Earth And Moon Science Quiz: Trivia

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Yourpawdoc
Y
Yourpawdoc
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 9 | Total Attempts: 5,322
Questions: 32 | Attempts: 645

SettingsSettingsSettings
Earth And Moon Science Quiz: Trivia - Quiz


Earth and moon science quiz. Of all the planets in our solar system, the earth is one of the most fascinating as it can support life. It takes a whole year for the earth to make a full revolution around the sun. The planet has one single moon, and it helps majorly in stabilizing the climate experienced in the planet. Get to learn some more about these two bodies by taking the quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the word that the moon turns around the earth?

    • A.

      Turning

    • B.

      Orbit

    • C.

      Rotates

    Correct Answer
    B. Orbit
    Explanation
    The word "orbit" refers to the path that the moon takes as it revolves around the Earth. It is the correct answer because it accurately describes the motion of the moon in relation to the Earth, indicating that the moon follows a specific trajectory or route around our planet. "Turning" and "rotates" do not fully capture the concept of the moon's movement in a consistent path around the Earth.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    How is a shadow made?

    • A.

      Because there is no light

    • B.

      Because the person is blocking the light

    • C.

      Because light shines through you

    Correct Answer
    B. Because the person is blocking the light
    Explanation
    A shadow is made when an object blocks the path of light. In this case, the correct answer is "Because the person is blocking the light." When a person stands in the path of light, their body blocks the light from reaching the surface behind them, causing a shadow to form.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    How many days does the Moon take to orbit the Earth?

    • A.

      100days

    • B.

      1day

    • C.

      28 days

    • D.

      59days

    • E.

      72days

    Correct Answer
    C. 28 days
    Explanation
    The Moon takes approximately 28 days to orbit the Earth. This is known as the lunar month or the synodic month. During this time, the Moon completes one full cycle of phases, from new moon to full moon and back to new moon again. This period is consistent and has been observed throughout history, forming the basis for lunar calendars.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    To spin is to____________________?

    • A.

      A.rotate

    • B.

      B.revolve

    • C.

      C.orbit

    Correct Answer
    A. A.rotate
    Explanation
    To spin is to rotate.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    To travel around an oject is to______________________________.

    • A.

      A.axis

    • B.

      B.rotate

    • C.

      C.revolve

    Correct Answer
    C. C.revolve
    Explanation
    To travel around an object means to move in a circular or curved path around it. This can be done by rotating or revolving around the object. Therefore, the correct answer is C. revolve.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    The path on object followes as it revolves is called its____________________________.

    • A.

      A. orbit

    • B.

      B. rotations

    • C.

      C. axis

    Correct Answer
    A. A. orbit
    Explanation
    The path followed by an object as it revolves around another object is called its orbit.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    The imaginary line that an object spins around is called_____________________________.

    • A.

      A. pole

    • B.

      B. axis

    • C.

      C. seasons

    Correct Answer
    B. B. axis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B. axis. An axis is an imaginary line around which an object rotates or spins. In the context of this question, the object referred to is not specified, but it could be any rotating object such as the Earth, a top, or a spinning wheel. The axis provides stability and defines the direction of rotation for the object. The poles, on the other hand, are the points where the axis intersects the surface of the object, like the North and South poles on Earth. The seasons mentioned in option C are unrelated to the concept of an axis.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Earth's axis is__________________________.

    • A.

      A. straight up and down

    • B.

      B. tilted

    • C.

      C.sideways

    Correct Answer
    B. B. tilted
    Explanation
    The Earth's axis is tilted. This means that it is not straight up and down, but rather inclined or slanted. This tilt is what causes the changing seasons as different parts of the Earth receive varying amounts of sunlight throughout the year.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Earth's seasons are caused by what_________________________________

    • A.

      A. rotation and reolutions

    • B.

      B. revolution and the Earth's axis

    • C.

      C. The Earth's axis and rotation

    Correct Answer
    B. B. revolution and the Earth's axis
    Explanation
    The Earth's seasons are caused by the combination of two factors: revolution and the Earth's axis. Revolution refers to the Earth's orbit around the Sun, which takes approximately 365.25 days to complete. This orbit causes different parts of the Earth to receive varying amounts of sunlight throughout the year, leading to the changing seasons. The Earth's axis, on the other hand, is tilted at an angle of approximately 23.5 degrees. This tilt causes the different hemispheres of the Earth to be either tilted towards or away from the Sun at different times of the year, resulting in the seasons.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    The earth revolves around the__________

    • A.

      A. moon

    • B.

      B. sun

    • C.

