Miladys Standard Cosmetology - Chapter 8

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 3428

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Milady Cosmetology State Board Quizzes & Trivia

Nail structure and growth


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    The hard protective plate found at the ends of fingers and toes are   
    • A. 

      Nail grooves

    • B. 

      Natural nails

    • C. 

      Nail ends

    • D. 

      Mantles

  • 2. 
    The area under a healthy nail plate should appear 
    • A. 

      Bluish

    • B. 

      Redish

    • C. 

      Pinkish

    • D. 

      Brownish

  • 3. 
    A nail protein that is found in natural nails is 
    • A. 

      Water

    • B. 

      Keratin

    • C. 

      Cuticle

    • D. 

      Melanin

  • 4. 
    Nails are an appendage of the skin and are part of what body system 
    • A. 

      Digestive system

    • B. 

      Respiratory system

    • C. 

      Nervous system

    • D. 

      Integumentary system

  • 5. 
    A healthy nail is smooth shiny and 
    • A. 

      Dark grey

    • B. 

      Translucent gray

    • C. 

      Bluish

    • D. 

      Translucent

  • 6. 
    The portion of the living skin on which the nail plate sits is the 
    • A. 

      Nail bed

    • B. 

      Cuticle

    • C. 

      Nail fold

    • D. 

      Ligament

  • 7. 
    The nail bed is attached to the nail plate by a thin layer of tissue called the 
    • A. 

      Natural edge

    • B. 

      Free edge

    • C. 

      Bed epitheluim

    • D. 

      Nil groove

  • 8. 
    Nails cells are formed in what part of the nail structure   
    • A. 

      Matrix

    • B. 

      Mantle

    • C. 

      Cuticle

    • D. 

      Muscles

  • 9. 
    The nail plate is guided and helped along during its growth by a thin layer of tissue called 
    • A. 

      Matrix cells

    • B. 

      Bed epitheluim

    • C. 

      Nail groove

    • D. 

      Nail enhancement

  • 10. 
    The matrix continues to create news cells provided that
    • A. 

      It is conditioned with regular manicures

    • B. 

      It receives nutrition and is kept healthy

    • C. 

      It is attached to the free edge

    • D. 

      It extends beyond the free edge

  • 11. 
    The visible part of the matrix that extends from underneath the living skin is the
    • A. 

      Cuticle

    • B. 

      Root

    • C. 

      Lunula

    • D. 

      Bulb

  • 12. 
    The most visible and funtional part of the nail module is the 
    • A. 

      Nail plate

    • B. 

      Free edge

    • C. 

      Cuticle

    • D. 

      Lunula

  • 13. 
    The nail plate is constructed of how many layers of nail cells 
    • A. 

      10

    • B. 

      20

    • C. 

      50

    • D. 

      100

  • 14. 
    The part of the nail plate that extends over the tip of the finger or toe is the 
    • A. 

      Free edge

    • B. 

      Manual edge

    • C. 

      Nail root

    • D. 

      Nail groove

  • 15. 
    The dead colorless tissue attached to the nail plate is 
    • A. 

      Groove

    • B. 

      Matrix

    • C. 

      Cuticle

    • D. 

      Eponychium

  • 16. 
    The living skin at the base of the nail plate covering the matrix area is the   
    • A. 

      Eponychium

    • B. 

      Hyonychium

    • C. 

      Cuticle

    • D. 

      Free edge

  • 17. 
    The slightly thickened layer of skin that lies underneath the free edge of the nail plate is the 
    • A. 

      Hyponychium

    • B. 

      Cuticle

    • C. 

      Eponychium

    • D. 

      Nail fold

  • 18. 
    Tough bands of fiberous tissues that connect bones are 
    • A. 

      Arteries

    • B. 

      Ligaments

    • C. 

      Tendons

    • D. 

      Mantle

  • 19. 
    The slits or furrows on the sides of the nail plate are 
    • A. 

      Artificial nails

    • B. 

      Natural nails

    • C. 

      Nail mantles

    • D. 

      Nail grooves

  • 20. 
    The length width and curvature of the nails are determined by the 
    • A. 

      Matrix shape

    • B. 

      Bed epitheluim

    • C. 

      Groove shape

    • D. 

      Furrow shape

  • 21. 
    In the normal adult the average rate of nail growth is about 
    • A. 

      1/16 inch per month

    • B. 

      1/4 in per month

    • C. 

      1 inch per year

    • D. 

      1/10 inch per month

  • 22. 
    A healthy natural nail will continue to grow provided there is no damage to the 
    • A. 

      Cuticle

    • B. 

      Groove

    • C. 

      Matrix

    • D. 

      Edge

  • 23. 
    Replacement of the natural fingernail usually takes about 
    • A. 

      6 to 12 months

    • B. 

      4 to 6 months

    • C. 

      4 to 8 weeks

    • D. 

      2 to 8 months

  • 24. 
    What fingernail grows the fastest 
    • A. 

      Middle finger

    • B. 

      Thumb

    • C. 

      Toenails

    • D. 

      Damaged nails

  • 25. 
    The nail has a water content between 
    • A. 

      10 and 15 percent

    • B. 

      1 and 5 percent

    • C. 

      20 and 45 percent

    • D. 

      15 and 25 percent

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