CSR / Sustainability IQ Test

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CSR / Sustainability IQ Test - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Sustainability and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) concern which of the following aspects of an organization’s behavior, performance or impacts?  (check all that apply)

    • A.

      Economic performance

    • B.

      Environmental stewardship

    • C.

      Social responsibility

    • D.

      Governance

    • E.

      Ethics

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Economic performance
    B. Environmental stewardship
    C. Social responsibility
    D. Governance
    E. Ethics
    Explanation
    Sustainability and Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) encompass various aspects of an organization's behavior, performance, or impacts. Economic performance refers to the financial success and stability of the organization. Environmental stewardship involves the organization's efforts to minimize its negative environmental impacts and promote sustainability. Social responsibility focuses on the organization's commitment to ethical and responsible practices towards its employees, customers, communities, and other stakeholders. Governance refers to the organization's structure, policies, and decision-making processes. Ethics pertains to the organization's adherence to moral principles and ethical standards in its operations.

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  • 2. 

    Sustainability professionals are concerned with managing business activities in the context of declining natural resources (fresh water, fossil fuels, arable land, clean air, precious metals, forests, fish stocks) and ecosystem services and increasing demand for these.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Sustainability professionals focus on the management of business activities in relation to the decreasing availability of natural resources such as fresh water, fossil fuels, arable land, clean air, precious metals, forests, and fish stocks. They also consider the increasing demand for these resources and ecosystem services. This statement is true as it accurately describes the concerns of sustainability professionals.

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  • 3. 

    The global population is predicted to grow to X by 2050.

    • A.

      5 billion

    • B.

      7 billion

    • C.

      9 billion

    • D.

      15 billion

    Correct Answer
    C. 9 billion
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 9 billion because global population growth is expected to continue, albeit at a slower rate, and reach around 9 billion by 2050. This prediction takes into account factors such as increasing life expectancy, improving healthcare, and higher birth rates in certain regions. However, it is important to note that this estimate is subject to change depending on various social, economic, and environmental factors.

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  • 4. 

    By 2025 Brazil, China, India and Indonesia are estimated to account for 30% of the world’s population.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because Brazil, China, India, and Indonesia are four of the most populous countries in the world. These countries have large populations and are expected to continue growing in the coming years. By 2025, it is estimated that these four countries will collectively account for approximately 30% of the world's population.

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  • 5. 

    If all the world’s inhabitants consumed as many resources as Americans, how many planet Earths would be needed to meet everyone’s needs?

    • A.

      Two planets

    • B.

      Three planets

    • C.

      Four planets

    • D.

      Five planets

    Correct Answer
    C. Four planets
    Explanation
    If all the world's inhabitants consumed resources at the same rate as Americans, it would require four planet Earths to meet everyone's needs. This implies that the American consumption rate is significantly higher than the global average, and if everyone consumed resources in the same manner, the Earth's resources would be depleted at an alarming rate. This highlights the need for sustainable practices and reducing our ecological footprint to ensure the long-term survival of our planet.

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  • 6. 

    What macro forces have the potential to affect the way we do business at L’Oréal? (check all that apply)

    • A.

      Population Growth

    • B.

      Climate Change

    • C.

      Material Resource Scarcity

    • D.

      Water

    • E.

      Food Security

    • F.

      Energy & Fuel

    • G.

      Deforestation

    • H.

      Ecosystem Decline

    • I.

      Wealth Distribution

    • J.

      Urbanization

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Population Growth
    B. Climate Change
    C. Material Resource Scarcity
    D. Water
    E. Food Security
    F. Energy & Fuel
    G. Deforestation
    H. Ecosystem Decline
    I. Wealth Distribution
    J. Urbanization
    Explanation
    The macro forces that have the potential to affect the way we do business at L'Oréal include population growth, climate change, material resource scarcity, water, food security, energy & fuel, deforestation, ecosystem decline, wealth distribution, and urbanization. These factors can impact the demand for products, availability of resources, regulatory environment, and consumer preferences, among other aspects of the business.

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  • 7. 

    Corporate Social Responsibility & Sustainability can be a platform for companies and brands to? (check all that apply)

    • A.

      Drive innovation and growth

    • B.

      Differentiate

    • C.

      Enhance reputation

    • D.

