Third Nine Weeks Assessment 2018 #1

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Third Nine Weeks Assessment 2018 #1 - Quiz


What do you remember? ? ? ?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What fundamental political idea is expressed in the Declaration of Independence?

    • A.

      A government that denies its people certain basic rights can be overthrown

    • B.

      Government should guarantee its citizens economic security

    • C.

      The national and state governments should share power

    • D.

      Rulers from nations get power to rule from God and are have to govern in the best interest for all people

    Correct Answer
    A. A government that denies its people certain basic rights can be overthrown
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that a government that denies its people certain basic rights can be overthrown. This idea is expressed in the Declaration of Independence, which states that when a government becomes destructive to the rights of the people, it is the right of the people to alter or abolish it and to institute a new government that will protect their rights. This concept reflects the belief in the inherent rights and sovereignty of the people, and the idea that government exists to serve and protect the rights of its citizens.

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  • 2. 

    The concept of natural rights was included in the Declaration of Independence- influenced from John Locke.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the concept of natural rights, which are inherent and inalienable rights that every individual possesses, was indeed included in the Declaration of Independence. This concept was heavily influenced by the ideas of John Locke, an influential Enlightenment philosopher. Locke argued that individuals have natural rights to life, liberty, and property, and that these rights should be protected by the government. The Founding Fathers of the United States, including Thomas Jefferson who drafted the Declaration of Independence, drew inspiration from Locke's philosophy and incorporated the concept of natural rights into the document.

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  • 3. 

    Use the following quote to help you answer the question below: "It must be acknowledged that the term 'republic' is of a very vague application in every language... I would say purely and simply it means a government by its citizens in mass, acting directly and personally according to the rules of the majority."- Thomas Jefferson 1816 Which statement summarizes Jefferson's ideas about a republic form of government?

    • A.

      The power of govt. rests with the citizens

    • B.

      The power of the govt. rests with the leaders at the top of the govt.

    • C.

      Republicans are always in control

    • D.

      Republic forms of govt. have strict rules and laws that must be followed

    Correct Answer
    A. The power of govt. rests with the citizens
    Explanation
    According to Thomas Jefferson, a republic form of government means that the power of the government rests with the citizens. They are the ones who directly and personally act according to the majority's rules.

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  • 4. 

    "We the People of the United States, in Order to form a more perfect Union, establish Justice, insure domestic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general Welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the United States of America."The preamble to the US Constitution set forth what central idea about government in the US? 

    • A.

      The Constitution set up the idea of independence

    • B.

      The Constitution preamble was used by other key thinkers of the Renaissance

    • C.

      The Constitution gave all the power to the President

    • D.

      The Constitution set forth the functions and purpose of our US government

    Correct Answer
    D. The Constitution set forth the functions and purpose of our US government
    Explanation
    The preamble to the US Constitution sets forth the functions and purpose of the US government. It outlines the goals and objectives of the government, such as forming a more perfect union, establishing justice, ensuring domestic tranquility, providing for the common defense, promoting the general welfare, and securing the blessings of liberty. This preamble serves as an introduction to the Constitution and provides a guiding principle for the government's actions and policies.

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  • 5. 

    "We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable rights, that among these are Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of Happiness."This quote came from which document? 

    • A.

      American Independence

    • B.

      Declaration of Independence

    • C.

      Olive Branch Letter

    • D.

      Mayflower Compact

    Correct Answer
    B. Declaration of Independence
    Explanation
    The given quote is from the Declaration of Independence. The Declaration of Independence is a document that was adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4, 1776, declaring the thirteen American colonies to be independent from British rule. It is a foundational document of the United States, outlining the principles of equality and individual rights that the country was founded upon.

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  • 6. 

    Which of the following statements best explains the relationship between the Age of Exploration and the Renaissance?

    • A.

      The Renaissance helped to spur the Age of Exploration because of the technological innovations and renewed the spirit of investigation- learning more about the world around them

    • B.

      The Renaissance brought the Age of Exploration to an end by giving Europeans with more knowledge about nature

    • C.

      The Renaissance built upon the geographic and navigational discoveries made during the Age of Exploration

    • D.

      The Renaissance grew middle class society and gave people more room to roam about the world

    Correct Answer
    A. The Renaissance helped to spur the Age of Exploration because of the technological innovations and renewed the spirit of investigation- learning more about the world around them
    Explanation
    The Renaissance helped to spur the Age of Exploration because of the technological innovations and renewed the spirit of investigation- learning more about the world around them. During the Renaissance, there were significant advancements in shipbuilding, navigation, and cartography, which made long-distance travel and exploration more feasible. Additionally, the Renaissance fostered a curiosity and desire for knowledge, encouraging explorers to seek out new lands and expand their understanding of the world.

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  • 7. 

    How did Leonardo da Vinci incorporate the "Growth Mindset" into his life? 

    • A.

      Humans are fully capable of developing skills and talents in many areas

    • B.

      He worked on his investigation skills

    • C.

      He was an excellent artist

    • D.

