1.
The horizontal number line on a graph
Correct Answer
B. X - axis
Explanation
The x-axis is the horizontal number line on a graph that represents the independent variable or the variable being measured or controlled. It is used to plot the values of the independent variable and provides a reference for locating points on the graph. By placing the independent variable on the x-axis, it allows for a clear visualization of the relationship between the independent and dependent variables.
2.
The _____ of a set of data is the number or numbrs that occur most often.
Correct Answer
D. Mode
Explanation
The mode of a set of data refers to the number or numbers that occur most frequently. It is the value that appears with the highest frequency in the dataset. Unlike the mean, median, or range, which focus on different aspects of the data, the mode highlights the most common value(s).
3.
A _____ uses bars to represent the frequency of data that have been organized in intervals.
Correct Answer
B. Histogram
Explanation
A histogram is a graphical representation that uses bars to show the frequency of data that has been organized into intervals. It is commonly used to display the distribution of numerical data. Each bar represents a specific interval, and the height of the bar represents the frequency or count of data points within that interval. Histograms are useful for visualizing the shape and spread of data, making it easier to identify patterns and understand the distribution of values.
4.
Numbers called _____ can be used to describe the center of data.
Correct Answer
A. Measures of central tendency
Explanation
Measures of central tendency, such as mean, median, and mode, are numerical values that represent the center of a dataset. These measures provide information about the typical or average value of the data. By calculating and analyzing these measures, we can gain insights into the central or typical values of a dataset, which can help in understanding the overall pattern or distribution of the data. Therefore, measures of central tendency can be used to describe the center of data.
5.
The vertical number line on a graph
Correct Answer
D. Y-axis
Explanation
The vertical number line on a graph is called the y-axis. It is used to represent the dependent variable or the variable being measured or observed. The y-axis is typically labeled with units of measurement and represents the values of the dependent variable. By plotting points on the graph along the y-axis, we can visually analyze the relationship between the dependent variable and the independent variable(s) represented on the x-axis.
6.
A type of graph that looks like a number line with each piece of data displayed as an x above the number line.
Correct Answer
A. Line plot
Explanation
A line plot is a type of graph that represents data using a number line. Each data point is displayed as an x above the number line. This type of graph is useful for displaying the frequency or distribution of data values. It allows for easy visualization of patterns or trends in the data.
7.
A graphic form using bars that do not touch to make comparisons of statistics.
Correct Answer
D. Bar graph
Explanation
A bar graph is a graphic form that uses bars that do not touch to make comparisons of statistics. It is a visual representation that displays data using rectangular bars where the length of each bar corresponds to the quantity or value it represents. The gaps between the bars indicate distinct categories or groups being compared. This type of graph is commonly used to show and compare data in different categories or to track changes over time.
8.
A graph that has a column for ones place value and ten place value
Correct Answer
B. Stem-and-leaf plot
Explanation
A stem-and-leaf plot is a graph that organizes data by separating the digits in each value into a "stem" (the tens place) and a "leaf" (the ones place). This type of plot allows for easy visualization of the distribution of the data, as each stem represents a range of values and the leaves show the individual data points within that range. Therefore, a stem-and-leaf plot is the most suitable graph for representing data with both ones and tens place values.
9.
Groups of numbers - This information goes on the x-axis of a histogram.
Correct Answer
A. Interval
Explanation
In a histogram, the x-axis represents the groups of numbers, also known as intervals, that are being analyzed or measured. Each interval represents a range of values, and the frequency of occurrence of those values is depicted on the y-axis. Therefore, the correct answer is "interval" as it accurately describes the information that is plotted on the x-axis of a histogram.
10.
Another word for average - The sum of the data divided by the number of items in the data set.
Correct Answer
B. Mean
Explanation
The term "mean" is another word for average. It is calculated by summing up all the data values and then dividing the sum by the number of items in the data set. This gives us a measure of central tendency that represents the typical value of the data set.
11.
The middle number in a set of data that has been ordered least to greatest
Correct Answer
C. Median
Explanation
The median is the middle number in a set of data that has been ordered from least to greatest. It is found by arranging the data in ascending order and selecting the number that falls in the middle. The median is useful in representing the central tendency of a dataset, as it is not affected by extreme values or outliers.
12.
The difference between the greatest and least numbers in a data set.
Correct Answer
A. Range
Explanation
The range of a data set is the difference between the greatest and least numbers. It provides a measure of the spread or variability in the data. By calculating the range, we can determine how much the values in the data set differ from each other. It is a useful statistic to understand the overall range of values in a data set and can be helpful in identifying outliers or extreme values.
13.
A table for organizing a set of data that shows the number of pieces of data that fall within given intervals or categories.
Correct Answer
C. Frequency table
Explanation
A frequency table is a table used to organize a set of data by showing the number of data points that fall within specific intervals or categories. It provides a clear and concise way to summarize and analyze data, making it easier to identify patterns or trends. It is commonly used in statistics and data analysis to present data in a more structured and meaningful manner.
14.
A piece of data that is quite separated from the rest of the data.
Correct Answer
A. Outlier
Explanation
An outlier is a piece of data that is significantly different or separate from the rest of the data. It is an observation that lies an abnormal distance from other values in a random sample from a population. Outliers can be caused by various factors such as measurement errors, data entry errors, or genuine extreme values. Identifying and analyzing outliers can provide valuable insights into the data and help detect anomalies or unusual patterns.
15.
Data that are grouped closely together.
Correct Answer
B. Cluster
Explanation
Cluster refers to a group of data points that are closely located or grouped together. In this context, it signifies that the correct answer is "cluster" because it aligns with the description provided in the question. The term "outlier" refers to a data point that is significantly different from other points, "gap" refers to a space or interval between data points, and "range" refers to the difference between the highest and lowest values in a dataset, none of which accurately describe data that are grouped closely together.
16.
The upper median of a set of data
Correct Answer
C. Upper quartile
Explanation
The upper quartile is the median of the upper half of a set of data. It divides the data into two equal parts, with 25% of the data falling below it and 75% falling above it. The upper quartile is useful for analyzing the distribution of data and identifying any outliers or extreme values in the upper range.
17.
The lower median of a set of data
Correct Answer
B. Lower quartile
Explanation
The lower quartile is the median of the lower half of a set of data. It divides the data into two equal parts, with 25% of the data falling below it. This means that the lower quartile represents the 25th percentile of the data, indicating that 25% of the data values are lower than it. Therefore, the lower quartile is the appropriate choice as the lower median of a set of data.
18.
The least number in a set of data
Correct Answer
A. Lower extreme
Explanation
The lower extreme refers to the smallest value in a set of data. It represents the minimum value that can be observed in the data set.
19.
The greatest number in a set of data
Correct Answer
D. Upper extreme
Explanation
The upper extreme refers to the highest value in a set of data. It represents the maximum value that can be observed in the dataset. This is in contrast to the lower extreme, which represents the lowest value in the dataset. The upper extreme is an important measure when analyzing data as it helps to identify the highest value and understand the range of values within the dataset.
20.
The difference between the upper quartile and the lower quartile is known as
Correct Answer
A. Interquartile range
Explanation
The interquartile range is a measure of statistical dispersion, representing the difference between the upper quartile and the lower quartile. It provides information about the spread of data within the middle 50% of a dataset. The lower and upper extremes refer to the minimum and maximum values in a dataset, while the median represents the middle value. Therefore, the correct answer is interquartile range.