Cycle Nine About Africa Quiz

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| By Catherine Halcomb
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Africa Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is Nigeria’s main export? (SS7E3c)

    • A.

      Oil

    • B.

      Cotton

    • C.

      Fish

    • D.

      Textiles

    Correct Answer
    A. Oil
    Explanation
    Nigeria's main export is oil. Nigeria is one of the largest oil producers in Africa and oil exports contribute significantly to the country's economy. Oil exports account for a large portion of Nigeria's total revenue and foreign exchange earnings. The country has abundant oil reserves and has established itself as a major player in the global oil market.

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  • 2. 

    What economic problem is South Africa currently facing? (SS7E3)

    • A.

      High literacy rates

    • B.

      High unemployment rates

    • C.

      No trading partners

    • D.

      Too much government control

    Correct Answer
    B. High unemployment rates
    Explanation
    South Africa is currently facing high unemployment rates. This means that a significant portion of the population is unable to find work, leading to social and economic challenges. High unemployment rates can result in increased poverty levels, inequality, and a strain on government resources. It also hampers economic growth and development as the workforce is underutilized. Addressing this issue is crucial for South Africa to improve the living standards of its citizens and ensure sustainable economic progress.

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  • 3. 

    What is a main reason for people to exchange currency? (SS7E2c)

    • A.

      To have foreign money

    • B.

      To use American dollars to trade

    • C.

      To make more money by trading currencies

    • D.

      To buy and sell goods and services with other countries

    Correct Answer
    D. To buy and sell goods and services with other countries
    Explanation
    The main reason for people to exchange currency is to buy and sell goods and services with other countries. When conducting international trade, it is necessary to convert one currency into another in order to facilitate transactions. This allows individuals and businesses to engage in cross-border commerce, import goods from other countries, export products to foreign markets, and participate in the global economy.

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  • 4. 

    When a government decides to increase a tariff, it increases the amount of a tax placed upon   ___________. (SS7E2b)

    • A.

      People’s income.

    • B.

      Imported goods.

    • C.

      Renewable resources.

    • D.

      People’s property.

    Correct Answer
    B. Imported goods.
    Explanation
    When a government decides to increase a tariff, it increases the amount of a tax placed upon imported goods. Tariffs are taxes imposed on goods that are imported into a country. By increasing the tariff, the government aims to make imported goods more expensive, which can help protect domestic industries and promote local production. This can also be a strategy to reduce imports and improve the balance of trade.

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  • 5. 

    What is an example of a physical trade barrier in Africa? (SS7E2b)

    • A.

      Quota on Egyptian cotton sheets

    • B.

      Tariff on Nigerian oil

    • C.

      The Sahara desert

    • D.

      Embargo on South Africa

    Correct Answer
    C. The Sahara desert
    Explanation
    The Sahara desert is an example of a physical trade barrier in Africa because it is a vast and arid desert that spans across multiple countries in North Africa. It poses a significant challenge for trade as it is difficult to navigate and transport goods across this harsh and inhospitable terrain. The extreme heat, lack of water, and limited infrastructure make it challenging for trade routes and logistics, thus acting as a physical barrier to trade in the region.

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  • 6. 

    How does voluntary trade help the economy? (SS7E2a)

    • A.

      It encourages specialization which means more profit.

    • B.

      It puts strict tariffs in place.

    • C.

      It involves many government regulations.

    • D.

      It sets high prices on imports.

    Correct Answer
    A. It encourages specialization which means more profit.
    Explanation
    Voluntary trade helps the economy by encouraging specialization, which leads to more profit. When individuals or countries specialize in producing goods or services that they have a comparative advantage in, they can produce more efficiently and at a lower cost. This specialization allows for increased productivity and higher-quality products, which in turn leads to increased profits. By engaging in voluntary trade, countries can also benefit from the exchange of goods and services, accessing a wider range of products and resources that may not be available domestically.

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  • 7. 

    Which is an example of human capital? (SS7E3a)

    • A.

      Education

    • B.

      Roads

    • C.

      Factories

    • D.

      Machinery

    Correct Answer
    A. Education
    Explanation
    Education is an example of human capital because it refers to the knowledge, skills, and abilities that individuals acquire through formal or informal learning. It represents an investment in people's development and enhances their productivity and potential to contribute to economic growth. Unlike physical capital like roads, factories, or machinery, education is intangible and resides within individuals, making it a valuable asset that can be utilized and leveraged to drive economic and social progress.

