# Es&t017

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| By Catherine Halcomb
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Catherine Halcomb
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Quizzes Created: 1452 | Total Attempts: 5,818,250
Questions: 24 | Attempts: 571

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This QUIZ is made or by product of my continuous research & study about Electronics Engineering to help the Electronics Engineer/Technician Aspirants in passing the Board Examinations.

• 1.

### The real part of an antenna's input impedance is due to:

• A.

• B.

The reflected signal

• C.

The SWR

• D.

All of the above

Explanation
The real part of an antenna's input impedance is due to the radiated signal. This is because the real part represents the resistive component of the impedance, which is a measure of how much power is absorbed by the antenna and converted into radiation. The radiated signal is the actual signal that is transmitted from the antenna into the surrounding space. The reflected signal and the SWR (standing wave ratio) are related to the reactive components of the impedance and do not directly contribute to the real part.

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• 2.

### A half-wave dipole is sometimes called:

• A.

A Marconi antenna

• B.

A Hertz antenna

• C.

A Yagi antenna

• D.

None of the above

B. A Hertz antenna
Explanation
A half-wave dipole is a type of antenna that is commonly used in radio and telecommunications. It is called a Hertz antenna because it was first demonstrated by Heinrich Hertz in the late 19th century. The other options, Marconi antenna and Yagi antenna, are different types of antennas with their own specific designs and uses. Therefore, the correct answer is a Hertz antenna.

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• 3.

### The end-to-end length of a half-wave dipole antenna is actually:

• A.

One wavelength

• B.

One half-wavelength

• C.

Slightly longer than a half-wavelength

• D.

Slightly shorter than a half-wavelength

D. Slightly shorter than a half-wavelength
Explanation
A half-wave dipole antenna is designed to resonate at a specific frequency, and its length is determined by the wavelength of that frequency. The antenna operates by creating a standing wave pattern, with current and voltage nodes at specific points along its length. To achieve resonance, the length of the antenna must be slightly shorter than a half-wavelength. This allows the current and voltage nodes to align properly and maximize the antenna's efficiency. If the antenna were slightly longer than a half-wavelength, the standing wave pattern would not be optimal, leading to reduced performance.

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• 4.

### The radiation of energy from an antenna can be seen in the:

• A.

Standing wave pattern around the antenna

• B.

SWR along the feed cable

• C.

• D.

Power loss of the antenna

C. Radiation resistance of the antenna
Explanation
The radiation of energy from an antenna can be observed through the radiation resistance of the antenna. The radiation resistance represents the portion of the total resistance of the antenna that is responsible for the conversion of electrical energy into radiated energy. It indicates the effectiveness of the antenna in radiating energy into space. By measuring the radiation resistance, one can determine the amount of energy being radiated by the antenna. The other options mentioned, such as standing wave pattern, SWR along the feed cable, and power loss, are not direct indicators of the radiation of energy from the antenna.

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• 5.

### Measured on the ground, the field strength of a horizontally polarized half-wave dipole antenna is strongest:

• A.

In one direction

• B.

In two directions

• C.

In all directions

• D.

Depends on the number of elements

B. In two directions
Explanation
A horizontally polarized half-wave dipole antenna radiates most of its energy in two directions perpendicular to its axis. This is because the antenna is symmetrical and the current flows in opposite directions on each side of the dipole. As a result, the electromagnetic waves emitted by the antenna are strongest in these two directions, while the radiation in the other two directions cancels out due to the opposite phase. Therefore, the field strength of the antenna is strongest in two directions.

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• 6.

### The ability of an antenna to radiate more energy in one direction than in other directions is called:

• A.

Directivity

• B.

Selectivity

• C.

Active antenna

• D.

Resonance

A. Directivity
Explanation
Directivity refers to the ability of an antenna to radiate more energy in one particular direction compared to other directions. This is achieved by shaping the antenna's radiation pattern or by using reflectors or directors to focus the energy in a specific direction. Selectivity, on the other hand, refers to the ability of an antenna or receiver to choose or separate signals of a specific frequency from a mixture of different frequencies. Active antenna refers to an antenna that includes active components, such as amplifiers, to enhance its performance. Resonance refers to the natural frequency at which an antenna or circuit exhibits maximum efficiency.

