Test Your Knowledge About Indian History And Culture! Trivia Facts Quiz

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Test Your Knowledge About Indian History And Culture! Trivia Facts Quiz - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Vindhyashakti was the founder of which of the following dynasties in ancient India?

    • A.

      Vakataka

    • B.

      Kakatiya

    • C.

      Kalachuri

    • D.

      Chalukyas of Badami

    Correct Answer
    A. Vakataka
    Explanation
    Vindhyashakti was the founder of the Vakataka dynasty in ancient India. The Vakataka dynasty ruled in the central and western regions of India from the 3rd to the 5th century CE. They were known for their patronage of art, literature, and architecture, and their rule marked a significant period of cultural and political development in the region. Vindhyashakti's establishment of the dynasty laid the foundation for their subsequent growth and influence in the region.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following ancient Indian sages did not make a substantial contributions to the YOGĀCĀRA (Yogachara) philosophical tradition?

    • A.

      Vasubandhu

    • B.

      Dinnaga

    • C.

      Dharmakirti

    • D.

      Nagarjuna

    Correct Answer
    D. Nagarjuna
    Explanation
    Nagarjuna did not make substantial contributions to the Yogachara philosophical tradition. While he is a renowned Buddhist philosopher known for his work on Madhyamaka philosophy, his contributions are not specifically related to the Yogachara tradition. The other three sages mentioned, Vasubandhu, Dinnaga, and Dharmakirti, are all known for their significant contributions to the development and understanding of Yogachara philosophy.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following rulers were closely associated with Yuehzhi nomadic people?

    • A.

      Shaka

    • B.

      Kushana

    • C.

      Pahalva

    • D.

      None of them

    Correct Answer
    B. Kushana
    Explanation
    The Kushana rulers were closely associated with the Yuehzhi nomadic people. The Yuehzhi were a Central Asian nomadic tribe who migrated to the region of Bactria in present-day Afghanistan. The Kushana Empire, also known as the Kushan Empire, was a powerful empire that ruled over a vast territory in Central Asia, including parts of present-day Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. The Kushana rulers were of Yuehzhi origin and played a significant role in the cultural and political assimilation of the Yuehzhi people into the Indian subcontinent.

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  • 4. 

    Which of the following is not a correct statement about Buddhist Canonical literature?

    • A.

      Abhidhamma Pitaka was compiled in third Buddhist Council

    • B.

      Digha Nikaya is a part of the Sutta Pitaka

    • C.

      Vinaya Pitaka primarily deals with monastic rules for monks and nuns

    • D.

      Sutta Pitaka deals with philosophy and psychology and lays down methods for training the mind

    Correct Answer
    D. Sutta Pitaka deals with philosophy and psychology and lays down methods for training the mind
    Explanation
    The Sutta Pitaka is a collection of discourses attributed to the Buddha and his disciples. It primarily deals with teachings on ethics, meditation, and the nature of reality. It contains the Digha Nikaya, which is one of the five divisions of the Sutta Pitaka. The Digha Nikaya consists of longer discourses delivered by the Buddha. Therefore, the statement that the Sutta Pitaka deals with philosophy and psychology and lays down methods for training the mind is correct.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following is a correct statement about Indus Valley Civilization?

    • A.

      Both Harappa and Mohejodero are is located on the banks of Indus River

    • B.

      Both Chanhudaro and Kalibangan were located within the boundaries of present day Rajasthan.

    • C.

      Both Surkotada and Dholavira are located in Katch of Gujarat

    • D.

      Lothal site was located on bank of Narmada river

    Correct Answer
    C. Both Surkotada and Dholavira are located in Katch of Gujarat
    Explanation
    Both Surkotada and Dholavira are located in Kutch of Gujarat.

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  • 6. 

    In the stone age, the Microliths were most commonly found in which of the following ages?

    • A.

      Paleolithic

    • B.

      Mesolithic

    • C.