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  • 8. 

    Which of the following is NOT one of the basic questions that all economic systems must answer: (SS7E1a)

    • A.

      What to produce?

    • B.

      How to produce?

    • C.

      How much to produce?

    • D.

      For whom to produce?

    Correct Answer
    C. How much to produce?
    Explanation
    The question asks which of the following is NOT one of the basic questions that all economic systems must answer. The basic questions that all economic systems must answer are: what to produce, how to produce, and for whom to produce. The question "how much to produce?" is not one of the basic questions, as it is determined by the answers to the other three questions.

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  • 9. 

    Which country has the strongest economy in Africa? (SS7E3)

    • A.

      Nigeria

    • B.

      Botswana

    • C.

      South Africa

    • D.

      Sudan

    Correct Answer
    C. South Africa
    Explanation
    South Africa has the strongest economy in Africa due to several factors. Firstly, it has a well-developed infrastructure and a diverse range of industries, including mining, manufacturing, finance, and tourism. Additionally, South Africa is rich in natural resources such as gold, diamonds, and platinum, which contribute to its economic strength. The country also has a large consumer market and a relatively stable political environment compared to some other African nations. These factors combined make South Africa the country with the strongest economy in Africa.

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  • 10. 

    A product of the earth (“gift of nature”) that people use to meet their needs is a __________. (SS7E1c)

    • A.

      Good

    • B.

      Natural resource

    • C.

      Free enterprise

    • D.

      Service

    Correct Answer
    B. Natural resource
    Explanation
    A natural resource refers to a product of the earth that people utilize to fulfill their needs. It can be anything that is naturally occurring, such as water, minerals, forests, or oil. These resources are essential for human survival and economic development as they provide raw materials for various industries and support various ecosystems. Natural resources are often considered a "gift of nature" as they are not created by humans but are available for their use.

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  • 11. 

    Today, both South Africa and Nigeria have ___________ economic systems. (SS7E1c)

    • A.

      Traditional

    • B.

      Command

    • C.

      Market

    • D.

      Mixed

    Correct Answer
    D. Mixed
    Explanation
    South Africa and Nigeria have mixed economic systems because they both have elements of both market and command economies. In a mixed economy, there is a combination of private ownership and government control. Both countries have a significant private sector that operates based on market forces, but the government also plays a role in regulating and controlling certain industries and providing public goods and services. This combination of market and command elements makes their economic systems mixed.

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  • 12. 

    In which has South Africa specialized? (SS7E2a)

    • A.

      Oil production

    • B.

      textiles

    • C.

      Meat processing

    • D.

      Gold and diamond mining

    Correct Answer
    D. Gold and diamond mining
    Explanation
    South Africa has specialized in gold and diamond mining. This means that the country has focused on extracting and processing these valuable resources from the earth. Gold and diamonds are significant natural resources found in South Africa, and the country has developed expertise and infrastructure to mine and process them efficiently. This specialization has contributed to South Africa's economy and has made it a major player in the global gold and diamond markets.

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  • 13. 

    Why did several members of the United Nations have an embargo on South Africa? (SS7E2b)

    • A.

      South Africa refused to participate in international trade.

    • B.

      They were holding out for better oil deals.

    • C.

      South Africa needed to lower the price of its gold and diamonds.

    • D.

      They wanted South Africa to end its apartheid system.

    Correct Answer
    D. They wanted South Africa to end its apartheid system.
    Explanation
    Several members of the United Nations had an embargo on South Africa because they wanted South Africa to end its apartheid system. Apartheid was a discriminatory policy that enforced racial segregation and oppression in South Africa, leading to widespread human rights violations. The international community, including the United Nations, condemned apartheid as a violation of basic human rights and equality. By imposing an embargo, these countries aimed to put pressure on South Africa to dismantle the apartheid system and promote equality and justice for all its citizens.

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  • 14. 

    If Sudan’s government puts a limit on how much Nigerian oil it will import this year, what trade barrier is this? (SS7E2b)

    • A.

      Embargo

    • B.

      Tariff

    • C.

      Quota

    • D.

