Cosmetology: Nail Exam Quiz! Trivia

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Cosmetology: Nail Exam Quiz! Trivia - Quiz


What do you know about the care of nails in cosmetology? Do you think you are prepared for the exam? This quiz will be helpful in your studying. Getting your nails done professionally is suitable for your confidence. Whether you use gels or acrylic, long nails look professional and well put together. There is nothing classier than a lovely French manicure. This quiz will help you with your cosmetology nail exam. Good luck.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Improperly sanitized pedicure basins may cause:

    • A.

      Onychorrhexis

    • B.

      Leuconychia

    • C.

      Nevus

    • D.

      Tinea pedis

    Correct Answer
    D. Tinea pedis
    Explanation
    Improperly sanitized pedicure basins may cause tinea pedis, also known as athlete's foot. Tinea pedis is a fungal infection that affects the skin on the feet, causing itching, redness, and peeling. It is commonly spread in warm and moist environments like pedicure basins where fungi can thrive. Regular cleaning and disinfection of pedicure basins are essential to prevent the spread of tinea pedis and other fungal infections.

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  • 2. 

    Which one of the following should be the last step in fiberglass application?

    • A.

      Filing

    • B.

      Etching

    • C.

      Nipping

    • D.

      Buffing

    Correct Answer
    D. Buffing
    Explanation
    Buffing should be the last step in fiberglass application because it helps to smooth out any imperfections and create a polished finish. It involves using a buffing wheel or pad with a polishing compound to remove any remaining scratches or blemishes on the surface of the fiberglass. This final step enhances the overall appearance and ensures a professional-looking result. Filing, etching, and nipping are typically done earlier in the process to shape and prepare the fiberglass before buffing.

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  • 3. 

    What is the appearance of contaminated primer?

    • A.

      Violet

    • B.

      Amber

    • C.

      Clear

    • D.

      Cloudy

    Correct Answer
    D. Cloudy
    Explanation
    Contaminated primer appears cloudy.

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  • 4. 

    Careless filing an beviling of the fingernails may cause nails to:

    • A.

      Split

    • B.

      Grow slowly

    • C.

      Grow quickly

    • D.

      Become brittle

    Correct Answer
    D. Become brittle
    Explanation
    Careless filing and beviling of the fingernails can cause the nails to become brittle. This is because when the nails are filed in an incorrect manner or too aggressively, it can weaken the structure of the nails, making them more prone to breakage and brittleness. Proper filing techniques and gentle care are important to maintain healthy and strong nails.

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  • 5. 

    Which medical problem would prevent a massage from being performed during a manicure?

    • A.

      Albinism

    • B.

      Chloasma

    • C.

      A heart condition

    • D.

      A thyroid condition

    Correct Answer
    D. A thyroid condition
    Explanation
    A thyroid condition can prevent a massage from being performed during a manicure. The thyroid gland plays a crucial role in regulating metabolism, energy levels, and overall well-being. Certain thyroid conditions, such as hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, can cause sensitivity to touch, muscle weakness, or discomfort. These symptoms may make it uncomfortable or even harmful to receive a massage, as the pressure and manipulation of the muscles could exacerbate the symptoms or cause further discomfort. Therefore, individuals with a thyroid condition may need to avoid massages during a manicure to ensure their safety and well-being.

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  • 6. 

    What is the purpose of a paper wrap?

    • A.

      Fill-in bases

    • B.

      Tip overlays

    • C.

      Mail extensions

    • D.

      Quick repairs on natural nails

    Correct Answer
    D. Quick repairs on natural nails
    Explanation
    A paper wrap is used for quick repairs on natural nails. When a natural nail breaks or splits, a paper wrap can be applied to provide support and reinforcement, allowing the nail to grow out without further damage. The paper wrap is typically applied with adhesive and then sealed with a layer of nail polish or gel. This technique is commonly used in nail salons to fix minor nail issues and prevent further breakage.

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  • 7. 

    When clean the nail during a manicure, brush strokes should be directed:

    • A.

      Upward

    • B.

      Circular

    • C.

      Downward

    • D.