      Neolithic

    • D.

      Chalcolithic

    Correct Answer
    B. Mesolithic
    Explanation
    During the stone age, the Microliths were most commonly found in the Mesolithic age. The Mesolithic age is considered a transitional period between the Paleolithic and Neolithic ages. Microliths are small stone tools that were used for various purposes such as hunting, cutting, and scraping. They were typically made by chipping or flaking a larger stone into a smaller, more manageable size. The development and use of Microliths were prevalent during the Mesolithic age, making it the correct answer.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following terms is not associated with a tool tradition of ancient India / World?

    • A.

      Mousterian

    • B.

      Acheulean

    • C.

      Oldowan

    • D.

      Grotian

    Correct Answer
    D. Grotian
  • 8. 

    The Jorwe culture of ancient India has been named after the site of the same name in which of the following states?

    • A.

      Rajasthan

    • B.

      Gujarat

    • C.

      Karnataka

    • D.

      Maharashtra

    Correct Answer
    D. Maharashtra
    Explanation
    The Jorwe culture of ancient India has been named after the site of the same name in Maharashtra. This culture is associated with the Jorwe archaeological site located in the Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra. The Jorwe culture flourished during the Chalcolithic period, around 1400-700 BCE. The site has revealed important artifacts such as pottery, terracotta figurines, and copper objects, providing insights into the socio-economic and cultural aspects of the people who lived during that time.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following was most probably the first metal to be used in India?

    • A.

      Iron

    • B.

      Copper

    • C.

      Gold

    • D.

      Silver

    Correct Answer
    B. Copper
    Explanation
    Copper was most probably the first metal to be used in India because archaeological evidence suggests that copper was being used in the Indus Valley Civilization as early as 2500 BCE. Copper was easily accessible and had a low melting point, making it suitable for early metallurgy. Additionally, copper tools and artifacts have been found in ancient Indian sites, further supporting the idea that copper was one of the earliest metals used in India.

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  • 10. 

    Which of the following is not an event in ancient Indian history in BC era?

    • A.

      Foundation of the Indo-Greek empire

    • B.

      Beginning of Vikram samvat Era

    • C.

      Fourth Buddhist Council

    • D.

      Hathigumpha inscription by Kharvela

    Correct Answer
    C. Fourth Buddhist Council
    Explanation
    The Fourth Buddhist Council is not an event in ancient Indian history in the BC era. The other options mentioned in the question are all significant events that took place during that time period. The Foundation of the Indo-Greek empire refers to the establishment of Greek rule in parts of northwestern India. The Beginning of Vikram samvat Era marks the start of the Hindu calendar system. The Hathigumpha inscription by Kharvela is an important inscription that provides insights into the history of the Kalinga region. However, there is no historical evidence or mention of a Fourth Buddhist Council taking place in ancient India during the BC era.

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  • 11. 

    Ahmad Shah Abdali invaded India for the first time during the reign of which among the following Mughal Emperors?

    • A.

      Muhammad Shah

    • B.

      Ahmad Shah

    • C.

      Shah Alam-II

    • D.

      Akbar-II

    Correct Answer
    C. Shah Alam-II
    Explanation
    Ahmad Shah Abdali invaded India for the first time during the reign of Shah Alam-II.

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  • 12. 

    The exhaustive codification of Islamic laws in the name of ‘Fatwa-i-Alamgiri’ was done at the behest of which among the following rulers of Medieval India?

    • A.

      Alauddin Khalji

    • B.

      Sher Shah Suri

    • C.

      Akbar

    • D.

      Aurangzeb

    Correct Answer
    D. Aurangzeb
    Explanation
    The exhaustive codification of Islamic laws in the name of 'Fatwa-i-Alamgiri' was done at the behest of Aurangzeb.

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  • 13. 

    Who among the following was the religious guru of Shivaji?

    • A.

      Tukaram

    • B.

