Chapter 10 Nail Disorders And Diseases

20 Questions | Total Attempts: 9229

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Chapter 10 Nail Disorders And Diseases - Quiz

Infections can involve any part of the nail and may or may not change the nail's appearance. Most nail infections are either fungal or bacterial and viral infections. Do you know what a normal nail should look like or do have an infection or disorder and are not sure yet. Take up the quiz below and get to see how much you understand these disorders and how one can live or deal with them.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A normal healthy nail is firm and flexible and should be
    • A. 

      Smooth and unspotted

    • B. 

      Uneven and unspotted

    • C. 

      Long and unspotted

    • D. 

      Short and unspotted

  • 2. 
    If a client has ridges running vertically down the length of the natural nail plate, it is recommended that you
    • A. 

      File them aggressively

    • B. 

      Buff them carefully

    • C. 

      Thin the nail plate

    • D. 

      Refer the client to a physician

  • 3. 
    The medical term for fungal infections associated with the feet is
    • A. 

      Tinea pathogenic

    • B. 

      Tinea pedis

    • C. 

      Tinea alopecia

    • D. 

      Paronychia

  • 4. 
    A typical bacteral infection on the nail plate can be identified in the early stages as a ___spot that becomes darker in its advanced stages
    • A. 

      Orange-red

    • B. 

      White-gray

    • C. 

      Blue-green

    • D. 

      Yellow-green

  • 5. 
    The separation and falling off of a nail from the nail bed is a sign of
    • A. 

      Onychia

    • B. 

      Paronychia

    • C. 

      Onychomadesis

    • D. 

      Pyogenic granuloma

  • 6. 
    Which of the following does not cause onychorrhexis
    • A. 

      Injury to the matrix

    • B. 

      Heredity

    • C. 

      Aggressive filling techniques

    • D. 

      Insufficient use of cuticle removers

  • 7. 
    Tiny pits or severe roughness on the surface of the nail are signs of which condition?
    • A. 

      Paronychia

    • B. 

      Onychocryptosis

    • C. 

      Nail psoriasis

    • D. 

      Onychomycosis

  • 8. 
    The term____refers to a condition caused by injury or disease of the nail unit
    • A. 

      Nail psoriasis

    • B. 

      Nail pterygium

    • C. 

      Nail disorder

    • D. 

      Nail service

  • 9. 
    Splinter hemorrhages are caused by physical trauma or injury to the
    • A. 

      Nail plate

    • B. 

      Nail bed

    • C. 

      Free edge

    • D. 

      Lunula

  • 10. 
    Nail fungi can be transmitted through___instruments
    • A. 

      Sterilized

    • B. 

      Disinfected

    • C. 

      Contaminated

    • D. 

      Disposable

  • 11. 
    Onychomadesis can affect
    • A. 

      Only fingernails

    • B. 

      Only toenails

    • C. 

      Neither fingernail nor toenails

    • D. 

      Both fingernails and toenails

  • 12. 
    A cosmetologist can disobey state or federal rules and regulations
    • A. 

      If the client signs a waiver

    • B. 

      Under no circumstances

    • C. 

      With the client's verbal permission

    • D. 

      If the salon owner gives permission

  • 13. 
    Which condition is characterized by nails that are noticeably thin, flexible, and white?
    • A. 

      Melanonychia

    • B. 

      Plicatured nail

    • C. 

      Agnail

    • D. 

      Eggshell nails

  • 14. 
    Which of the following is not a common cause of surface stains on nails
    • A. 

      Nail polish

    • B. 

      Food dyes

    • C. 

      Smoking

    • D. 

      Poor blood circulation

  • 15. 
    The condition in which a blood clot forms under the nail plate causing a dark purplish spot, is
    • A. 

      Discolored nails

    • B. 

      Bruised nails

    • C. 

      Eggshell nails

    • D. 

      Plicatured nails

  • 16. 
    The conditoin in which the living skin around the nail splits and tears is
    • A. 

      Hangnail

    • B. 

      Beau's lines

    • C. 

      Melanonychia

    • D. 

      Onychophagy

  • 17. 
    The lifting of the nail plate from the bed without shedding is
    • A. 

      Onychosis

    • B. 

      Onychocryptosis

    • C. 

      Onycholysis

    • D. 

      Onychomadesis

  • 18. 
    The term____refers to significant darkening of the fingernails or toenails
    • A. 

      Melanonychia

    • B. 

      Nail pterygium

    • C. 

      Paronychia

    • D. 

      Splinter hemorrhages

  • 19. 
    A sharp bend in one corner of the nail plate creating increased curvature is symptopmatic of
    • A. 

      Pincer nails

    • B. 

      Bruised nails

    • C. 

      Eggshell nails

    • D. 

      Plicatured nails

  • 20. 
    Depressions running across the width of the nail plate are
    • A. 

      Ridges

    • B. 

      Splinters

    • C. 

      Beau's lines

    • D. 

      Agnail

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