Educ 701.49 Final Exam

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Education Quizzes & Trivia

EDUC 701-49 Final ExamYou may use your book and notes to take the final exam. The expectation is that you will only take the exam by yourself. Good Luck, Dr. Ray


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Al Ramirez, who does not believe that merit pay can accelerate school improvement, recommends that policymakers, leaders, and deliberative bodies investigating the value of merit pay systems ask all of the following questions except
    • A. 

      Am I clear about whom to reward?

    • B. 

      Can a school district be run like a business?

    • C. 

      Will this evaluation and reward system eventually reap better student test scores?

    • D. 

      Is this evaluation and reward system fair?

  • 2. 
    The Tennessee Value-Added Assessment System, says Steven Malanga, who believes that merit pay can accelerate school improvement, proved that
    • A. 

      Good teaching can be accurately quantified.

    • B. 

      Not only does teaching matter, but some teachers are lots better than others.

    • C. 

      Student performance is more closely tied to school system quality rather than teacher quality.

    • D. 

      Teachers perform better with the incentive of merit pay.

  • 3. 
    Lowell Monke, who does not believe that computers negatively affect student growth, contends that the general computer skills that a youth needs to enter the workplace or college can be learned in
    • A. 

      A few weeks.

    • B. 

      One year of instruction during high school.

    • C. 

      The years between kindergarten and fourth grade.

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 4. 
    In the opinion of Frederick M. Hess, who believes that computers negatively affect student growth, the use of technology in education is different from its use in business and government because in business and government, technology is used as
    • A. 

      An end in itself.

    • B. 

      Cost-cutting tool.

    • C. 

      A tool for self-improvement.

    • D. 

      A diagnostic tool.

  • 5. 
    Vincent A. Anfara, Jr., and Steven B. Mertens, who do not believe that single-sex schools and classes are effective, provide some background by citing Tyack and Hansot and also Hawtrey, who found that, since the late nineteenth century, the factors of major impetus for the rising “tide of coeducation” were:
    • A. 

      Academic.

    • B. 

      Economic.

    • C. 

      Political.

    • D. 

      Cultural.

  • 6. 
    In the words of Peter Meyer, who believes that single-sex schools and classes are effective, serious educators realize that single-sex schools and classrooms are not a threat, but another:
    • A. 

      Thumbs up for students’ rights.

    • B. 

      Footprint in the march against scholastic inequity.

    • C. 

      Arrow in the quiver of quality education.

    • D. 

      Voice in the chorus for equal opportunity.

  • 7. 
    In the view of Mortimer J. Adler, who believes that the curriculum should be standardized for all, the worst cultural disease in modern society is
    • A. 

      Specialization.

    • B. 

      Technology.

    • C. 

      Bureaucratization.

    • D. 

      Affluence.

  • 8. 
    According to John Holt, who does not believe that the curriculum should be standardized for all,
    • A. 

      Parents, rather than government, should make all educational decisions.

    • B. 

      Parents may only exert their natural authority to influence their children's educational choices.

    • C. 

      Children should deal directly with school authorities on all educational matters.

    • D. 

      Public schools should be eliminated.

  • 9. 
    With which one of the following statements would Peterson disagree?
    • A. 

      Vouchers improve the academic performance of African Americans.

    • B. 

      School choice seems to improve the performance of students who remain in public schools.

    • C. 

      Money accounts for gains that black students have made by switching to private schools.

    • D. 

      Urban minorities in Catholic schools fare much better than similar students in public schools.

  • 10. 
    A recent study by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation cited by Nichols and Berliner found that the greatest percentage of former students claimed that they had dropped out of high school because:
    • A. 

      They were needed to work to support their families.

    • B. 

      The classes were too hard.

    • C. 

      They did not feel inspired in class.

    • D. 

      School seemed too easy.

  • 11. 
    Among those who feel that NCLB is valuable legislation that should, however, be reformed, Piche notes that the main area of disagreement concerns the:
    • A. 

      Role of the federal government.

    • B. 

      High cost of administering the legislation.

    • C. 

      Subjects to be covered under additional testing.

    • D. 

      Amount of progress schools are expected to make each year.

  • 12. 
    Wade A. Carpenter, who does not believe that the inclusive classroom model is working, says that our society has not yet provided enough support or alternatives for exceptional students, nor has it learned how to:
    • A. 

      Discriminate well.

    • B. 

      Be comfortable with them.

    • C. 

      Make exceptional teaching an imperative.

    • D. 

      Nurture the average student.

  • 13. 
    B. F. Skinner, who believes that behaviorism should shape educational practices, holds a theory that puts maximum emphasis on the constructive power of
    • A. 

      Behavioral controls.

    • B. 

      Genetic endowment.