      Eknath

    • C.

      Jnaneshwar

    • D.

      Ram Das

    Correct Answer
    D. Ram Das
    Explanation
    Ram Das was the religious guru of Shivaji. He was a saint and poet who played a significant role in shaping Shivaji's religious and spiritual beliefs. Ram Das was known for his teachings on devotion and righteousness, which greatly influenced Shivaji's approach towards governance and his vision of a just and inclusive society. Shivaji held a deep respect for Ram Das and sought his guidance in matters of religion and spirituality.

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  • 14. 

    Octagonal’ shape of mausoleums is the distinctive feature of which of the following dynasties of Medieval India?

    • A.

      Khalji

    • B.

      Tughlaq

    • C.

      Sayyid

    • D.

      Lodi

    Correct Answer
    D. Lodi
    Explanation
    The octagonal shape of mausoleums is a distinctive feature of the Lodi dynasty of Medieval India. The Lodi dynasty, which ruled from 1451 to 1526, was known for their architectural contributions, particularly in the construction of tombs and mausoleums. The octagonal shape was commonly used in Lodi architecture, with examples such as the Tomb of Sikandar Lodi in Delhi. This shape was a departure from the square or rectangular shapes used by previous dynasties, and it became a defining characteristic of Lodi architecture.

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  • 15. 

    Which among the following foreign travellers is not correctly paired with their respective period of visit in India?

    • A.

      Fa Hien – Gupta Period

    • B.

      Hiuen Tsang – Post Gupta Period

    • C.

      Al Beruni – Early Medieval Period

    • D.

      Ibn Batutta – Mughal Period

    Correct Answer
    D. Ibn Batutta – Mughal Period
    Explanation
    Ibn Batutta is not correctly paired with the Mughal Period because Ibn Batutta, a Moroccan explorer, visited India during the 14th century, which was before the establishment of the Mughal Empire in the 16th century. Therefore, his visit to India does not correspond with the Mughal Period.

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  • 16. 

    Silapaddikaram’ and ‘Manimekalai’ are the immortal epic works belonging to which of the following period?

    • A.

      Pre-Mauryan Age

    • B.

      Sangam Age

    • C.

      Gupta Age

    • D.

      Early Medieval Age

    Correct Answer
    B. Sangam Age
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Sangam Age. Silapaddikaram and Manimekalai are two epic works that belong to the Sangam Age. The Sangam Age was a period of Tamil literature and culture that lasted from 300 BCE to 300 CE. These two works are considered to be among the greatest literary achievements of this period and provide valuable insights into the social, cultural, and political life of ancient Tamil society.

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  • 17. 

    The silver coin which was introduced by Sher Shah and continued by the Mughals was :

    • A.

      Rupaya

    • B.

      Dinar

    • C.

      Asharfi

    • D.

      Muhar

    Correct Answer
    A. Rupaya
    Explanation
    The silver coin introduced by Sher Shah and continued by the Mughals was the Rupaya. This coin was widely used as a standard currency during the Mughal Empire and even after its decline. The Rupaya was a significant development in the monetary system of India and played a crucial role in facilitating trade and commerce.

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  • 18. 

    The rulers of Bahmani kingdom encouraged the development of art and architecture in the form of cities, buildings, mosques and fortresses. The incorrect statement in this context is:

    • A.

      The city of Hyderabad was founded by Ibrahim Adil Shah of Bijapur.

    • B.

      Gol Gumbaz of Bijapur, the mausoleum of Mohammad Adil Shah is the largest dome.

    • C.

      The Char Minar of Hyderabad was built by Mohammad Quli Qutb Shah of Golkunda.

    • D.

      Mahmud Gawan built a college at Bidar.

    Correct Answer
    A. The city of Hyderabad was founded by Ibrahim Adil Shah of Bijapur.
  • 19. 

    Which legendary Sufi saint of Chishti order was popularly known as ‘Chirag-e-Dehlavi (Chirag of Delhi)’?