      C.as teroiubelt

    Correct Answer
    B. B. sun
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B. sun. This is because the Earth revolves around the sun in an elliptical orbit. This phenomenon is known as revolution and it takes approximately 365.25 days for the Earth to complete one revolution around the sun, resulting in a year. The gravitational pull of the sun keeps the Earth in its orbit, while the moon revolves around the Earth.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    Which is the largest__________________________________

    • A.

      A. Earth

    • B.

      B. moon

    • C.

      C. sun

    Correct Answer
    C. C. sun
    Explanation
    The correct answer is C. sun. The sun is the largest celestial body in our solar system. It is a massive ball of hot gas that provides heat and light to the planets orbiting around it. Its diameter is about 109 times that of the Earth, making it much larger than both the Earth and the moon. The sun's immense size allows it to exert a strong gravitational pull, holding the planets in their orbits.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    Which is the smallest_________________________

    • A.

      A. Earth

    • B.

      B.moon

    • C.

      C. sun

    Correct Answer
    B. B.moon
    Explanation
    The correct answer is B. moon. The moon is the smallest out of the three options given (Earth, moon, and sun). The Earth is larger than the moon, and the sun is much larger than both the Earth and the moon. Therefore, the moon is the smallest option among the three.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Waht season is it in the Southern Hemisphere?

    • A.

      Summer

    • B.

      Winter

    • C.

      Spring

    • D.

      Fall

    Correct Answer
    A. Summer
    Explanation
    In the Southern Hemisphere, when it is summer in the Northern Hemisphere, it is winter in the Southern Hemisphere. This is because the Earth is tilted on its axis, causing the Southern Hemisphere to be tilted away from the sun during the Northern Hemisphere's summer months. As a result, the Southern Hemisphere experiences cooler temperatures, shorter days, and longer nights, which are characteristic of the winter season. Therefore, the correct answer is "Winter."

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    A spring tide and a lunar eclipse can be seen in what phase of the moon?

    • A.

      Full moon

    • B.

      New moon

    • C.

      First quarter

    • D.

      Thrid quarter

    Correct Answer
    A. Full moon
    Explanation
    During a full moon, the Earth, Moon, and Sun are aligned in a straight line, with the Earth in the middle. This alignment causes the gravitational forces of the Sun and Moon to combine, resulting in higher high tides and lower low tides. This is known as a spring tide. A lunar eclipse can only occur during a full moon when the Earth is directly between the Sun and the Moon, casting a shadow on the Moon. Therefore, both a spring tide and a lunar eclipse can be seen during a full moon.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Which statement is correct?

    • A.

      The earth rotates around the sun and revolves on its axis.

    • B.

      The earth revolves around the sun and rotates on the axis of the equator.

    • C.

      The earth revolves around the sun and rotates on its axis.

    • D.

      The earth revolves around the sun in 24 hours.

    Correct Answer
    C. The earth revolves around the sun and rotates on its axis.
    Explanation
    The correct statement is that the earth revolves around the sun and rotates on its axis. This means that the earth moves in an elliptical orbit around the sun while also spinning on its axis, causing day and night.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    What causes the seasons?

    • A.

      The clockwise orbit of the earth around the sun

    • B.

      Earth's revolution around the sun and tilt of earth on it's axis

    • C.

      Earth's evolution around the sun and gravitaional pull of the moon.

    • D.

      The spring and automnal equinox

    Correct Answer
    B. Earth's revolution around the sun and tilt of earth on it's axis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Earth's revolution around the sun and tilt of earth on its axis. The seasons are caused by the combination of these two factors. As the earth orbits the sun, its axis is tilted at an angle of about 23.5 degrees. This tilt causes different parts of the earth to receive varying amounts of sunlight throughout the year, resulting in the changing seasons. When one hemisphere is tilted towards the sun, it experiences summer, while the other hemisphere experiences winter. As the earth continues its orbit, the tilt causes the seasons to change.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    What is the phase of the moon at position C?

    • A.

      Third Quarter

    • B.

      Waning Gibbous

    • C.

      First Quarter

    • D.

      Waxing Crescent

    Correct Answer
    C. First Quarter
    Explanation
    The phase of the moon at position C is the First Quarter. In this phase, half of the moon's surface is illuminated by sunlight, and it appears as a half-moon shape in the sky. This phase occurs when the moon is halfway between a New Moon and a Full Moon.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Why do people who live in Alaska experience short days in the winter?

    • A.

      Because the earth is tilted towards the sun during this time

    • B.

      Because Alaska is very close the the north pole and receives indirect sunlight.

    • C.

