Computer Basic Quiz: How Aware Are You?

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Computer Basic Quiz: How Aware Are You? - Quiz

Do you like sitting near the computer 24X7? Are you learning any software or programming language? Do you possess full-fledged technical knowledge when it comes to Software or Hardware? If yes, then prove yourself by attempting this quiz. It will test your understanding of basic concepts of hardware and software.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What type of memory is short term; where data, information, and program instructions are stored temporarily?

    • A.

      Random access memory

    • B.

      Read any memory

    • C.

      Read only memory

    • D.

      Run always memory

    Correct Answer
    A. Random access memory
    Explanation
    Short term memory, also known as working memory, is a type of memory where data, information, and program instructions are stored temporarily. Random access memory (RAM) is the correct answer because it is a type of computer memory that allows data to be read or written in almost the same amount of time regardless of the physical location of the data. RAM is volatile, meaning it loses its content when the power is turned off, which aligns with the temporary nature of short term memory.

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  • 2. 

    What type of memory is long term; where the specific instructions that are needed for the computer to operate are stored?

    • A.

      Random access memory

    • B.

      Read any memory

    • C.

      Read only memory

    • D.

      Run always memory

    Correct Answer
    C. Read only memory
    Explanation
    Read only memory (ROM) is a type of memory that stores specific instructions needed for the computer to operate. Unlike random access memory (RAM), which is volatile and temporary, ROM retains its data even when the computer is turned off. ROM is non-volatile and cannot be modified or erased easily, hence the term "read only." It contains permanent instructions and data that are essential for the computer's basic functions and boot-up process.

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  • 3. 

    Which type of software is frequently used by people who work with numbers, formulas, and data to perform calculations?

    • A.

      Clip art

    • B.

      Database

    • C.

      Spreadsheet

    • D.

      Word processor

    Correct Answer
    C. Spreadsheet
    Explanation
    A spreadsheet is a type of software that is frequently used by people who work with numbers, formulas, and data to perform calculations. It provides a grid-like interface where users can organize and manipulate data in rows and columns. Spreadsheets offer various mathematical functions and formulas that allow users to perform complex calculations easily. They are commonly used in finance, accounting, data analysis, and other fields where numerical calculations are required.

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  • 4. 

    Which application software would create an electronic filing system to organize data such as names and phone numbers?

    • A.

      Database

    • B.

      Graphics

    • C.

      Spreadsheet

    • D.

      Word processing

    Correct Answer
    A. Database
    Explanation
    A database application software would create an electronic filing system to organize data such as names and phone numbers. Databases are designed specifically for storing, managing, and retrieving large amounts of structured data. They provide a structured way to store and organize data, allowing users to easily search, sort, and filter information. In this case, a database would be the most appropriate choice to create an electronic filing system for organizing names and phone numbers.

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  • 5. 

    What is a software program that can be used to retrieve documents from the World Wide Web and to display them in a readable format?

    • A.

      Browser

    • B.

      File Retrieval

    • C.

      Public domain

    • D.

      Security software

    Correct Answer
    A. Browser
    Explanation
    A browser is a software program that allows users to access and retrieve documents from the World Wide Web. It retrieves web pages and displays them in a readable format, making it easier for users to navigate and interact with the internet. Browsers like Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, and Safari are commonly used to browse the web and access various websites and online content.

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  • 6. 

    What are the instructions that tell the computer what to do called?

    • A.

      Hardware

    • B.

      Input

    • C.

      Software

    • D.

      Storage

    Correct Answer
    C. Software
    Explanation
    Software refers to the set of instructions or programs that tell the computer what to do. It is a collection of data or computer instructions that enable the computer to perform specific tasks or operations. Unlike hardware, which refers to the physical components of a computer system, software is intangible and can be stored and executed on various storage devices. Therefore, software is the correct answer as it accurately describes the instructions that tell the computer what to do.

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  • 7. 

    Which hardware device is MOST often used to input information into the computer?

    • A.

      Disk drive

    • B.

      Keyboard

    • C.

      Printer

    • D.

      Scanner

    Correct Answer
    B. Keyboard
    Explanation
    The keyboard is the hardware device that is most often used to input information into the computer. It is the primary input device for typing text, entering commands, and navigating through software applications. Keyboards typically have a layout of keys including letters, numbers, symbols, and function keys, allowing users to input information quickly and efficiently. Other devices like disk drives, printers, and scanners are used for different purposes such as storing data, producing hard copies, or scanning documents, but they are not used as frequently for inputting information into the computer.

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  • 8. 

    What is the MOST common computer storage method?

    • A.

      Cassette tape

    • B.

      CD-ROM

    • C.

      Disk

    • D.

