# Earth And Moon Science Quiz: Trivia

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Earth and moon science quiz. Of all the planets in our solar system, the earth is one of the most fascinating as it can support life. It takes a whole year for the earth to make a full revolution around the sun. The planet has one single moon, and it helps majorly in stabilizing the climate experienced in the planet. Get to learn some more about these two bodies by taking the quiz.

• 1.

### What is the word that the moon turns around the earth?

• A.

Turning

• B.

Orbit

• C.

Rotates

B. Orbit
Explanation
The word "orbit" refers to the path that the moon takes as it revolves around the Earth. It is the correct answer because it accurately describes the motion of the moon in relation to the Earth, indicating that the moon follows a specific trajectory or route around our planet. "Turning" and "rotates" do not fully capture the concept of the moon's movement in a consistent path around the Earth.

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• 2.

• A.

Because there is no light

• B.

Because the person is blocking the light

• C.

Because light shines through you

B. Because the person is blocking the light
Explanation
A shadow is made when an object blocks the path of light. In this case, the correct answer is "Because the person is blocking the light." When a person stands in the path of light, their body blocks the light from reaching the surface behind them, causing a shadow to form.

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• 3.

### How many days does the Moon take to orbit the Earth?

• A.

100days

• B.

1day

• C.

28 days

• D.

59days

• E.

72days

C. 28 days
Explanation
The Moon takes approximately 28 days to orbit the Earth. This is known as the lunar month or the synodic month. During this time, the Moon completes one full cycle of phases, from new moon to full moon and back to new moon again. This period is consistent and has been observed throughout history, forming the basis for lunar calendars.

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• 4.

### To spin is to____________________?

• A.

A.rotate

• B.

B.revolve

• C.

C.orbit

A. A.rotate
Explanation
To spin is to rotate.

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• 5.

### To travel around an oject is to______________________________.

• A.

A.axis

• B.

B.rotate

• C.

C.revolve

C. C.revolve
Explanation
To travel around an object means to move in a circular or curved path around it. This can be done by rotating or revolving around the object. Therefore, the correct answer is C. revolve.

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• 6.

### The path on object followes as it revolves is called its____________________________.

• A.

A. orbit

• B.

B. rotations

• C.

C. axis

A. A. orbit
Explanation
The path followed by an object as it revolves around another object is called its orbit.

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• 7.

### The imaginary line that an object spins around is called_____________________________.

• A.

A. pole

• B.

B. axis

• C.

C. seasons

B. B. axis
Explanation
The correct answer is B. axis. An axis is an imaginary line around which an object rotates or spins. In the context of this question, the object referred to is not specified, but it could be any rotating object such as the Earth, a top, or a spinning wheel. The axis provides stability and defines the direction of rotation for the object. The poles, on the other hand, are the points where the axis intersects the surface of the object, like the North and South poles on Earth. The seasons mentioned in option C are unrelated to the concept of an axis.

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• 8.

### Earth's axis is__________________________.

• A.

A. straight up and down

• B.

B. tilted

• C.

C.sideways

B. B. tilted
Explanation
The Earth's axis is tilted. This means that it is not straight up and down, but rather inclined or slanted. This tilt is what causes the changing seasons as different parts of the Earth receive varying amounts of sunlight throughout the year.

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• 9.

### Earth's seasons are caused by what_________________________________

• A.

A. rotation and reolutions

• B.

B. revolution and the Earth's axis

• C.

C. The Earth's axis and rotation

B. B. revolution and the Earth's axis
Explanation
The Earth's seasons are caused by the combination of two factors: revolution and the Earth's axis. Revolution refers to the Earth's orbit around the Sun, which takes approximately 365.25 days to complete. This orbit causes different parts of the Earth to receive varying amounts of sunlight throughout the year, leading to the changing seasons. The Earth's axis, on the other hand, is tilted at an angle of approximately 23.5 degrees. This tilt causes the different hemispheres of the Earth to be either tilted towards or away from the Sun at different times of the year, resulting in the seasons.

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• 10.

### The earth revolves around the__________

• A.

A. moon

• B.

B. sun

• C.

C.as teroiubelt

B. B. sun
Explanation
The correct answer is B. sun. This is because the Earth revolves around the sun in an elliptical orbit. This phenomenon is known as revolution and it takes approximately 365.25 days for the Earth to complete one revolution around the sun, resulting in a year. The gravitational pull of the sun keeps the Earth in its orbit, while the moon revolves around the Earth.

