Do You Know Australopithecus?

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Do You Know Australopithecus? - Quiz

. Australopithecus is an extinct group of mammals believed to be part of the human evolution map. What do you know about this maybe-ancestor? Take this quiz.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Which is a species of Australopithecus?

    • A.

      Broosis

    • B.

      Anamensis

    • C.

      Glrions

    • D.

      Aeriae

    Correct Answer
    A. Broosis
  • 2. 

    Australopithecus belong to the Sub-order?

    • A.

      Rointis

    • B.

      Pfolini

    • C.

      Haplorhini

    • D.

      Hadese

    Correct Answer
    C. Haplorhini
    Explanation
    Australopithecus belong to the sub-order Haplorhini. Haplorhini is a sub-order of primates that includes monkeys, apes, and humans. Australopithecus is an extinct genus of hominins that lived between 4.2 and 2 million years ago. They are considered to be early ancestors of humans and are known for their bipedal locomotion. Being classified under Haplorhini indicates their close evolutionary relationship with other primates, including humans.

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  • 3. 

    Australopithecus were the first hominids to possess genes known as the?

    • A.

      Pimped genes

    • B.

      Mutated genes

    • C.

      Duplicated SRGAP2

    • D.

      TRNA

    Correct Answer
    C. Duplicated SRGAP2
    Explanation
    Australopithecus were the first hominids to possess duplicated SRGAP2 genes. This duplication event is believed to have occurred approximately 3.4 million years ago and is unique to the Australopithecus genus. The duplicated SRGAP2 genes are thought to have played a crucial role in the evolution of the human brain by promoting the development of more complex neural connections. This genetic adaptation may have contributed to the cognitive abilities and increased brain size observed in later hominids, including modern humans.

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  • 4. 

     In what year was the Australopithecus skeleton nicknamed "Little Foot" found?

    • A.

      1909

    • B.

      1997

    • C.

      1987

    • D.

      1994

    Correct Answer
    B. 1997
    Explanation
    The Australopithecus skeleton nicknamed "Little Foot" was found in 1997.

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  • 5. 

    How many species of Australopithecus are generally accepted by scientists?

    • A.

      2

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      5

    • D.

      7

    Correct Answer
    C. 5
    Explanation
    Scientists generally accept that there are 5 species of Australopithecus. Australopithecus is a genus of extinct hominins that lived in Africa between 4.2 and 1.2 million years ago. The five accepted species are Australopithecus afarensis, Australopithecus africanus, Australopithecus anamensis, Australopithecus garhi, and Australopithecus sediba. These species are known from fossil remains and have contributed significantly to our understanding of human evolution.

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  • 6. 

    Fossil record shows that Australopithecus is the common ancestor of a distinct group of hominids called?

    • A.

      Nioser

    • B.

      Fortemis

    • C.

      Paranthropus

    • D.

      Larathis

    Correct Answer
    C. Paranthropus
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Paranthropus. The fossil record supports the idea that Australopithecus is the common ancestor of a distinct group of hominids called Paranthropus. Paranthropus is a genus of extinct hominins that lived between 2.6 and 1.1 million years ago. They are characterized by their robust cranial and dental features, suggesting a different evolutionary path from the Homo genus. The fossil evidence shows a clear lineage from Australopithecus to Paranthropus, making it the correct answer.

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  • 7. 

    It has been deduced from archaeological records that the Australopithecus was?

    • A.

      Frugivorous

    • B.

      Parasitic

    • C.

      Producer

    • D.

      Organic

    Correct Answer
    A. Frugivorous
    Explanation
    Based on archaeological records, it has been deduced that the Australopithecus was frugivorous. This means that they primarily consumed fruits as their main source of food. This conclusion is likely drawn from the analysis of their dental and skeletal remains, which indicate adaptations for a diet that includes fruits. Other factors, such as the presence of fruit remains in their fossilized feces or the study of their habitats, may also contribute to this deduction.

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  • 8. 

    In what year was the type specimen for genus Australopithecus discovered?

    • A.

      1987

    • B.

      1999

    • C.

      1924

    • D.

      1930

    Correct Answer
    C. 1924
    Explanation
    In 1924, the type specimen for genus Australopithecus was discovered.

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  • 9. 

    In 1997, an almost complete Australopithecus skeleton with skull was found in?

    • A.

      Poland

    • B.

      Germany

    • C.

      South Africa

    • D.

      London

    Correct Answer
    C. South Africa
    Explanation
    The correct answer is South Africa because South Africa is known for its rich fossil record and has been a significant location for the discovery of early human ancestors. The finding of an almost complete Australopithecus skeleton with a skull in South Africa in 1997 further supports the country's importance in the field of paleoanthropology.

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  • 10. 

    Which of these is a specie of Australopithecus?

    • A.

      Lousti

    • B.

      Robustus

    • C.

      Amoustus

    • D.

      Nivredi

    Correct Answer
    B. Robustus
    Explanation
    Robustus is a species of Australopithecus. Australopithecus robustus is an extinct hominin species that lived in South Africa around 2-1.2 million years ago. It is known for its robust cranial and dental features, indicating a diet that included tough foods. This species is an important part of the human evolutionary tree and provides insights into the early stages of human evolution.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 10, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Jaksiboy

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