    • A.

      Nizamuddin Auliya

    • B.

      Shaikh Nasiruddin Mahmud

    • C.

      Qutbuddin Bakhtiyar Kaki

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Shaikh Nasiruddin Mahmud
    Explanation
    Shaikh Nasiruddin Mahmud was a legendary Sufi saint of the Chishti order who was popularly known as 'Chirag-e-Dehlavi' or 'Chirag of Delhi'. He was known for his spiritual knowledge and teachings, and his shrine in Delhi is a popular pilgrimage site for devotees.

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  • 20. 

    In the light of events which occurred during the reign of Shahjahan, select the statement which is NOT correct:

    • A.

      The capital of the mughal empire was shifted from Agra to Delhi.

    • B.

      Monthly scale was introduced in Mansabdari system.

    • C.

      Foreign travelers Bernier, Travernier and Manucci visited the Mughal court.

    • D.

      Jats and Satnamis raised the banner of rebellion.

    Correct Answer
    D. Jats and Satnamis raised the banner of rebellion.
  • 21. 

    Which among the following great revolutionaries was the brain behind the ‘Chittagong Armoury Raid’?

    • A.

      Ganesh Ghosh

    • B.

      Chandrashekhar Azad

    • C.

      Surya Sen

    • D.

      Lala Hardayal

    Correct Answer
    C. Surya Sen
    Explanation
    Surya Sen was the brain behind the 'Chittagong Armoury Raid'.

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  • 22. 

    The revolutionary organisation ‘Abhinav Bharat Society’ was founded in 1904 by:

    • A.

      Bhagat Singh

    • B.

      Vinayak Damodar Savarkar

    • C.

      Barindra Kumar Ghosh

    • D.

      Pulin Behari Das

    Correct Answer
    B. Vinayak Damodar Savarkar
    Explanation
    Vinayak Damodar Savarkar is the correct answer because he was indeed the founder of the revolutionary organisation "Abhinav Bharat Society" in 1904. Savarkar was a prominent Indian independence activist and a leading figure in the Hindu nationalist movement. He advocated for the use of armed resistance against British colonial rule and played a significant role in inspiring and organizing revolutionary activities during the freedom struggle. His establishment of the Abhinav Bharat Society aimed to promote revolutionary ideas and actions in the fight for independence.

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  • 23. 

    Who among the following was popularly known as the ‘Frontier Gandhi’?

    • A.

      Hasrat Mohani

    • B.

      Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

    • C.

      Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan

    • D.

      Iqbal Khan

    Correct Answer
    C. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
    Explanation
    Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan was popularly known as the 'Frontier Gandhi'. This title was given to him because of his nonviolent resistance against British rule in India, similar to Mahatma Gandhi. Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan was a Pashtun independence activist and political leader who advocated for the rights of the Pashtun people in the North-West Frontier Province of British India. He founded the Khudai Khidmatgar (Servants of God) movement, which aimed to promote social justice and self-sufficiency through nonviolent means. His commitment to nonviolence earned him the nickname 'Frontier Gandhi'.

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  • 24. 

    Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was a great 19th Century Social Reformer who waged a struggle for/against which of the following social cause?

    • A.

      Education of Women

    • B.

      Widow Remarriage

    • C.

      Abolition of Sati

    • D.

      Untouchability

    Correct Answer
    B. Widow Remarriage
    Explanation
    Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar was a great 19th Century Social Reformer who waged a struggle for Widow Remarriage. He strongly advocated for the rights of widows to remarry, as during that time widows were often treated as outcasts and were not allowed to remarry. Vidyasagar fought against the social stigma and discrimination faced by widows and worked towards bringing about social reform in this area. He believed that widows should have the right to lead a fulfilling life and should not be condemned to a life of isolation and misery.

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  • 25. 

    Neel-Darpan’ by Din Bandhu Mitra portrays the plight of :

    • A.