      Improve consumer loyalty

    • E.

      Optimize performance and efficiencies

    • F.

      Attract talented employees

    • G.

      Enhance employee morale and productivity

    • H.

      Minimize business risk

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Drive innovation and growth
    B. Differentiate
    C. Enhance reputation
    D. Improve consumer loyalty
    E. Optimize performance and efficiencies
    F. Attract talented employees
    G. Enhance employee morale and productivity
    H. Minimize business risk
    Explanation
    Corporate Social Responsibility & Sustainability can be a platform for companies and brands to drive innovation and growth by promoting new ideas and practices. It can also help them differentiate themselves from competitors by showcasing their commitment to social and environmental causes. Additionally, it can enhance their reputation by demonstrating their ethical and responsible business practices. By engaging in CSR activities, companies can improve consumer loyalty and attract talented employees who value sustainability. It can also enhance employee morale and productivity by creating a sense of purpose and pride. Finally, CSR efforts can minimize business risk by addressing environmental and social issues proactively.

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  • 8. 

    L’Oréal has an ambition to attract how many new consumers by 2020?

    • A.

      1 million

    • B.

      100 million

    • C.

      1 billion

    • D.

      10 billion

    Correct Answer
    C. 1 billion
    Explanation
    L'Oréal aims to attract 1 billion new consumers by 2020. This demonstrates the company's ambitious goal of expanding its customer base significantly within a specific timeframe. By targeting such a large number of new consumers, L'Oréal aims to increase its market share, revenue, and global presence. This objective highlights L'Oréal's commitment to growth and innovation in the beauty industry.

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  • 9. 

    What % of the world’s population lives on less than $1.25 per day?

    • A.

      5%

    • B.

      10%

    • C.

      15%

    • D.

      20-30%

    Correct Answer
    D. 20-30%
    Explanation
    Approximately 20-30% of the world's population lives on less than $1.25 per day. This means that a significant portion of the global population struggles to meet their basic needs and live in extreme poverty. This statistic highlights the widespread economic inequality and poverty that exists in many parts of the world, emphasizing the need for effective poverty alleviation measures and improved access to resources for those living in poverty.

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  • 10. 

    Clean water is one of the resources under greatest threat in the world.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Clean water is indeed one of the resources under the greatest threat in the world. With increasing population, industrialization, and pollution, the availability of clean water is becoming scarce. Many regions are already facing water scarcity, and the situation is expected to worsen in the future. Factors like climate change and inadequate water management further contribute to this threat. Therefore, it is crucial to prioritize the conservation and protection of clean water sources to ensure its availability for future generations.

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  • 11. 

    How many million people today don’t have access to clean water?

    • A.

      5 billion

    • B.

      800 million

    • C.

      100 million

    • D.

      All people on the planet have access to clean drinking water

    Correct Answer
    B. 800 million
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 800 million. This means that there are currently 800 million people who do not have access to clean water. This is a significant number and highlights the ongoing global issue of water scarcity and lack of access to clean drinking water for a large portion of the population.

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  • 12. 

    Climate change is responsible for rising sea tides and extreme weather patterns.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Climate change refers to long-term shifts in temperature and weather patterns caused by human activities, particularly the burning of fossil fuels. As a result of climate change, the Earth's average temperature is increasing, leading to the melting of polar ice caps and glaciers. This melting ice contributes to rising sea levels, which in turn causes higher tides and increased coastal flooding. Additionally, climate change can lead to more frequent and intense extreme weather events, such as hurricanes, droughts, and heatwaves. Therefore, it is true that climate change is responsible for rising sea tides and extreme weather patterns.

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  • 13. 

    Which country is the largest emitter of ? (On an absolute basis)

    • A.

      China

    • B.

      United States

    • C.

      European Union

    • D.

      Rusia

    Correct Answer
    A. China
    Explanation
    China is the largest emitter of greenhouse gases on an absolute basis. This is because China has a rapidly growing population and a booming economy, which has led to increased industrialization and energy consumption. As a result, China's carbon dioxide emissions have surpassed those of any other country. China's heavy reliance on coal for energy production is also a major contributing factor to its high emissions.

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  • 14. 

    L’Oréal is concerned with protecting biodiversity because?  (check all that apply)

    • A.

