Digital Video Editing Terminology

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Digital Video Editing Terminology - Quiz

The following questions cover content learned in Digital Video Editing. There are 30 questions. You may attempt to take the test twice.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What does a video's "aspect ratio" represent?

    • A.

      The numerical fraction representing the number of pixels per inch

    • B.

      The shape of an image or frame, expressed as the width-to-height ratio

    • C.

      It is a wide picture format for film

    • D.

      It is the name for the outer edges of a video image that are typically cut off by consumer television

    Correct Answer
    B. The shape of an image or frame, expressed as the width-to-height ratio
    Explanation
    The aspect ratio of a video represents the shape of an image or frame, expressed as the width-to-height ratio. It determines the proportion of the video's width to its height, and plays a crucial role in how the video is displayed on different screens and devices. Different aspect ratios can result in videos appearing either wider or taller, and understanding the aspect ratio is important for ensuring proper formatting and viewing experience.

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  • 2. 

    What is the standard aspect ratio for television screens?

    • A.

      2:3

    • B.

      4:3

    • C.

      16:9

    • D.

      7:8

    Correct Answer
    B. 4:3
    Explanation
    The standard aspect ratio for television screens is 4:3. This means that the width of the screen is 4 units and the height is 3 units. This aspect ratio was commonly used for older CRT televisions and early flat-screen TVs. It is not as commonly used today, as the industry has shifted towards the widescreen 16:9 aspect ratio, which is better suited for high-definition content.

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  • 3. 

    A technique using black bars above and below a widescreen video image (16:9 aspect ratio) on a standard television screen is called:

    • A.

      Framing

    • B.

      Frame rate

    • C.

      Overscan

    • D.

      Letterbox

    Correct Answer
    D. Letterbox
    Explanation
    The technique of using black bars above and below a widescreen video image on a standard television screen is called letterbox. This technique is used to maintain the aspect ratio of the original widescreen image on a standard screen, without cropping or distorting the image. The black bars help to fill the extra space on the screen, ensuring that the entire widescreen image is visible without any loss of content.

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  • 4. 

    The individual video images that make up a moving sequence are called

    • A.

      Frames.

    • B.

      Assets.

    • C.

      Clips.

    • D.

      Sequences.

    Correct Answer
    A. Frames.
    Explanation
    In video production, a moving sequence is made up of individual images called frames. Frames are still images that are played in rapid succession to create the illusion of motion. Each frame captures a specific moment in time, and when combined together, they form a continuous video sequence. Therefore, frames are the correct answer in this context.

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  • 5. 

    In directing and shooting a video, what is a "talking head?"

    • A.

      It is the voice artist who provides the narration for the voiceover.

    • B.

      It describes the synchronization of the voiceover and the person who is talking.

    • C.

      It just the head and shoulders of a person who is talking.

    • D.

      It is the offscreen person who is the subject of an interview.

    Correct Answer
    C. It just the head and shoulders of a person who is talking.
    Explanation
    A "talking head" refers to the visual representation of a person who is speaking in a video. It typically includes only the head and shoulders of the person, focusing on their facial expressions and body language while they are talking. This term is commonly used in video production to describe shots that feature a person speaking directly to the camera.

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  • 6. 

    There's a special name for the number countdown (5-4-3-2-1) that you see before an old movie starts. What is it called?

    • A.

      Countdown.

    • B.

      Preroll.

    • C.

      Leader.

    • D.

      Master.

    Correct Answer
    C. Leader.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Leader." In the context of old movies, a leader refers to the countdown sequence that appears before the start of the film. It typically includes numbers counting down from five to one, and it helps synchronize the audio and visual components of the film. The leader is used to ensure that the projectionist starts the film at the correct time and that the audience is ready for the movie to begin.

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  • 7. 

    What does it mean to "dub" your audio or video project?

    • A.

      To duplicate, or make a copy, of the project.

    • B.

      To synchronize the sound and images.

    • C.

      To store, or backup, the master copy.

    • D.

      To render out the final master copy.

    Correct Answer
    A. To duplicate, or make a copy, of the project.
    Explanation
    To "dub" your audio or video project means to duplicate or make a copy of the project. This is done to have multiple copies of the project for various purposes such as distribution, backup, or editing. Dubbing allows you to create additional copies without altering the original content, ensuring that you have multiple versions of the project available for different uses.

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  • 8. 

    What is the difference between "mono" channel and "stereo" channel sound?

    • A.

      "Mono" is a compressed format and "Stereo" is a lossless format.

    • B.

      "Mono" is only used for web videos and "Stereo" is needed for high-definition videos.

    • C.

      "Mono: is a single channel and "Stereo" is two channels--a left and right channel.