      Bengali Artisans

    • B.

      Indigo Planters

    • C.

      Landless Labourers

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Indigo Planters
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Indigo Planters." "Neel-Darpan" by Din Bandhu Mitra is a play that highlights the suffering and exploitation faced by the indigo planters in Bengal during the British colonial rule. The play sheds light on the oppressive practices of the indigo planters towards the local farmers and workers who were forced to cultivate indigo on their lands. It portrays the plight of the indigo planters and their impact on the lives of the people involved in indigo cultivation.

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  • 26. 

    The first British ‘Presidency’ in India was established at :

    • A.

      Surat

    • B.

      Madras

    • C.

      Bengal

    • D.

      Bombay

    Correct Answer
    A. Surat
    Explanation
    The first British 'Presidency' in India was established at Surat. This refers to the establishment of the British East India Company's trading post in Surat in 1612. Surat was an important port city and a center of trade in Gujarat, making it an ideal location for the British to establish their presence in India. The establishment of the British Presidency in Surat marked the beginning of British colonial rule and their gradual expansion and influence in the Indian subcontinent.

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  • 27. 

    Who planted the ‘Tree of Liberty’ at Srirangapatnam?

    • A.

      Hyder Ali

    • B.

      Tipu Sultan

    • C.

      Chin Quilich Khan

    • D.

      Murshid Quli Khan

    Correct Answer
    B. Tipu Sultan
    Explanation
    Tipu Sultan planted the 'Tree of Liberty' at Srirangapatnam. This is historically accurate as Tipu Sultan, also known as the Tiger of Mysore, was a ruler of the Kingdom of Mysore in South India during the late 18th century. He was known for his resistance against British colonialism and his efforts to modernize his kingdom. The 'Tree of Liberty' symbolized his commitment to freedom and independence.

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  • 28. 

    Which Indian mass movement began with the famous ‘Dandi March’ of Mahatma Gandhi?

    • A.

      Khilafat Movement

    • B.

      Non-Cooperation Movement

    • C.

      Civil Disobedience Movement

    • D.

      Quit India Movement

    Correct Answer
    C. Civil Disobedience Movement
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Civil Disobedience Movement. The Dandi March, also known as the Salt Satyagraha, was a significant event during the Civil Disobedience Movement led by Mahatma Gandhi. It began in 1930 as a protest against the British salt monopoly, where Gandhi and his followers marched to the coastal village of Dandi to produce salt from seawater, defying the salt laws imposed by the British. This movement aimed to challenge British authority and promote civil disobedience as a means to achieve independence for India.

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  • 29. 

    Who presided over the Karachi Session of Indian National Congress where the resolutions on Fundamental Rights and National Economic Policy were passed? 

    • A.

      Maulana Abul Kalam Azad

    • B.

      Jawahar Lal Nehru

    • C.

      Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel

    • D.

      Subhash Chandra Bose

    Correct Answer
    C. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
    Explanation
    Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel presided over the Karachi Session of the Indian National Congress where the resolutions on Fundamental Rights and National Economic Policy were passed.

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  • 30. 

    Arrange the following events/movements in the correct order of their chronology: 1. Rowlatt Act Satyagraha 2. Civil Disobedience Movement 3. Boycott of Simon Commission 4. Quit India Movement

    • A.

      1-2-3-4

    • B.

      1-3-2-4

    • C.

      2-3-4-1

    • D.

      4-1-3-2

    Correct Answer
    B. 1-3-2-4
    Explanation
    The correct order of the events/movements in their chronology is as follows: The Rowlatt Act Satyagraha was the first event to take place, followed by the Boycott of the Simon Commission. The Civil Disobedience Movement came next, and finally, the Quit India Movement occurred.

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  • 31. 

    What was “Halivakara” in the Gupta Era?

    • A.

      A kind of Tax

    • B.

      A kind of Play

    • C.

