Early Humans: The Paleolithic And Neolithic Periods

25 Questions

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Human Quizzes & Trivia

Hi. This quiz is designed to test your knowledge of key vocabulary terms and concepts associated with our examination of early human cultures. There are various question formats including "Fill in the Blanks," and SPELLING WILL COUNT. Take your time and enjoy!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Anthropology is the study of human life and culture.

    • B. 

      "Anthropology" comes from the ancient Greek words meaning "study of man".

    • C. 

      Anthropology can involve the study of both past and present human societies.

    • D. 

      All of the above

    • E. 

      A and B only

  • 2. 
    The period before the development of writing is called
  • 3. 
    Which of the following is an artifact?
    • A. 

      An ancient weapon found in a tomb

    • B. 

      A 200 year old coin found at the bottom of a water well

    • C. 

      A piece of pottery found a top Black Mesa

    • D. 

      A petroglyph

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    The study of the past through the analysis of material humans left behind is called
  • 5. 
    What is one way we describe Paleolithic people, based on their method of food acquisition?
  • 6. 
    What is a nomad?
    • A. 

      A person who moves around a lot to escape imprisonment

    • B. 

      A person who moves around a lot to find food sources

    • C. 

      A person with no permanent home

    • D. 

      B and C only

    • E. 

      A and b only

  • 7. 
    What is the oldest, longest lasting, most unchanging tool ever created by humans?
  • 8. 
    What term do we use to describe a creature that walks upright on two feet (bipedal)?
  • 9. 
    Which of the following lists places early humans in correct chronological order (from the oldest to the most recent).
    • A. 

      Ardipithecus, Homo habilis, Homo erectus, Neanderthal, Homo sapiens

    • B. 

      Australopithecus, Homo erectus, Neanderthal, Homo Heidelbergensis, Homo habilis

    • C. 

      Homo erectus, Homo habilis, Homo sapiens, Neanderthal, Ardipithecus

    • D. 

      None of these are correct

  • 10. 
    Which of the following lists places early technological advancements and/or cultural developments in correct chronological order (from the oldest to the most recent).
    • A. 

      Written language, control of fire, stone tools, farming

    • B. 

      Control of fire, stone tools, written language, spoken language

    • C. 

      Stone tools, control of fire, spoken language, farming, written language

    • D. 

      Stone tools, spoken language, control of fire, written language, farming

    • E. 

      None of these are correct.

  • 11. 
    The development of early technology was a slow process that took millions of years.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Australopithecines may have been the earliest people to believe in some sort of afterlife as they were the first to bury their dead.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 13. 
    It was the development of spoken language that first allowed early humans to migrate out of Africa.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Many of our theories of Paleolithic social structure are based on modern day "stone age" communities.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Neanderthals built stone shelters for their herds of sheep.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    The species to which all modern humans belong.
    • A. 

      Homo ergaster

    • B. 

      Homo sapiens

    • C. 

      Homo erectus

    • D. 

      Homo habilis

    • E. 

      None of these are correct.

  • 17. 
    The first people to learn how to control fire.
    • A. 

      Neanderthals

    • B. 

      Homo sapiens

    • C. 

      Homo erectus

    • D. 

      Homo habilis

    • E. 

      None of these are correct.

  • 18. 
    The first people to make stone tools.
    • A. 

      Neanderthals

    • B. 

      Homo sapiens

    • C. 

      Homo erectus

    • D. 

      Homo habilis

    • E. 

      None of these are correct.

  • 19. 
    Where do all humans come from?
  • 20. 
    What is the one characteristic that really sets us apart from other animals?
    • A. 

      The ability to make tools

    • B. 

      The ability to communicate

    • C. 

      The ability to make shelters

    • D. 

      The ability to imagine and create

    • E. 

      Both A and B

  • 21. 
    • A. 

      Kept us warm in cold weather

    • B. 

      Inspired Neanderthals to invent marshmallows

    • C. 

      Provided night vision

    • D. 

      Allowed us to cook our food

    • E. 

      Provided protection from predators

    • F. 

      May have contributed to the development of human imagination

    • G. 

      Allowed Homo habilis to make the first metal tools

    • H. 

      Prohibited us from living in the wetter, northern climates

  • 22. 
    • A. 

      People were nomads

    • B. 

      Hunting and gathering were the only means to acquire food

    • C. 

      The Paleolithic Era lasted millions of years

    • D. 

      People built simple mud-brick houses close to their fields of wheat

    • E. 

      Paleolithic technology consisted of simple stone tools

  • 23. 
    Our earliest known bipedal ancestor is Australopithecus (the famous "Lucy" skeleton).
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    All of our evidence for Neanderthals comes from Southwest Asia and Europe.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    Which of the following was a consequence of the Neolithic Revolution?  (Check ALL that apply.)
    • A. 

      Humans became food producers instead of food gatherers

    • B. 

      All cultures developed massive complex civilizations

    • C. 

      Small farming villages arose as people needed to stay by their crops

    • D. 

      Increased food production through farming led to food surpluses, which led to trade possibilities and specialized labor

    • E. 

      Hunting and gathering ceased to be practiced.

    • F. 

      People began building permanent shelters for themselves and their animals.

    • G. 

      The Neolithic Revolution brought about the rise of great civilizations.

    • H. 

      The distinction between the "Haves" and the "Have Nots" seen during the Paleolithic disappeared, and communities became more equal.