      More than 40% of the raw materials we formulate are of natural/plant origin

    • B.

      Our products have the potential to disrupt the normal functioning of the eco-systems

    • C.

      The Nagoya Protocol requires access to genetic resources & benefit - sharing.

    • D.

      Consumers are increasingly interested in buying natural products.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. More than 40% of the raw materials we formulate are of natural/plant origin
    B. Our products have the potential to disrupt the normal functioning of the eco-systems
    C. The Nagoya Protocol requires access to genetic resources & benefit - sharing.
    Explanation
    L'Oréal is concerned with protecting biodiversity because more than 40% of the raw materials they use are of natural/plant origin, which means their sourcing practices directly impact natural ecosystems. Additionally, their products have the potential to disrupt the normal functioning of ecosystems, making it essential for them to prioritize biodiversity conservation. Furthermore, the Nagoya Protocol, which requires access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing, also plays a role in their commitment to protecting biodiversity. Lastly, consumer demand for natural products has been increasing, and L'Oréal recognizes the importance of meeting this demand while also ensuring the sustainability of biodiversity.

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  • 15. 

    Biodiversity loss is caused by which of the following?  (check all that apply)

    • A.

      Large scale deforestation

    • B.

      Habitat destruction

    • C.

      Climate Change

    • D.

      Anthropogenic impacts

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Large scale deforestation
    B. Habitat destruction
    C. Climate Change
    D. Anthropogenic impacts
    Explanation
    Biodiversity loss can be caused by various factors, including large-scale deforestation, habitat destruction, climate change, and anthropogenic impacts. Large-scale deforestation involves the clearing of vast areas of forests, leading to the loss of habitat for many species. Habitat destruction refers to the degradation or destruction of natural habitats, which can result from activities such as urbanization, agriculture, or pollution. Climate change affects biodiversity by altering temperature and precipitation patterns, disrupting ecosystems and forcing species to adapt or migrate. Anthropogenic impacts encompass a range of human activities that directly or indirectly harm biodiversity, such as pollution, overexploitation of resources, and introduction of invasive species.

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  • 16. 

    For rinse off products the greatest impact for  comes during the production of the product's life cycle?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given answer, "False," is that for rinse off products, the greatest impact comes during the use phase of the product's life cycle rather than the production phase. This is because rinse off products are typically used in large quantities and require water for rinsing, which can result in significant environmental impact in terms of water usage and pollution. Therefore, the use phase is where the greatest impact occurs for rinse off products.

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  • 17. 

    Sustainability leaders believe that in order to bring global consumption patterns of products and services to a sustainable level, which of the following are required? (check all that apply)

    • A.

      Product Innovation / Sustainable Products

    • B.

      Responsible marketing and communications

    • C.

      Responsible consumer choice, use and disposal

    • D.

      Collaborations with consumers, governments and stakeholders

    • E.

      More sustainable lifestyles

    • F.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Product Innovation / Sustainable Products
    B. Responsible marketing and communications
    C. Responsible consumer choice, use and disposal
    D. Collaborations with consumers, governments and stakeholders
    E. More sustainable lifestyles
    Explanation
    Sustainability leaders believe that in order to bring global consumption patterns of products and services to a sustainable level, several factors are required. These include product innovation and the development of sustainable products, responsible marketing and communications to promote sustainable choices, responsible consumer behavior in terms of choice, use, and disposal of products, collaborations with consumers, governments, and stakeholders to drive sustainable practices, and the promotion of more sustainable lifestyles.

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  • 18. 

    Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is intended to do which of the following?  (check all that apply)

    • A.

      Encourage eco-design

    • B.

      Integrate environmental costs into product costs

    • C.

      Improve waste management and recycling

    • D.

      Reduce disposal / waste creation

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Encourage eco-design
    B. Integrate environmental costs into product costs
    C. Improve waste management and recycling
    D. Reduce disposal / waste creation
    Explanation
    Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is a policy approach that holds producers responsible for the entire life cycle of their products, including their environmental impact. It aims to encourage eco-design by promoting the development of products that are more environmentally friendly. Additionally, EPR integrates environmental costs into product costs, which incentivizes producers to consider the environmental impact of their products. It also aims to improve waste management and recycling by requiring producers to take responsibility for the collection and recycling of their products at the end of their life. Finally, EPR aims to reduce disposal and waste creation by promoting the reduction of waste throughout the product life cycle.

