Grammar Test: Conditional Sentences Quiz

Reviewed by Juliette Firla
Juliette Firla, MA |
K-12 English Expert
Review Board Member
Juliette is a middle school English teacher at Sacred Heart of Greenwich, Connecticut. Juliette earned a BA in English/Language Arts Teacher Education from Elon University (2016-2020) and an MA in Teaching Writing from Johns Hopkins University (Apr 2023-Dec 2025). She holds a Classroom Teacher license from the Connecticut State Department of Education, obtained in July 2021. Juliette possesses strong skills in English language arts, writing, editing, and literature study. She has a deep passion for working with young people and contributing to the education of America's youth in the classroom.
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Grammar Test: Conditional Sentences Quiz - Quiz


Do you have a good understanding of conditional sentences? If so, then take this 'conditional sentences quiz' and test your knowledge! All you have to do is choose the correct option for the multiple-choice questions provided. Make sure you choose the answers carefully, as some questions are tricky. The results will be revealed at the end, and you'll be able to see how high you scored. So, are you ready? Let's get started! Good luck.


Conditional Sentences Questions and Answers

  • 1. 

    If I study, I _______ pass the exam.

    • A.

      Will be on

    • B.

      Will be

    • C.

      Would

    • D.

      Will

    Correct Answer
    D. Will
    Explanation
    The given sentence is a conditional statement, expressing a hypothetical situation. The word "will" is used to indicate a future possibility or outcome. Therefore, the correct answer is "will," as it suggests that studying will lead to the possibility of passing the exam.

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  • 2. 

    If I _____ money, I will buy a new phone.

    • A.

      Have has

    • B.

      Have had

    • C.

      Have

    • D.

      Has

    Correct Answer
    C. Have
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "have" because it is the correct verb form to use with the subject "I" in this sentence. "Have" is the present tense form of the verb "to have," which is used to indicate possession or ownership. In this case, the speaker is stating that if they have a certain amount of money, they will buy a new phone.

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  • 3. 

    John will ________ your house if he gets important information for you about the project.

    • A.

      Go for

    • B.

      Go to

    • C.

      Goes

    • D.

      Go

    Correct Answer
    B. Go to
    Explanation
    John will go to your house if he gets important information for you about the project. This is in the future tense, and it means that John is willing to physically visit your house in order to deliver the important information regarding the project.

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  • 4. 

    My mother would not go to my uncle's house if my uncle _______ my mother's call.

    • A.

      Had receive

    • B.

      Received

    • C.

      Receives

    • D.

      Receive

    Correct Answer
    B. Received
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "received". This is because the sentence is in the past tense and is using the conditional "if" clause. Therefore, it requires the past simple tense "received" to match the verb tense of "would not go".

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  • 5. 

    If you complete the test perfectly, you _________ a special gift from your parents.

    • A.

      Get

    • B.

      Got

    • C.

      Will get

    • D.

      Would get

    Correct Answer
    C. Will get
    Explanation
    In this sentence, the phrase "will receive" is used to express a future consequence or outcome based on a condition. The word "will" is an auxiliary verb that indicates a future action, and "receive" is the main verb that describes the action of getting something. So, the sentence suggests that if you achieve a perfect score on the test, a special gift from your parents is something that will happen in the future as a result of completing the test successfully.

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  • 6. 

    Mr. Benny ______ not continue the lesson if the students in his class were noisy.

    • A.

      Will

    • B.

      Wills

    • C.

      Would

    • D.

      Would to

    Correct Answer
    C. Would
    Explanation
    In this sentence, the word "if" indicates a hypothetical or unreal condition. The use of "would" in the blank suggests that Mr. Benny is expressing a hypothetical situation - if the students in his class were noisy, he would not continue the lesson. "Would" is the correct choice here because it is used to express unreal or hypothetical conditions in the past.

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  • 7. 

    The soccer goalie from PERSELA, Khoirul Huda, would not be given a red card if he _______ hit other players.

    • A.

      Will

    • B.

      Would

    • C.

      Will not

    • D.

      Did not

    Correct Answer
    D. Did not
    Explanation
    The correction involves the use of the auxiliary verb "did" to form the negative past tense. When constructing a conditional sentence in the past tense, it's common to use "did not" to indicate the negative action. Therefore, the corrected sentence is:"The soccer goalie from PERSELA, Khoirul Huda, would not be given a red card if he did not hit other players."This construction ensures proper grammatical structure for expressing the hypothetical situation where the goalie avoids hitting other players.

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  • 8. 

    If I ______ you, I ________ give her a special gift in her birthday party.

    • A.

      Were - would

    • B.

      Were - will

    • C.

      Am - would

    • D.

      Am - will

    Correct Answer
    A. Were - would
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "were - would" because the sentence is in the subjunctive mood, indicating a hypothetical or unreal situation. In this case, the speaker is imagining what they would do if they were in a certain position. The verb "were" is used because it is the subjunctive form of "to be" in the past tense. The verb "would" is used to express the hypothetical action of giving a special gift.

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  • 9. 

    If there ______ a will, there ________ be a way too.

    • A.

      Are - will

    • B.

      Are - would

    • C.

      Is - would

    • D.

      Is - will

    Correct Answer
    D. Is - will
    Explanation
    This sentence follows the conditional structure "If...then..." where the first part of the sentence is in the present tense (If there is a will) and the second part of the sentence is in the future tense (there will be a way too). The correct answer is "is - will" because it maintains the correct verb tense agreement in the sentence.

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  • 10. 