      VHS tape

    Correct Answer
    C. Disk
    Explanation
    The most common computer storage method is a disk. Disks are widely used in computers for storing and accessing data. They come in various forms such as hard disk drives (HDDs) and solid-state drives (SSDs). Disks provide reliable and fast storage solutions for computers, allowing users to store large amounts of data and access it quickly when needed. In contrast, cassette tapes, CD-ROMs, and VHS tapes are less commonly used for computer storage purposes.

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  • 9. 

    Which is NOT a part of the information processing cycle?

    • A.

      Database

    • B.

      Input

    • C.

      Output

    • D.

      Storage

    Correct Answer
    A. Database
    Explanation
    The information processing cycle consists of four main components: input, processing, output, and storage. The database is not a part of the information processing cycle as it is a separate entity that stores and organizes data. The database is typically used during the processing phase to retrieve and manipulate data, but it is not directly involved in the cycle itself.

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  • 10. 

    What units make up the information processing cycle?

    • A.

      Arithmetic, logic, input, and memory

    • B.

      Control, input/output, and arithmetic

    • C.

      Input, processing, output, and storage

    • D.

      Memory, processing, logic, and output

    Correct Answer
    C. Input, processing, output, and storage
    Explanation
    The information processing cycle consists of four main units: input, processing, output, and storage. Input refers to the data or instructions that are entered into the system. Processing involves manipulating and transforming the input data to produce meaningful results. Output refers to the information or results that are produced by the system. Storage involves the retention of data and instructions for future use. Therefore, the correct answer is "Input, processing, output, and storage."

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  • 11. 

    What is the information that shows up on the monitor?

    • A.

      Document

    • B.

      Hard copy

    • C.

      Report

    • D.

      Soft copy

    Correct Answer
    D. Soft copy
    Explanation
    The information that shows up on the monitor is referred to as a soft copy. A soft copy is a digital version of a document or file that is displayed on a screen. Unlike a hard copy, which is a physical printout of the information, a soft copy can be easily edited, shared, and stored electronically. Therefore, the correct answer is "Soft copy."

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  • 12. 

    Which type of application software is used to key a document, such as a report?

    • A.

      Clip art

    • B.

      Database

    • C.

      Spreadsheet

    • D.

      Word processor

    Correct Answer
    D. Word processor
    Explanation
    A word processor is the type of application software used to key a document, such as a report. Word processors provide tools and features specifically designed for creating, editing, and formatting text documents. They allow users to type, format, and manipulate text, as well as add images, tables, and other elements to enhance the document's appearance. Word processors also offer features like spell check, grammar check, and the ability to save and print documents. Therefore, a word processor is the most suitable option for keying a document like a report.

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  • 13. 

    To be safe, which should you do before removing a paper jam from your printer?

    • A.

      Add more paper

    • B.

      Change the ink cartridge

    • C.

      Check the cable connections

    • D.

      Turn off the printer

    Correct Answer
    D. Turn off the printer
    Explanation
    Before removing a paper jam from a printer, it is important to turn off the printer. This is because leaving the printer on while removing a paper jam can be dangerous and may cause harm. Turning off the printer ensures that there is no power running through the machine, reducing the risk of electrical shock or damage to the printer. Additionally, turning off the printer allows the user to safely access the jammed paper without the risk of moving parts causing injury.

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  • 14. 

    What type of software combines text, graphics, animation, video, and audio to create presentations?

    • A.

      Communications

    • B.

      Multimedia

    • C.

      System

    • D.

      Utility

    Correct Answer
    B. Multimedia
    Explanation
    Multimedia software combines various media elements such as text, graphics, animation, video, and audio to create presentations. It allows users to create engaging and interactive content that can be used for educational, entertainment, or informational purposes. This type of software is widely used in industries such as advertising, marketing, education, and entertainment to create visually appealing and dynamic presentations.

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  • 15. 

    Which is NOT an example of hardware?

    • A.

      Cables

    • B.

      Disk drive

    • C.

      Monitor

    • D.

      Windows XP

    Correct Answer
    D. Windows XP
    Explanation
    Windows XP is not an example of hardware because it is an operating system software, not a physical component or device. Hardware refers to the physical parts of a computer system that can be touched and interacted with, such as cables, disk drives, and monitors.

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  • 16. 

    What is the "brain" of the computer?

    • A.

      CLS

    • B.

      CPU

    • C.

      RAM

    • D.

      ROM

    Correct Answer
    B. CPU
    Explanation
    The "brain" of the computer refers to the central processing unit (CPU). The CPU is responsible for executing instructions, performing calculations, and coordinating the activities of all the hardware components in a computer system. It is considered the most important component of a computer as it carries out all the necessary tasks to run programs and process data.

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  • 17. 

    What are the physical parts of the computer?

    • A.

      Hardware

    • B.

      Input

    • C.

      Software

    • D.