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  • 19. 

    EPR initiatives may include? (check all that apply)

    • A.

      Product take-back programs

    • B.

      Deposit refund systems

    • C.

      Minimum recycled-content laws

    • D.

      Product fees and taxes

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Product take-back programs
    B. Deposit refund systems
    C. Minimum recycled-content laws
    D. Product fees and taxes
    Explanation
    EPR initiatives may include various strategies to promote environmental sustainability. Product take-back programs involve manufacturers taking responsibility for the disposal or recycling of their products at the end of their life cycle. Deposit refund systems encourage consumers to return products for recycling by offering a refund on the initial deposit paid. Minimum recycled-content laws require manufacturers to use a certain percentage of recycled materials in their products. Product fees and taxes can be imposed to discourage the use of environmentally harmful products and encourage the adoption of more sustainable alternatives.

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  • 20. 

    In 2009 L’Oreal publicly announced which of the following sustainability goals? (check all that apply)

    • A.

      50% reduction in CO2(GHG emissions)

    • B.

      50% reduction in water per unit of finished product

    • C.

      50% of energy used form renewable sources

    • D.

      50% of product packaging made from recycled content

    • E.

      50% reduction in waste per unit of finished product

    • F.

      50% reduction in energy use

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. 50% reduction in CO2(GHG emissions)
    B. 50% reduction in water per unit of finished product
    E. 50% reduction in waste per unit of finished product
    Explanation
    L'Oreal publicly announced three sustainability goals in 2009: a 50% reduction in CO2(GHG emissions), a 50% reduction in water per unit of finished product, and a 50% reduction in waste per unit of finished product. These goals demonstrate L'Oreal's commitment to reducing their environmental impact and promoting sustainability in their operations.

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  • 21. 

    Select the best definition for Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR)

    • A.

      Incorporate scientific data and proven performance to substantiate product claims and imagery that respects women and social diversity.

    • B.

      Recognizes that global consumption patterns are unsustainable and that consumers will need to change the way they choose, use and dispose of their products.

    • C.

      A technique to assess environmental impacts associated with all the stages of a product's life from-cradle-to-grave.

    • D.

      An environmental policy for which a producer’s responsibility is extended to the post-consumer stage of the life cycle “Polluter Pays” principle.

    Correct Answer
    D. An environmental policy for which a producer’s responsibility is extended to the post-consumer stage of the life cycle “Polluter Pays” principle.
  • 22. 

    Select the best definition for Inclusive Business Models

    • A.

      Incorporate scientific data and proven performance to substantiate product claims and imagery that respects women and social diversity.

    • B.

      Recognizes that global consumption patterns are unsustainable and that consumers will need to change the way they choose, use and dispose of their products.

    • C.

      A trading partnership, based on dialogue, transparency, and respect, that seeks greater equity and contributes to sustainable development.

    • D.

      Profitable core business activities that tangibly expand opportunities for the low income and disadvantaged.

    Correct Answer
    D. Profitable core business activities that tangibly expand opportunities for the low income and disadvantaged.
    Explanation
    Inclusive Business Models refer to profitable core business activities that create opportunities for individuals with low income and disadvantages. These models aim to include and empower marginalized communities by providing them with access to resources, markets, and employment opportunities. By expanding opportunities for the disadvantaged, these business models contribute to their social and economic development.

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  • 23. 

    Select the best definition for Sustainable Development

    • A.

      Incorporate scientific data and proven performance to substantiate product claims and imagery that respects women and social diversity.

    • B.

      Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

    • C.

      An environmental policy for which a producer’s responsibility is extended to the post-consumer stage of the life cycle “Polluter Pays” principle.

    • D.

      Recognizes that global consumption patterns are unsustainable and that consumers will need to change the way they choose, use and dispose of their products.

    Correct Answer
    B. Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. This definition highlights the importance of balancing economic, social, and environmental factors in order to ensure that current development does not deplete resources or harm the environment to the extent that it hinders the ability of future generations to thrive. It emphasizes the need for sustainable practices that promote long-term well-being and resilience.

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  • 24. 

    Select the best definition for Responsible Communications & Marketing

    • A.