      Sideways

    Correct Answer
    A. Upward
    Explanation
    During a manicure, it is important to clean the nail properly. Brush strokes should be directed upward because this motion helps to remove dirt, debris, and any excess product from the nail surface. It also helps to prevent any damage or lifting of the nail polish or other nail enhancements. By brushing upward, the brush can effectively lift and remove any impurities, ensuring a clean and smooth nail surface for further treatment or application of nail products.

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  • 8. 

    Some no-light gels may be cured by:

    • A.

      Spraying with an activator

    • B.

      Exposure to UV light

    • C.

      Soaking in acetone

    • D.

      Applying nail polish

    Correct Answer
    A. Spraying with an activator
    Explanation
    Some no-light gels can be cured by spraying them with an activator. This activator helps to initiate the curing process, allowing the gel to harden and set. Unlike other methods such as exposure to UV light or soaking in acetone, spraying with an activator provides a quick and efficient way to cure the gel without the need for additional equipment or chemicals. Applying nail polish is not a method of curing the gel, so it is not the correct answer.

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  • 9. 

    Nail forms should be used when applying:

    • A.

      Nail tips

    • B.

      Acrylic nails

    • C.

      Mending tissue

    • D.

      Acrylic over nail tips

    Correct Answer
    B. Acrylic nails
    Explanation
    Nail forms should be used when applying "acrylic nails" or "acrylic over nail tips." Nail forms are a tool used to create an extension of the natural nail, and they provide a base for the application of acrylic or other nail enhancement materials. This helps in achieving the desired nail shape and length. Nail forms are not typically used when applying nail tips or mending tissue, as these methods involve different techniques for nail enhancement or repair.

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  • 10. 

    What is study of healthy skin and skin disorders called?

    • A.

      Oncology

    • B.

      Dermatology

    • C.

      Neurology

    • D.

      Histology

    Correct Answer
    B. Dermatology
    Explanation
    Dermatology is the study of healthy skin and skin disorders. It focuses on the diagnosis and treatment of conditions affecting the skin, hair, and nails. Dermatologists are medical professionals who specialize in this field and are trained to identify and manage various skin conditions, such as acne, eczema, psoriasis, and skin cancer. They also perform procedures like biopsies, mole removals, and cosmetic treatments. Oncology, neurology, and histology are unrelated to the study of skin and skin disorders.

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  • 11. 

    What stops the growth of microorganisms on non-living surfaces?

    • A.

      Dry sanitizes

    • B.

      Disinfectants

    • C.

      Antiseptics

    • D.

      Antibiotics

    Correct Answer
    B. Disinfectants
    Explanation
    The growth of microorganisms on non-living surfaces can be inhibited or stopped by using disinfectants. It kills or inhibits the growth of bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms, helping to maintain a sanitary environment.

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  • 12. 

    When applying polish, which one of the following can be used to correct a smudge before applying more polish:

    • A.

      Alcohol

    • B.

      Cuticle oil

    • C.

      Polish remover

    • D.

      Primer

    Correct Answer
    C. Polish remover
    Explanation
    Polish remover can be used to correct a smudge before applying more polish because it helps to dissolve and remove the existing polish, allowing for a clean surface to reapply the polish. Alcohol may not be as effective in removing the polish, while cuticle oil and primer are not designed for this purpose.

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  • 13. 

    Alcohol, quats, and phenols are known as:

    • A.

      Physical agents

    • B.

      Ultraviolet rays

    • C.

      Chemical agents

    • D.

      Moist heat

    Correct Answer
    C. Chemical agents
  • 14. 

    What is the function of the adductor muscles?

    • A.

      Seperate the fingers

    • B.

      Draw the fingers together

    • C.

      Bend the thumb

    • D.

      Extend the arm

    Correct Answer
    B. Draw the fingers together
    Explanation
    The adductor muscles are responsible for drawing the fingers together. These muscles are located in the hand and are responsible for controlling the movement of the fingers towards the midline of the hand. When these muscles contract, they bring the fingers closer together, allowing for actions such as gripping or holding objects.

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  • 15. 

    What can be used by the nail technician to strengthen weak natural nails?

    • A.

      Fabric wrap

    • B.

      Nail primer

    • C.

      Acetone

    • D.

