Darwin's Theory Of Evolution

11 Questions | Total Attempts: 39

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Darwin

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What is a transitional fossil? Use a specific example from our learning to explain.
  • 2. 
     On the Galápagos Islands, Charles Darwin observed
    • A. 

      Completely unrelated species on each of the islands.

    • B. 

      Species exactly like those found in South America.

    • C. 

      Somewhat similar species, with traits that suited their particular environments.

    • D. 

      Species completely unrelated to those found in South America.

  • 3. 
    Charles Darwin’s observation that finches of different species on the Galápagos Islands have many similar physical characteristics supports the hypothesis that these finches
    • A. 

      Have the ability to interbreed.

    • B. 

      Acquired traits through use and disuse.

    • C. 

      All eat the same type of food.

    • D. 

      Descended from a common ancestor.

  • 4. 
    Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution explains all of the following EXCEPT
    • A. 

      How species become extinct.

    • B. 

      How inherited traits are passed from parent to offspring.

    • C. 

      How species change over time.

    • D. 

      How evolution takes place in the natural world.

  • 5. 
    A change in a sequence of DNA is called a
    • A. 

      Mutation.

    • B. 

      Recombination.

    • C. 

      Single-gene trait.

    • D. 

      Polygenic trait.

  • 6. 
    The species of finches that Charles Darwin found on the Galápagos Islands displayed different structural adaptations. One of the adaptations that Darwin noted was the
    • A. 

      Similarities of the birds’ embryos.

    • B. 

      Birds’ different-shaped beaks.

    • C. 

      Length of the birds’ necks.

    • D. 

      Number of eggs in each bird’s nest.

  • 7. 
    Similar structures that related species have inherited from a common ancestor are called
  • 8. 
    _______________ provide evidence of the activities of ancient organisms.
  • 9. 
    ____________ structures may make two organisms look alike, but it does not suggest common ancestry.
  • 10. 
    ___________________ dating looks at the relative position of different rock layers, suggesting that the layer on the bottom is the oldest.
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