Dorsey Medical Terminology 350

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Dorsey Medical Terminology 350 - Quiz

Dorsey school's medical termnology 350


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Gastr-

    • A.

      Heart

    • B.

      Kidney

    • C.

      Stomach

    • D.

      Nose

    • E.

      Eyelid

    Correct Answer
    C. Stomach
    Explanation
    The word "gastr-" is a prefix that refers to the stomach. The other options in the list, such as "heart," "kidney," "nose," and "eyelid," do not have any direct relation to the prefix "gastr-." Therefore, the correct answer is "stomach."

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  • 2. 

    Cardi-

    Correct Answer
    heart
    Explanation
    The term "cardi-" is a prefix that is derived from the Greek word "kardia" which means "heart". Therefore, the correct answer is "heart".

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  • 3. 

    -megal

    Correct Answer
    enlarged
  • 4. 

    -itis

    Correct Answer
    inflammation
    Explanation
    The suffix "-itis" is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate inflammation. Inflammation refers to the body's response to injury or infection, characterized by redness, swelling, pain, and heat in the affected area. Therefore, the correct answer is "inflammation," as it accurately represents the meaning of the suffix "-itis."

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  • 5. 

    Dermat-

    Correct Answer
    skin
    Explanation
    The term "dermat-" is a prefix that refers to the skin. Therefore, the correct answer is "skin".

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  • 6. 

    Plast-

    Correct Answer
    surgical repair
  • 7. 

    Cerebr-

    Correct Answer
    brain
    Explanation
    The word "cerebr-" is a prefix that is commonly used to refer to the brain. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "brain".

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  • 8. 

    Path-

    Correct Answer
    disease
    Explanation
    The given answer "disease" is a possible explanation for the word "path" because a path can refer to a route or course, and in this context, it could be indicating a pathway or route of a disease within the body. Diseases can follow a specific path or route as they progress or spread throughout the body.

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  • 9. 

    -ectomy

    Correct Answer
    surgical removal
    Explanation
    The term "-ectomy" is a suffix commonly used in medical terminology to indicate the surgical removal of a specific body part or tissue. It is derived from the Greek word "ektomē," which means "excision" or "removal." Therefore, the correct answer "surgical removal" accurately describes the meaning of the term "-ectomy."

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  • 10. 

    Enter-

    Correct Answer
    intestines
    small intestines
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "intestines, small intestines." The term "intestines" refers to the entire digestive organ, which includes both the small and large intestines. The small intestines are a specific part of the intestines, responsible for the absorption of nutrients from digested food. Therefore, both terms are correct in describing different aspects of the digestive system.

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  • 11. 

    -osis

    Correct Answer
    any condition
    Explanation
    The suffix "-osis" is used in medical terminology to indicate a condition or a state. It can be added to the end of a word to describe various conditions or diseases. For example, "neurosis" refers to a mental disorder, "thrombosis" refers to the formation of a blood clot, and "osteoporosis" refers to a condition characterized by weak and brittle bones. Therefore, the correct answer "any condition" accurately describes the meaning of the suffix "-osis".

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  • 12. 

    Aden-

    Correct Answer
    gland
    Explanation
    The given answer "gland" is the correct answer because it is the only word that makes sense when the given letters "aden" and "gland" are put together. The other parts of the question, "aden-" and "-gland", are incomplete and do not provide any meaningful context. Therefore, the only logical answer is "gland".

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  • 13. 

    Angi-

    Correct Answer
    vessel
  • 14. 

    -oma

    Correct Answer
    tumor
    Explanation
    The suffix "-oma" is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate a tumor or a mass. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "tumor" as it is a general term used to describe an abnormal growth of cells.

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  • 15. 

    Nephr-

    Correct Answer
    kidney
  • 16. 

    Hepat-

    Correct Answer
    liver
    Explanation
    The term "hepat-" is derived from the Greek word for liver, which is "hepar." Therefore, when we see the term "hepat-" in medical terminology, it is referring to the liver. In this case, the correct answer is "liver" because it is the organ associated with the term "hepat-."

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  • 17. 

    Blephar-

    Correct Answer
    eyelid
    Explanation
    The term "blephar-" refers to the eyelid. The prefix "blephar-" is commonly used in medical terminology to describe conditions or procedures related to the eyelid. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "eyelid."

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  • 18. 

    -ologist

    Correct Answer
    specialist
    Explanation
    The word "specialist" is the correct answer because it is a noun that describes a person who is highly knowledgeable or skilled in a specific field or subject. The suffix "-ologist" is commonly used to indicate a person who studies or specializes in a particular branch of knowledge. In this case, the word "specialist" fits the pattern of the suffix and accurately describes someone who has expertise in a specific area.

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  • 19. 

    Rhin-

    Correct Answer
    nose
    Explanation
    The given word "rhin-" is a prefix that means "related to the nose." When combined with the word "nose," it forms the complete word "rhinonose," which is not a commonly used term. Therefore, the correct answer is "nose."

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  • 20. 

    Gingiv-

    Correct Answer
    gum
    gums
    Explanation
    The term "gingiv-" refers to the gums. The suffix "-um" is used to indicate a singular form, while the suffix "-s" is used to indicate a plural form. Therefore, "gum" represents the singular form of the word, and "gums" represents the plural form.

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  • 21. 

    -malacia

    Correct Answer
    soft
    softness
    Explanation
    The term "malacia" refers to a condition characterized by softness. Therefore, the correct answer is "soft" and "softness" as they directly relate to the meaning of "malacia".

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  • 22. 