      Acrylic liquid

    Correct Answer
    A. Fabric wrap
    Explanation
    Fabric wrap can be used by a nail technician to strengthen weak natural nails. Fabric wraps are made of silk or fiberglass and are used to reinforce and support the natural nail. They provide added strength and durability to weak nails, preventing them from breaking or splitting. Nail primer is used to improve adhesion between the natural nail and artificial enhancements, while acetone is a solvent used for removing nail polish and acrylic liquid is used for creating artificial nail extensions.

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  • 16. 

    What is another name for monomer used in the application of acrylic nails?

    • A.

      Powder

    • B.

      Cream

    • C.

      Paste

    • D.

      Liquid

    Correct Answer
    D. Liquid
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "liquid" because in the application of acrylic nails, the monomer is a liquid substance that is mixed with a powder to create the acrylic material. The liquid monomer and powder are combined to form a paste-like consistency that can be applied to the nails and then shaped and hardened. Therefore, "liquid" is the correct term for the monomer used in acrylic nail application.

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  • 17. 

    Effleurage druing a pedicure is:

    • A.

      Pressure applied with a fist

    • B.

      Smooth, continuous strokes

    • C.

      Kneading upward and downward

    • D.

      Lightly tapping the foot

    Correct Answer
    B. Smooth, continuous strokes
    Explanation
    Effleurage during a pedicure is the technique of using smooth, continuous strokes. This involves gently gliding the hands or fingers over the skin of the foot in a fluid and uninterrupted motion. It is a common and relaxing technique used in pedicures to help improve circulation, promote relaxation, and enhance the overall experience for the client.

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  • 18. 

    What type of polish remover should be used if the client is wearing nail wraps?

    • A.

      Acrylic solvent

    • B.

      Acetone polish remover

    • C.

      Callus solvent

    • D.

      Non-acetone remover

    Correct Answer
    D. Non-acetone remover
    Explanation
    Nail wraps are typically made of a material called silk or fiberglass, which can be damaged by acetone. Therefore, using a non-acetone remover is recommended to safely remove the polish without causing any harm to the nail wraps.

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  • 19. 

    When applying acrylic over bitten nails, which one of the following should not be done?

    • A.

      Build and extend acrylic to finger tip

    • B.

      Start acrylic application just below tip of bitten nail

    • C.

      Apply primer to exposed skin

    • D.

      Extend nail plate by applying small amount of acrylic to bitten end of nail bed

    Correct Answer
    C. Apply primer to exposed skin
    Explanation
    When applying acrylic over bitten nails, it is important not to apply primer to exposed skin. Primer is typically applied to the natural nail plate to promote adhesion of the acrylic, but it should not be applied to the surrounding skin as it can cause irritation and discomfort.

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  • 20. 

    If a client has swelling of the nail, which one of the following conditions is present?

    • A.

      Onychohelcosis

    • B.

      Onychophyma

    • C.

      Leuconychia

    • D.

      Paronychia

    Correct Answer
    A. Onychohelcosis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is onychohelcosis. Onychohelcosis refers to the swelling of the nail. It is a condition characterized by the thickening and discoloration of the nail plate, often caused by a fungal infection. This condition can cause pain, discomfort, and changes in the appearance of the affected nail. Onychophyma refers to the thickening and enlargement of the nail, leuconychia refers to white discoloration of the nail, and paronychia refers to an infection of the skin around the nail.

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  • 21. 

    In which one of the follwoing conditions do bacteria grow and multiply best?

    • A.

      Warm

    • B.

      Cold and light

    • C.

      Cool and dry

    • D.

      Warm and light

    Correct Answer
    A. Warm
    Explanation
    Bacteria grow and multiply best in warm conditions because higher temperatures provide an optimal environment for their metabolic processes. Warmth increases the rate of enzymatic reactions and allows bacteria to reproduce more rapidly. This is why warm environments, such as the human body or warm food, are ideal breeding grounds for bacteria.

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  • 22. 

    Which one of the following results in poor adhesion of polish?

    • A.

      Improper beveling of the free edge

    • B.

      Oil traces on the nail plate

    • C.

      Split cuticles

    • D.

      Leuconychia

    Correct Answer
    B. Oil traces on the nail plate
    Explanation
    Oil traces on the nail plate can result in poor adhesion of polish because oil creates a barrier between the nail plate and the polish, preventing it from adhering properly. The oil can also cause the polish to chip or peel off more easily. To ensure good adhesion, it is important to thoroughly clean and dry the nail plate before applying polish.