      He lived a long and full life

    Correct Answer
    A. Humans are fully capable of developing skills and talents in many areas
    Explanation
    Leonardo da Vinci incorporated the "Growth Mindset" into his life by believing that humans are fully capable of developing skills and talents in many areas. This is evident in his relentless pursuit of knowledge and his diverse range of interests and talents. He constantly worked on improving his investigation skills, which allowed him to excel not only as an artist but also as a scientist, engineer, and inventor. His dedication to lifelong learning and his belief in the potential for growth and development are key aspects of the growth mindset.

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  • 8. 

    The Muslims brought cultural translations of the Greek and Roman texts - the "rebirth of learning" began in Europe.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because during the Islamic Golden Age, Muslim scholars translated and preserved many Greek and Roman texts, which were later reintroduced to Europe during the Renaissance. This reintroduction of classical knowledge had a significant impact on the intellectual and cultural development of Europe, leading to a "rebirth of learning."

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  • 9. 

    What innovation helped to spread the influence of Renaissance & the Reformation?

    • A.

      Printing press

    • B.

      Compass

    • C.

      Telegraph

    • D.

      Internal combustion engine

    Correct Answer
    A. Printing press
    Explanation
    The printing press was a significant innovation during the Renaissance and the Reformation that helped spread their influence. Before the printing press, books were handwritten and therefore expensive and time-consuming to produce. The printing press revolutionized the way information was disseminated by allowing for mass production of books. This made books more accessible and affordable, leading to a wider distribution of knowledge and ideas. The printing press played a crucial role in the spread of Renaissance art, literature, and scientific discoveries, as well as the dissemination of Reformation ideas and religious texts.

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  • 10. 

    What motivated Martin Luther to speak out against the Catholic Church?

    • A.

      The sell of indulgences were getting out of control and people were spending a large portion of salary on "buying" forgiveness

    • B.

      The printing press was out and he was angry that he was not promoted to become the Pope

    • C.

      The Catholic Church had moved him to be a priest in a smaller town, he was going to make less money

    • D.

      He wanted to create his own religion

    Correct Answer
    A. The sell of indulgences were getting out of control and people were spending a large portion of salary on "buying" forgiveness
    Explanation
    Martin Luther was motivated to speak out against the Catholic Church because he witnessed the sell of indulgences getting out of control. He observed that people were spending a significant portion of their salary on "buying" forgiveness, which went against his beliefs. This exploitation of the faithful led Luther to challenge the Church's practices and advocate for reform.

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  • 11. 

    The USA has this form of government today.

    • A.

      Dictatorship

    • B.

      Monarchy

    • C.

      Republic/representative democracy

    • D.

      Theocracy

    Correct Answer
    C. Republic/representative democracy
    Explanation
    The correct answer is republic/representative democracy. The United States of America has a republican form of government, where power is held by the people and their elected representatives. In a representative democracy, citizens vote for representatives who make decisions on their behalf. This form of government is characterized by the separation of powers, with a president as the head of state and a Congress that makes laws. The USA's government is not a dictatorship, monarchy, or theocracy, as it does not have a single ruler or a government based on religious principles.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following would be the greatest cause of death to Native Americans (indigenous peoples) during the Age of Exploration? 

    • A.

      Searching for new trade routes to Asia

    • B.

      Disease

    • C.

      Warfare

    • D.

      Slavery

    Correct Answer
    B. Disease
    Explanation
    During the Age of Exploration, the greatest cause of death to Native Americans was disease. When European explorers arrived in the Americas, they brought with them diseases such as smallpox, measles, and influenza, which the indigenous people had no immunity to. These diseases spread rapidly among Native American populations, causing widespread death and devastation. The lack of immunity and the high mortality rates from these diseases significantly impacted the Native American population, making disease the greatest cause of death during this time.

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  • 13. 

    Identify the postive impact of the Columbian Exchange.

    • A.

      Bird flu which spreads globally

    • B.

      Slavery

    • C.

      Crops and new foods are spread across the globe

    • D.

      Diseases spread rapidly like small pox

    Correct Answer
    C. Crops and new foods are spread across the globe
    Explanation
    The positive impact of the Columbian Exchange is that it led to the spread of crops and new foods across the globe. This exchange of plants and animals between the Eastern and Western Hemispheres resulted in the introduction of crops such as potatoes, tomatoes, corn, and tobacco to Europe, Asia, and Africa. This had a significant impact on agriculture and food production, leading to increased diversity and improved nutrition in various regions of the world.

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  • 14. 

    During the Enlightenment, we see a shift from monarchies across Europe to revolutions that developed other forms of governments.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During the Enlightenment, there was indeed a shift from monarchies to revolutions that led to the development of other forms of government in Europe. This period was characterized by a growing emphasis on reason, individual rights, and the power of the people. Philosophers like John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau advocated for the idea of popular sovereignty and the social contract, which challenged the absolute authority of monarchs. This ultimately fueled movements such as the American Revolution and the French Revolution, leading to the establishment of republics and constitutional monarchies.

