Dec Quiz Tc1: ATP Up

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Quizzes Created: 16 | Total Attempts: 8,802
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Dec Quiz Tc1: ATP Up - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Energy is derived from breakdown of nutrieints like

    • A.

      Carbohydrates

    • B.

      Proteins & Fats

    • C.

      Fats & Carbohydrates

    • D.

      Carbohydrates, Proteins & Fats

    Correct Answer
    D. Carbohydrates, Proteins & Fats
    Explanation
    Energy is derived from the breakdown of nutrients like carbohydrates, proteins, and fats. These macronutrients are broken down through various metabolic processes in the body to produce energy in the form of ATP (adenosine triphosphate). Carbohydrates are the body's primary source of energy, as they are easily broken down into glucose. Proteins can also be converted into glucose through a process called gluconeogenesis, and they can also be broken down into amino acids to be used for energy. Fats are a concentrated source of energy and are broken down into fatty acids and glycerol to be used as fuel. Therefore, all three macronutrients contribute to the production of energy in the body.

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  • 2. 

    What is chemiosmosis ?

    • A.

      Production of ATP "Citric Acid Cycle "

    • B.

      When a Phosphate bond breaks away from the Tri Phosphate molecule

    • C.

      The enzyme ATP Synthase sysnthesizes ADP to AMP

    • D.

      The enzyme ATP Synthase synthesizes ATP from ADP & Phosphate

    Correct Answer
    D. The enzyme ATP Synthase synthesizes ATP from ADP & Phosphate
    Explanation
    Chemiosmosis is the process by which ATP is synthesized in the mitochondria during cellular respiration. It involves the movement of protons (H+) across the inner mitochondrial membrane through ATP synthase, a protein complex. As the protons move through ATP synthase, it catalyzes the synthesis of ATP from ADP (adenosine diphosphate) and inorganic phosphate (Pi). This process is driven by the proton gradient established during the electron transport chain, where electrons are passed along a series of protein complexes, pumping protons from the mitochondrial matrix to the intermembrane space. The movement of protons back into the matrix through ATP synthase powers the synthesis of ATP.

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  • 3. 

    The break down of ATP UP happens in the

    • A.

      Stomach

    • B.

      Liver

    • C.

      Small intestine

    • D.

      Large intestine

    Correct Answer
    C. Small intestine
    Explanation
    ATP is broken down in the small intestine. This is because the small intestine is responsible for the digestion and absorption of nutrients from food. ATP, which is the energy currency of the body, is produced during cellular respiration in the mitochondria. When food is broken down in the small intestine, the nutrients are absorbed into the bloodstream. ATP is then produced from these nutrients in the cells of the body, including the small intestine itself. Therefore, the small intestine is the site where ATP breakdown occurs.

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  • 4. 

    The number of pyruvate molecules produced from 1 glucose molecule during glycolysis is

    • A.

      4

    • B.

      6

    • C.

      2

    • D.

      8

    Correct Answer
    C. 2
    Explanation
    During glycolysis, one glucose molecule is converted into two pyruvate molecules. This process occurs in the cytoplasm of the cell and is the first step in both aerobic and anaerobic cellular respiration. The conversion of glucose to pyruvate produces a small amount of ATP and NADH, which can then be used in subsequent steps of cellular respiration to generate more energy. Therefore, the correct answer is 2, as two pyruvate molecules are produced from one glucose molecule during glycolysis.

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  • 5. 

    For cellular reactions ATP produced moves out of the mitochondria

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    ATP is produced in the mitochondria through cellular respiration. Once produced, ATP molecules move out of the mitochondria and into the cytoplasm of the cell where they can be used as a source of energy for various cellular reactions. This movement of ATP out of the mitochondria allows it to be readily available for the cell's energy needs. Therefore, the statement "For cellular reactions ATP produced moves out of the mitochondria" is true.

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  • 6. 

    What are the causes of ATP depletion ?

    • A.

      Reduced supply of oxygen & nutrients/ Damage to mitochondria

    • B.

      Action of certain toxic chemicals/ Damage to mitochondria/ Reduced supply of CO2

    • C.

      Damage to mitochondria only.

    • D.