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  • 23. 

    Which one of the following is not a function of a muscle?

    • A.

      Movement

    • B.

      Shape

    • C.

      Support

    • D.

      Secretion

    Correct Answer
    D. Secretion
    Explanation
    Muscles are responsible for movement, maintaining body shape, and providing support to the body. However, secretion is not a function of muscles. Muscles do not produce or secrete any substances. Instead, secretion is typically associated with glands, which are specialized organs responsible for producing and releasing specific substances such as hormones, enzymes, or sweat.

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  • 24. 

    Where should disinfected manicure implements be stored?

    • A.

      In a supply closet

    • B.

      In a open cabinet

    • C.

      In a wet sanitizer

    • D.

      In a closed dry sanitizer

    Correct Answer
    D. In a closed dry sanitizer
    Explanation
    Disinfected manicure implements should be stored in a closed dry sanitizer to maintain their cleanliness and prevent contamination. Storing them in a closed container ensures that they are protected from dust, debris, and any potential sources of contamination. Additionally, keeping them in a dry sanitizer helps to maintain their sterility and prevents the growth of bacteria or other harmful microorganisms.

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  • 25. 

    The vascular system is also known as the:

    • A.

      Muscular system

    • B.

      Nervous system

    • C.

      Circulatory system

    • D.

      Skeletal system

    Correct Answer
    C. Circulatory system
    Explanation
    The vascular system refers to the network of blood vessels that transport blood throughout the body. It includes arteries, veins, and capillaries. The circulatory system, on the other hand, encompasses the entire process of blood circulation, including the heart, blood vessels, and blood itself. Therefore, the circulatory system is the correct answer as it accurately describes the vascular system and its function.

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  • 26. 

    When polymer is mixed with monomer and shaped, the result is:

    • A.

      An acrylic nail

    • B.

      A clear nail varnish

    • C.

      A fiberglass nail

    • D.

      A linen nail

    Correct Answer
    A. An acrylic nail
    Explanation
    When a polymer is mixed with a monomer and shaped, it forms an acrylic nail. Acrylic nails are artificial nails that are made by combining a liquid monomer with a powdered polymer. The mixture is then shaped onto the natural nail and allowed to harden. This process creates a durable and long-lasting nail extension that can be customized in terms of length, shape, and color. Acrylic nails are popular in the beauty industry for their strength and versatility.

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  • 27. 

    How should the technician reduce furrows in the nail plate?

    • A.

      File into nail corners

    • B.

      Suggest conditioning manicures

    • C.

      Buff nails lightly

    • D.

      Apply dark nail enamel

    Correct Answer
    C. Buff nails lightly
    Explanation
    Buffing the nails lightly can help reduce furrows in the nail plate. This process involves using a nail buffer to gently smooth out any ridges or unevenness on the surface of the nails. By buffing the nails, the technician can create a smoother and more even nail plate, reducing the appearance of furrows. This technique is a non-invasive and effective way to improve the overall appearance of the nails without causing any damage. It is important to note that excessive buffing can weaken the nails, so it should be done with caution and not too frequently.

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  • 28. 

    When applying acrylic nails, what will help the acrylic adhere to the natural nail?

    • A.

      Monomer

    • B.

      Catalyst

    • C.

      Primer

    • D.

      Lotion

    Correct Answer
    C. Primer
    Explanation
    A primer is used when applying acrylic nails to help the acrylic adhere to the natural nail. It creates a sticky surface that allows the acrylic to bond securely, ensuring that the nails stay in place for a longer period of time. Without a primer, the acrylic may not adhere properly to the natural nail, leading to lifting or chipping of the nails. Therefore, using a primer is essential in order to achieve a strong and long-lasting bond between the acrylic and natural nail.

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  • 29. 

    What is the main purpose of soap bath?

    • A.

      Shines the nails

    • B.

      Softens the cuticles

    • C.

      Shapes the nails

    • D.

      Removes the polish

    Correct Answer
    B. Softens the cuticles
    Explanation
    Soap bath is primarily used to soften the cuticles. Cuticles are the thin layer of skin at the base of the nails, and they can become dry and hardened over time. By soaking the hands or feet in a soap bath, the cuticles are moisturized and softened, making it easier to push them back or remove them gently. This helps in maintaining healthy and neat nails. Shining, shaping, and removing polish are not the main purposes of a soap bath.