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• 7.

### The front-to-back ratio of a half-wave dipole antenna is:

• A.

0 dB

• B.

3 dB

• C.

10 dB

• D.

Infinite

A. 0 dB
Explanation
The front-to-back ratio of a half-wave dipole antenna is 0 dB. This means that the power radiated in the forward direction is equal to the power radiated in the backward direction. In other words, the antenna has equal sensitivity in both directions.

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• 8.

### An antenna's beamwidth is measured:

• A.

From +90Â° to â€“90Â°

• B.

From front to back

• C.

Between half-power points

• D.

Between the minor side-lobes

C. Between half-power points
Explanation
The beamwidth of an antenna is measured between half-power points. This means that the measurement is taken from the point where the power of the antenna's radiation pattern is half of its maximum value on both sides of the main lobe. This measurement provides an indication of the angular coverage of the antenna's radiation pattern and helps determine the antenna's ability to transmit or receive signals within a specific range of angles.

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• 9.

### ERP stands for:

• A.

• B.

• C.

• D.

Explanation
ERP stands for Effective Radiated Power. This term refers to the amount of power that a transmitting antenna radiates in a specific direction. It takes into account the antenna gain and the power input to the antenna. ERP is an important parameter in telecommunications, as it helps determine the coverage area and signal strength of a radio or television station. By measuring the ERP, engineers can optimize the antenna design and power output to achieve the desired coverage and signal quality.

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• 10.

### "Ground Effects" refers to the effects on an antenna's radiation pattern caused by:

• A.

Radio signals reflecting off the ground

• B.

Buildings and other structures on the ground

• C.

• D.

Faulty connection of the feed cable ground

A. Radio signals reflecting off the ground
Explanation
Ground effects refer to the effects on an antenna's radiation pattern caused by radio signals reflecting off the ground. When radio signals encounter the ground, they can reflect and create additional paths for the signals to travel. This reflection can cause changes in the antenna's radiation pattern, affecting its performance and coverage. Ground effects are important considerations in antenna design and placement to ensure optimal signal propagation.

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• 11.

### A 1-MHz monopole antenna must be:

• A.

Mounted vertically

• B.

Mounted horizontally

• C.

At least one half-wavelength long

• D.

At least one wavelength long

A. Mounted vertically
Explanation
A 1-MHz monopole antenna must be mounted vertically because at this frequency, the antenna's radiation pattern is most effective in the vertical direction. Mounting it horizontally would result in a weaker signal and reduced efficiency. The length of the antenna is not specified in the question, so it could be any length as long as it is mounted vertically.

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• 12.

### The typical antenna in an AM radio is a:

• A.

Dipole

• B.

Folded dipole

• C.

Ferrite "loop-stick"

• D.

None of the above

C. Ferrite "loop-stick"
Explanation
The typical antenna in an AM radio is a ferrite "loop-stick" because it is designed to pick up the magnetic component of the radio waves. The ferrite material enhances the magnetic field and allows for better reception of AM signals. This type of antenna is commonly used in portable AM radios due to its compact size and ability to efficiently capture AM frequencies.

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• 13.

### The polarization of plane waves received from a satellite is changed by:

• A.

Gamma rays

• B.

• C.

Helical rotation

• D.

The distance traveled

Explanation
Faraday Rotation is the process that changes the polarization of plane waves received from a satellite. This phenomenon occurs when the plane waves pass through a magnetized plasma, causing the polarization plane to rotate. This rotation is caused by the interaction between the plane waves and the magnetic field of the plasma. Therefore, Faraday Rotation is the correct answer to explain the change in polarization of the received waves.

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• 14.

### A nonresonant antenna:

• A.

Will not transmit

• B.

• C.

Will cause SWR on the feed cable

• D.

