Congenital Disorders Of Spleen

40 Questions | Total Attempts: 38

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Congenital Disorders Of Spleen

Quiz 2 for packet 1 of spleen


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    This is a mirror image condition, known as _______  __________.
  • 2. 
    The normal arrangement of visceral organs is known as _______  ________.
  • 3. 
    _________________ spleen is a rare developmental anomaly in which the spleen is abnormally positioned and the spleen may move around within the abdominal cavity, leading to increased risk of torsion.
  • 4. 
    Wandering spleen is also known as _________ spleen or _________ spleen.
  • 5. 
    In this condition, the spleen is small and non functioning due to a chronic condition; NOT congenital. This results from repeated splenic infarctions such as with sickle cell anemia, celiac disease, or thyrotoxicosis.
  • 6. 
    ____________ is death or necrosis due to loss of blood supply.
  • 7. 
    This occurs with chronic hyperthyroidism.
  • 8. 
    _____________ disease is an intestinal malabsorption syndrome characterized by diarrhea, malaise, and hypocalcemia.
  • 9. 
    Sono Appearance of acquired hypoplasia is characterized as a small, _______ spleen; fibrotic and ________.
  • 10. 
    This is a rare congenital condition in which there are multiple spleens; usually there are 2 larger spleens with a bunch of smaller one. This is known as ___________.
  • 11. 
    Polysplenia is associated with "bilateral ______  sidedness."
  • 12. 
    In bilateral left sidedness syndrome, structures on the left side of the body are more ___________.  This condition includes multiple spleens, 2 left lungs, absent GB, possible bilairy atresia, GI malrotation, liver located centrally or on left side, and cardiac abnomalities.
  • 13. 
    Asplenia is associated with " __________  ________  __________  syndrome."
  • 14. 
    __________ is a rare congenital absence of the spleen; associated with congenital heart defects and ______  _______.
  • 15. 
    This is a syndrome in which structures on the right side are more dominant and is associated with an absent spleen, midline liver and GB, reversed aorta and IVC, horseshoe Kidneys, and congenital heart disease.
  • 16. 
    Check all that apply to the differential diagnosis of accesory spleen:
    • A. 

      Pancreatic tail pathology

    • B. 

      Left adrenal pathology

    • C. 

      Pathology of upper pole of left kidney

    • D. 

      Enlarged lymoh nodes around spleen

  • 17. 
    This is a very common normal variant, most commonly found at the splenic hilum, and usually measure 1-3 cm in size.
  • 18. 
    When a splenectomy is performed, and the accessory spleen is not removed, it may enlarge and is known as the "_____  _______" spleen.
  • 19. 
    Sono appearance of accessory spleen:
    • A. 

      Small, round homogenous nodules isoechoic to spleen

    • B. 

      Should be low resistance doppler

    • C. 

      Same characteristic color flow in accessory spleen

  • 20. 
    True cysts of the spleen are rare and congenital.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    These are true cysts of the spleen lined with squamous epithelium and they typically appear as a solitary cyst averaging 10cm in size.
  • 22. 
    This is an inherited condition, autosomal dominant,  associated with cysts in the spleen, liver, and pancreas.
  • 23. 
    Epidermoid cysts usually have a "swiss cheese" appearance and usually are multiple in number.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    With epidermoid cysts, the walls may be __________ and the internal contents may appear _____________ due to cholesterol crystals.
  • 25. 
    _____________ cysts are the most common splenic cysts worldwide.  They are more common than congenital cysts.
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