    • C. 

      Inner freedom.

    • D. 

      Positive reinforcers.

  • 14. 
    Which one of the following is not cited by Rogers as part of the "disease of our age"?
    • A. 

      Lack of commitment

    • B. 

      Lack of control

    • C. 

      Lack of purpose

    • D. 

      Lack of meaning

  • 15. 
    David Elkind, who believes that constructivism is the best philosophy of education, states that teaching will become a true profession only when we have a genuine
    • A. 

      Acceptance of group difference in learning styles.

    • B. 

      Science of education.

    • C. 

      Understanding of children.

    • D. 

      Commitment to research.

  • 16. 
    What is the name of the strategy used by ID advocates to weaken scientific materialism and replacing it with Christian science?
    • A. 

      The Wedge Strategy

    • B. 

      The Complexity Strategy

    • C. 

      The Dover Strategy

    • D. 

      The Creationism Strategy

  • 17. 
    The Gates Foundation version of the three R’s include all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Readiness.

    • B. 

      Relevance.

    • C. 

      Rigor.

    • D. 

      Relationships.

  • 18. 
    For Leon Botstein, a key element to transforming schools and decreasing the dropout rate is:
    • A. 

      Early college programs.

    • B. 

      Remedial preparation programs.

    • C. 

      Peer tutoring.

    • D. 

      Universal early education.

  • 19. 
    In Dan Peterson’s article, "The Little Engine that Could . . .Undo Darwinism," what is "the little engine"?
    • A. 

      Intelligent design

    • B. 

      A nanotech medical device

    • C. 

      Bacteria flagellum

    • D. 

      A miniaturized rotary engine

  • 20. 
    Education research-and-development at the federal level, as presented by Chris Whittle, is 1/100th of what is spent on:
    • A. 

      Health care.

    • B. 

      Teacher compensation.

    • C. 

      National defense.

    • D. 

      Federal employee benefits.

  • 21. 
    Henry Levin disputes Chris Whittle’s claims on all of the following EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      That economies of scale create greater economic efficiencies.

    • B. 

      That peer tutoring can save money.

    • C. 

      That technology in the classroom is adequate.

    • D. 

      That additional funds on research and development are necessary.

  • 22. 
    Mara Sapon-Shevin, who believes that the inclusive classroom model is working, says that it is time we understand that inclusive, diverse classrooms are:
    • A. 

      Conspicuously absent from many school districts.

    • B. 

      Here to stay.

    • C. 

      An endangered species.

    • D. 

      Based on a 250-year-old model.

  • 23. 
    According to Linda Nathan et al., who do not believe that "public schooling" should be redefined, when it comes to opening minds to a critical look at new ideas in public education, which one of the following would be the easiest to approach?
    • A. 

      Social goals and civic priorities

    • B. 

      Matters of ethics and values

    • C. 

      Educational philosophies and educators' professional skills

    • D. 

      Teaching skills and developing social cohesion in each generation

  • 24. 
    In Carson's opinion, in the play Romeo and Juliet, if students said that the story is about an aging salesman who imagines he is a success when he is not, a constructivist teacher might reply,
    • A. 

      "That is correct."

    • B. 

      "That is wrong."

    • C. 

      "That is an acceptable answer."

    • D. 

      "Support your answer with evidence and logic."

  • 25. 
    In "Subtractive Education," Herb Childress refers to "additive education" as the process of:
    • A. 

      Creating an enjoyment of numbers in students.

    • B. 

      One specialist "screwing" on the next educational component.

    • C. 

      Creating a desire for new "added" learning after graduation.

    • D. 

      Using cooperate learning so that each student "adds" his or her talents to the group.

  • 26. 
    In the majority opinion in the case of Plyler v. Doe, Justice Brennan supported his argument with reference to the right to:
    • A. 

      Free speech.

    • B. 

      Free association.

    • C. 

      Petition for citizenship.

    • D. 

      Equal protection.

  • 27. 
    A recent report concerning illegal immigration maintains that ending the contribution of illegal immigrants to the U.S. economy would have an impact comparable to a:
    • A. 

      Severe natural disaster

    • B. 

      Large-scale public works program to put unskilled U.S. workers in jobs.

    • C. 

      Major tax increase.

    • D. 

      Cutting of numerous social welfare programs.

  • 28. 
    More than half of all undocumented immigrants have been living in the United States for at least five years and identify themselves as:
    • A. 

      Citizens.

    • B. 

      Americans.

    • C. 

      Temporary visitors.

    • D. 

      Necessary workers.

  • 29. 
    Ruby Paine, who believes that a deficit model serves poor children well, says that teachers can help students become comfortable with the abstract representations characteristic of school by giving them:
    • A. 

