Development

90 Questions | Total Attempts: 72

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Development

This is example questions. For Development.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Bruner's theory of congitive development introduced the idea of:
    • A. 

      Stages in cognitive development

    • B. 

      Linking language development to the development of cognition

    • C. 

      Development of cognitive maps to aid problem solving

    • D. 

      Morality as a cognitive function that includes sequential skill acquisition

  • 2. 
    Theorists Bowlby and Ainsowrth were leaders in exploring:
    • A. 

      Temperament and learning styles

    • B. 

      Linking language development to the development and cognition

    • C. 

      Development of cognitive maps to aid problem solving

    • D. 

      Infant-pattern attachment as a feature in emotional development

  • 3. 
    Bower proposed that the process of memory consists of these three steps:
    • A. 

      Immediate, short term, or working and long term

    • B. 

      Sensory, immediate and recall

    • C. 

      Short term, semantic, logistic

    • D. 

      Immediate, long term, perceptual

  • 4. 
    According to the text, the psychometric measurement of intelligence in the form of an IQ is:
    • A. 

      Support by very convincing evidence that IQ accurately predicts many aspects of child and adult function

    • B. 

      Is outdated and of little use in predicting functional outcomes

    • C. 

      Is most useful in understanding the congitively impaired

    • D. 

      None

  • 5. 
    A child's success in the early primary school yeras correlates highly with:
    • A. 

      Nutritional status

    • B. 

      High school graduation

    • C. 

      Sports participation

    • D. 

      Gender role identity

  • 6. 
    The Education of the Handicapped Acts of 1986 mandates:
    • A. 

      Interdisciplinary assessment of all preschool children prior to entering school

    • B. 

      School exemptions that allow handicapped children to remain at home with education services, rather than attending public school

    • C. 

      Access to free school lunches and bus service for all children

    • D. 

      Special education and related to services with disabilities, from ages 3 to 5

  • 7. 
    Boundaries, in family systems theory, are:
    • A. 

      A description of emotional bodning within members of the subsystem

    • B. 

      The differentiation of individuals who are inside or outside the family subsystem

    • C. 

      Limits of acceptable behavior

    • D. 

      Non

  • 8. 
    Chronic sorrow is:
    • A. 

      A perceptual part of parenting a child with enduring impairments

    • B. 

      Experienced by the child as he or she reaches the age of maturity without functioning independently in society

    • C. 

      Causd by inclusion in classroom environments with typically developing children

    • D. 

      None

  • 9. 
    To develop social competence in the preschool and primary school child with developmental delays, the therapist should:
    • A. 

      Actively involve the parents as helpers in all therapy sessions

    • B. 

      Assign tasks for the child to perform independently without adult supervision

    • C. 

      Require the children to perform tasks by themselves while closely supervised

    • D. 

      Encourage stress management techniques in therapy and classroom settings

  • 10. 
    According to class materials, the predominate health issues in the school aged child are:
    • A. 

      Joint and musculoskeletal injuries

    • B. 

      Stress and obesity

    • C. 

      Cardiovascular problems

    • D. 

      All

  • 11. 
    Typical social development of 10-12 year old children includes:
    • A. 

      The teacher is often a significant role model

    • B. 

      The child may begin to challenge parental authority

    • C. 

      The child still relies on family for security and emotional support

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 12. 
    The age groups of children at greatest risk for distress and anxiety while hospitalized is:
    • A. 

      0-1

    • B. 

      2-4

    • C. 

      5-8

    • D. 

      Age does not predict rosk

  • 13. 
    In the discussion of current assumptions about pain in hospital care, all of the following are true EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Children can remember and describe painful events

    • B. 

      Pain medication is bad/sedation is harmful to children

    • C. 

      Pain and anxiety are different and should be treated differently

    • D. 

      There are effective strategies to manage pain and anxiety

  • 14. 
    Common consequences of hospitalization in childhood are:
    • A. 

      Developmental acceleration and enhanced energy level for several days

    • B. 

      Sleeping for long periods upon return from their hospital

    • C. 

      Anxiety, nightmares and developmental regression for up to 2 weeks after hospitalization

    • D. 

      Increased motivation and independence toward recovery for up to a month after hospitalization

  • 15. 
    Children with congenital neuromuscular impairments are at greatest risk for depression during which period:
    • A. 

      0-1

    • B. 

      3-4

    • C. 

      6-7

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 16. 
    The ability to make postural adjustments in anticipation of the tasks is called:
    • A. 

      Co-incidence anticipation

    • B. 

      Static equilibrium

    • C. 

      Anticipatory postural control

    • D. 

      Somatosensory dominance

  • 17. 
    When a child on your caseload has troubles behavior they should be referred to support. Troubled behavior is defined as:
    • A. 

      Problem behavior in response to extraordinary

    • B. 

      Unusual behavior in response to distress in the home

    • C. 

      Occasional unusual or destructive actions

    • D. 

      Persistent challenging behaviors the interfere with therapy

  • 18. 
    During middle childhood, the aceeptance of the world beyond the family relies on normal emotional attachement. Insecure attachement may result in:
    • A. 

      Positive self-esteem and excellent communication skills

    • B. 

      Sleep disorders, depression, and cognitive impairments

    • C. 

      Anger at parents and rebellion against authority

    • D. 

      Over-achievement and perfectionism

  • 19. 
    To establish a sound working relationship with an adolescent, the therapist should:
    • A. 

      Establish a rigid program with careful record-keeping

    • B. 

      Work primarily through the parents

    • C. 

      Involve the youth in goals and treatment planning

    • D. 

      All

  • 20. 
    The therpist should be aware that the adolescent might be particularly sensitive to:
    • A. 

      Having to dis-robe

    • B. 

      Anything that makes them "different"

    • C. 

      Criticism

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 21. 
    From both adolescent and child abuse lectures, you should conclude that the best way to prevent violence is:
    • A. 

      School programs emphasixing positive behavior

    • B. 

      Avoid modeling violence, esp. in the home

    • C. 

      Strong and swift punishment for violent behaviors

    • D. 

      After-school programs to keep kids off the streets

  • 22. 
    In the reading, regular performance of IADLs in adolescence contributes to their:
    • A. 

      Financial independence

    • B. 

      Success in school

    • C. 

      Self-definition

    • D. 

      Interest in extra-curricular activities

  • 23. 
    The theory of violence in adolescence that relates to the desire for power and prestige is:
    • A. 

      Non-integration theory

    • B. 

      Limited opportunities

    • C. 

      Reputation theory

    • D. 

      Labeling theory

  • 24. 
    The model of optimal development for adolescents includes which of the following outcomes:
    • A. 

      Adolescents will be alive, healthy, physically mature, and engage in health enhancing behaviors

    • B. 

      Adolescents will possess the social skills and maturity to engage in positive interaction with others

    • C. 

      They will be aware of their skills and have developed employment potential

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 25. 
    Which of the following is not a common indicator of child abuse:
    • A. 

      Unexplained bruises or injuries

    • B. 

      Clear emotional differentiation between familiar and unfamiliar adults

    • C. 

      Children are over active and non compliant

    • D. 

      Children have a flat or guarded affect