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  • 30. 

    Where is the hyponychium found?

    • A.

      Under the free edge

    • B.

      At the cuticle

    • C.

      In the matrix

    • D.

      On the sidewalls

    Correct Answer
    A. Under the free edge
    Explanation
    The hyponychium is found under the free edge of the nail. This refers to the area where the nail extends beyond the fingertip. The hyponychium is a thickened layer of skin that helps to seal and protect the nail bed. It acts as a barrier between the nail and the underlying tissue, preventing debris and bacteria from entering.

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  • 31. 

    Which one of the following is used to remove nail stains?

    • A.

      Soap

    • B.

      Alcohol

    • C.

      Detergent

    • D.

      Hydrogen peroxide

    Correct Answer
    D. Hydrogen peroxide
    Explanation
    Hydrogen peroxide is used to remove nail stains because it is a powerful oxidizing agent. It can break down the chemical bonds of the stain molecules, making them easier to remove. Additionally, hydrogen peroxide has bleaching properties, which can help to lighten any discoloration caused by the stain.

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  • 32. 

    To eliminate trapping air bubbles in the adhesive, the adhesive should be applied to the:

    • A.

      Well of the tip

    • B.

      Seam of the tip

    • C.

      Back of the natural nail

    • D.

      Sides of the natural nail

    Correct Answer
    A. Well of the tip
    Explanation
    To eliminate trapping air bubbles in the adhesive, it is important to apply the adhesive to the well of the tip. The well of the tip is the concave area on the underside of the artificial nail tip that fits over the natural nail. By applying the adhesive in this area, it ensures that there are no air pockets or bubbles when the tip is applied to the natural nail. This helps to create a secure and long-lasting bond between the artificial tip and the natural nail.

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  • 33. 

    What is the techical term for the nail?

    • A.

      Onyx

    • B.

      Tinea

    • C.

      Onychia

    • D.

      Paronychia

    Correct Answer
    A. Onyx
    Explanation
    The technical term for the nail is "onyx".

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  • 34. 

    What must the manicurist not do when massaging arthritic hands?

    • A.

      Vigorous massage of joints

    • B.

      Circular movement in palm

    • C.

      Effleurage strokes on back of hand

    • D.

      Firm stroking of the fingers

    Correct Answer
    A. Vigorous massage of joints
    Explanation
    When massaging arthritic hands, the manicurist must not perform a vigorous massage of the joints. This is because vigorous massage can potentially worsen the pain and discomfort associated with arthritis. Instead, they should focus on gentle techniques such as circular movements in the palm, effleurage strokes on the back of the hand, and firm stroking of the fingers to provide relief and relaxation without causing any harm or discomfort.

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  • 35. 

    What should be used to remove product from a jar?

    • A.

      Spatula

    • B.

      Fingertip

    • C.

      End of a towel

    • D.

      Mail brush

    Correct Answer
    A. Spatula
    Explanation
    A spatula should be used to remove product from a jar because it is a flat, thin tool with a broad and flexible blade. This makes it ideal for scraping the sides and bottom of the jar, ensuring that all the product is effectively removed. Fingertips may not be hygienic and could introduce bacteria into the jar. The end of a towel may not be thin or flexible enough to effectively remove product. A mail brush is not suitable for this task.

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  • 36. 

    Which one of the following protects nail polish from chipping?

    • A.

      Top coat

    • B.

      Dry nail polish

    • C.

      Cuticle oil

    • D.

      Nail conditioner

    Correct Answer
    A. Top coat
    Explanation
    A top coat is a clear polish that is applied over nail polish to protect it from chipping. It forms a hard, durable layer on top of the nail polish, providing a barrier that helps to prevent it from peeling or cracking. The top coat also adds shine to the nails and helps the nail polish to last longer. By applying a top coat, the nail polish is sealed and protected, ensuring that it stays intact and chip-free for a longer period of time.

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  • 37. 

    How does the nail technician dispose of used monomer?

    • A.

      Return to original container

    • B.

      Pour onto absorbent material and bag

    • C.

      Flush down drain with warm water

    • D.