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• 11.

### Which is the largest__________________________________

• A.

A. Earth

• B.

B. moon

• C.

C. sun

C. C. sun
Explanation
The correct answer is C. sun. The sun is the largest celestial body in our solar system. It is a massive ball of hot gas that provides heat and light to the planets orbiting around it. Its diameter is about 109 times that of the Earth, making it much larger than both the Earth and the moon. The sun's immense size allows it to exert a strong gravitational pull, holding the planets in their orbits.

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• 12.

### Which is the smallest_________________________

• A.

A. Earth

• B.

B.moon

• C.

C. sun

B. B.moon
Explanation
The correct answer is B. moon. The moon is the smallest out of the three options given (Earth, moon, and sun). The Earth is larger than the moon, and the sun is much larger than both the Earth and the moon. Therefore, the moon is the smallest option among the three.

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• 13.

### Waht season is it in the Southern Hemisphere?

• A.

Summer

• B.

Winter

• C.

Spring

• D.

Fall

A. Summer
Explanation
In the Southern Hemisphere, when it is summer in the Northern Hemisphere, it is winter in the Southern Hemisphere. This is because the Earth is tilted on its axis, causing the Southern Hemisphere to be tilted away from the sun during the Northern Hemisphere's summer months. As a result, the Southern Hemisphere experiences cooler temperatures, shorter days, and longer nights, which are characteristic of the winter season. Therefore, the correct answer is "Winter."

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• 14.

### A spring tide and a lunar eclipse can be seen in what phase of the moon?

• A.

Full moon

• B.

New moon

• C.

First quarter

• D.

Thrid quarter

A. Full moon
Explanation
During a full moon, the Earth, Moon, and Sun are aligned in a straight line, with the Earth in the middle. This alignment causes the gravitational forces of the Sun and Moon to combine, resulting in higher high tides and lower low tides. This is known as a spring tide. A lunar eclipse can only occur during a full moon when the Earth is directly between the Sun and the Moon, casting a shadow on the Moon. Therefore, both a spring tide and a lunar eclipse can be seen during a full moon.

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• 15.

### Which statement is correct?

• A.

The earth rotates around the sun and revolves on its axis.

• B.

The earth revolves around the sun and rotates on the axis of the equator.

• C.

The earth revolves around the sun and rotates on its axis.

• D.

The earth revolves around the sun in 24 hours.

C. The earth revolves around the sun and rotates on its axis.
Explanation
The correct statement is that the earth revolves around the sun and rotates on its axis. This means that the earth moves in an elliptical orbit around the sun while also spinning on its axis, causing day and night.

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• 16.

### What causes the seasons?

• A.

The clockwise orbit of the earth around the sun

• B.

Earth's revolution around the sun and tilt of earth on it's axis

• C.

Earth's evolution around the sun and gravitaional pull of the moon.

• D.

The spring and automnal equinox

B. Earth's revolution around the sun and tilt of earth on it's axis
Explanation
The correct answer is Earth's revolution around the sun and tilt of earth on its axis. The seasons are caused by the combination of these two factors. As the earth orbits the sun, its axis is tilted at an angle of about 23.5 degrees. This tilt causes different parts of the earth to receive varying amounts of sunlight throughout the year, resulting in the changing seasons. When one hemisphere is tilted towards the sun, it experiences summer, while the other hemisphere experiences winter. As the earth continues its orbit, the tilt causes the seasons to change.

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• 17.

### What is the phase of the moon at position C?

• A.

Third Quarter

• B.

Waning Gibbous

• C.

First Quarter

• D.

Waxing Crescent

C. First Quarter
Explanation
The phase of the moon at position C is the First Quarter. In this phase, half of the moon's surface is illuminated by sunlight, and it appears as a half-moon shape in the sky. This phase occurs when the moon is halfway between a New Moon and a Full Moon.

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• 18.

### Why do people who live in Alaska experience short days in the winter?

• A.

Because the earth is tilted towards the sun during this time

• B.

Because Alaska is very close the the north pole and receives indirect sunlight.

• C.

Because Alaska is very close the the north pole and receives direct sunlight.

• D.

Because alaska is in the northern hemisphere.

