Digestive & Urinary Systems Test B

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 133

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Digestive & Urinary Systems Test B

Anatomy & Physiology Unit 8 - Digestive & Urinary Systems


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The organ shown below is the:
    • A. 

      Small intestine

    • B. 

      Large intestine

    • C. 

      Anus

    • D. 

      Stomach

  • 2. 
    Which is an example of mechanical digestion?
    • A. 

      Teeth ripping apart food in the mouth

    • B. 

      Stomach acid breaking up proteins

    • C. 

      Chemicals in the saliva breaking down a cookie

    • D. 

      Secretions from the liver breaking down fat

  • 3. 
    This organ is primarily involved in:
    • A. 

      Ingestion

    • B. 

      Elimination

    • C. 

      Absorption

    • D. 

      Digestion

  • 4. 
    Absorption is best described as:
    • A. 

      When food is brought into the body through the mouth

    • B. 

      When food is broken down into smaller pieces

    • C. 

      When nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream

    • D. 

      When waste leaves the body through the anus

  • 5. 
    Elimination is best described as:
    • A. 

      When food is brought into the body through the mouth

    • B. 

      When waste leaves the body through the anus

    • C. 

      When nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream

    • D. 

      When food is broken down into smaller pieces

  • 6. 
    What organ secretes the chemicals that help us digest fats, like this butter?
    • A. 

      Stomach

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Salivary glands

    • D. 

      Lungs

  • 7. 
    The DNA found within chicken meat is digested by which of the following?
    • A. 

      Nuclease

    • B. 

      Lipase

    • C. 

      Bile

    • D. 

      Amylase

  • 8. 
    This cracker is chemically digested by ____________ in the ______________.
    • A. 

      Amylase; mouth

    • B. 

      Lipase; small intestine

    • C. 

      Mucus; stomach

    • D. 

      Nuclease; pancreas

  • 9. 
    If chief cells in the stomach were not working properly, what would likely happen?
    • A. 

      Proteins would not be digested properly

    • B. 

      There would be more hydrochloric acid

    • C. 

      There would be less bile

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates would not be digested properly

  • 10. 
    If a person was unable to secrete amylase, what would probably happen?
    • A. 

      The stomach lining would be destroyed

    • B. 

      Proteins would not be physically digested

    • C. 

      Proteins would not be chemically digested

    • D. 

      Carbohydrates would not be chemically digested

  • 11. 
    The part of the large intestine shown here is the:
    • A. 

      Ascending colon

    • B. 

      Transverse colon

    • C. 

      Rectum

    • D. 

      Descending colon

  • 12. 
    The part of the small intestine where most of the absorption happens is the:
    • A. 

      Duodenum

    • B. 

      Jejunum

    • C. 

      Transverse colon

    • D. 

      Ascending colon

  • 13. 
    Too much water being absorbed in the large intestine can cause this problem:
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 14. 
    Which of the following does NOT happen in the small intestine?
    • A. 

      Movement

    • B. 

      Absorption

    • C. 

      Digestion

    • D. 

      Elimination

  • 15. 
    Willie is missing many of the villi in his small intestine. This means that:
    • A. 

      He will absorb less nutrients from his food

    • B. 

      He will be constipated

    • C. 

      He will have stomach aches

    • D. 

      He will be tired

  • 16. 
    The organ shown below is the:
    • A. 

      Ureter

    • B. 

      Urethra

    • C. 

      Kidney

    • D. 

      Bladder

  • 17. 
    Which of the following would be the WORST for the kidneys?
    • A. 

      Using drugs and alcohol

    • B. 

      Eating lots of spicy food

    • C. 

      A stroke

    • D. 

      Constipation

  • 18. 
    If a person had trouble controlling the muscle leading to the urethra, what would happen? 
    • A. 

      Kidney failure

    • B. 

      They would urinate on themselves

    • C. 

      They would have a urinary tract infection

    • D. 

      They would have more toxins in their blood

  • 19. 
    The tubes that connect the kidneys to  the bladder are the:
    • A. 

      Urethras

    • B. 

      Ureters

    • C. 

      Renal veins

    • D. 

      Renal arteries

  • 20. 
    The renal arteries carry:
    • A. 

      Blood with high levels of waste to the kidneys

    • B. 

      Blood with high levels of waste away from the kidneys

    • C. 

      Blood with low levels of waste away from the kidneys

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