and the students who are deaf or hard of hearing.

    • C.

      The school language assessment resource person is the only person who can conduct language evaluations for the deaf or hard of hearing student(s).

    • D.

      The teacher of the deaf is always the person who conducts language evaluations for the deaf or hard of hearing student(s).

    Correct Answer
    B. A professional who has training specific to language and the students who are deaf or hard of hearing.
    Explanation
    A professional who has training specific to language and the students who are deaf or hard of hearing should conduct language evaluations for deaf or hard of hearing students. This is because they have the necessary expertise and knowledge to accurately assess the language skills and needs of these students. They are familiar with the unique challenges and considerations related to language development in deaf or hard of hearing individuals, and can provide appropriate recommendations and support based on their evaluation.

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  • 35. 

    Students begin to produce their first words at about 16 months old.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Children typically begin to produce their first words between 10 and 15 months of age, not at 16 months old. This is an important milestone in language development and marks the transition from babbling to using meaningful words. Therefore, the given statement is false.

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  • 36. 

    Students begin to produce their first words or signs into a sentence at about age 2 years

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    By the age of 2 years, children start developing language skills and are able to produce their first words or signs into a sentence. This is a crucial milestone in their language development as they begin to understand and use language to communicate their thoughts and needs. It is during this stage that they start combining words or signs to form simple sentences, which is an important step towards developing more complex language skills. Therefore, the statement "Students begin to produce their first words or signs into a sentence at about age 2 years" is true.

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  • 37. 

    Students begin to produce complex language at about 4 years of age.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    By 3 years of age, students begin to produce complex language.

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  • 38. 

    By 3 to 4 years of age, hearing students are able to use English morphology correctly most of the time. By 3 to 4 years of age, deaf students learning ASL from their deaf families are able to use verb agreement correctly much of the time.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement is true. By the age of 3 to 4, hearing students can use English morphology correctly most of the time. Similarly, deaf students who are learning ASL from their deaf families can also use verb agreement correctly most of the time by the same age. This suggests that both hearing and deaf children have the ability to acquire and use language structures accurately within their respective linguistic environments.

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  • 39. 

    By early elementary years, students have mastered much of their foundational use of language.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    During the early elementary years, students are still learning to use language.

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  • 40. 

    What is one of the earliest exhibits of decontextualized language

    • A.

      Being able to talk about past events

    • B.

      Being able to use context clues in writing assignments

    • C.

      Being able to talk about what is here and now

    • D.

      Being able to use correct punctuation in sentences

    Correct Answer
    A. Being able to talk about past events
    Explanation
    One of the earliest exhibits of decontextualized language is being able to talk about past events. This means that a person can communicate about things that have already happened, without needing the immediate context or presence of those events. This ability shows a level of cognitive development and language acquisition where individuals can detach themselves from the present moment and discuss events that occurred in the past.

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  • 41. 

    What do young students use in language to help them determine how to segment language at the word sentence level, and can communicate a great deal of information about the speaker’s intention, which can benefit students in the process of learning language?

    • A.

      Prosody

    • B.

      Commas

    • C.

      Syllables

    • D.

      Sight words

    Correct Answer
    A. Prosody
    Explanation
    Prosody refers to the patterns of stress, rhythm, and intonation in language. It helps young students determine how to break down language into words and sentences. Prosody also conveys a lot of information about the speaker's intention, such as emotions and emphasis, which can benefit students in the process of learning language. Therefore, prosody is the correct answer as it plays a crucial role in language segmentation and understanding.

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  • 42. 

    At what grade do the textbook demands increase significantly, and the language becomes more complex in terms of syntax and vocabulary

    • A.

      First grade

    • B.

      Fifth grade

    • C.

      Eighth grade

    • D.

      Third grade

    Correct Answer
    D. Third grade
    Explanation
    In the third grade, textbook demands increase significantly and the language becomes more complex in terms of syntax and vocabulary. This is because students at this grade level have developed a solid foundation in reading and writing skills, allowing them to tackle more advanced texts. They are expected to comprehend and analyze complex sentences and paragraphs, as well as understand and use a wider range of vocabulary. The curriculum at this grade level typically introduces more challenging literary genres and academic concepts, requiring students to engage with more sophisticated language.

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  • 43. 

    The development of classifiers happens rather quickly and students grasp them almost effortlessly because they are so descriptive, causing students to master them completely by age 7.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The development of classifiers occus over a long period of time and students still make numerous errors until around 8 or 9 years of age.

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  • 44. 

    Students learn best when a teacher knows what they know and what they don’t know.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    This statement suggests that students are more likely to learn effectively when their teacher has a clear understanding of their existing knowledge and areas where they lack understanding. By being aware of their students' knowledge gaps, a teacher can tailor their instruction to address those specific needs and provide appropriate support and guidance. This personalized approach can enhance the learning experience and promote better understanding and retention of information.

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  • 45. 

    Deaf and hard of hearing students who have ASL as their first language typically learn English from reading.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Deaf and hard of hearing students who have American Sign Language (ASL) as their first language often rely on reading to learn English. Since they may have limited or no auditory input, reading becomes a crucial tool for them to understand and acquire English vocabulary, grammar, and syntax. ASL and English are two distinct languages with different structures, so reading helps bridge the gap between the two languages and facilitates their English language learning process. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 46. 

    Hearing students do not need to be taught language except in special circumstances and deaf and hard of hearing students with a good command of ASL can get their language from reading.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Hearing students do not need to be taught language except in special circumstances. However, deaf and hard of hearing students may need specific and explicit instruction in learning English.

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  • 47. 

    Students do not learn words by learning a definition, they learn over time through multiple exposures, including making mistakes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Students do not learn words by simply memorizing a definition. Instead, they learn words gradually over time by encountering them in various contexts and through repeated exposure. This process allows them to understand the nuances and usage of words more effectively. Additionally, making mistakes while using words helps students to learn from those errors and further solidify their understanding. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 48. 

    Learning Sign Language can inhibit a student’s ability to learn speech.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Learning Sign Language does not inhibit a student's ability to learn speech. In fact, research has shown that learning sign language can actually enhance a student's overall language development. Sign language helps to improve communication skills, cognitive abilities, and linguistic understanding. It can also provide a foundation for learning spoken language, as it helps to develop important language skills such as vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure. Therefore, the statement that learning sign language inhibits a student's ability to learn speech is false.

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  • 49. 

    Interaction with other students is crucial in the development of language in children. Children are not as critical of other children’s language where, adults present during the student interaction can actually alter the interaction.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Interaction with other students is crucial in the development of language in children because it allows them to practice and reinforce their language skills. When children interact with each other, they are more likely to take risks and try out new words and phrases without fear of being judged or corrected. This freedom to experiment with language helps children to become more confident and fluent speakers. Additionally, the presence of adults during student interactions can influence the dynamics and outcomes of the interaction, potentially altering the natural language development process.

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  • 50. 

    Interpreters should be aware that students who have a weak sense of trust, autonomy, or initiative may be unprepared for the challenges of adulthood.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Interpreters should be aware that students who have a weak sense of trust, autonomy, or initiative may struggle with the challenges of adulthood. These qualities are part of Erikson's psychosocial stages of development, where trust (from infancy), autonomy (from early childhood), and initiative (from preschool age) are considered essential for healthy development and successful adaptation to adult life.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Jun 07, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 29, 2011
    Quiz Created by
    DebJCasey
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