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  • 15. 

    Read the following from Machiavelli’s The Prince:“…men are ungrateful, fickle, false, cowardly, covetous… Nevertheless a prince ought to inspire fear in such a waythat, if he does not win love, he avoids hatred; because he can endure very well being feared whilst he is not hated…”In his book, Niccolo Machiavelli describes people, the world, and how to obtain power. He does not portraythe world and people as they could be but simply as they are. This represents which concept?

    • A.

      Humanism

    • B.

      Traditionalism

    • C.

      Religion

    • D.

      Power

    Correct Answer
    A. Humanism
    Explanation
    The correct answer is humanism because Machiavelli's description of people as ungrateful, fickle, false, cowardly, and covetous reflects a realistic view of human nature. Humanism emphasizes the importance of understanding and accepting human nature as it is, rather than idealizing or romanticizing it. Machiavelli's focus on practicality and the use of power aligns with the principles of humanism, which values reason, logic, and a pragmatic approach to understanding and influencing human behavior.

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  • 16. 

    How did power and authority change during the Renaissance and Reformation Eras?

    • A.

      The Catholic Church became more powerful and controlled more aspects of life

    • B.

      The military gained total control of many of the lands in Europe and became the authority

    • C.

      The Catholic Church lost power over the people and the monarchs became more powerful

    • D.

      The serfs and peasants rose in revolt and gained power in many European countries

    Correct Answer
    C. The Catholic Church lost power over the people and the monarchs became more powerful
    Explanation
    During the Renaissance and Reformation Eras, the power and authority shifted as the Catholic Church lost its control over the people and the monarchs gained more power. This can be attributed to various factors such as the Protestant Reformation, which challenged the authority of the Church, and the rise of nation-states where monarchs sought to consolidate their power. As a result, the Church's influence decreased, and monarchs became the primary authority figures in many European countries.

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  • 17. 

    Martin Luther helped to begin unknowingly what key event?

    • A.

      Renaissance

    • B.

      Protestant Reformation

    • C.

      Age of Discovery

    • D.

      Enlightenment

    Correct Answer
    B. Protestant Reformation
    Explanation
    Martin Luther unintentionally sparked the Protestant Reformation. He was a German monk and theologian who criticized the Catholic Church's corrupt practices, particularly the selling of indulgences. Luther's famous "95 Theses" were published in 1517 and spread rapidly due to the invention of the printing press. His ideas gained traction and led to a widespread movement of religious reform, ultimately resulting in the establishment of Protestantism as a separate branch of Christianity. Therefore, Martin Luther's actions played a crucial role in initiating the Protestant Reformation.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following faiths do not belong with the Protestant religions that grew out of the Reformation?

    • A.

      Lutheran

    • B.

      Baptist

    • C.

      Methodist

    • D.

      Roman Catholic

    Correct Answer
    D. Roman Catholic
    Explanation
    The faith that does not belong with the Protestant religions that grew out of the Reformation is Roman Catholic. The Reformation was a movement in the 16th century that aimed to reform the Roman Catholic Church and led to the establishment of various Protestant denominations. Roman Catholicism, on the other hand, is a separate branch of Christianity that remained unchanged and did not undergo significant reforms during the Reformation.

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  • 19. 

    Who created the Church of England- Anglican Church? 

    • A.

      Machaivelli

    • B.

      Da Vinci

    • C.

      King Henry VIII

    • D.

      Charles V

    Correct Answer
    C. King Henry VIII
    Explanation
    King Henry VIII created the Church of England, also known as the Anglican Church. He established it in the 16th century as a result of his desire to divorce his first wife, Catherine of Aragon, and marry Anne Boleyn. When the Pope refused to grant him an annulment, Henry VIII took matters into his own hands and declared himself the head of the new church, thus breaking away from the authority of the Roman Catholic Church. This act of creating the Church of England marked the beginning of the English Reformation.

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  • 20. 

    American Revolution: "No taxation without representation" French Revolution: ________________________________

    • A.

      Reign of Terror

    • B.

      Liberty, Equality, Brotherhood

    • C.

      Freedom is here!

    • D.

      Opporunity for all- no more taxes!

    Correct Answer
    B. Liberty, Equality, Brotherhood
    Explanation
    The French Revolution can be characterized by the ideals of "Liberty, Equality, Brotherhood." Similar to the American Revolution's slogan of "No taxation without representation," the French Revolution aimed to fight against the oppressive monarchy and aristocracy, advocating for the principles of liberty, equality, and fraternity among the people. These ideals became the guiding principles of the French Revolution, shaping the goals and aspirations of the revolutionaries and leading to significant social and political changes in France.

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  • 21. 

    The Declaration of the Rights of Man, a document written during the French Revolution, described the basic human rights that all should be given. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The Declaration of the Rights of Man was indeed a document written during the French Revolution. It aimed to establish the fundamental rights and freedoms that all individuals should possess, regardless of their social status. This document played a significant role in shaping modern concepts of human rights and influenced subsequent declarations and constitutions worldwide. Therefore, the statement that the Declaration of the Rights of Man described the basic human rights that all should be given is true.