B. Because Alaska is very close the the north pole and receives indirect sunlight.
Explanation
People who live in Alaska experience short days in the winter because Alaska is very close to the North Pole and receives indirect sunlight. Due to the tilt of the Earth's axis, the North Pole is tilted away from the sun during the winter months, causing the sunlight to be spread out over a larger area. This results in shorter days and less direct sunlight reaching Alaska, leading to colder temperatures and shorter daylight hours.

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• 19.

### What is the phase of the moon at position E?

• A.

Third Quarter

• B.

Waning Gibbous

• C.

First Quarter

• D.

Waxing Crescent

B. Waning Gibbous
Explanation
The phase of the moon at position E is a waning gibbous. This phase occurs after the full moon phase and before the third quarter phase. During a waning gibbous phase, more than half of the moon is illuminated, but less than a full moon. The illuminated portion of the moon gradually decreases from right to left.

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• 20.

### When are the tides largest?

• A.

When the sun, earth and moon are at right angles

• B.

When the sun, earth and moon are at in a line.

• C.

When the three are lined up sun, earth then moon.

• D.

When the three are lined up sun, moon then earth.

D. When the three are lined up sun, moon then earth.
Explanation
The tides are largest when the sun, moon, and earth are lined up in that order. This alignment creates a gravitational pull that results in higher tides.

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• 21.

### What is this picture showning?

• A.

A partial lunar eclipse

• B.

A lunar eclipse

• C.

A full moon

• D.

The dark side of the moon

B. A lunar eclipse
Explanation
The picture is showing a lunar eclipse. A lunar eclipse occurs when the Earth passes between the Sun and the Moon, causing the Moon to move into the Earth's shadow. This can result in a partial or total eclipse, depending on the alignment of the three celestial bodies. In the given picture, the Moon is partially obscured by the shadow, indicating a partial lunar eclipse.

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• 22.

### What is the sun doing at point B?

• A.

It is hidden from us because it is night.

• B.

The sun is rising.

• C.

The sun is setting.

• D.

C. The sun is setting.
Explanation
At point B, the sun is setting. This can be inferred from the statement "It is hidden from us because it is night." Since the sun is hidden and it is night, it indicates that the sun is setting below the horizon, causing darkness and nighttime.

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• 23.

### During the winter solstice, where on the earth are the most direct sun rays received?

• A.

At the equator.

• B.

23.5 degrees north of the equator

• C.

23.5 degrees south of the equator

• D.

In the southern hemishere

C. 23.5 degrees south of the equator
Explanation
During the winter solstice, the tilt of the Earth's axis causes the Northern Hemisphere to be tilted away from the sun, while the Southern Hemisphere is tilted towards the sun. As a result, the most direct sun rays are received at 23.5 degrees south of the equator. This is because the sun appears directly overhead at the Tropic of Capricorn, which is located at approximately 23.5 degrees south latitude.

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• 24.

### During a solstice the axis of the earth is pointed____________ from the sun?

• A.

Towards

• B.

Away

• C.

At a right angle

• D.

Straight up and down

A. Towards
Explanation
During a solstice, the axis of the earth is pointed towards the sun. This means that the hemisphere experiencing the solstice is tilted towards the sun, resulting in longer daylight hours and shorter nights. This phenomenon occurs twice a year, in June and December, and marks the beginning of summer and winter respectively in the Northern Hemisphere.

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• 25.

### What occurs during a Neap tide?

• A.

The sun and moon create a large gravitaional pull on Earth

• B.

There are low tides do to the sun, earth and moon being at right angles to each other.

• C.

There are low tides do to the sun, earth and moon being lined up with each other.

• D.

The tides are at their highest.

B. There are low tides do to the sun, earth and moon being at right angles to each other.
Explanation
During a Neap tide, there are low tides due to the sun, earth, and moon being at right angles to each other. This means that the gravitational pull of the sun and moon partially cancel each other out, resulting in weaker tides. The sun and moon's gravitational forces are acting in different directions, causing a decrease in the overall tidal range.

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• 26.

### How far is the earth tilted?

• A.

32.5 degrees

• B.

53.2 degrees

• C.

35.2 degrees

• D.