      A kind of Instrument

    • D.

      A kind of Tribe

    Correct Answer
    A. A kind of Tax
    Explanation
    Halivakara was a kind of tax during the Gupta Era. This tax was levied on the produce of the land and was collected by the state. It was one of the various taxes imposed by the Gupta rulers to generate revenue for the kingdom. The collection of taxes like Halivakara helped in financing the administration, military, and other expenses of the Gupta Empire.

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  • 32. 

    Who among the following succeeded Pushyamitra Shunga?

    • A.

      Agnimitra

    • B.

      Sujyestha

    • C.

      Vajramitra

    • D.

      Devbhuti

    Correct Answer
    A. Agnimitra
    Explanation
    Agnimitra succeeded Pushyamitra Shunga.

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  • 33. 

    Which of the following dynasty was ruling in India, when Alexander invaded India? 

    • A.

      Nanda Dynasty

    • B.

      Shunga Dynasty

    • C.

      Maurya Dynasty

    • D.

      Shishunaga Dynasty

    Correct Answer
    A. Nanda Dynasty
    Explanation
    The Nanda Dynasty was ruling in India when Alexander invaded. This dynasty was established by Mahapadma Nanda and was known for its wealth and power. However, it was also known for its oppressive rule and high taxation, which eventually led to its downfall. Alexander's invasion of India took place in 326 BCE, during the reign of Dhana Nanda, the last ruler of the Nanda Dynasty.

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  • 34. 

    In Greek texts, who among the following has been mentioned as Amitrochates?

    • A.

      Bimbisara

    • B.

      Bindusara

    • C.

      Kautilya

    • D.

      Asoka

    Correct Answer
    B. Bindusara
    Explanation
    In Greek texts, Bindusara has been mentioned as Amitrochates.

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  • 35. 

    Which among the following is correct about Bhaddasala?

    • A.

      He was a poet in the court of Chandragupta Maurya

    • B.

      He was the general of the Nanda Army

    • C.

      He was an ambassador of Ceylon King sent to Asoka’s court

    • D.

      He was a playwright in the Gupta Era

    Correct Answer
    B. He was the general of the Nanda Army
    Explanation
    Bhaddasala was the general of the Nanda Army. This means that he held a high-ranking military position and was responsible for leading and commanding the Nanda Army during his time.

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  • 36. 

    The Golden age of the “Gupta Literary Renaissance” is said to be the reign of whom among the following?

    • A.

      Chandragupta I

    • B.

      Chandragupta II

    • C.

      Kumaragupta

    • D.

      Skandgupta

    Correct Answer
    B. Chandragupta II
    Explanation
    During the reign of Chandragupta II, also known as Chandragupta Vikramaditya, the Gupta Empire experienced a flourishing period of literature and arts, often referred to as the "Gupta Literary Renaissance" or the "Golden age of the Gupta Literary Renaissance". Chandragupta II was a patron of the arts and literature, and his court attracted renowned scholars, poets, and playwrights. This period saw the development of Sanskrit literature, with notable works such as Kalidasa's plays and poems being produced. The reign of Chandragupta II is considered the peak of cultural and intellectual achievements in Gupta history.

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  • 37. 

    Who among the following was behind the “epoch-making” discovery of Arthashastra that altered the false perception of the European scholars that Ancient Indians learned the art of administration from the Greeks?

    • A.

      R. Shamasastry

    • B.

      C. Sivarama Murti

    • C.

      K. S. Neelakantan Unni

    • D.

      Veturi Prabhakara Sastri

    Correct Answer
    A. R. Shamasastry
    Explanation
    R. Shamasastry is the correct answer because he was the scholar who made the "epoch-making" discovery of Arthashastra. This discovery challenged the false perception held by European scholars that Ancient Indians learned the art of administration from the Greeks. Therefore, Shamasastry's work had a significant impact on the understanding of ancient Indian administration and dispelled the misconception propagated by European scholars.