      Storage

    Correct Answer
    A. Hardware
    Explanation
    The physical parts of a computer are referred to as hardware. This includes components such as the motherboard, processor, memory, hard drive, and peripherals like the keyboard and mouse. Hardware is tangible and can be seen and touched. Input, software, and storage are not physical components but rather concepts or categories related to computer functionality.

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  • 18. 

    What is the type of network?

    • A.

      ALU

    • B.

      CPU

    • C.

      LAN

    • D.

      ROM

    Correct Answer
    C. LAN
    Explanation
    The correct answer is LAN, which stands for Local Area Network. A LAN is a type of network that connects computers and devices within a limited geographic area, such as a home, office, or school. It allows for the sharing of resources, such as files and printers, and enables communication between connected devices.

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  • 19. 

    Which is NOT a storage device?

    • A.

      CD-RW

    • B.

      Disks

    • C.

      Monitor

    • D.

      Tape drive

    Correct Answer
    C. Monitor
    Explanation
    A monitor is not a storage device because it is used to display visual output from a computer or other electronic device, rather than storing or saving data. Storage devices, on the other hand, are used to store and retrieve data, such as CDs, disks, and tape drives.

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  • 20. 

    What is the printed copy of the data?

    • A.

      Hard copy

    • B.

      Final copy

    • C.

      New copy

    • D.

      Soft copy

    Correct Answer
    A. Hard copy
    Explanation
    A hard copy refers to a physical printout or document that is produced from electronic data. It is a tangible representation of the information stored digitally. Unlike a soft copy, which is the electronic version of the data that can be viewed on a screen, a hard copy provides a physical form that can be held, read, or distributed. Therefore, a hard copy is the printed copy of the data.

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  • 21. 

    What is the science of designing equipment for a comfortable and safe working environment?

    • A.

      Economics

    • B.

      Ecosystems

    • C.

      Ergonomics

    • D.

      Experts

    Correct Answer
    C. Ergonomics
    Explanation
    Ergonomics is the science of designing equipment and systems that fit the capabilities and limitations of individuals, ensuring a comfortable and safe working environment. It focuses on improving efficiency and productivity by considering factors such as human anatomy, physiology, and psychology. By designing equipment that promotes proper posture, reduces strain, and minimizes the risk of injury, ergonomics aims to enhance overall well-being and performance in the workplace.

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  • 22. 

    Which should NOT be kept away from computers?

    • A.

      Extreme heat

    • B.

      Food and drink

    • C.

      Instruction manuals

    • D.

      Magnets

    Correct Answer
    C. Instruction manuals
    Explanation
    Instruction manuals should not be kept away from computers because they provide important information and guidance on how to use and troubleshoot the computer. They contain instructions on how to set up the computer, operate software and hardware, and handle common issues. Keeping instruction manuals accessible ensures that users have the necessary resources to maximize the functionality and lifespan of their computers.

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  • 23. 

    What is the information shown on the monitor called?

    • A.

      Hard copy

    • B.

      Soft copy

    • C.

      Copy

    • D.

      Facts

    Correct Answer
    B. Soft copy
    Explanation
    The information shown on the monitor is called a soft copy. A soft copy refers to a digital or electronic version of a document or information that is displayed on a screen. It can be viewed, edited, and manipulated electronically, but it is not a physical or tangible form like a hard copy. This term is commonly used in contrast to a hard copy, which refers to a printed or physical version of the information.

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  • 24. 

    Which BEST describes the technology that enables computers to communicate the transmission of text, numeric, voice, or video data from one machine to another?

    • A.

      Basic controller

    • B.

      Control unit

    • C.

      Data communications

    • D.

      Processing unit

    Correct Answer
    C. Data communications
    Explanation
    Data communications is the technology that enables computers to communicate the transmission of text, numeric, voice, or video data from one machine to another. This involves the use of protocols, hardware, and software to transmit and receive data over networks. It encompasses various methods such as wired and wireless communication, data encoding, error detection and correction, and network protocols. Data communications is essential for enabling computer networks and the internet, allowing for the exchange of information between different devices and systems.

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  • 25. 

    Which BEST describes devices on the motherboard that controls the transfer of data from the computer to a peripheral device?

    • A.

      Basic Controllers

    • B.

      Expansion Slots

    • C.

      Serial Ports

    • D.

      Universal Serial Bus

    Correct Answer
    A. Basic Controllers
    Explanation
    Basic controllers are devices on the motherboard that control the transfer of data from the computer to a peripheral device. These controllers are responsible for managing the communication between the computer and the peripheral device, ensuring that data is transferred accurately and efficiently. They provide the necessary interface and protocols for data transfer, allowing the computer to interact with various peripheral devices such as printers, scanners, and storage devices.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 28, 2008
    Quiz Created by
    Gthomp
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