      Reduced supply of oxygen & nutrients/ Damage to mitochondria/Action of certain toxic chemicals

    Correct Answer
    D. Reduced supply of oxygen & nutrients/ Damage to mitochondria/Action of certain toxic chemicals
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that ATP depletion can be caused by a reduced supply of oxygen and nutrients, damage to mitochondria, and the action of certain toxic chemicals. These factors can all interfere with the normal functioning of mitochondria, which are responsible for producing ATP through cellular respiration. Reduced oxygen and nutrient supply can limit the availability of substrates needed for ATP synthesis, while damage to mitochondria can disrupt their ability to generate ATP. Additionally, certain toxic chemicals can directly inhibit ATP production or damage mitochondria, leading to ATP depletion.

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  • 7. 

    In the endothelium ATP binds to

    • A.

      P1 receptors

    • B.

      P2X receptors

    • C.

      P2Y receptors

    • D.

      P2Z receptors

    Correct Answer
    C. P2Y receptors
    Explanation
    ATP (adenosine triphosphate) is a molecule that can bind to various receptors in the endothelium. In this case, it specifically binds to P2Y receptors. P2Y receptors are a type of purinergic receptor that respond to ATP and other nucleotides. Activation of P2Y receptors in the endothelium can have various physiological effects, including regulation of blood flow, vascular tone, and inflammation. Therefore, P2Y receptors play an important role in mediating the effects of ATP in the endothelium.

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  • 8. 

    Endothelium Derived Relaxing Factor ( EDHF) has no role in vasodilation

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "Endothelium Derived Relaxing Factor (EDHF) has no role in vasodilation" is false. EDHF is a key mediator in vasodilation, along with nitric oxide (NO) and prostacyclin (PGI2). It is released by endothelial cells in response to various stimuli, such as shear stress or agonists. EDHF acts on smooth muscle cells to induce relaxation and vasodilation, thereby regulating blood flow and blood pressure. Its mechanisms of action involve the activation of potassium channels and the production of hyperpolarizing factors. Overall, EDHF plays a crucial role in endothelium-dependent vasodilation.

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  • 9. 

    What is the onset of action of ATP Up supplementation ?

    • A.

      After 3 hours

    • B.

      Less than a minute

    • C.

      After 1 hour

    • D.

      After 1 minute

    Correct Answer
    C. After 1 hour
    Explanation
    The onset of action of ATP Up supplementation is after 1 hour. This means that it takes approximately 1 hour for the effects of the ATP Up supplementation to start being noticeable or to take effect. It is important to note that this is the average time frame and individual responses may vary.

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  • 10. 

    An antibiotic can be co prescribed with ATP Up because

    • A.

      ATP Up has no documented Drug- Food interactions

    • B.

      ATP Up has no documented Drug- Drug interactions

    • C.

      ATP Up is documented to be given with antibiotics

    • D.

      None of the options

    Correct Answer
    B. ATP Up has no documented Drug- Drug interactions
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that ATP Up has no documented Drug-Drug interactions. This means that there is no evidence or information available to suggest that ATP Up can interact negatively with any other drugs. Therefore, it can be safely co-prescribed with antibiotics without the risk of any adverse drug interactions.

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  • 11. 

    The half life of ATP is

    • A.

      < a minute

    • B.

      < a second

    • C.

      > a minute

    • D.

      < 30 seconds

    Correct Answer
    A. < a minute
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "a minute". This means that after one minute, half of the ATP molecules would have decayed. This information is important in understanding the stability and lifespan of ATP in biological systems.

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  • 12. 

    Exogenous administration of ATP will

    • A.

      Replace the metabolically generated ATP

    • B.

      Alter the metabolic reactions of ATP production

    • C.

      Not replace the metabolically generated ATP

    • D.

      Increase the ATP levels in the body significantly

    Correct Answer
    C. Not replace the metabolically generated ATP
    Explanation
    Exogenous administration of ATP will not replace the metabolically generated ATP because exogenous ATP is not efficiently taken up and utilized by cells. The body tightly regulates ATP levels through metabolic reactions, and exogenous ATP is typically broken down into its component parts before it can be used as an energy source. Therefore, the metabolically generated ATP remains the primary source of energy for cellular processes.

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  • 13. 

    The number of CP's selected for ATP UP is

    • A.

      5

    • B.

      15

    • C.

      21

    • D.

      10

    Correct Answer
    C. 21
  • 14. 

    In acute toxicity study with ATP on rats the dose which produced no toxicity & mortality was

    • A.

      50gm/kg body weight

    • B.

      15mg/kg body weight

    • C.

      5.0 mg/kg body weight

    • D.

