Food Chains Ecology Quiz

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Kkleinsasser
K
Kkleinsasser
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 5 | Total Attempts: 4,335
Questions: 18 | Attempts: 383

SettingsSettingsSettings
Food Chains Ecology Quiz - Quiz

This quiz will test your knowledge of food chain terms and concepts and carrying capacity terms and concepts.
Please provide your name and school initials.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The name of the first trophic level in a food chain is.

    • A.

      Primary Consumer

    • B.

      Producer

    • C.

      Detritivore

    Correct Answer
    B. Producer
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Producer" because the first trophic level in a food chain consists of organisms that are capable of producing their own food through photosynthesis or chemosynthesis. These organisms, such as plants and algae, convert sunlight or inorganic compounds into organic matter, which serves as a source of energy for other organisms in the food chain.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    What percent of the energy available in each trophic level is lost in each step of the food chain?

    • A.

      90%

    • B.

      50%

    • C.

      10%

    Correct Answer
    A. 90%
    Explanation
    In a food chain, energy is transferred from one trophic level to another. However, during each transfer, a significant amount of energy is lost as heat or used for metabolic processes. This loss of energy is known as ecological efficiency. The correct answer, 90%, suggests that 90% of the energy available in each trophic level is lost during each step of the food chain. This means that only 10% of the energy is transferred to the next trophic level, resulting in a decrease in available energy as we move up the food chain.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    In a particular food chain there are 550 of species A, and 170 of species B. Species A is most likely what tropic level?

    • A.

      Carnivore

    • B.

      Herbivore

    • C.

      Primary Consumer

    • D.

      Both B and C.

    Correct Answer
    D. Both B and C.
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, species A is the most abundant with 550 individuals, indicating that it is likely a primary consumer. Primary consumers are herbivores that feed directly on producers (plants) in a food chain. Therefore, species A can be classified as both a herbivore and a primary consumer.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    In the food chain below, how many calories are stored in the tuna for the human to eat if you start with 10000 calories of phytoplankton? Phytoplankton--> Zooplankton --> Small fish --> medium fish --> tuna -->human

    • A.

      100J

    • B.

      1J

    • C.

      10J

    • D.

      0.1J

    Correct Answer
    B. 1J
    Explanation
    Each level of the food chain transfers only 10% of the energy from the previous level. Therefore, if there are 10000 calories of phytoplankton, only 1% of that energy, which is 1J, will be stored in the tuna for the human to eat.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    Which trophic level pyramid did you use to solve question number 3?

    • A.

      Pyramid of Energy

    • B.

      Pyramid of Biomass

    • C.

      Pyramid of Numbers

    Correct Answer
    C. Pyramid of Numbers
    Explanation
    The question asks which trophic level pyramid was used to solve question number 3. The answer is the Pyramid of Numbers. The Pyramid of Numbers represents the number of organisms at each trophic level in an ecosystem. It shows the decreasing number of organisms as you move up the food chain, with fewer individuals at higher trophic levels. This pyramid helps to understand the energy flow and dynamics of an ecosystem by illustrating the relationship between producers and consumers.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    In Mongolia there is a village of 300 farmers living on 100 acres of rice paddies and vegetable plots, while in the uplands a clan of 100 herdsmen need 500 acres to live off their herds of yaks and goats. Why do the herdsmen need so much more land for so few people?

    • A.

      Because the herdsmen are secondary consumers while the farmers are primary consumers.

    • B.

      Because 90% of the energy is lost each step up the food chain.

    • C.

      Because the pyramid of numbers predicts fewer individuals each step up the food chain.

    • D.

      All of the above.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above" because all the statements mentioned are true. The herdsmen need more land because they are secondary consumers, meaning they rely on consuming primary consumers (such as the yaks and goats) for their energy needs. Additionally, as energy moves up the food chain, there is a loss of approximately 90% of energy at each step. This means that fewer individuals can be supported at higher trophic levels. Finally, the pyramid of numbers also predicts fewer individuals at higher trophic levels, further explaining why the herdsmen need more land despite having fewer people.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    The Producer trophic level is different from all the other levels in that....

    • A.

      They produce their own food from sunlight rather than depending on other levels below them for energy.

    • B.

      They recycle everything in the food chain.

    • C.

      They store 50% of they energy they consume.

    Correct Answer
    A. They produce their own food from sunlight rather than depending on other levels below them for energy.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the Producer trophic level is different from all the other levels because they produce their own food from sunlight rather than depending on other levels below them for energy. This is known as photosynthesis, where producers, such as plants, use sunlight to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose and oxygen. In contrast, all other levels in the food chain rely on consuming other organisms for energy.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Even though the herdsmen in Question 6 need more land than the lowland farmers, they are still better off raising animals than crops. Why?

    • A.

      Because they don't have to work as hard.

    • B.

      Because crops can't be grown in the highlands.

    • C.

      Because they aren't as crowded.