23.5 degrees

D. 23.5 degrees
Explanation
The earth is tilted at an angle of 23.5 degrees. This tilt is known as the axial tilt or obliquity of the Earth's axis. It is the reason for the changing seasons on Earth as different parts receive varying amounts of sunlight throughout the year. The tilt also affects the length of daylight hours, with longer days in summer and shorter days in winter.

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• 27.

### During the Vernal Equinox, where on the earth are the most direct sun rays received?

• A.

At the equator.

• B.

23.5 degrees north of the equator

• C.

23.5 degrees south of the equator

• D.

In the southern hemishere

A. At the equator.
Explanation
During the Vernal Equinox, the most direct sun rays are received at the equator. This is because during this time, the tilt of the Earth's axis is such that the Sun is directly overhead at the equator. As a result, the sunlight falls perpendicularly on the equator, making it the location where the most direct sun rays are received.

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• 28.

### Why do we only see one side of the moon?

• A.

The moon phases only allow one side to be seen at all times.

• B.

The rotation and relolutionof the moon are the same as the earth.

• C.

The rotation and relolution of the moon are equal.

• D.

Because the sun does not provide light and therefore it can not be seen from earth.

C. The rotation and relolution of the moon are equal.
Explanation
The correct answer is that the rotation and revolution of the moon are equal. This means that the moon takes the same amount of time to rotate on its axis as it does to orbit around the Earth. As a result, the same side of the moon always faces the Earth, while the other side remains hidden from view. This phenomenon is known as tidal locking, and it is caused by the gravitational forces between the Earth and the moon.

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• 29.

### The sun and the moon appear to move slowly from East to West across the sky; this is because:-

• A.

The sun and moon actually move from East to West.

• B.

The earth is rotating from East to West.

• C.

The sun and moon actually move from West to East.

• D.

The earth is rotating from West to East.

• E.

The sky does not rotate with the earth.

D. The earth is rotating from West to East.
Explanation
The correct answer is that the earth is rotating from West to East. This rotation of the earth creates the illusion that the sun and the moon are moving from East to West across the sky. In reality, the sun and moon appear to move across the sky due to the rotation of the earth on its axis. This rotation causes the apparent movement of celestial bodies from East to West. The sky does not rotate with the earth, which is why we perceive the sun and moon to be moving across the sky.

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• 30.

### The Equinox means:-

• A.

Longest day and shortest night

• B.

Shortest day and longest night

• C.

Longest day and longest night

• D.

Shortest day and Shortest night

• E.

Day and night are equal in length

E. Day and night are equal in length
Explanation
The equinox refers to the two points in the year when the sun is directly above the Earth's equator, resulting in equal lengths of day and night. During the equinox, the tilt of the Earth's axis is such that the sun is positioned directly over the equator, causing the distribution of sunlight to be equal on both hemispheres. This phenomenon occurs twice a year, in March (Vernal Equinox) and September (Autumnal Equinox), and marks the transition between seasons.

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• 31.

### The path the sun and moon take throught the sky is called:-

• A.

Equator

• B.

Ecliptic

• C.

Equinox

• D.

Ellipse

• E.

Solstice

B. Ecliptic
Explanation
The path the sun and moon take through the sky is called the ecliptic. This is the apparent path that the sun appears to follow throughout the year, as seen from Earth. The moon also roughly follows this path. The ecliptic is an imaginary line in the sky that represents the plane of Earth's orbit around the sun. It is an important concept in astronomy and is used to determine the positions of celestial objects in the sky. The other options listed are not related to the path of the sun and moon.

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• 32.

### The tides on the earth are caused by:

• A.

The sun and the moon pulling on the oceans

• B.

The moon pulling on the oceans

• C.

The sun pulling on the oceans

• D.

The earth spinning and throwing the oceans outwards

• E.

The wind blowing the water along

A. The sun and the moon pulling on the oceans
Explanation
The tides on Earth are caused by the gravitational pull of both the sun and the moon on the oceans. The moon's gravitational force is stronger because it is closer to Earth, but the sun's gravitational force also has an effect on the tides. As the Earth rotates, the combined gravitational forces of the sun and the moon cause the oceans to bulge, creating high tides. As the Earth continues to rotate, areas with low tides are formed between the high tides. Therefore, it is the gravitational pull of both celestial bodies that causes the tides on Earth.

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• Current Version
• Mar 22, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Jul 17, 2012
Quiz Created by
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