      15gm/kg body weight

    Correct Answer
    D. 15gm/kg body weight
    Explanation
    In the acute toxicity study with ATP on rats, the dose of 15gm/kg body weight produced no toxicity and mortality. This means that when rats were given a dose of 15gm of ATP for every kilogram of their body weight, there were no observed toxic effects or deaths. This suggests that this dose is relatively safe for rats and does not cause harm to their health.

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  • 15. 

    How many moles of ATP does one ATP Up tablet contains

    • A.

      1.0886 X 10¯4

    • B.

      .01886 X 10¯4

    • C.

      1.886 X 10¯4

    • D.

      1.0886 X 10¯6

    Correct Answer
    A. 1.0886 X 10¯4
  • 16. 

    Bioavailability of ATP can be measured only in

    • A.

      Atreolar portal blood

    • B.

      Pulmonary arteries

    • C.

      Venous portal blood

    • D.

      None of the options

    Correct Answer
    C. Venous portal blood
    Explanation
    The bioavailability of ATP refers to the amount of ATP that is available for use by cells. In this case, the question is asking where the measurement of ATP bioavailability can be done. The correct answer is venous portal blood. Venous portal blood refers to the blood that is returning from the organs and tissues to the liver through the hepatic portal vein. Since the liver is responsible for metabolizing ATP, measuring ATP bioavailability in venous portal blood would provide an accurate assessment of the amount of ATP available for cellular use.

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  • 17. 

    Why does ATP Up does not need USFDA approval

    • A.

      Marketed in US & Japan as a dietary supplement prior to 15th Oct, 1994

    • B.

      Marketed in US as a dietary supplement prior to 15th Oct, 1994

    • C.

      Dietary supplements does not require USFDA approval

    • D.

      In India USFDA approval is not needed

    Correct Answer
    B. Marketed in US as a dietary supplement prior to 15th Oct, 1994
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that ATP Up does not need USFDA approval because it was marketed in the US as a dietary supplement prior to October 15th, 1994. According to the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act (DSHEA) of 1994, dietary supplements that were already on the market before this date are not required to undergo FDA approval. Therefore, since ATP Up was already being sold as a dietary supplement in the US before October 15th, 1994, it does not need USFDA approval.

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  • 18. 

    The amount of ATP produced everyday is equivalent to

    • A.

      Our total blood volume

    • B.

      Depends on our dietary intake

    • C.

      Our body weight

    • D.

      All of the options

    Correct Answer
    C. Our body weight
    Explanation
    The amount of ATP produced everyday is directly related to our body weight. This is because ATP is the energy currency of our cells and is necessary for all cellular processes. The larger our body weight, the more cells we have and the more energy is required to sustain them. Therefore, the amount of ATP produced daily is proportional to our body weight.

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  • 19. 

    The following conditions are associated with reduced ATP

    • A.

      Fibromyalgia

    • B.

      Atherosclerosis

    • C.

      Muscle Hypertrophy

    • D.

      All of the options

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the options
    Explanation
    All of the conditions listed, including fibromyalgia, atherosclerosis, and muscle hypertrophy, are associated with reduced ATP. ATP is the main energy source for cells, and a decrease in ATP levels can lead to various health issues. Fibromyalgia is a chronic pain disorder that is believed to be related to mitochondrial dysfunction and reduced ATP production. Atherosclerosis is a condition characterized by the buildup of plaque in the arteries, which can impair blood flow and decrease ATP delivery to tissues. Muscle hypertrophy, or the increase in muscle size, requires ATP for muscle contraction and growth, and a decrease in ATP can limit muscle hypertrophy.

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  • 20. 

    Fatigue in a patient is reduced by

    • A.

      Enhancing delivery of glucose,oxygen & fats

    • B.

      Enhancing delivery of glucose,oxygen & adenosine

    • C.

      All of the options

    • D.

      Enhancing delivery of glucose,oxygen & nutrients

    Correct Answer
    D. Enhancing delivery of glucose,oxygen & nutrients
    Explanation
    Enhancing the delivery of glucose, oxygen, and nutrients can reduce fatigue in a patient. Glucose is the primary source of energy for the body, and increasing its delivery can provide more fuel for the patient's cells. Oxygen is necessary for cellular respiration and increasing its delivery can improve energy production. Nutrients, including vitamins, minerals, and amino acids, are essential for various metabolic processes in the body and enhancing their delivery can support overall health and energy levels. Therefore, by enhancing the delivery of these essential substances, fatigue can be reduced in the patient.

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