      Just 10 minutes of extra time per day.

    • B. 

      Rewards.

    • C. 

      Mental models.

    • D. 

      Creative challenges.

  • 30. 
    Mistilina Sato and Timothy J. Lensmire, who do not believe that a deficit model serves poor children well, agree with an analysis by Bomer et al., in which Payne’s work is assessed as a classic example of:
    • A. 

      An unfinished thought.

    • B. 

      Misguided sentiment.

    • C. 

      Retrograde ideology.

    • D. 

      Deficit thinking.

  • 31. 
    With regard to efforts to more precisely understand "public schooling," Frederick M. Hess, who believes that "public schooling" should be redefined, would agree with all of the following statements except
    • A. 

      Public schools are obligated to teach tolerance and diversity.

    • B. 

      Public schools are obligated to teach respect for the constitutional order.

    • C. 

      Schooling entails both public and private purposes.

    • D. 

      Academic learning serves the individual and the needs of the state.

  • 32. 
    According to Tucker, which of these items should NOT be part ofan incremental formula for school funding?
    • A. 

      School performance of students

    • B. 

      Students with disabilities

    • C. 

      Students from non-English speaking homes

    • D. 

      Family income of student

  • 33. 
    In the words of Morrison, in our society, democratic education is in many ways:
    • A. 

      The key to combating our regressive tribal behavior.

    • B. 

      Foreign to those still stuck in a pre-industrialization mentality.

    • C. 

      Consistent with conventional school practices.

    • D. 

      Antithetical to conventional school practices.

  • 34. 
    In Clabaugh’s words, Morrison’s “Democratic Classrooms” advocates moving from:
    • A. 

      A to B.

    • B. 

      A to Z.

    • C. 

      Reason to recklessness.

    • D. 

      Almost right to completely wrong.

  • 35. 
    Gary K. Clabaugh, who does not believe that truly democratic classrooms are possible, contends that work-world values are:
    • A. 

      Unrelated to competition and personal worth.

    • B. 

      Not applicable to the values of school-age children.

    • C. 

      Virtually identical to conventional school values.

    • D. 

      As democratic as anything in life gets.

  • 36. 
    Paul E. Peterson, who does not believe that the Supreme Court has reconfigured American education, contends that for Justice Clarence Thomas and President George W. Bush, vouchers are purely
    • A. 

      A civil rights issue.

    • B. 

      A legal issue.

    • C. 

      A fairness issue.

    • D. 

      An education issue.

  • 37. 
    According to Glenn, a 1997 Public Agenda survey revealed that it is more important for students to
    • A. 

      Master facts.

    • B. 

      Learn concepts like the tradition of Western culture in an entirely new way.

    • C. 

      Experience the intellectual process of searching and struggling to learn.

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 38. 
    For John Dewey, who believes that schooling should be based on social experiences, the best type of intellectual organization is based on
    • A. 

      Rationalization.

    • B. 

      Empirical sciences.

    • C. 

      Metaphysics.

    • D. 

      Speculation.

  • 39. 
    For Robert M. Hutchins, who does not believe that schooling should be based on social experiences, the basic purpose of schooling is to
    • A. 

      Train good citizens.

    • B. 

      Improve man as man.

    • C. 

      Prepare people for occupations.

    • D. 

      Develop existential understanding.

  • 40. 
    David L. Kirp, who believes that the time has arrived for universal preschool, points out that preschool for three-year-olds and especially four-year-olds:
    • A. 

      Has lately become popular.

    • B. 

      Has been popular for almost a hundred years.

    • C. 

      Should follow strict government regulations.

    • D. 

      Is a requirement in nearly all countries except the United States.

  • 41. 
    Douglas J. Besharov and Douglas M. Call, who do not believe that the time has arrived for universal preschool, claim that the “web of federally administered, community-based programs” sounds, for good reason, like an echo of:
    • A. 

      No Child Left Behind.

    • B. 

      The War on Poverty.

    • C. 

      The New Deal.

    • D. 

      Reaganomics.

  • 42. 
    David Souter, who believes that a zero-tolerance policy can violate students’ rights, reports that Savana Redding was taken to the school nurse’s office to search her clothes and person for:
    • A. 

      Pills.

    • B. 

      Weapons.

    • C. 

      Cigarettes.

    • D. 

      Threatening notes.

  • 43. 
    Thomas explains that, based on legal precedence, in evaluating whether there is a reasonable “particularized and objective” basis for conducting a search founded on suspected wrongdoing, government officials must consider the:
    • A. 

      Totality of the circumstances.

    • B. 

      Suspect’s state of mind.

    • C. 

      Polarizing effect on citizen/authority relationships.

    • D. 

      Lack of constitutional protections for children.