     If I _____ beautiful and tall, I . . . sign up to be a model.

    • A.

      Am - will

    • B.

      Am - would

    • C.

      Are - would

    • D.

      Were - would

    Correct Answer
    D. Were - would
    Explanation
     The correct answer is "were - would". This is because the sentence is in the unreal conditional form, indicating a hypothetical situation. The use of "were" instead of "am" or "are" suggests that the speaker is not currently beautiful and tall. The use of "would" indicates the consequence or action that would follow if the condition were true, which in this case is becoming a model.

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  • 11. 

    Angel will move this table to another place if you ________ her house tomorrow.

    • A.

      Comes to

    • B.

      Come to

    • C.

      Came to

    • D.

      Came

    Correct Answer
    B. Come to
    Explanation
    If someone comes to Angel's house tomorrow, she will move the table to another place. The verb "come to" is used in the present tense to indicate a future action and hypothetical based on another happening. Angel will only move the table based on whether or not you come to the house.

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  • 12. 

     If Immanuel ___________ enough money to buy the car, he would . . . gone to the party with you.

    • A.

      Have - have

    • B.

      Had - have

    • C.

      Have had - have

    • D.

      Has had - have

    Correct Answer
    B. Had - have
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "had - have". In this sentence, the verb "had" is used to indicate a past unreal condition. It suggests that if Immanuel had enough money to buy the car in the past, he would have gone to the party with someone. The use of "had" in this context conveys the idea of a missed opportunity or unrealized possibility.

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  • 13. 

    Noel would ________ you all if he had received more money from his parents.

    • A.

      Treats

    • B.

      Has treat

    • C.

      Have treat

    • D.

      Have treated

    Correct Answer
    D. Have treated
    Explanation
     Noel would have treated you all if he had received more money from his parents. This suggests that Noel did not receive the money and as a result, he was unable to treat everyone. The phrase "have treated" is used in the conditional perfect tense to indicate a hypothetical situation in the past.

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  • 14. 

    My math teacher will allow us to take the test early if we _____ the exercises she provided us with yesterday.

    • A.

      Do

    • B.

      Did

    • C.

      Does

    • D.

      Done

    Correct Answer
    A. Do
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "do". The sentence is in the present tense, and the verb "do" is the correct form to use with the subject "we". The phrase "if we do the exercises" indicates that if the students complete their exercises, they will have the opportunity to take the math test early.

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  • 15. 

    If Jack does not do the dishes, Martha _____ give him a punishment.

    • A.

      Will

    • B.

      Would

    • C.

      Will not

    • D.

      Would not

    Correct Answer
    A. Will
    Explanation
     In this sentence, the word "will" is the correct answer because it indicates a future action. The sentence suggests that Martha will give Jack a punishment if he does not do the dishes. The use of "will" implies a certainty or determination on Martha's part to carry out the punishment.

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  • 16. 

    Sam and Joe __________ you in the hospital if they have enough time this afternoon.

    • A.

      Visit to

    • B.

      Visited

    • C.

      Will visit

    • D.

      Will visit to

    Correct Answer
    C. Will visit
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "will visit". This is because the sentence is talking about a future possibility - if Sam and Joe have enough time this afternoon, they will visit you in the hospital. The use of "will" indicates a future action.

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  • 17. 

    If Anita _____ her work on time, she will go home early.

    • A.

      Will not do

    • B.

      Would do

    • C.

      Will do

    • D.

      Does

    Correct Answer
    D. Does
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "does" because it is the correct form of the verb to match the subject "Anita" in the present tense. The sentence is expressing a conditional statement, stating that if Anita completes her work on time, she will go home early.

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  • 18. 

    If we ________ in Rome, Fransesco will visit us.

    • A.

      Are

    • B.

      Would

    • C.

      Will not

    • D.

      Would not

    Correct Answer
    A. Are
    Explanation
    The complete sentence is: "If we are in Rome, Francesco will visit us."
    This is an example of a first conditional sentence, which is used to talk about real or likely future situations. In this case, the condition (being in Rome) is likely to happen, so Francesco's visit is also likely to happen.

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  • 19. 

    If Susan ______ harder that time, she would have gotten a better grade.

    • A.

      Is studying

    • B.

      Studying

    • C.

      Studies

    • D.

      Studied

    Correct Answer
    D. Studied
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "studied" because the sentence is in the past tense and refers to a specific time in the past when Susan had the opportunity to get a better grade. Therefore, the verb "studied" is the correct form to use in this context.

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  • 20. 

    If James ______ enough money, he _______ buy a new car next year.

    • A.

      Had - would

    • B.

      Have - will

    • C.

      Has - will

    • D.

      Has - would

    Correct Answer
    C. Has - will
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "has - will". This is because the sentence is talking about a hypothetical situation in the future. It suggests that if James currently has enough money, he will be able to buy a new car next year. The verb "has" indicates the present tense, showing that James currently possesses the required funds. The verb "will" indicates the future tense, indicating that James will be able to buy the car in the future if he has enough money now.

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Juliette Firla |MA |
K-12 English Expert
Juliette is a middle school English teacher at Sacred Heart of Greenwich, Connecticut. Juliette earned a BA in English/Language Arts Teacher Education from Elon University (2016-2020) and an MA in Teaching Writing from Johns Hopkins University (Apr 2023-Dec 2025). She holds a Classroom Teacher license from the Connecticut State Department of Education, obtained in July 2021. Juliette possesses strong skills in English language arts, writing, editing, and literature study. She has a deep passion for working with young people and contributing to the education of America's youth in the classroom.

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