    • D.

      There is no difference

    Correct Answer
    C. "Mono: is a single channel and "Stereo" is two channels--a left and right channel.
    Explanation
    The correct answer explains that "mono" refers to a single channel audio, while "stereo" refers to two channels - a left and right channel. This means that in stereo sound, the audio is divided into two separate channels, allowing for a more immersive and spatial listening experience.

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  • 9. 

    What does "Hz" -- Hertz represent?

    • A.

      It represents the file size of an audio file.

    • B.

      It is a measurement of the audio sampling rate.

    • C.

      It is a file naming extension of a raw audio file.

    • D.

      It is the name of an auto rental company.

    Correct Answer
    B. It is a measurement of the audio sampling rate.
    Explanation
    Hz, or Hertz, is a unit of measurement used to represent the frequency of a sound wave. In the context of audio, Hertz refers to the number of times an audio signal is sampled per second. It is commonly used to describe the quality and clarity of audio recordings, with higher sampling rates generally resulting in better audio fidelity. Therefore, the correct answer is that Hertz represents the measurement of the audio sampling rate.

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  • 10. 

    The television format used most commonly the United States is:

    • A.

      PAL

    • B.

      AVI

    • C.

      MPEG

    • D.

      NTSC

    Correct Answer
    D. NTSC
    Explanation
    The correct answer is NTSC. NTSC is the television format most commonly used in the United States. It stands for National Television System Committee and is a standard for analog television broadcasting. It was developed in the 1940s and has a resolution of 525 lines and a refresh rate of 60Hz. NTSC is compatible with older analog TV sets and is still used in some regions of the United States, although digital formats like ATSC are becoming more prevalent.

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  • 11. 

    To convert from one video compression format to another is also called:

    • A.

      Transcode.

    • B.

      Transcription.

    • C.

      Render.

    • D.

      Rename.

    Correct Answer
    A. Transcode.
    Explanation
    The process of converting a video from one compression format to another is commonly referred to as transcoding. This involves decoding the video from its original format, making any necessary adjustments or modifications, and then encoding it into the desired format. Transcoding is often done to ensure compatibility between different devices or platforms, or to reduce file size while maintaining acceptable video quality. It is different from transcription, which involves converting spoken language into written text, as well as from rendering and renaming, which refer to other aspects of video editing and file management.

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  • 12. 

    A nondestructive compression scheme that retains all the original file information and does not degrade sound or video quality is known as:

    • A.

      Lossless.

    • B.

      Lossy.

    • C.

      Codec.

    • D.

      Exportive.

    Correct Answer
    A. Lossless.
    Explanation
    A nondestructive compression scheme that retains all the original file information and does not degrade sound or video quality is known as lossless. Lossless compression algorithms reduce the file size without losing any data, allowing the file to be reconstructed to its original form. This is particularly important for preserving the quality of sound or video files where even minor degradation can be noticeable to the human ear or eye.

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  • 13. 

    What is a "codec?"

    • A.

      A file naming extension that can play on Quicktime and Windows Media.

    • B.

      A hardware device used for storing audio and video files.

    • C.

      A video or audio compression component that can both compress and decompress.

    • D.

      A compression scheme that removes some of the original information.

    Correct Answer
    C. A video or audio compression component that can both compress and decompress.
    Explanation
    A codec is a video or audio compression component that can both compress and decompress. Codecs are used to reduce the file size of audio and video files without significantly affecting the quality. They achieve this by removing redundant or unnecessary information from the original data. Codecs are essential for efficient storage and transmission of multimedia files, as they allow for smaller file sizes and faster data transfer rates. They are widely used in various multimedia applications and devices, such as media players, video streaming platforms, and video conferencing systems.

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  • 14. 

    What are FireWire and Firewire connectors used for?

    • A.

      High-speed interface used for connecting DV camcorders to computers and disk drives.

    • B.

      They are Large-capacity storage drives for audio and video files.

    • C.

      Firewire is used in the recording process to decompress the original video data.

    • D.

      Used to view and hear broadcasts, and to interactively play and seek in stored clips.

    Correct Answer
    A. High-speed interface used for connecting DV camcorders to computers and disk drives.
    Explanation
    FireWire and Firewire connectors are used as a high-speed interface to connect DV camcorders to computers and disk drives. This allows for efficient transfer of audio and video files between these devices. FireWire is specifically designed for this purpose and provides fast data transfer rates, making it ideal for handling large video files. It enables users to easily transfer recorded footage from camcorders to computers for editing or storage purposes. Additionally, FireWire connectors can also be used to connect external hard drives or other storage devices to computers, further expanding their functionality.

