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-------- is the most popular open-source Python library used for doing data analysis.
Explanation Pandas is the most popular open-source Python library used for data analysis. It provides data structures and functions for manipulating and analyzing structured data, such as tables and time series. With its powerful tools for data cleaning, transformation, and exploration, pandas is widely used in various fields, including finance, economics, and scientific research. Its intuitive syntax and extensive documentation make it a popular choice among data analysts and scientists.
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2.
In order to work with Pandas in Python, you need to ........
........ library in your Python environment.
Explanation To work with Pandas in Python, you need to import the Pandas library in your Python environment. This is necessary because the Pandas library provides various data structures and functions that are specifically designed for data analysis and manipulation. By importing the Pandas library, you can access these functionalities and use them to perform tasks such as reading and writing data, manipulating dataframes, and performing data analysis operations.
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3.
The two basic and universally-popular data structures of Pandas are ........... and ............
Explanation Pandas is a popular data manipulation library in Python. It provides two basic and widely-used data structures: Series and DataFrame. A Series is a one-dimensional array-like object that can hold any data type. It is similar to a column in a spreadsheet or a SQL table. On the other hand, a DataFrame is a two-dimensional table with labeled axes (rows and columns). It is similar to a spreadsheet or a SQL table. These two data structures are fundamental in Pandas and are extensively used for data analysis and manipulation.
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4.
A ----------- is a Pandas data structure that represents a one-dimensional array-like object of indexed data.
Explanation A Series is a Pandas data structure that represents a one-dimensional array-like object of indexed data. It is similar to a column in a spreadsheet or a SQL table. The Series object consists of a sequence of values and a corresponding index. It can hold any data type and provides a labeled index to access the data. This allows for easy manipulation, analysis, and visualization of the data.
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5.
To create a series object, ------- method is used.
Explanation The correct answer is "Series()". This method is used to create a series object in Python. A series object is a one-dimensional labeled array that can hold any data type. It is similar to a column in a spreadsheet or a SQL table. The Series() method allows you to pass data, index, and other optional parameters to create a series object.
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6.
To create an empty series object, Series() method is used with ---------.
Explanation The correct answer is "No parameter" because when the Series() method is used without any parameter, it creates an empty series object. This means that the series will not contain any data or values initially.
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7.
Missing data in Pandas series and data frames can be filled with a ........... value.
Explanation Missing data in Pandas series and data frames can be filled with a NaN value. NaN stands for "Not a Number" and it is a special value in Pandas that represents missing or undefined data. When there are missing values in a series or data frame, NaN can be used to fill those missing values, making it easier to handle and analyze the data.
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8.
Data Frame has -----------indices.
Explanation A data frame has two indices. In pandas, a data frame is a two-dimensional labeled data structure with columns of potentially different types. It has both row and column indices. The row indices represent the labels for the rows in the data frame, while the column indices represent the labels for the columns. Therefore, a data frame has two indices, one for the rows and one for the columns.
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9.
Selecting a subset from a data frame requires ----- and -----functions.
Explanation The correct answer is "Loc,iloc" because these two functions are used to select a subset from a data frame. "Loc" is used for label-based indexing, where we can select rows or columns based on their labels. "Iloc" is used for positional indexing, where we can select rows or columns based on their integer positions. These functions provide flexibility in selecting subsets from a data frame based on different criteria.
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10.
............ method helps in understanding and analyzing the behaviour of data.
Explanation The statistical method helps in understanding and analyzing the behavior of data. By using statistical techniques such as data collection, analysis, and interpretation, patterns and trends can be identified, relationships between variables can be explored, and conclusions can be drawn. This method involves the use of statistical tools and software to organize and summarize data, calculate measures of central tendency and variability, and perform hypothesis testing. Overall, the statistical method provides a systematic approach to studying data and making informed decisions based on the results.
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11.
----- is the process of turning the value of a dataset ( or a subset of it)into one single value.