      Opportunity Cost

    Correct Answer
    C. Quota
    Explanation
    If Sudan's government puts a limit on how much Nigerian oil it will import this year, it is implementing a quota. A quota is a trade barrier that restricts the quantity of a specific product that can be imported or exported. In this case, Sudan is setting a limit on the amount of Nigerian oil it will allow into the country, which is an example of a quota.

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  • 15. 

    Tribes in Kenya use bartering to trade and practice which type of economy? (SS7E1a)

    • A.

      Traditional

    • B.

      Command

    • C.

      Market

    • D.

      Mixed

    Correct Answer
    A. Traditional
    Explanation
    Tribes in Kenya use bartering to trade, which is a characteristic of a traditional economy. In a traditional economy, goods and services are exchanged through bartering or the use of traditional methods, rather than using money or a formal market system. This type of economy is often found in rural or indigenous communities where there is a strong emphasis on customs, traditions, and self-sufficiency.

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  • 16. 

    Which African country has the highest Gross Domestic Product (GDP)? (SS7E3)

    • A.

      Congo

    • B.

      South Africa

    • C.

      South Sudan

    • D.

      Ghana

    Correct Answer
    B. South Africa
    Explanation
    South Africa has the highest Gross Domestic Product (GDP) among the given African countries. This can be attributed to its well-developed infrastructure, diverse economy, and abundance of natural resources. South Africa is known for its mining industry, which contributes significantly to its GDP. Additionally, sectors such as finance, manufacturing, and tourism also play a crucial role in driving the country's economy. With a relatively stable political environment and a strong workforce, South Africa has been able to maintain a high GDP compared to other African nations.

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  • 17. 

    In which area has Nigeria invested heavily in capital goods? (SS7E3b)

    • A.

      Education

    • B.

      Agriculture

    • C.

      Communications technology

    • D.

      Oil production

    Correct Answer
    D. Oil production
    Explanation
    Nigeria has heavily invested in capital goods in the area of oil production. This is evident from the fact that Nigeria is one of the largest oil producers in Africa and oil exports contribute significantly to the country's economy. The government has made substantial investments in infrastructure, technology, and equipment required for oil exploration, drilling, and production. This focus on oil production as a major industry has attracted foreign investments and has been a key driver of economic growth in Nigeria.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following could help to prevent the spread of AIDS? (SS7CG3)

    • A.

      Migrating to big cities

    • B.

      Education and prevention

    • C.

      Having less children

    • D.

      Investing in capital goods

    Correct Answer
    B. Education and prevention
    Explanation
    Education and prevention could help to prevent the spread of AIDS by providing people with knowledge about the disease, how it is transmitted, and how to protect themselves. Education can help to dispel myths and misconceptions about AIDS, and promote safe practices such as using condoms and getting tested regularly. Prevention efforts can also include awareness campaigns, counseling, and access to healthcare services. By educating individuals and communities about AIDS and its prevention, the spread of the disease can be reduced.

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  • 19. 

    Famines can be both human-made and natural.  In Africa, famines today are caused by: (SS7CG3)

    • A.

      malnutrition

    • B.

      poor food distribution and poverty

    • C.

      overpopulation

    • D.

      farmers using insecticides

    Correct Answer
    B. poor food distribution and poverty
    Explanation
    Poor food distribution and poverty are the main causes of famines in Africa today. This is because many people in Africa do not have access to enough food due to factors such as limited infrastructure for transporting and storing food, as well as economic inequality and lack of resources. Additionally, poverty prevents individuals from being able to afford or produce enough food for themselves and their families. Therefore, the combination of poor food distribution and poverty contributes to the occurrence of famines in Africa.

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  • 20. 

    What has led to the development and spread of most health issues for Africa? (SS7CG3)

    • A.

      Poverty

    • B.

      Desertification

    • C.

      AIDS

    • D.

      Malaria

    Correct Answer
    A. Poverty
    Explanation
    Poverty is the most significant factor that has contributed to the development and spread of health issues in Africa. Due to widespread poverty, many individuals lack access to basic healthcare services, clean water, and sanitation facilities. This leads to the increased prevalence of diseases such as malaria and AIDS, as well as malnutrition and other health problems. Poverty also hinders the development of healthcare infrastructure and limits the availability of resources for disease prevention and treatment. Therefore, poverty plays a crucial role in the overall health conditions in Africa.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Feb 27, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Catherine Halcomb
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