      Because Alaska is very close the the north pole and receives direct sunlight.

    • D.

      Because alaska is in the northern hemisphere.

    Correct Answer
    B. Because Alaska is very close the the north pole and receives indirect sunlight.
    Explanation
    People who live in Alaska experience short days in the winter because Alaska is very close to the North Pole and receives indirect sunlight. Due to the tilt of the Earth's axis, the North Pole is tilted away from the sun during the winter months, causing the sunlight to be spread out over a larger area. This results in shorter days and less direct sunlight reaching Alaska, leading to colder temperatures and shorter daylight hours.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    What is the phase of the moon at position E?

    • A.

      Third Quarter

    • B.

      Waning Gibbous

    • C.

      First Quarter

    • D.

      Waxing Crescent

    Correct Answer
    B. Waning Gibbous
    Explanation
    The phase of the moon at position E is a waning gibbous. This phase occurs after the full moon phase and before the third quarter phase. During a waning gibbous phase, more than half of the moon is illuminated, but less than a full moon. The illuminated portion of the moon gradually decreases from right to left.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    When are the tides largest?

    • A.

      When the sun, earth and moon are at right angles

    • B.

      When the sun, earth and moon are at in a line.

    • C.

      When the three are lined up sun, earth then moon.

    • D.

      When the three are lined up sun, moon then earth.

    Correct Answer
    D. When the three are lined up sun, moon then earth.
    Explanation
    The tides are largest when the sun, moon, and earth are lined up in that order. This alignment creates a gravitational pull that results in higher tides.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    What is this picture showning?

    • A.

      A partial lunar eclipse

    • B.

      A lunar eclipse

    • C.

      A full moon

    • D.

      The dark side of the moon

    Correct Answer
    B. A lunar eclipse
    Explanation
    The picture is showing a lunar eclipse. A lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth passes between the Sun and the Moon, causing the Moon to move into the Earth's shadow. This can result in a partial or total eclipse, depending on the alignment of the three celestial bodies. In the given picture, the Moon is partially obscured by the shadow, indicating a partial lunar eclipse.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    What is the sun doing at point B?

    • A.

      It is hidden from us because it is night.

    • B.

      The sun is rising.

    • C.

      The sun is setting.

    • D.

      The sun is overhead.

    Correct Answer
    C. The sun is setting.
    Explanation
    At point B, the sun is setting. This can be inferred from the statement "It is hidden from us because it is night." Since the sun is hidden and it is night, it indicates that the sun is setting below the horizon, causing darkness and nighttime.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    During the winter solstice, where on the earth are the most direct sun rays received?

    • A.

      At the equator.

    • B.

      23.5 degrees north of the equator

    • C.

      23.5 degrees south of the equator

    • D.

      In the southern hemishere

    Correct Answer
    C. 23.5 degrees south of the equator
    Explanation
    During the winter solstice, the tilt of the Earth's axis causes the Northern Hemisphere to be tilted away from the sun, while the Southern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun. As a result, the most direct sun rays are received at 23.5 degrees south of the equator. This is because the sun appears directly overhead at the Tropic of Capricorn, which is located at approximately 23.5 degrees south latitude.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    During a solstice the axis of the earth is pointed____________ from the sun?

    • A.

      Towards

    • B.

      Away

    • C.

      At a right angle

    • D.

      Straight up and down

    Correct Answer
    A. Towards
    Explanation
    During a solstice, the axis of the earth is pointed towards the sun. This means that the hemisphere experiencing the solstice is tilted towards the sun, resulting in longer daylight hours and shorter nights. This phenomenon occurs twice a year, in June and December, and marks the beginning of summer and winter respectively in the Northern Hemisphere.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    What occurs during a Neap tide?

    • A.

      The sun and moon create a large gravitaional pull on Earth

    • B.

      There are low tides do to the sun, earth and moon being at right angles to each other.

    • C.

      There are low tides do to the sun, earth and moon being lined up with each other.

    • D.

      The tides are at their highest.

    Correct Answer
    B. There are low tides do to the sun, earth and moon being at right angles to each other.
    Explanation
    During a Neap tide, there are low tides due to the sun, earth, and moon being at right angles to each other. This means that the gravitational pull of the sun and moon partially cancel each other out, resulting in weaker tides. The sun and moon's gravitational forces are acting in different directions, causing a decrease in the overall tidal range.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    How far is the earth tilted?

    • A.

      32.5 degrees

    • B.

      53.2 degrees

    • C.

      35.2 degrees

    • D.