Explanation Data aggregation is the process of combining or summarizing data from multiple sources or subsets into a single value. It involves gathering and merging data points to create a more concise and meaningful representation of the dataset. This can be done by performing mathematical operations such as sum, average, count, or by grouping data based on certain criteria. Data aggregation helps in simplifying complex datasets and extracting useful insights or patterns that may not be apparent when analyzing individual data points.
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12.
................. function is used for finding the highest values from a given set of values or column of a dataframe or a series.
Explanation The max() function is used to find the highest values from a given set of values or column of a dataframe or a series. It returns the maximum value among the given values or column.
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13.
........... function is used to add all of the values in a particular column of a dataframe.
Explanation The sum() function is used to add all of the values in a particular column of a dataframe. It takes the column as input and returns the sum of all the values in that column. This function is useful for calculating the total of a numerical column in a dataframe.
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14.
Passing -------- argument skips the missing values by default.
Explanation When the argument "skipna=True" is passed, it means that any missing values in the data will be skipped by default. This means that when performing any calculations or operations on the data, any missing values will be ignored and not considered in the computation. This can be useful when dealing with datasets that contain missing or null values, as it allows for easier and cleaner analysis without having to handle these missing values separately.
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15.
............ function calculates the most occurance of each element along the axis selected.
Explanation The Mode() function is used to calculate the most frequent occurrence of each element along the selected axis. It helps identify the value or values that occur most frequently in a dataset. This can be useful in various statistical analyses, such as determining the most common response in a survey or identifying the most frequently purchased item in a sales dataset.
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16.
A sereis object is 2D array that stores ordered collection of columns that can store data of different tuple.
Explanation The given statement is false. A series object is actually a one-dimensional labeled array capable of holding any data type. It is similar to a column in a spreadsheet or a SQL table. It can store data of the same type, unlike a 2D array that can store different types of data in different columns.
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17.
A data frame is a 1D array like object containing an array of data and an associated array of data labels.
Explanation A data frame is not a 1D array like object. Instead, it is a 2D tabular data structure where data is organized in rows and columns. It is commonly used in data analysis and manipulation tasks, providing a convenient way to store and manipulate structured data.
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18.
To access subset of a dataframe we can use loc() method.
Explanation The given statement is true. The loc() method is used to access subsets of a dataframe in pandas. It allows us to select specific rows and columns based on labels or boolean conditions. By using loc(), we can easily retrieve data from a dataframe by specifying the row and column labels or by using boolean indexing.
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19.
Type question The value NaN/NAT/None are the same in Pandas.
Explanation The statement is true. In Pandas, NaN (Not a Number), NAT (Not a Time), and None are all considered as missing or null values. They are used to represent missing or undefined data in a DataFrame or Series. These values can be handled and manipulated using various Pandas functions and methods. Therefore, NaN, NAT, and None are considered equivalent in Pandas.
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20.
The all() and any() functions are used to check if all or any item is non zero, not-empty, or not false.
Explanation The statement is true because the all() function returns True if all items in an iterable are true, or if the iterable is empty. Similarly, the any() function returns True if at least one item in the iterable is true. Therefore, both functions can be used to check if all or any item is non-zero, not-empty, or not false.
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21.
Which of the following commands is used to install Pandas?
Explanation The correct answer is "pip install pandas" because "pip" is a package management system used to install and manage software packages written in Python. "install" is the command used with "pip" to install a package, and "pandas" is the name of the package that needs to be installed. Therefore, running the command "pip install pandas" will install the Pandas package.
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22.
A two-dimensional labelled array that is ordered collection of columns to store heterogeneous data type is:
Explanation A data frame is a two-dimensional labelled array that can store heterogeneous data types. It is an ordered collection of columns where each column can contain different types of data. Data frames are commonly used in data analysis and statistics, as they provide a convenient way to organize and manipulate data. They are similar to tables in a relational database, where each column represents a different variable and each row represents a different observation.
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