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  • 38. 

    In which year, Nalanda University was finally destroyed?

    • A.

      993 AD

    • B.

      1093 AD

    • C.

      1193 AD

    • D.

      1293 AD

    Correct Answer
    C. 1193 AD
    Explanation
    In 1193 AD, Nalanda University was finally destroyed.

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  • 39. 

    Which among the following is/ are considered to be the first tangible evidence of the expansion of Buddhism?

    • A.

      Statues of Buddha

    • B.

      Edicts of Ashoka

    • C.

      Mahavibhasa

    • D.

      Jataka Tales

    Correct Answer
    B. Edicts of Ashoka
    Explanation
    The Edicts of Ashoka are considered to be the first tangible evidence of the expansion of Buddhism. These edicts were inscribed on pillars and rocks throughout the Mauryan Empire by Emperor Ashoka in the 3rd century BCE. They contain Ashoka's teachings on moral principles, religious tolerance, and his conversion to Buddhism. The edicts provide historical evidence of the spread of Buddhism during Ashoka's reign and his efforts to promote and establish the religion.

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  • 40. 

    Which among the following was the capital of Vatsa Mahajanapada?

    • A.

      Mathura

    • B.

      Bairath

    • C.

      Kausambi

    • D.

      Kashi

    Correct Answer
    C. Kausambi
    Explanation
    Kausambi was the capital of Vatsa Mahajanapada. This ancient city was located on the banks of the Yamuna River in present-day Uttar Pradesh, India. It was an important center of trade and commerce during the Mauryan period and was known for its skilled artisans. Kausambi also played a significant role in the spread of Buddhism, with several Buddhist monasteries and stupas being built in the city.

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  • 41. 

    Who among the following founded the principality of Ghazani in AD 962? 

    • A.

      Mahmood Ghazani

    • B.

      Subuktgeen

    • C.

      Alptigin

    • D.

      Shah Mahmoud

    Correct Answer
    C. Alptigin
    Explanation
    Alptigin founded the principality of Ghazani in AD 962.

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  • 42. 

    Who among the following was defeated by Mohammed Ghori in the battle of Chandawar?

    • A.

      Prthviraj Chauhan

    • B.

      Mularaja

    • C.

      Jaichandra

    • D.

      Jaypala

    Correct Answer
    C. Jaichandra
    Explanation
    Jaichandra was defeated by Mohammed Ghori in the battle of Chandawar. This battle took place in 1194 AD and was a significant event in the history of medieval India. Jaichandra was the ruler of Kannauj, and he faced Ghori's invasion in an attempt to expand his empire. However, Ghori emerged victorious in this battle, leading to the decline of the Rajput confederacy and the consolidation of Ghori's rule in northern India.

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  • 43. 

    Chandradeva, was the founder of which of the following dynasty?

    • A.

      Chauhans

    • B.

      Gahadwalas

    • C.

      Chalukyas

    • D.

      Chandellas

    Correct Answer
    B. Gahadwalas
    Explanation
    Chandradeva is known to be the founder of the Gahadwala dynasty. The Gahadwalas were a prominent dynasty in northern India, ruling over the region of Kannauj. They were known for their patronage of art, literature, and architecture, and their rule marked a period of cultural and intellectual growth in the region. Chandradeva's establishment of the dynasty laid the foundation for their subsequent rule and influence in the region.

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  • 44. 

    Which among the following rulers belonged to Mamulak Dynasty?

    • A.

      Alauddin Khilji

    • B.

      Ibrahim Lodhi

    • C.

      Balban

    • D.

      Mohammed Ghori

    Correct Answer
    C. Balban
    Explanation
    Balban belonged to the Mamulak Dynasty. The Mamulak Dynasty was a Turkish dynasty that ruled in Delhi from 1206 to 1290. Balban was a powerful ruler who served as the Sultan of Delhi from 1266 to 1287. He was known for his strong and authoritarian rule, and he implemented various reforms to strengthen the central administration and maintain law and order in his kingdom. Balban's reign marked a period of stability and consolidation of power for the Mamulak Dynasty.