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  • 15. 

    Moving Pictures Expert Group, a company of programmers and designers, designed a series of widely used multimedia file formats known as:

    • A.

      MPEG

    • B.

      AVI

    • C.

      Flash

    • D.

      Macromedia

    Correct Answer
    A. MPEG
    Explanation
    MPEG stands for Moving Pictures Expert Group, which is a company of programmers and designers. They are responsible for designing a series of widely used multimedia file formats. Therefore, the correct answer is MPEG.

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  • 16. 

    MPEG-4  (mpg4) is a a file extension and file format that is used for:

    • A.

      High-definition widescreen film.

    • B.

      Audio files.

    • C.

      Digital files.

    • D.

      Web-based multimedia.

    Correct Answer
    D. Web-based multimedia.
    Explanation
    MPEG-4 (mpg4) is a file extension and file format that is specifically designed for web-based multimedia. It is a highly versatile format that supports various types of multimedia content such as audio, video, and interactive graphics. This format is widely used for streaming media over the internet and is compatible with a wide range of devices and platforms.

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  • 17. 

    .mp3 is a a file extension and file format that is used for:

    • A.

      High-definition widescreen film.

    • B.

      Audio files.

    • C.

      Digital files.

    • D.

      Web-based multimedia.

    Correct Answer
    B. Audio files.
    Explanation
    The file extension .mp3 is commonly used for audio files. It is a compressed audio format that allows for high-quality sound while reducing file size. This format is widely used for storing and playing music, podcasts, and other audio recordings. It is compatible with various devices and platforms, making it a popular choice for sharing and distributing audio content.

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  • 18. 

    Windows Media Audio (WMA) stands for:

    • A.

      Lossy compression to significantly reduce file size.

    • B.

      Microsoft Windows Media native audio file format.

    • C.

      The uncompressed Wave audio file format used with Microsoft Windows.

    Correct Answer
    B. Microsoft Windows Media native audio file format.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Microsoft Windows Media native audio file format." This answer accurately describes what WMA stands for. WMA is a file format developed by Microsoft specifically for Windows Media Player. It is a native audio file format that is commonly used for audio streaming and playback on Windows devices.

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  • 19. 

    The amount and rate of data that can be processed or transmitted by a given device is called:

    • A.

      Transference.

    • B.

      Data rate.

    • C.

      Bandwidth.

    • D.

      Compression.

    Correct Answer
    C. Bandwidth.
    Explanation
    Bandwidth refers to the amount and rate of data that can be processed or transmitted by a given device. It represents the capacity of a communication channel or system to transmit data effectively. Transference is not a term commonly used in this context, and data rate refers specifically to the rate at which data is transmitted. Compression, on the other hand, refers to the process of reducing the size of data to save storage space or improve transmission efficiency. Therefore, the correct answer is bandwidth.

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  • 20. 

    A binary digit representing either a one or a zero in computer programming logic, is called a

    • A.

      Byte.

    • B.

      Bit.

    • C.

      Bitstream.

    • D.

      Pixel.

    Correct Answer
    B. Bit.
    Explanation
    In computer programming logic, a binary digit is represented by a bit. A bit can have a value of either one or zero. It is the smallest unit of information in computing and is used to store and transmit data. A byte, on the other hand, is a group of 8 bits. Bitstream refers to a sequence of bits, and a pixel is a smallest unit of a digital image. Therefore, the correct answer is bit.

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  • 21. 

    A data element containing eight bits, or 256 distinct values, is called a:

    • A.

      Byte.

    • B.

      Kilobyte.

    • C.

      Bitstream.

    • D.

      Measurement.

    Correct Answer
    A. Byte.
    Explanation
    A data element containing eight bits, or 256 distinct values, is called a byte. A byte is the fundamental unit of storage in computer systems and is commonly used to represent characters, numbers, and other types of data. It consists of 8 bits, each of which can be either a 0 or a 1, allowing for a total of 256 possible combinations. Therefore, a data element with 256 distinct values is referred to as a byte.

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  • 22. 

    Gigabyte =

    • A.

      Thousands of bytes

    • B.

      Millions of bytes

    • C.

      Billions of bytes

    • D.

      Trillions of bytes

    Correct Answer
    C. Billions of bytes
    Explanation
    The term "gigabyte" is a unit of digital information storage capacity. It represents a large amount of data, specifically billions of bytes. This unit is commonly used to measure the capacity of computer storage devices, such as hard drives and RAM.

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  • 23. 

    In video production, a series of cartoonlike panels drawn to describe a movie, shot by shot.

    • A.

      Layout.

    • B.

      Rough cut.

    • C.

      Pre-production.