      Incorporate scientific data and proven performance to substantiate product claims and imagery that respects women and social diversity.

    • B.

      Recognizes that global consumption patterns are unsustainable and that consumers will need to change the way they choose, use and dispose of their products.

    • C.

      Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.

    • D.

      An environmental policy for which a producer’s responsibility is extended to the post-consumer stage of the life cycle “Polluter Pays” principle.

    Correct Answer
    A. Incorporate scientific data and proven performance to substantiate product claims and imagery that respects women and social diversity.
  • 25. 

    Select the best definition for Sustainable Consumption

    • A.

      Recognizes that global consumption patterns are unsustainable and that consumers will need to change the way they choose, use and dispose of their products.

    • B.

      A technique to assess environmental impacts associated with all the stages of a product's life from-cradle-to-grave.

    • C.

      Profitable core business activities that tangibly expand opportunities for the low income and disadvantaged.

    • D.

      An environmental policy for which a producer’s responsibility is extended to the post-consumer stage of the life cycle “Polluter Pays” principle.

    Correct Answer
    A. Recognizes that global consumption patterns are unsustainable and that consumers will need to change the way they choose, use and dispose of their products.
    Explanation
    The correct answer explains that sustainable consumption is about recognizing that current global consumption patterns are unsustainable and that consumers need to change their behavior in terms of how they choose, use, and dispose of products. This definition emphasizes the need for a shift in consumer mindset and actions in order to address the environmental and social challenges associated with consumption.

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  • 26. 

    Select the best definition for Life Cycle Assessment (LCA)

    • A.

      Recognizes that global consumption patterns are unsustainable and that consumers will need to change the way they choose, use and dispose of their products.

    • B.

      A technique to assess environmental impacts associated with all the stages of a product's life from-cradle-to-grave.

    • C.

      Profitable core business activities that tangibly expand opportunities for the low income and disadvantaged.

    • D.

      An environmental policy for which a producer’s responsibility is extended to the post-consumer stage of the life cycle “Polluter Pays” principle.

    Correct Answer
    B. A technique to assess environmental impacts associated with all the stages of a product's life from-cradle-to-grave.
    Explanation
    Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a technique used to evaluate the environmental impacts of a product throughout its entire life cycle, from the extraction of raw materials to the disposal of the product. It takes into account all stages, including production, transportation, use, and end-of-life. LCA helps identify areas where environmental improvements can be made and enables companies to make informed decisions to reduce their environmental footprint. This definition accurately describes the purpose and scope of LCA, making it the best choice among the given options.

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  • 27. 

    Select the best definition for Fair Trade

    • A.

      Recognizes that global consumption patterns are unsustainable and that consumers will need to change the way they choose, use and dispose of their products.

    • B.

      A technique to assess environmental impacts associated with all the stages of a product's life from-cradle-to-grave.

    • C.

      A trading partnership, based on dialogue, transparency, and respect, that seeks greater equity and contributes to sustainable development.

    • D.

      Profitable core business activities that tangibly expand opportunities for the low income and disadvantaged.

    Correct Answer
    C. A trading partnership, based on dialogue, transparency, and respect, that seeks greater equity and contributes to sustainable development.
    Explanation
    Fair Trade is defined as a trading partnership that promotes dialogue, transparency, and respect between producers and consumers. It aims to create greater equity in trade and contribute to sustainable development. This definition highlights the importance of fair and ethical practices in global trade, acknowledging the need for a more balanced and sustainable approach to consumption and production. By prioritizing dialogue and transparency, Fair Trade seeks to create a mutually beneficial relationship between producers and consumers, ensuring fair wages and working conditions for producers while also promoting sustainable development.

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  • 28. 

    Select the best definition for Biodiversity

    • A.

      Recognizes that global consumption patterns are unsustainable and that consumers will need to change the way they choose, use and dispose of their products.

    • B.

      A technique to assess environmental impacts associated with all the stages of a product's life from-cradle-to-grave.

    • C.

      The variety of all forms of life, from genes to species, through to the broad scale of ecosystems.

    • D.

      Profitable core business activities that tangibly expand opportunities for the low income and disadvantaged.

    Correct Answer
    C. The variety of all forms of life, from genes to species, through to the broad scale of ecosystems.

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