    Correct Answer
    B. Because crops can't be grown in the highlands.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Because crops can't be grown in the highlands." This explanation suggests that even though herdsmen need more land than lowland farmers, they are better off raising animals because crops cannot be grown in the highlands. This implies that the highlands are not suitable for crop cultivation, making animal husbandry a more viable option for the herdsmen.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    It takes 10 acres of ocean to raise a tuna while 10000 pounds of rice can be grown on 10 acres of land. Why does it still make sense, in terms of energy, to eat tuna?

    • A.

      Because you can't raise rice on the ocean.

    • B.

      Because tuna tastes better than rice.

    • C.

      Because 1 tuna contains more energy than 10000lbs of rice.

    Correct Answer
    A. Because you can't raise rice on the ocean.
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Because you can't raise rice on the ocean." This answer explains that even though it takes more land to grow rice compared to raising a tuna, it is not possible to grow rice on the ocean. Therefore, in terms of energy, it still makes sense to eat tuna as an alternative source of food.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    The carrying capacity of an ecosystem means...

    • A.

      The total amount of water stored in the ecosystem.

    • B.

      The number of a particular species the ecosystem can support.

    • C.

      The number of animals an ecosystem can keep alive for one day.

    Correct Answer
    B. The number of a particular species the ecosystem can support.
    Explanation
    The carrying capacity of an ecosystem refers to the maximum number of individuals of a particular species that the ecosystem can sustainably support. It represents the balance between available resources and the needs of the species, taking into account factors such as food availability, habitat suitability, and competition. When the population of a species exceeds the carrying capacity, it can lead to resource depletion, competition, and ultimately a decline in population size. Therefore, the carrying capacity is a crucial concept in understanding the dynamics and sustainability of ecosystems.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    If the carrying capacity of minnow for a particular pond is 2000, what will happen if 2200 minnow are introduced?

    • A.

      They will all die.

    • B.

      Only the extra 200 will die.

    • C.

      They will all survive for a bit and then more than 200 will die.

    Correct Answer
    C. They will all survive for a bit and then more than 200 will die.
    Explanation
    When the carrying capacity of the pond is 2000, it means that the pond can sustain a population of up to 2000 minnows. If 2200 minnows are introduced, initially all of them will survive as the pond can support their population. However, as the population exceeds the carrying capacity, the resources in the pond will become limited, leading to competition for food, space, and other resources. This competition will result in a decline in the overall population, causing more than 200 minnows to die.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Why is the lynx population going up around 1865?

    • A.

      Because the hare population is crashing.

    • B.

      Because there have been lots of large litters for the lynx.

    • C.

      Because the hare population is very high.

    Correct Answer
    C. Because the hare population is very high.
    Explanation
    The lynx population is going up around 1865 because the hare population is very high. This suggests that there is an abundance of food available for the lynx, which leads to increased reproduction and survival rates for the lynx population. As the hare population provides a primary food source for the lynx, a high hare population would naturally result in an increase in the lynx population.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Why is the lynx population dropping around 1925?

    • A.

      Because the hare population has been dropping for a while.

    • B.

      Because there are lots of lame and blind lynx.

    • C.

      Because the hare population is very high.

    Correct Answer
    A. Because the hare population has been dropping for a while.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is because the hare population has been dropping for a while. This suggests that the decrease in the lynx population is a result of the decline in the hare population, which is the main food source for lynxes. As the hare population decreases, it becomes more difficult for lynxes to find enough food to survive and reproduce, leading to a decrease in their population.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    In a boreal forest ecosystem, the wolf population has suffered from a severe outbreak of mange for 2 years. What impact will this have on the carrying capacity of the ecosystem for caribou?

    • A.

      It will stay the same.

    • B.

      It will go down.

    • C.

      It will go up.

    Correct Answer
    C. It will go up.
    Explanation
    The severe outbreak of mange in the wolf population will likely lead to a decrease in the number of wolves, as many may die or become weakened by the disease. With fewer wolves preying on caribou, the caribou population is expected to increase. This is because the reduced predation pressure will allow for more caribou to survive and reproduce, leading to an increase in their population. Therefore, the carrying capacity of the ecosystem for caribou will go up.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    In the Antarctic food chain above, what will likely happen to the population of Crabeater seals if hunters capture 5% of the Blue whale population?

    • A.

      It will stay the same.

    • B.

      It will increase.

    • C.

      It will decrease.

    Correct Answer
    B. It will increase.
    Explanation
    If hunters capture 5% of the Blue whale population, it will likely decrease the population of Blue whales. Since Crabeater seals primarily feed on krill, which is also a food source for Blue whales, a decrease in the Blue whale population would result in less competition for krill. This would allow the Crabeater seal population to increase as they would have more access to their primary food source.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    For the Antarctic food chain in the previous question, what will likely happen to the population of Krill if the population of Crabeater Seals continues to rise quickly?

    • A.

      It will crash down.

    • B.

      It will increase.

    • C.

      It will stay the same.

    Correct Answer
    A. It will crash down.
    Explanation
    If the population of Crabeater Seals continues to rise quickly, it will likely lead to a decrease in the population of Krill. Crabeater Seals feed primarily on krill, so as their numbers increase, they will consume more krill, putting pressure on the krill population. This increased predation will cause a decline in the krill population, ultimately leading to a crash in their numbers.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 26, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Kkleinsasser
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.