    • D.

      Storyboard.

    Correct Answer
    D. Storyboard.
    Explanation
    A storyboard is a visual representation of a movie or video production, consisting of a series of cartoon-like panels. It is used to outline and describe each shot in the movie, providing a clear plan for the production team. This helps in visualizing the sequence of shots, camera angles, and overall flow of the video before actually shooting it. The storyboard acts as a guide for the director, cinematographer, and other crew members, ensuring that everyone is on the same page and working towards a cohesive vision.

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  • 24. 

    A single video sequence, typically shot in one continuous take, is called a

    • A.

      Sequence.

    • B.

      Scene.

    • C.

      Clip.

    • D.

      Take.

    Correct Answer
    B. Scene.
    Explanation
    A single video sequence, typically shot in one continuous take, is called a scene. A scene refers to a specific part of a movie or television show that takes place in one location or during one continuous action. It helps to advance the plot and is usually composed of multiple shots. In contrast, a clip refers to a short segment or extract from a longer video, while a take refers to a single recorded performance or shot. Therefore, the most appropriate term for a single video sequence is a scene.

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  • 25. 

    When you are assembling a collection of clips into a production with multiple overlapping tracks, you are working in the:

    • A.

      Timeline.

    • B.

      Monitor.

    • C.

      Edit space.

    • D.

      Computer lab.

    Correct Answer
    A. Timeline.
    Explanation
    When assembling a collection of clips into a production with multiple overlapping tracks, you are working in the timeline. The timeline is a visual representation of the sequence of clips and audio tracks in a video editing software. It allows you to arrange and organize the clips in a specific order, adjust their duration, and apply various editing techniques such as cutting, trimming, and adding transitions. The timeline provides a comprehensive view of the project's structure and enables precise editing and synchronization of different elements.

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  • 26. 

    The time display row along the top of the timeline, showing the time code along the production is called the:

    • A.

      Source monitor.

    • B.

      Edit line.

    • C.

      Time ruler

    • D.

      Bin.

    Correct Answer
    C. Time ruler
    Explanation
    The time display row along the top of the timeline, showing the time code along the production is called the time ruler. It is used to indicate the duration and position of different elements in the timeline. The time ruler helps in accurately locating specific points in the timeline and making precise edits or adjustments. It is an essential tool for managing and organizing the timing of various elements in a production.

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  • 27. 

    To "scrub" your video means to:

    • A.

      To play a program in the timeline by dragging the edit line.

    • B.

      To move rapidly through a program with scan forward or scan reverse controls.

    • C.

      To preview the appearance of the final production.

    • D.

      To step frame by frame through a clip or program.

    Correct Answer
    A. To play a program in the timeline by dragging the edit line.
    Explanation
    "Scrubbing" a video refers to the action of playing a program in the timeline by dragging the edit line. This allows the user to quickly preview and navigate through the video content by manually dragging the edit line back and forth. It is a common technique used in video editing software to precisely locate specific frames or segments within a video.

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  • 28. 

    To generate a video production in its final form, including transitions, effects, and superimposed tracks is called:

    • A.

      Finalize.

    • B.

      Store.

    • C.

      Render.

    • D.

      Compress.

    Correct Answer
    C. Render.
    Explanation
    The process of generating a video production in its final form, which includes adding transitions, effects, and superimposed tracks, is called rendering. This involves converting the raw footage and editing into a finished video file that can be played back. The rendering process takes the edited project and applies all the necessary elements to create the desired visual and audio effects, resulting in a complete video ready for distribution or viewing.

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  • 29. 

    The primary footage shot and used in video production is called:

    • A.

      A roll

    • B.

      B roll

    • C.

      Forward roll

    • D.

      Pre-roll

    Correct Answer
    A. A roll
    Explanation
    The primary footage shot and used in video production is called the A roll. This term refers to the main footage that is captured during the filming process and is typically used as the foundation for the final edited video. The A roll contains the essential shots and scenes that form the narrative or main content of the video. It is often complemented by the B roll, which consists of additional footage used to enhance or support the A roll.

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  • 30. 

    A style of video editing in which you edit A roll and B roll together, with a transition from one to the next is known as:

    • A.

      Marker editing.

    • B.

      Outpoint editing.

    • C.

      Storyboarding.

    • D.

      A/B editing.

    Correct Answer
    D. A/B editing.
    Explanation
    A/B editing is the correct answer because it refers to a style of video editing where both A roll and B roll footage are edited together, transitioning from one to the next. This technique allows for a seamless flow between different shots and helps in creating a visually appealing and cohesive final video. Marker editing, outpoint editing, and storyboarding are not relevant to this specific style of editing.

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