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  • 22. 

    The ideas of the Enlightenment were most strongly embraced by which of the following estate? 

    • A.

      First Estate

    • B.

      Second Estate

    • C.

      Third Estate

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Third Estate
    Explanation
    During the Enlightenment, the Third Estate, which consisted of the common people such as peasants, artisans, and merchants, embraced the ideas the most. The Enlightenment emphasized reason, individualism, and equality, which resonated with the Third Estate as they were often oppressed and marginalized by the First and Second Estates. The Third Estate sought social and political reforms, leading to the French Revolution, which was a result of their desire for change and equality.

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  • 23. 

    Life in the tenements could be best described as.... 

    • A.

      Overcrowded with several people living in one room

    • B.

      A new way of living in the city

    • C.

      Homes that were designed for comfort and luxury

    • D.

      Tenements were within walking distance to the textile mills

    Correct Answer
    A. Overcrowded with several people living in one room
    Explanation
    Life in the tenements could be best described as overcrowded with several people living in one room. Tenements were typically small, cramped apartments that housed multiple families or individuals. Due to limited space and high population density, it was common for several people to share a single room in these tenements. This overcrowding often led to poor living conditions, lack of privacy, and increased health risks.

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  • 24. 

    The Wealth of Nations by Adam Smith  "Some of the best English writers upon commerce (trade) set out with observing, that the wealth of a country consists, not in its gold and silver only, but in its lands, houses, and consumable goods of all different kinds. In the course of their reasonings, however, the lands, houses, and consumable goods seem to slip out of their memory, and the strain of their argument frequently supposes that all wealth consists in gold and silver, and that to multiply those metals is the great object of national industry and commerce." According to Adam Smith, some people forget what in determining the wealth of a nation? 

    • A.

      Wealth should just be gold and silver

    • B.

      Wealth should be only be in houses and gold

    • C.

      Wealth should be gold, silver and houses, land, and other consumable goods (things you purchase)

    • D.

      Wealth should be just what the national military acquires through power and money

    Correct Answer
    C. Wealth should be gold, silver and houses, land, and other consumable goods (things you purchase)
    Explanation
    According to Adam Smith, some people forget that in determining the wealth of a nation, it should not just be limited to gold and silver. Instead, wealth should include other assets such as houses, land, and consumable goods of all different kinds. While some writers initially acknowledge this, they tend to overlook these factors and focus solely on the accumulation of gold and silver. Smith argues that the true wealth of a country lies in a diverse range of assets, not just precious metals.

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  • 25. 

    Using the political cartoon, identify the statement that would best describe imperialism on the African continent. 

    • A.

      Imperialism had a positive impact upon the development of Africa

    • B.

      Imperialism had a lasting negative impact upon the African continent, even after the European powers left.

    • C.

      Imperialism did not impact the African continent.

    • D.

      Imperialism created a world of change for European nations.

    Correct Answer
    B. Imperialism had a lasting negative impact upon the African continent, even after the European powers left.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Imperialism had a lasting negative impact upon the African continent, even after the European powers left." This can be inferred from the political cartoon, which likely depicts the negative consequences of imperialism on Africa. The statement suggests that even after the European powers left, the negative impact of imperialism continued to affect Africa.

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  • 26. 

    What could be the best description of the political cartoon?

    • A.

      The British Empire was powerful and had an impact upon most parts of the globe

    • B.

      England was near the end of the empire during imperialist rule

    • C.

      England gave all nations independence during imperialism era

    • D.

      England had control of the entire globe, and was an all powerful nation-dictatorship

    Correct Answer
    A. The British Empire was powerful and had an impact upon most parts of the globe
    Explanation
    The political cartoon is best described as depicting the power and impact of the British Empire on various parts of the world. It suggests that the British Empire had a significant influence globally.

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  • 27. 

    England lost some of its oldest colonies after the American Revolution. After this loss, British leaders were interested in expanding their empire. They looked to Asia, Africa, and towards the Pacific in order to expand colonies. England also increased its empire after defeating Napoleonic France. How did England's desire to expand its empire affect the global economy?

    • A.

      England transformed the international arts by selling many plays and dramas about its dreams and hopes for the future

    • B.

      England achieved its global empire by becoming the leading exporter of finished goods worldwide

    • C.

      England exploited its own natural resources in order to win global competition for land on all continents

    • D.

      England colonized various territories and regions around the world

    Correct Answer
    D. England colonized various territories and regions around the world
    Explanation
    England's desire to expand its empire led to the colonization of various territories and regions around the world. This colonization allowed England to establish control over valuable resources and establish trade routes, which had a significant impact on the global economy. England became a dominant player in global trade, exporting goods and establishing economic dominance in the colonies. This expansion also led to the displacement and exploitation of indigenous populations, further shaping the global economy through forced labor and resource extraction.

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  • 28. 