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  • 45. 

    Who among the following wrote Astangasangraha?

    • A.

      Banabhatta

    • B.

      Vagabhatta

    • C.

      Aryabhatta

    • D.

      Kalhana

    Correct Answer
    B. Vagabhatta
  • 46. 

    ”Loom ” was a central technological innovation in which of the following era?

    • A.

      Sultanate Era

    • B.

      Rajput Era

    • C.

      Mughal Era

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. Sultanate Era
    Explanation
    During the Sultanate Era, the loom was a central technological innovation. The loom revolutionized the textile industry by mechanizing the process of weaving, making it faster and more efficient. This innovation had a significant impact on the economy and society of the Sultanate Era, as it led to increased production of textiles and the growth of the textile trade. The loom also played a crucial role in the development of the textile industry in India, which continued to flourish in the subsequent Mughal Era.

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  • 47. 

    Which of the following Mughal emperor is famous for his golden chain of justice?

    • A.

      Akbar

    • B.

      Shahjahan

    • C.

      Jahanagir

    • D.

      Babur

    Correct Answer
    C. Jahanagir
    Explanation
    Jahanagir is famous for his golden chain of justice. During his reign, he introduced a system where anyone could approach him by pulling a chain, which was made of gold, to seek justice. This chain symbolized his accessibility and commitment to justice for all. Jahanagir's golden chain of justice became a significant aspect of his rule and is often cited as an example of his efforts to establish a fair and just administration.

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  • 48. 

    Which of the following Sultanate Rulers made Delhi as capital in place of Lahore?

    • A.

      Qutubuddin Aibak

    • B.

      Iltutmish

    • C.

      Razia Sultana

    • D.

      Akbar

    Correct Answer
    B. Iltutmish
    Explanation
    Iltutmish made Delhi the capital of the Sultanate in place of Lahore. This decision was significant as it solidified Delhi's position as the center of power for the Sultanate and marked the beginning of the Delhi Sultanate's dominance over northern India. Iltutmish's choice to establish Delhi as the capital also had long-lasting effects on the region's political and cultural landscape, shaping the future of the Sultanate and subsequent dynasties that ruled from Delhi.

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  • 49. 

    Which of the following Sultanate Rulers made Delhi as capital in place of Lahore?

    • A.

      Qutubuddin Aibak

    • B.

      Iltutmish

    • C.

      Razia Sultana

    • D.

      Akbar

    Correct Answer
    B. Iltutmish
    Explanation
    Iltutmish made Delhi the capital in place of Lahore during the Sultanate period. He was the third ruler of the Delhi Sultanate, and after ascending to the throne, he decided to shift the capital from Lahore to Delhi. This decision was strategic as Delhi was more centrally located and provided better access to different parts of the kingdom. Iltutmish's move to Delhi also helped in consolidating his power and establishing Delhi as the political and administrative center of the Sultanate.

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  • 50. 

    Who among the following built the mosque Quwal-ul-lslam at Delhi?

    • A.

      Alauddin Khilji

    • B.

      Iltutmish

    • C.

      Qutubuddin Aiabak

    • D.

      Babur

    Correct Answer
    C. Qutubuddin Aiabak
    Explanation
    Qutubuddin Aibak built the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque at Delhi. He was the first Sultan of Delhi and a prominent ruler of the Delhi Sultanate. The construction of the mosque began in 1193 and it was completed in 1198. The mosque is known for its intricate architecture and is considered one of the earliest examples of Indo-Islamic architecture in India. It also houses the famous Iron Pillar of Delhi, which is known for its rust-resistant composition and historical significance.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 16, 2019
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    STUDY MATERIALS
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