      Pour into a trash receptacle

    Correct Answer
    B. Pour onto absorbent material and bag
    Explanation
    The correct answer is to pour the used monomer onto absorbent material and bag it. This is the appropriate way to dispose of used monomer as it helps to prevent any potential harm to the environment. Absorbent material helps to soak up the liquid, making it easier and safer to handle, while bagging it ensures that it is properly contained and can be disposed of in a responsible manner. Flushing it down the drain or pouring it into a trash receptacle can lead to pollution and contamination.

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  • 38. 

    To avoid ingrown toenails, it is best to file the nails in which of the following manners?

    • A.

      Rounded, starting at the corners

    • B.

      Pointed, starting at the nail fold

    • C.

      Straight across, rounding slightly at corners

    • D.

      In an oval shape, starting at the nail fold

    Correct Answer
    C. Straight across, rounding slightly at corners
    Explanation
    To avoid ingrown toenails, it is best to file the nails straight across, rounding slightly at the corners. This method helps prevent the nails from growing into the skin on the sides of the toe, reducing the risk of ingrown toenails. Filing the nails in a rounded or oval shape can increase the chances of the nails growing into the skin, leading to ingrown toenails.

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  • 39. 

    Which one of the following is an example of sanitizing?

    • A.

      Boiling toenail separators

    • B.

      Applying disinfectant to a cut

    • C.

      Washing hands with soap and water

    • D.

      Immersing an orangewood stick in a germicide

    Correct Answer
    C. Washing hands with soap and water
    Explanation
    Sanitizing refers to the process of reducing the number of germs on a surface or object to a safe level. Among the given options, washing hands with soap and water is the best example of sanitizing. This is because soap and water help to remove dirt, bacteria, and viruses from the hands, effectively reducing the risk of spreading infections. Boiling toenail separators, applying disinfectant to a cut, and immersing an orangewood stick in a germicide are all examples of disinfecting or sterilizing, which involve killing or eliminating germs rather than simply reducing their numbers.

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  • 40. 

    Which one of the following will help soften the skin around the nails?

    • A.

      Acetone

    • B.

      Cuticle oil

    • C.

      Pumice powder

    • D.

      Cuticle remover

    Correct Answer
    B. Cuticle oil
    Explanation
    Cuticle oil is the correct answer because it is specifically designed to soften and moisturize the skin around the nails. It contains nourishing ingredients such as vitamins and oils that penetrate the skin, hydrating and softening the cuticles. Regular use of cuticle oil helps to prevent dryness, cracking, and peeling of the skin around the nails, promoting healthier and softer cuticles. Acetone, pumice powder, and cuticle remover are not intended for softening the skin around the nails, but rather for other purposes such as removing nail polish or dead skin.

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  • 41. 

    What is melanin?

    • A.

      Sweat pore

    • B.

      Blackhead

    • C.

      Color pigment

    • D.

      Collagen

    Correct Answer
    C. Color pigment
    Explanation
    Melanin is a color pigment. It is responsible for the color of our skin, hair, and eyes. Melanin is produced by specialized cells called melanocytes, which are located in the skin, hair follicles, and iris of the eye. The amount and type of melanin determine the specific coloration of these body parts. Melanin also plays a crucial role in protecting the skin from the harmful effects of the sun's ultraviolet (UV) radiation by absorbing and dispersing the UV rays.

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  • 42. 

    Which one of the following is not a type of nail form?

    • A.

      Wood

    • B.

      Paper

    • C.

      Metal

    • D.

      Plastic

    Correct Answer
    C. Metal
    Explanation
    Metal is not a type of nail form. Nail forms are typically made of materials such as wood, paper, or plastic. Metal is not commonly used as a material for nail forms because it is not flexible enough to conform to the shape of the nail and can be uncomfortable for the client.

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  • 43. 

    What should be done with paper wraps at every manicure?

    • A.

      Filled in

    • B.

      Repolished

    • C.

      Reinforced with silk

    • D.

      Replaced

    Correct Answer
    D. Replaced
    Explanation
    The paper wraps used during a manicure should be replaced. Paper wraps are typically used to strengthen and protect the nails, but they can become worn out or damaged over time. To maintain the effectiveness of the wraps, it is important to replace them regularly. This ensures that the nails continue to receive the necessary support and protection during the manicure process.

