Earth Science Final Exam Review

180 Questions | Total Attempts: 631

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Earth Science Final Exam Review - Quiz

Earth Science Final Exam Review


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    In what type of rocks would geologist most likely find evidence of past life forms?
    • A. 

      Igneous rocks

    • B. 

      Metamorphic rocks

    • C. 

      Volcanic rocks

    • D. 

      Sedimentary rocks

  • 2. 
    An example of a divergent plate boundary  on continental lithosphere would be ________.
    • A. 

      The Mid-Atlantic Ridge

    • B. 

      East Pacific Rise

    • C. 

      The East African Rift Valley

    • D. 

      The Andes Mountains

  • 3. 
    What instrument records earthquake waves?
    • A. 

      Seismogram

    • B. 

      Seismograph

    • C. 

      Richter scale

    • D. 

      Barometer

  • 4. 
    The distance between a seismic station and the earthquake epicenter is determined from the ________.
    • A. 

      Calculation of the earthquake magnitude

    • B. 

      Intensity of the earthquake

    • C. 

      Arrival time P and S waves

    • D. 

      Measurement of the amplitude of the surface wave

  • 5. 
    Most earthquakes are produced by the rapid release of which kind of energy stored in rock subjected to great forces?
    • A. 

      Chemical

    • B. 

      Thermal

    • C. 

      Elastic

    • D. 

      Mechanical

  • 6. 
    Overall, which seismic station waves are the most destructive?
    • A. 

      P waves

    • B. 

      S waves

    • C. 

      Compression waves

    • D. 

      Surface waves

  • 7. 
    Which decade were the first important laws passed to decease water pollution?
    • A. 

      1950's

    • B. 

      1960's

    • C. 

      1970's

    • D. 

      1980's

  • 8. 
    The advantage of solar energy includes the fact that it is _______.
    • A. 

      Nonrenewable

    • B. 

      Non-polluting

    • C. 

      Expensive

    • D. 

      Absent at night

  • 9. 
    As altitude increases
    • A. 

      Air pressure decreases and density increases

    • B. 

      Air pressure increases and density decreases

    • C. 

      Air pressure and density increase

    • D. 

      Air pressure decreases and density decreases

  • 10. 
    Shield volcanoes are produced by
    • A. 

      Explosive eruptions of lava and ash

    • B. 

      Quiet eruptions of lava

    • C. 

      Explosive eruptions of ash and cinders

    • D. 

      Quiet eruptions that alternate with explosive eruptions

  • 11. 
    A description of the pattern of weather over many years in a region is ...
    • A. 

      Weather forecast

    • B. 

      Air mass

    • C. 

      Climate

    • D. 

      Weather system

  • 12. 
    Geologists have inferred that Earth's outer core is liquid because
    • A. 

      P waves cannot pass through the core

    • B. 

      S waves speed up in the outer core

    • C. 

      S waves are bent downward as they travel through the outer core

    • D. 

      S waves cannot pass through the outer core

  • 13. 
    New ocean crust is formed along
    • A. 

      Trenches

    • B. 

      Mountain belts

    • C. 

      Subduction

    • D. 

      Mid ocean ridge

  • 14. 
    Plates slide past each other and crust is neither created nor destroyed at a
    • A. 

      Convergent boundary

    • B. 

      Divergent boundary

    • C. 

      Mid ocean ridge

    • D. 

      Transform boundary

  • 15. 
    What is the shape of a planet's orbit?
    • A. 

      Elliptical

    • B. 

      Circular

    • C. 

      Irregular

    • D. 

      Parabolic

  • 16. 
    In the Northern Hemisphere, winds associated with a high-pressure system blow ________.
    • A. 

      Counterclockwise toward the center

    • B. 

      Clockwise toward the center

    • C. 

      Clockwise outward from the center

    • D. 

      Counterclockwise outward from the center

  • 17. 
    The process of converting a liquid to a gas is known as _________.
    • A. 

      Evaporation

    • B. 

      Sublimation

    • C. 

      Condensation

    • D. 

      Deposition

  • 18. 
    The source of the sun's energy is _______.
    • A. 

      Chemical burning

    • B. 

      Nuclear fission

    • C. 

      Nuclear fusion

    • D. 

      Photosynthesis

  • 19. 
    What is the most common gas in the atmosphere?
    • A. 

      Nitrogen

    • B. 

      Helium

    • C. 

      Hydrogen

    • D. 

      Oxygen

  • 20. 
    Isotherms show areas of equal.....
    • A. 

      Pressure

    • B. 

      Temperature

    • C. 

      Humidity

  • 21. 
    Which of the following resources is not renewable?
    • A. 

      Petroleum

    • B. 

      Hydro-power

    • C. 

      Biomass

    • D. 

      Solar Power

  • 22. 
    An anemometer measures_______________.
    • A. 

      Humidity

    • B. 

      Wind speed

    • C. 

      Atmospheric pressure

    • D. 

      Temperature

  • 23. 
    Which of these is not a weather instrument?
    • A. 

      Barometer

    • B. 

      Geiger counter

    • C. 

      Hygrometer

    • D. 

      Anemometer

  • 24. 
    In "A Planet in Peril" Anderson Cooper described a "Keystone" species. What is a "Keystone" species?
    • A. 

      A species whose existence or demise has a great impact on the ecosystem

    • B. 

      An animal that is endangered

    • C. 

      A species that is only found in China

  • 25. 
    What devastating event is often triggered by deep ocean earthquakes?
    • A. 

      Avalanches

    • B. 

      Landslides

    • C. 

      Tsunamis

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