Digestive & Urinary Systems Test C

24 Questions | Total Attempts: 48

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Digestive & Urinary Systems Test C

Anatomy & Physiology Unit 8 - Digestive & Urinary Systems


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The organ shown below is the:
    • A. 

      Ureter

    • B. 

      Urethra

    • C. 

      Kidney

  • 2. 
    The organ shown below is the:
    • A. 

      Esophagus

    • B. 

      Stomach

    • C. 

      Large intestine

  • 3. 
    The organ shown below is the:
    • A. 

      Gallbladder

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Stomach

  • 4. 
    Which is an example of chemical digestion?
    • A. 

      Chewing food

    • B. 

      Food tumbling around in the stomach

    • C. 

      Acid in the stomach breaking down proteins

  • 5. 
    This organ is mainly involved in:
    • A. 

      Ingestion

    • B. 

      Elimination

    • C. 

      Digestion

  • 6. 
    Absorption is best described as:
    • A. 

      When food is brought into the body through the mouth

    • B. 

      When food is broken down into smaller pieces

    • C. 

      When nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream

  • 7. 
    What do the parietal cells in the stomach make?
    • A. 

      Hydrochloric acid

    • B. 

      Pepsinogen

    • C. 

      Mucus

  • 8. 
    What organ secretes the chemicals that help us digest fats, like this butter?
    • A. 

      Stomach

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Salivary glands

  • 9. 
    This cracker is chemically digested by ____________ in the ______________.
    • A. 

      Amylase; mouth

    • B. 

      Lipase; small intestine

    • C. 

      Mucus; stomach

  • 10. 
    What would happen if the mucus cells in the stomach were not working properly?
    • A. 

      The amylase would break down carbohydrates faster

    • B. 

      Bile would back up into the liver

    • C. 

      The hydrochloric acid would eat away at the stomach lining

  • 11. 
    If a person could not secrete amylase, what would probably happen?
    • A. 

      The stomach lining would be destroyed

    • B. 

      Proteins would not be physically digested

    • C. 

      The person would not chemically digest carbohydrates

  • 12. 
    The small projections on the lining of the small intestine are called:
    • A. 

      Villi

    • B. 

      Chyme

    • C. 

      Ileum

  • 13. 
    The part of the small intestine shown here is the:
    • A. 

      Jejunum

    • B. 

      Ileum

    • C. 

      Duodenum

  • 14. 
    Too much water being absorbed in the large intestine can cause this problem:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Willie is missing many of the villi in his small intestine. This means that:
    • A. 

      He will absorb less nutrients from his food

    • B. 

      He will be constipated

    • C. 

      He will have stomach aches

  • 16. 
    The organ shown below is the:
    • A. 

      Kidney

    • B. 

      Ureter

    • C. 

      Bladder

  • 17. 
    If this organ fails, what will happen?
    • A. 

      Waste will build up in the blood

    • B. 

      A person will urinate more frequently

    • C. 

      A person will have lower blood sugar

  • 18. 
    Which of the following would be the WORST for the kidneys?
    • A. 

      Using drugs and alcohol

    • B. 

      Eating lots of spicy food

    • C. 

      A stroke

  • 19. 
    Urine is filtered out of waste from the large intestine.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Constipation happens when:
    • A. 

      Not enough water is being absorbed in the large intestine

    • B. 

      Too much water is being absorbed in the large intestine

    • C. 

      Not enough nutrients are being absorbed in the large intestine

  • 21. 
    Dialysis helps kidney patients by:
    • A. 

      Filtering out waste from the blood

    • B. 

      Reducing blood sugar levels

    • C. 

      Strengthening bladder control

  • 22. 
    What would be an appropriate treatment for someone with irritable bowel syndrom (IBS)?
    • A. 

      Antibiotics

    • B. 

      A high fiber diet

    • C. 

      Antacids

  • 23. 
    A patient complains of pain and discomfort in his upper chest.  He describes the pain as burning and says it gets worse at night when he goes to sleep. Diagnose this patient:
    • A. 

      Peptic ulcers

    • B. 

      Heartburn

    • C. 

      IBS

  • 24. 
    A patient has been vomiting and feeling dizzy and weak. It turns outt that this man has a problem with alcohol. You take a urine sample and his urine looks foamy. You tell him...
    • A. 

      His kidneys are failing. He needs dialysis.

    • B. 

      He has a serious urinary tract infection and he needs antibiotics.

    • C. 

      He is having a stroke and he needs surgery.

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