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  • 44. 

    A client with a disease of the fingernails should be referred to a:

    • A.

      Physician

    • B.

      Manicurist

    • C.

      Cosmetologist

    • D.

      Desairologist

    Correct Answer
    A. Physician
    Explanation
    A client with a disease of the fingernails should be referred to a physician because they are medical professionals trained to diagnose and treat various diseases and conditions, including those affecting the nails. A physician will have the knowledge and expertise to properly assess the client's condition, provide a correct diagnosis, and recommend appropriate treatment options. Manicurists, cosmetologists, and desairologists do not have the medical training necessary to address diseases of the fingernails.

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  • 45. 

    All of the following are benefits of a hand and arm massage Except:

    • A.

      It relaxes the client

    • B.

      It decreases nail growth

    • C.

      It increases blood circulation

    • D.

      It softens the skin

    Correct Answer
    B. It decreases nail growth
    Explanation
    A hand and arm massage has various benefits, including relaxation, increased blood circulation, and softened skin. However, it does not have any direct impact on nail growth. Nail growth is primarily determined by factors such as genetics, overall health, and nutrition. Therefore, a hand and arm massage would not be expected to decrease nail growth.

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  • 46. 

    Hangnails may be caused by a dryness of the:

    • A.

      Dermis

    • B.

      Lunula

    • C.

      Cuticle

    • D.

      Nail bed

    Correct Answer
    C. Cuticle
    Explanation
    Hangnails are small, painful tears in the skin around the nails. They are often caused by dryness and lack of moisture in the cuticle, the thin layer of skin that surrounds the nail. When the cuticle becomes dry, it can crack and peel, leading to the formation of hangnails. Therefore, the correct answer is cuticle.

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  • 47. 

    Why is smoking prohibited during the application of artification nails?

    • A.

      Products may cause fire

    • B.

      Products will break down with heat

    • C.

      Smoke may cause product to crystallize

    • D.

      Smoke slows adhesion of product

    Correct Answer
    A. Products may cause fire
    Explanation
    Smoking is prohibited during the application of artificial nails because the products used in the process may cause fire. Smoking involves the use of a lit cigarette or other smoking materials, which can pose a fire hazard when in contact with flammable substances or chemicals present in the nail products. To ensure safety and prevent any accidents or mishaps, it is important to avoid smoking in areas where flammable materials are being used or stored.

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  • 48. 

    Which muscle is used to bend the wrist, draw the hand upward, and close the fingers toward the forearm?

    • A.

      Pronator

    • B.

      Supinator

    • C.

      Flexor

    • D.

      Extensor

    Correct Answer
    C. Flexor
    Explanation
    The flexor muscle is responsible for bending the wrist, drawing the hand upward, and closing the fingers toward the forearm. This muscle contracts to create these movements by pulling on the tendons that connect to the wrist, hand, and fingers. The flexor muscle is located on the anterior side of the forearm and is responsible for flexion of the wrist and fingers.

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  • 49. 

    Nails are appendages of the:

    • A.

      Hair

    • B.

      Skin

    • C.

      Oil glands

    • D.

      Sweat glands

    Correct Answer
    B. Skin
    Explanation
    Nails are appendages of the skin. They are made up of a protein called keratin, which is also found in the skin. Nails grow from the nail matrix, which is located at the base of the nail under the skin. The nail plate, the visible part of the nail, is formed as the cells in the matrix multiply and harden. Therefore, nails are considered to be a part of the skin's structure and are closely connected to it.

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  • 50. 

    Onychocryptosis is defined as:

    • A.

      The wasting away of the nail

    • B.

      An overgrowth of nails

    • C.

      A swelling of the nail

    • D.

      An ingrown nail

    Correct Answer
    D. An ingrown nail
    Explanation
    Onychocryptosis is defined as an ingrown nail. This condition occurs when the edge or corner of the nail grows into the surrounding skin, causing pain, inflammation, and sometimes infection. It is a common condition that can be caused by improper nail trimming, tight-fitting shoes, injury to the nail, or genetic factors. Treatment options for onychocryptosis include soaking the affected area in warm water, wearing open-toed shoes, using over-the-counter medications, and in severe cases, surgical intervention may be required to remove the ingrown portion of the nail.

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