    Use the following quote in order to answer the question below ...."reason, which is that law teaches all mankind, who would but consult it, that being all equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, or possessions. - John Locke 1689 (Second Treatise on Civil Government  Which concept of the Enlightenment would the quote above most likely give support to?

    • A.

      Truth can be discovered through reasoning and logic

    • B.

      Humankind can and should improve over time

    • C.

      People have a right to equality and freedom

    • D.

      What is natural should also be reasonable

    Correct Answer
    C. People have a right to equality and freedom
    Explanation
    The quote by John Locke emphasizes the idea that all individuals are equal and independent, and therefore, no one should harm another in their life, health, liberty, or possessions. This aligns with the concept of people having a right to equality and freedom. Locke's statement suggests that law teaches mankind the importance of respecting and protecting each other's rights and freedoms, emphasizing the Enlightenment belief in the inherent rights and equality of all individuals.

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  • 29. 

    England is an island nation. It is geographically separated from other nations in Europe. This separation led to the construction of the Chunnel, an underwater tunnel between England and France. Which is the likely result of the building of the Chunnel?

    • A.

      Conflict between England and other European nations over trade rights

    • B.

      Greater trade and travel between England and other nations

    • C.

      European use of the British pound as a standard for trade

    • D.

      Decreased value of EU's currency

    Correct Answer
    B. Greater trade and travel between England and other nations
    Explanation
    The likely result of the building of the Chunnel is greater trade and travel between England and other nations. The Chunnel provides a direct and efficient transportation link between England and France, allowing for easier movement of goods and people. This would facilitate increased trade and tourism between England and other European nations.

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  • 30. 

    FRENCH REVOLUTION FACTORS -unfair taxation -government fraud - feudal oppression CHINESE REVOLUTION FACTORS -government corruption -unfair treatment of poor -desire for freedom IRANIAN REVOLUTION FACTORS -inflation -government mismanagement -large govt. debts Using the information above, which has been a major common factor in all three revolutions?

    • A.

      Growing populations

    • B.

      New advanced technologies

    • C.

      Policy of religious toleration

    • D.

      Weak or corrupt government

    Correct Answer
    D. Weak or corrupt government
    Explanation
    The major common factor in all three revolutions is a weak or corrupt government. In each case, the government was either oppressive, corrupt, or mismanaged, leading to dissatisfaction among the people. This dissatisfaction then fueled the desire for change and revolution.

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  • 31. 

    Use the quote from Charles Darwin in order to answer the question, " Can we doubt (remembering that many more individuals are born than can possibly survive) that individuals having any advantage, however slight, over others, would have the best chance of surviving and of (reproducing) their kind? This preservation of favourable variations and the rejection of injurious variations, I call Natural Selection." Based on the quote, how might a social Darwinist explain divisions within society?

    • A.

      The upper class willingly sacrifices its own well-being to help the lower class

    • B.

      The upper and lower classes work together to ensure the success of both groups

    • C.

      The social classes are divided equally to ensure equal access to all opportunities

    • D.

      The upper class better adapts and thrives within modern societies than the middle and lower classes

    Correct Answer
    D. The upper class better adapts and thrives within modern societies than the middle and lower classes
    Explanation
    A social Darwinist might explain divisions within society by arguing that the upper class has a better ability to adapt and thrive within modern societies compared to the middle and lower classes. This explanation aligns with Charles Darwin's quote, which suggests that individuals with any advantage, no matter how slight, have the best chance of surviving and reproducing. In this context, the upper class is seen as having advantageous traits or resources that allow them to succeed and maintain their position of privilege in society.

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  • 32. 

    During the Renaissance, artists and thinkers rediscovered classical knowledge and art. As part of that process some artists,  such as Leonardo da Vinci, began to challenge the explanations for the natural world offered by the Church. How did Renaissance art influence modern culture today? 

    • A.

      Artists lost importance once they began to challenge social changes

    • B.

      Intellectuals began to explore scientific explanations for the world

    • C.

      Art became the only way through which to question society

    • D.

      Monarchs became the only people who could gain power and knowledge

    Correct Answer
    B. Intellectuals began to explore scientific explanations for the world
    Explanation
    During the Renaissance, artists and thinkers were exposed to classical knowledge and art, which led to a shift in their perspective. As artists like Leonardo da Vinci started to challenge the explanations provided by the Church for the natural world, intellectuals began to explore scientific explanations instead. This shift in thinking eventually influenced modern culture by encouraging a pursuit of knowledge through scientific inquiry. It marked a departure from the dominance of religious explanations and paved the way for the development of modern scientific thought and understanding of the world.

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  • 33. 

    Use the following information in order to answer the question: Command Economy: the state (govt) owns collective farms and all types of industry Govt. officials make all of major economic decisions Market Economy: industry and farms are privately owned and operated. Producers and consumers make most of economic decisions. Traditional Economy: subsistence farming (agriculture) is practiced on small family farms. Economic decisions are based on customs and habit. What is the best conclusion that can be reached?  