      23.5 degrees

    Correct Answer
    D. 23.5 degrees
    Explanation
    The earth is tilted at an angle of 23.5 degrees. This tilt is known as the axial tilt or obliquity of the Earth's axis. It is the reason for the changing seasons on Earth as different parts receive varying amounts of sunlight throughout the year. The tilt also affects the length of daylight hours, with longer days in summer and shorter days in winter.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    During the Vernal Equinox, where on the earth are the most direct sun rays received?

    • A.

      At the equator.

    • B.

      23.5 degrees north of the equator

    • C.

      23.5 degrees south of the equator

    • D.

      In the southern hemishere

    Correct Answer
    A. At the equator.
    Explanation
    During the Vernal Equinox, the most direct sun rays are received at the equator. This is because during this time, the tilt of the Earth's axis is such that the Sun is directly overhead at the equator. As a result, the sunlight falls perpendicularly on the equator, making it the location where the most direct sun rays are received.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    Why do we only see one side of the moon?

    • A.

      The moon phases only allow one side to be seen at all times.

    • B.

      The rotation and relolutionof the moon are the same as the earth.

    • C.

      The rotation and relolution of the moon are equal.

    • D.

      Because the sun does not provide light and therefore it can not be seen from earth.

    Correct Answer
    C. The rotation and relolution of the moon are equal.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the rotation and revolution of the moon are equal. This means that the moon takes the same amount of time to rotate on its axis as it does to orbit around the Earth. As a result, the same side of the moon always faces the Earth, while the other side remains hidden from view. This phenomenon is known as tidal locking, and it is caused by the gravitational forces between the Earth and the moon.

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    The sun and the moon appear to move slowly from East to West across the sky; this is because:-

    • A.

      The sun and moon actually move from East to West.

    • B.

      The earth is rotating from East to West.

    • C.

      The sun and moon actually move from West to East.

    • D.

      The earth is rotating from West to East.

    • E.

      The sky does not rotate with the earth.

    Correct Answer
    D. The earth is rotating from West to East.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the earth is rotating from West to East. This rotation of the earth creates the illusion that the sun and the moon are moving from East to West across the sky. In reality, the sun and moon appear to move across the sky due to the rotation of the earth on its axis. This rotation causes the apparent movement of celestial bodies from East to West. The sky does not rotate with the earth, which is why we perceive the sun and moon to be moving across the sky.

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    The Equinox means:-

    • A.

      Longest day and shortest night

    • B.

      Shortest day and longest night

    • C.

      Longest day and longest night

    • D.

      Shortest day and Shortest night

    • E.

      Day and night are equal in length

    Correct Answer
    E. Day and night are equal in length
    Explanation
    The equinox refers to the two points in the year when the sun is directly above the Earth's equator, resulting in equal lengths of day and night. During the equinox, the tilt of the Earth's axis is such that the sun is positioned directly over the equator, causing the distribution of sunlight to be equal on both hemispheres. This phenomenon occurs twice a year, in March (Vernal Equinox) and September (Autumnal Equinox), and marks the transition between seasons.

    Rate this question:

  • 31. 

    The path the sun and moon take throught the sky is called:-

    • A.

      Equator

    • B.

      Ecliptic

    • C.

      Equinox

    • D.

      Ellipse

    • E.

      Solstice

    Correct Answer
    B. Ecliptic
    Explanation
    The path the sun and moon take through the sky is called the ecliptic. This is the apparent path that the sun appears to follow throughout the year, as seen from Earth. The moon also roughly follows this path. The ecliptic is an imaginary line in the sky that represents the plane of Earth's orbit around the sun. It is an important concept in astronomy and is used to determine the positions of celestial objects in the sky. The other options listed are not related to the path of the sun and moon.

    Rate this question:

  • 32. 

    The tides on the earth are caused by:

    • A.

      The sun and the moon pulling on the oceans

    • B.

      The moon pulling on the oceans

    • C.

      The sun pulling on the oceans

    • D.

      The earth spinning and throwing the oceans outwards

    • E.

      The wind blowing the water along

    Correct Answer
    A. The sun and the moon pulling on the oceans
    Explanation
    The tides on Earth are caused by the gravitational pull of both the sun and the moon on the oceans. The moon's gravitational force is stronger because it is closer to Earth, but the sun's gravitational force also has an effect on the tides. As the Earth rotates, the combined gravitational forces of the sun and the moon cause the oceans to bulge, creating high tides. As the Earth continues to rotate, areas with low tides are formed between the high tides. Therefore, it is the gravitational pull of both celestial bodies that causes the tides on Earth.

    Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 17, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Yourpawdoc
Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.