Cybersecurity Fundamentals Quiz: Exam!

50 Questions | Total Attempts: 8901

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Cybersecurity Fundamentals Quiz: Exam!

What do you know about cybersecurity? Would you be interested in this quiz? The internet has grown as a medium, and there is a significant concern for the security of our privacy. There are internet attackers all over the world. Cybersecurity refers to the term, which means safeguarding the system on the internet. Network security is of the utmost importance. If you intend to know more about cybersecurity, this is the quiz for you.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Three common controls used to protect the availability of information are:
    • A. 

      Redundancy, backups and access controls

    • B. 

      Encryption, file permissions and access controls

    • C. 

      Access controls, logging and digital signatures

    • D. 

      Hashes, logging and backups

  • 2. 
    Governance has several goals, including:
    • A. 

      Providing strategic direction

    • B. 

      Ensuring that objectives are achieved

    • C. 

      Verifying that organizational resources are being used apropriately

    • D. 

      Directing and monitoring security activities

    • E. 

      Ascertaining whether risk is being managed properly

  • 3. 
    Choose three. According to the NIST cybersecurity framework, which of the following are considered key functions necessary for the protection of digital assets?
    • A. 

      Encrypt

    • B. 

      Protect

    • C. 

      Investigate

    • D. 

      Recover

    • E. 

      Identify

  • 4. 
    Which of the following is the best definition for cybersecurity?
    • A. 

      The process by which an organization manages cybersecurity risk to an acceptable level

    • B. 

      The protection of information from unauthorized acces or disclosure

    • C. 

      The protection of paper documents, digital and intellectual property, and verbal or visual communications

    • D. 

      Protecting information assets by addressing threats to information that is processed, stored or transported by internetworked information systems

  • 5. 
    Which of the following cybersecurity roles is charged with the duty of managing incidents and remediation?
    • A. 

      Board of directors

    • B. 

      Executive committee

    • C. 

      Cybersecurity management

    • D. 

      Cybersecurity practitioners

  • 6. 
    The core duty of cybersecurity is to identify, mitigate, and manage [Blank] to an organization's digital assets.
  • 7. 
    A [Blank] is anything capable of acting against an asset in a manner that can cause harm.
  • 8. 
    A [Blank] is something of value worth protecting.
  • 9. 
    A [Blank] is a weakness in the design, implementation, operation or internal controls in a process that could be exploited to violate the system security.
  • 10. 
    The path or route used to gain access to the target asset is known as a [Blank].
  • 11. 
    In an attack, the container that delivers the exploit to the target is called a [Blank].
  • 12. 
    [Blank] communicate required and prohibited activities and behaviors.
  • 13. 
    [Blank] is a class of malware that hides the existence of other malware by modifying the underlying operating system.
  • 14. 
    [Blank] provides details on how to comply with policies and standards.
  • 15. 
    [Blank] provides general guidance and recommendations on what to do in particular circumstances.
  • 16. 
    [Blank], also called malicious code, is software designed to gain access to targeted computer systems, steal information or disrupt computer operations.
  • 17. 
    [Blank] is sued to interpret policies in specific situations.
  • 18. 
    [Blank] are solutions to software programming and coding errors.
  • 19. 
    [Blank] includes many components such as directory services, authentication and authorization services, and user management capabilities such as provisioning and deprovisioning.
  • 20. 
    Select all that apply. The internet perimeter should:
    • A. 

      Detect and block traffic from infected internal end points

    • B. 

      Eliminate threats such as email spam, viruses and worms

    • C. 

      Format, encrypt and compress data

    • D. 

      Control user traffic bound toward the internet

    • E. 

      Monitor internal and external network ports for rogue activity

  • 21. 
    The _________ layer of the OSI model ensures that data are transferred reliably in the correct sequence, and the _________ layer coordinates and manages user connections.
    • A. 

      Presentation, data link

    • B. 

      Transport, session

    • C. 

      Physical, application

    • D. 

      Data link, network

  • 22. 
    Choose three. There key benefits of the DMZ system are:
    • A. 

      DMZs are based on logical rather than physical connections

    • B. 

      An intruder must penetrate three separate devices

    • C. 

      Private network addresses are not disclosed to the internet

    • D. 

      Excellent performance and scalability as internet usage grows

    • E. 

      Internal systems do not have direct access to internet

  • 23. 
    Which of the following best states the role of encryption within an overall cybersecurity program?
    • A. 

      Encryption is the primary means of securing digital assets

    • B. 

      Encryption depends upon shared secrets and is therefore an unreliable means of control

    • C. 

      A programs encryption elements should be handled by a third party cryptologist

    • D. 

      Encryption is an essential but incomplete form of access control

  • 24. 
    The number and types of layers needed for defense in depth are a function of:
    • A. 

      Asset value, criticality, relliability of each control and degree of exposure

    • B. 

      Threat agents, governance compliance and mobile device policy

    • C. 

      Network configuration, navigation controls, user interface and VPN traffic

    • D. 

      Isolation, segmentation, internal controls and external controls

  • 25. 
    What is the correct order of the penetration testing phase?
    • A. 

      Planning, discovery, attack, reporting

    • B. 

      Attack, discovery, reporting, planning

    • C. 

      Planning, attack, discovery, reporting

    • D. 

      Attack, planning, discovery, reporting

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