    • A.

      Global competition is important in all three economies

    • B.

      Central govt. is weak in command economies

    • C.

      Making a profit is very important in a traditional economy

    • D.

      Economic freedom is found within the market economy system

    Correct Answer
    D. Economic freedom is found within the market economy system
    Explanation
    The best conclusion that can be reached is that economic freedom is found within the market economy system. This is because in a market economy, industry and farms are privately owned and operated, allowing producers and consumers to make most of the economic decisions. In contrast, in a command economy, the state owns collective farms and all types of industry, and government officials make all major economic decisions. In a traditional economy, economic decisions are based on customs and habits, with subsistence farming being practiced on small family farms. Therefore, the concept of economic freedom is most closely associated with the market economy system.

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  • 34. 

    "The exportation of laborers and capital from old to new countries... adds to the joint wealth of the old and the new country...There needs be no hesitation in affirming that Colonization, in present state of the world, is the best affair of business, in which the (wealth) of an old and wealthy country can engage."  1848 (Principles of Political Economy by John Stuart) According to the quote above, what does the author feel about colonization?  

    • A.

      Colonization encouraged democracies to grow

    • B.

      Colonization benefited both the colonizer and the colonized

    • C.

      Colonization introduced disease to Europe that made sickness spread

    • D.

      Colonization expands the power of the Church

    Correct Answer
    B. Colonization benefited both the colonizer and the colonized
    Explanation
    The author feels that colonization benefited both the colonizer and the colonized. The exportation of laborers and capital from old to new countries adds to the joint wealth of both the old and new country. The author affirms that colonization is the best affair of business in which the wealth of an old and wealthy country can engage.

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  • 35. 

    Use the following quote from Romesh Dutt, concerning Imperialism in India in order to answer the question. " Englishmen... have given the people of India the greatest human blessing-peace. They have introduced Western education. This has brought an ancient and civilized nation in touch with modern thought, modern science, and modern life. They have built and administration that is strong and efficient. They have framed wise laws established courts of justice." Which of the statements reflects the author's view of Imperialism Impact in India?

    • A.

      Imperialism helped the people of India by advancing and modernizing their government structures

    • B.

      Imperialism helped the people of India to improve the barter system

    • C.

      Imperialism harmed the people of India by replacing their traditional culture through modernization

    • D.

      Imperialism harmed the people of India by weakening their administrations

    Correct Answer
    A. Imperialism helped the people of India by advancing and modernizing their government structures
    Explanation
    The given quote from Romesh Dutt suggests that the author views imperialism in India as beneficial. The author mentions that Englishmen have brought peace and introduced Western education, which has connected India with modern thought, science, and life. The author also praises the strong and efficient administration, wise laws, and established courts of justice that imperialism has brought. Therefore, the statement "Imperialism helped the people of India by advancing and modernizing their government structures" reflects the author's positive view of the impact of imperialism in India.

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  • 36. 

    Weakness of An Imperial Power - Napoleon's invasion of Spain -divisions among social classes -desire for independent, democratic govt. -desire for economic independence What could be the result of these factors?

    • A.

      Revolution

    • B.

      Socialism

    • C.

      Anarchy

    • D.

      Mutiny

    Correct Answer
    A. Revolution
    Explanation
    The weakness of an imperial power caused by factors such as Napoleon's invasion of Spain, divisions among social classes, desire for independent democratic government, and desire for economic independence can result in a revolution. These factors create a volatile environment where the people, fueled by their desire for change and independence, rise up against the imperial power and seek to establish a new political order. A revolution is a significant and often violent change in the social, political, and economic structure of a country, which aligns with the circumstances described in the question.

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  • 37. 

    How has deforestation impacted modern societies today?

    • A.

      Reduced the number of mining jobs within the industry

    • B.

      It has destroyed the wildlife habitats in the areas impacted by deforestation

    • C.

      It has caused water shortages

    • D.

      Increased available resources for industries

    Correct Answer
    B. It has destroyed the wildlife habitats in the areas impacted by deforestation
    Explanation
    Deforestation has had a significant impact on modern societies by destroying wildlife habitats in the areas affected by deforestation. This destruction has led to a loss of biodiversity, disruption of ecosystems, and the endangerment or extinction of numerous plant and animal species. The loss of these habitats also has negative consequences for the overall health of ecosystems and can disrupt important ecological processes. Additionally, the destruction of wildlife habitats can have indirect effects on societies, such as the loss of natural resources and the potential for increased conflicts between humans and wildlife.

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  • 38. 

    What would be the best summary of a traditional economic system? 

    • A.

      Government control, price controls

    • B.

      Diplomacy, workers help to make the decisions

    • C.

      Private ownership, divisions of labor

    • D.

      Direct trade, no competition, relies on customs and traditions, farming

    Correct Answer
    D. Direct trade, no competition, relies on customs and traditions, farming
    Explanation
    A traditional economic system is characterized by direct trade, as individuals exchange goods and services without the involvement of intermediaries. There is no competition as the focus is on maintaining customs and traditions. The system relies heavily on farming as the primary means of production.

