Trivia Questions On Earth's Surface! Quiz

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Trivia Questions On Earths Surface! Quiz - Quiz


Are you curious to know what is on the earth’s surface? This quiz will teach you about materials that make up the earth. With this quiz, you will have to know an example of an igneous rock, what layer of lithosphere breaks off into slowly moving tectonic plates, what sedimentary rock is made from, and what does in situ mean. This quiz offers you knowledge about the earth’s surface. You should give it a shot.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is one example of an igneous rock?

    • A.

      Basalt

    • B.

      Conglomerate

    • C.

      Limestone

    • D.

      Shale

    • E.

      Sandstone

    Correct Answer
    A. Basalt
    Explanation
    Basalt is an example of an igneous rock. It is formed from solidified lava or magma, typically found in volcanic areas. Basalt is characterized by its dark color, fine-grained texture, and high density. It is commonly used in construction and road building due to its durability and strength.

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  • 2. 

    The layer of the lithosphere that breaks off into large, slowly moving tectonic plates is called ____________

    • A.

      Magma

    • B.

      Mantle

    • C.

      Core

    • D.

      Crust

    Correct Answer
    D. Crust
    Explanation
    The layer of the lithosphere that breaks off into large, slowly moving tectonic plates is called the crust. The crust is the outermost layer of the Earth's surface and is composed of solid rock. It is broken into several large pieces known as tectonic plates, which float on the semi-fluid asthenosphere beneath them. These plates move slowly over time due to the convection currents in the asthenosphere, causing geological phenomena such as earthquakes and the formation of mountains.

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  • 3. 

    The metal consumed in the greatest quantity by world industry is

    • A.

      Aluminum

    • B.

      Iron

    • C.

      Manganese

    • D.

      Chromium

    • E.

      Gold

    Correct Answer
    B. Iron
    Explanation
    Iron is the metal consumed in the greatest quantity by world industry. This is because iron is widely used in various industries such as construction, automotive, and manufacturing. It is a key component in the production of steel, which is used in buildings, bridges, and infrastructure. Iron is also used in the production of machinery, appliances, and transportation equipment. Its abundance, versatility, and strength make it the preferred metal for many industrial applications, leading to its high consumption globally.

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  • 4. 

    The picture above is known as a _______ boundary.

    • A.

      Convergent

    • B.

      Transform

    • C.

      Divergent

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Divergent
    Explanation
    The picture above is known as a divergent boundary. This type of boundary occurs when two tectonic plates move away from each other. As a result, magma rises from the mantle and creates new crust, forming a gap between the plates. This process is responsible for the formation of mid-ocean ridges and rift valleys. Therefore, the correct answer is divergent.

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  • 5. 

    An Earthquake that measures 7 on the Richter Scale has a ground motion of how many times larger than one with a measurement of 6?

    Correct Answer
    Explanation
    An earthquake that measures 7 on the Richter Scale has a ground motion that is 10 times larger than one with a measurement of 6. The Richter Scale is a logarithmic scale, meaning that each whole number increase on the scale represents a tenfold increase in the amplitude of the seismic waves. Therefore, an earthquake with a magnitude of 7 would have 10 times larger ground motion than an earthquake with a magnitude of 6.

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  • 6. 

    This is known as a __________ boundary?

    • A.

      Convergent

    • B.

      Divergent

    • C.

      Transform

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Transform
    Explanation
    A transform boundary is a type of boundary where two tectonic plates slide past each other horizontally. This movement can cause earthquakes and the formation of faults. Unlike convergent and divergent boundaries, where plates collide or separate, a transform boundary does not involve any significant vertical movement. Therefore, the correct answer is transform.

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  • 7. 

    Part of a mineral deposit from which a metal or metals are not extracted is called _________?

    Correct Answer
    Gangue
    Explanation
    The "leftover part" from mining is called the gangue

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  • 8. 

    Sedimentary rock (like the one above) is made from what?

    • A.

      Volcanoes

    • B.

      Below or on the earth’s surface when molten rock wells up from the earth’s upper mantle or deep crust, cools, and hardens

    • C.

      Consolidated clay sediments

    • D.

      Pre existing rock subjected to to high temperatures, high pressures, chemically active fluids, or a combination of these agents

    Correct Answer
    C. Consolidated clay sediments
    Explanation
    Sedimentary rock is formed from consolidated clay sediments. This means that over time, loose particles of clay are compacted and cemented together to form solid rock. This process occurs through the accumulation of layers of clay sediment, which are then subjected to pressure and other geological processes that cause them to harden and become rock.

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  • 9. 

    In situ means using microorganisms for in-place mining.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    "In situ" refers to a method of mining where the ore or minerals are extracted from the location where they are naturally found, without the need for extensive excavation or removal. This method often involves the use of microorganisms to extract the desired minerals. Therefore, the statement that "in situ means using microorganisms for in-place mining" is true.

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