    -ology

    Correct Answer
    Explanation
    The term "-ology" is a suffix used to indicate the study or science of a particular subject. It is derived from the Greek word "logia" meaning "the study of" or "the science of". Many academic disciplines and fields of study use this suffix to denote their area of expertise, such as biology, psychology, and geology. Therefore, "-ology" refers to the study or science of a specific subject.

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  • 23. 

    Spasm

    Correct Answer
    involuntary contraction
    Explanation
    The term "spasm" refers to an involuntary contraction of muscles or organs. This means that the muscles or organs are contracting without the individual's control or intention. Therefore, the correct answer is "involuntary contraction," which accurately describes the nature of a spasm.

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  • 24. 

    -algia

    Correct Answer
    pain
    Explanation
    The term "-algia" is a suffix that is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate pain. It is derived from the Greek word "algos" which means pain. Therefore, when "-algia" is added to the end of a word, it signifies that the person or patient is experiencing pain in that particular area or condition. For example, "arthralgia" refers to pain in the joints, "neuralgia" refers to pain along the course of a nerve, and "myalgia" refers to muscle pain.

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  • 25. 

    End-

    Correct Answer
    inside within
    inside, within
  • 26. 

    Hemi-

    Correct Answer
    half
    Explanation
    The prefix "hemi-" means "half" in this context. It is commonly used in scientific and medical terms to indicate that something is divided into two equal parts. Therefore, the correct answer is "half".

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  • 27. 

    -oid

    Correct Answer
    like
  • 28. 

    Chole-

    Correct Answer
    bile
  • 29. 

    -scop-

    Correct Answer
    observe
    Explanation
    The word "scop" refers to the act of observing or watching something. Therefore, the correct answer is "observe".

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  • 30. 

    Hyster-

    Correct Answer
    uterus
    Explanation
    The term "hyster-" is a prefix that refers to the uterus. The word "uterus" is a noun that specifically refers to the female reproductive organ where the fetus develops. Therefore, the correct answer is "uterus" because it directly relates to the term "hyster-" and its meaning.

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  • 31. 

    -ostomy

    Correct Answer
    create an opening
    to create an opening
    create an artifical opening
    to create an artifical opening
    Explanation
    The term "-ostomy" refers to a surgical procedure that involves creating an opening in the body. This can be done to provide an alternative route for waste elimination or to allow for the drainage of fluid. The correct answer options all convey the same meaning, emphasizing the act of creating an opening, either naturally or artificially.

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  • 32. 

    Para-

    Correct Answer
    beside beyond
    beside, beyond
  • 33. 

    -lysis

    Correct Answer
    loosening destruction
    loosening, destruction
    Explanation
    The suffix "-lysis" in medical terminology refers to the process of loosening or destruction. Therefore, the correct answer is "loosening destruction" or "loosening, destruction" as both options accurately describe the meaning of the suffix.

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  • 34. 

    Cervic-

    Correct Answer
    neck
    Explanation
    The word "cervic-" is a prefix that refers to the neck. Therefore, the correct answer is "neck".

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  • 35. 

    Chondr-

    Correct Answer
    cartilage
    Explanation
    The term "chondr-" is a prefix that refers to cartilage. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "cartilage".

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  • 36. 

    Cyan-

    Correct Answer
    blue
    Explanation
    Cyan is a shade of blue.

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  • 37. 

    Hem(at)-

    Correct Answer
    blood
    Explanation
    The given word "hem(at)-" is a prefix that refers to blood. This is evident from the fact that "hem(at)-" is followed by the word "blood" in the answer. The hyphen after "hem(at)" indicates that it is a prefix, and the word "blood" directly corresponds to the meaning of "hem(at)-". Therefore, the correct answer is "blood".

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  • 38. 

    Ost-

    Correct Answer
    bone
  • 39. 

    Psycho-

    Correct Answer
    mind
  • 40. 

    Lip-

    Correct Answer
    fat
  • 41. 

    My-

    Correct Answer
    muscle
  • 42. 

    Lith-

    Correct Answer
    stone
    Explanation
    The prefix "lith-" refers to "stone." This is evident from the given information that "lith-" means "stone." Therefore, the correct answer is "stone."

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  • 43. 

    Ophthalm-opt-

    Correct Answer
    eye
    Explanation
    The given answer "eye" is correct because the root word "ophthalm-opt-" is derived from the Greek word "ophthalmos" which means "eye". The root "ophthalm-opt-" is commonly used in medical terminology related to the eye, such as ophthalmology (study of the eye) and optometry (vision care). Therefore, "eye" is the most appropriate and logical answer based on the given root word.

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  • 44. 

    Proct-

    Correct Answer
    anus
  • 45. 

    Cost-

    Correct Answer
    rib
  • 46. 

    -gram

    Correct Answer
    record
    Explanation
    The word "record" fits the given pattern "-gram" and is a valid word. It can be used as a noun to refer to a document or piece of information, or as a verb meaning to document or make a note of something. Therefore, "record" is the correct answer.

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  • 47. 

    Acro-

    Correct Answer
    extremities
    Explanation
    The prefix "acro-" means extreme or highest degree, while "extremities" refers to the farthest or outermost parts of something. Therefore, the correct answer "extremities" aligns with the meaning of the prefix "acro-" and represents the concept of extreme or outermost parts.

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  • 48. 

    Rhexis-

    Correct Answer
    break burst
    break, burst
  • 49. 

    Carcin-

    Correct Answer
    cancer
    Explanation
    The term "carcin-" is a prefix derived from the Greek word "karkinos" meaning "crab" and is commonly used in medical terminology to refer to cancer. Therefore, the correct answer is "cancer" as it directly relates to the term "carcin-".

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  • 50. 

    Gen-

    Correct Answer
    original production
    original, production

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Mar 13, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Danakaiggy
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