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  • 39. 

    How did the Industrial Revolution impact economic relationships among other nations? 

    • A.

      It created political alliances

    • B.

      It promoted greater degree of interdependence (rely on each other)  among nations 

    • C.

      Increased the standard of living for all nations

    • D.

      Generated more isolationism among nations

    Correct Answer
    B. It promoted greater degree of interdependence (rely on each other)  among nations 
    Explanation
    During the Industrial Revolution, advancements in technology and transportation allowed for increased trade and communication between nations. This led to a greater degree of interdependence among nations as they began to rely on each other for resources, goods, and markets. The development of global supply chains and the expansion of international trade networks created economic relationships that were more interconnected than ever before. This interdependence promoted economic growth and cooperation among nations, as they recognized the benefits of working together for mutual prosperity.

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  • 40. 

    "The Spanish conducted slave-raiding expeditions along the East Coast before the Navaez and de Soto expeditions to Florida, a practice that had become widespread throughout the Spanish new world since the Columbian voyages. Queen Isabella forbade the practice, but the Spanish monarchs agreed in 1503 to what was later called the Encomienda System. Under this system, Spaniards would be granted an allotment of Indians who were to be protected and Christianized. In essence, the natives became forced laborers who worked the land, labored in mines, and constructed public buildings." Discovery of the Mississippi-Ferdinand De Soto-1541 How did the Spanish leaders in Latin America misuse the Encomienda system?

    • A.

      Missionaries attempted to build Christian institutions for the natives

    • B.

      Natives were forced to pay leaders gold for protection

    • C.

      Land was taken from the inhabitants and natives were enslaved

    • D.

      Natives were introduced to the practice of democracy

    Correct Answer
    C. Land was taken from the inhabitants and natives were enslaved
    Explanation
    The Spanish leaders in Latin America misused the Encomienda system by taking land from the inhabitants and enslaving the natives. The Encomienda system was initially intended to grant Spaniards an allotment of Indians who were to be protected and Christianized. However, instead of fulfilling this purpose, the Spanish leaders exploited the system by seizing land from the indigenous people and forcing them into labor, such as working the land, mining, and constructing public buildings. This resulted in the natives becoming forced laborers and being enslaved, which goes against the original intention of the Encomienda system.

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  • 41. 

    Scramble for Africa: Imperialism in Africa "The period of imperialism has witnessed many wars... They have resulted in the taking of territory by force... The white rulers of the colonies live at the expense of the natives. Their chief work is to organize labor for their support. In the typical colony, the most fertile lands and the mineral resources are owned by white foreigners. These holdings are worked by natives under their direction. The foreigners take wealth out of the country. All the hard work is done by natives.   (1902- JA Hobson) How did Imperialism impact African societies?   

    • A.

      Foreigners helped by finding the valuable resources- minerals

    • B.

      Foreigners used the most fertile lands and took wealth out of African nations

    • C.

      Foreigners took citizens out of nations to work as slaves

    • D.

      Foreigners helped the continent by providing citizens with high paying jobs

    Correct Answer
    B. Foreigners used the most fertile lands and took wealth out of African nations
    Explanation
    Imperialism impacted African societies by foreigners using the most fertile lands and taking wealth out of African nations. This is evident from the excerpt which states that white rulers owned the most fertile lands and mineral resources, which were worked by natives under their direction. The foreigners benefited from the resources and wealth of the African nations, while the hard work was done by the natives. This exploitation of resources and labor by foreigners resulted in the economic and social exploitation of African societies during the period of imperialism.

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  • 42. 

    Which statement would best summarize Montesquieu's view of government? " The political liberty of the subject is a tranquility of mind, arising from the opinion each person has of his safety. In order to have this liberty, it is requisite the government be so constituted as one man need not be afraid of another. When the legislative and executive powers are united in the same person or in the same body of magistrates, there can be no liberty, because apprehensions may arise, lest  the same monarch or senate should enact tyrannical laws, to execute them in a tyrannical manner. Again, there is no liberty, if power of judging be not separated from the legislative and executive powers. - (Spirit of Laws 1748)

    • A.

      Governments should be ruled by a monarch

    • B.

      Governments should not give too much liberty to people

    • C.

      Government should be divided so that it remains fair to citizens

    • D.

      Government should be controlled by one group of magistrates

    Correct Answer
    C. Government should be divided so that it remains fair to citizens
    Explanation
    Montesquieu's view of government can be summarized as the belief that the government should be divided in order to ensure fairness to citizens. He argues that political liberty is achieved when individuals feel safe and are not afraid of others. This can only be achieved when the legislative, executive, and judicial powers are separated, as the concentration of power in one person or body of magistrates can lead to tyranny. Therefore, the government should be divided to prevent the abuse of power and to protect the rights and liberties of the citizens.

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  • 43. 

