Dry lake bottom
Burned out forest
Bacteria and algae
Fungus and bacteria
Mold and mushrooms
Fungus and algae
About 100 years
1000 years or more
A million years
Forest fires are always bad for the ecosystem.
Forest fires always result in primary succession.
Forest fires can sometimes be beneficial for the ecosystem.
Forest fires are always a tragedy for somebody.
Primary succession will start over.
Secondary succession will start over.
The climax community will die off.
If left undisturbed, the climax community will remain stable.
Succession always results in the same climax community everywhere.
Succession always starts with bare rock.
Succession always ends with a pioneer species.
The climax community will depend on where succession is occurring.