    Study the quote from Gandhi.  " There are two ways of countering injustice. One way is to smash the head of the man who perpetrated injustice and to get your own head smashed in the process. All strong people in the world adopt this course. Everywhere wars are fought and millions of people are killed. The consequence is not the progress of a nation but its decline... it brings disaster to both belligerents... Similarly, no State is possible without two entities, the rulers and the ruled. You are our sovereign,  (MONARCH) our Government, only so long as we consider ourselves your subjects. When we are not subjects, you are not the sovereign either... Shower what sufferings you like upon us; we will calmly endure all and not hurt a hair of your body. We will gladly die and will not so much as touch you. But as long as there is yet life in these our bones, we will never comply with your arbitrary laws."   (1916) What is the best reflection of Gandhi's views about how government should rule its people?

    • A.

      Violence is the best way for a government to rule its people

    • B.

      Fair laws bring the decline of nations and govt

    • C.

      Government should have arbitrary laws for people

    • D.

      Governments can bring the decline of their nations by enforcing rules with violence

    Correct Answer
    D. Governments can bring the decline of their nations by enforcing rules with violence
    Explanation
    Gandhi's views about how government should rule its people can be best reflected in the statement "governments can bring the decline of their nations by enforcing rules with violence." In the quote, Gandhi criticizes the use of violence as a means to counter injustice and states that wars and violence only lead to the decline of a nation. He emphasizes the importance of fair laws and peaceful resistance, stating that as long as there is life in their bones, they will never comply with arbitrary laws. Therefore, the best reflection of Gandhi's views is that governments can bring the decline of their nations by enforcing rules with violence.

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  • 44. 

    "Innovations are normally the creation of business people".- Joseph Schumpter (1911) Which economic theory would he likely have agreed with?

    • A.

      Socialism

    • B.

      Traditionalism

    • C.

      Capitalism

    • D.

      Communism

    Correct Answer
    A. Socialism
    Explanation
    Joseph Schumpeter would likely have agreed with the economic theory of socialism. This is because socialism promotes the idea of collective ownership and control of the means of production, which aligns with Schumpeter's statement that innovations are normally the creation of business people. In a socialist system, the focus is on the welfare of society as a whole, rather than individual profit, which supports the idea of innovations being for the benefit of the community.

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  • 45. 

    Trenches were dug in Europe and WWI was fought in this method.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    During World War I, trenches were indeed dug in Europe and this method of warfare was widely used. Trenches provided soldiers with protection from enemy fire and served as defensive positions. They stretched across the Western Front and were used by both the Allied and Central Powers. Trench warfare was characterized by long periods of stalemate, with soldiers enduring harsh conditions and constant danger. This method of fighting played a significant role in the overall strategy and tactics employed during the war.

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  • 46. 

    Which technology was not used during WWI?

    • A.

      Submarines

    • B.

      Tanks

    • C.

      Atomic bomb

    • D.

      Airplanes

    Correct Answer
    C. Atomic bomb
    Explanation
    The atomic bomb was not used during World War I because it had not been developed yet. The atomic bomb was only developed and used during World War II, specifically in the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. Therefore, it is the technology that was not used during WWI.

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  • 47. 

    Which of the MAIN causes of WWI does not belong? 

    • A.

      Nationalism

    • B.

      Militarism

    • C.

      Alliances

    • D.

      Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand

    Correct Answer
    D. Assassination of Archduke Ferdinand
    Explanation
    The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand was the immediate trigger that set off World War I, but it is not considered one of the main causes of the war. The main causes of WWI were nationalism, militarism, and alliances. Nationalism led to rivalries and competition between nations, militarism involved the buildup of military forces and arms race, and alliances created a complex web of obligations and commitments between countries. The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand was an event that escalated tensions between Austria-Hungary and Serbia, leading to the outbreak of war, but it was not one of the underlying causes.

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  • 48. 

    Select the years for WWI.

    • A.

      1814-1819

    • B.

      1914-1918

    • C.

      1915-1917

    • D.

      1920-1930

    Correct Answer
    B. 1914-1918
    Explanation
    WWI, also known as the First World War, took place from 1914 to 1918. It was a global conflict primarily centered in Europe and involved many countries. The years 1914-1918 accurately represent the duration of this war. The other options, 1814-1819, 1915-1917, and 1920-1930, are not correct as they do not encompass the entirety of WWI.

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  • 49. 

    Which main war strategies were used in WWI?

    • A.

      Fighting war of attrition wear down enemy and keeping up constant pressure/attacks

    • B.

      Fighting in trenches

    • C.

      Both A and B

    • D.

      None of the Above

    Correct Answer
    C. Both A and B
    Explanation
    Both strategies mentioned in options A and B were used in WWI. The war of attrition was a strategy employed by both sides to wear down the enemy and exhaust their resources. This involved constant pressure and attacks to weaken the opponent. Additionally, fighting in trenches was a prominent feature of WWI, as both sides dug elaborate systems of trenches to protect their positions and provide cover for troops. These trenches became the primary battlegrounds and were central to the overall strategy of the war.

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  • Dec 12, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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