All of the above

C. Will cause SWR on the feed cable
Explanation
A nonresonant antenna will cause SWR on the feed cable because it is not matched to the frequency it is trying to transmit or receive. This mismatch causes a portion of the signal to be reflected back towards the source, resulting in a higher SWR (Standing Wave Ratio) on the feed cable. This can lead to inefficient transmission and reception of signals.

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• 15.

### At resonance, the input impedance to a lossless antenna should be:

• A.

Resistive

• B.

Inductive

• C.

Capacitive

• D.

Infinite

A. Resistive
Explanation
At resonance, the input impedance to a lossless antenna should be resistive. This means that the antenna is neither capacitive nor inductive at resonance. A resistive input impedance indicates that the antenna is perfectly matched to the transmission line, allowing maximum power transfer from the source to the antenna. This is desirable for efficient signal transmission and reception. An infinite input impedance would imply an open circuit, which is not practical or desirable for antenna operation.

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• 16.

### An antenna can be matched to a feed line using:

• A.

A shorted stub

• B.

• C.

An LC network

• D.

All of the above

D. All of the above
Explanation
All of the above options can be used to match an antenna to a feed line. A shorted stub is a technique where a short circuit is introduced in the transmission line to achieve impedance matching. A loading coil is another method that is used to adjust the impedance of the antenna. An LC network, which consists of inductors and capacitors, can also be used to match the impedance of the antenna to the feed line. Therefore, all of these options can be used to match an antenna to a feed line.

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• 17.

### As the length of a "long-wire" antenna is increased:

• A.

The number of lobes increases

• B.

The number of nodes decreases

• C.

Efficiency decreases

• D.

None of the above

A. The number of lobes increases
Explanation
The length of a "long-wire" antenna determines the number of lobes it has. Lobes are the regions of maximum radiation or reception in an antenna pattern. As the length of the antenna increases, the number of lobes also increases. Therefore, the correct answer is "the number of lobes increases."

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• 18.

### Arrays can be:

• A.

Phased

• B.

Driven

• C.

Parasitic

• D.

All of the above

D. All of the above
Explanation
The given question asks about the possible characteristics of arrays. The options provided are "phased," "driven," "parasitic," and "all of the above." The correct answer is "all of the above" because arrays can indeed have multiple characteristics. Arrays can be phased, meaning that the elements are arranged in a specific order or pattern. They can also be driven, which refers to the mechanism by which the elements of the array are powered or controlled. Additionally, arrays can be parasitic, meaning that they can have unwanted or undesirable effects on the overall system. Therefore, all three options are correct, making "all of the above" the correct answer.

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• 19.

### An array with one driven element, a reflector, and one or more directors is called a:

• A.

Marconi

• B.

Yagi

• C.

Log-Periodic Dipole

• D.

Stacked array

B. Yagi
Explanation
A Yagi antenna is an array with one driven element, a reflector, and one or more directors. It is commonly used for communication purposes due to its high gain and directivity. The driven element is connected to the transmitter or receiver, while the reflector and directors are strategically placed to focus the radiation pattern in a specific direction. The Yagi antenna is named after its inventor, Hidetsugu Yagi, and is widely used in applications such as television reception and wireless communication.

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• 20.

### LPDA stands for:

• A.

Low-Power Dipole Array

• B.

Low-Power Directed Array

• C.

Log-Periodic Dipole Array

• D.

Log Power Dipole Array

C. Log-Periodic Dipole Array
Explanation
LPDA stands for Log-Periodic Dipole Array. This is a type of antenna that consists of a series of dipole elements arranged in a specific pattern. The term "log-periodic" refers to the fact that the antenna's electrical properties repeat in a logarithmic fashion over a wide frequency range. The log-periodic design allows the antenna to operate efficiently across a wide range of frequencies, making it suitable for applications such as television broadcasting and communication systems.

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• 21.

### The radiated beam from a parabolic "dish" transmitting antenna is:

• A.

Collimated

• B.

Phased

• C.

Dispersed

• D.

None of the above

A. Collimated
Explanation
The radiated beam from a parabolic "dish" transmitting antenna is collimated. This means that the beam is focused and parallel, resulting in minimal spreading or dispersion. The parabolic shape of the dish allows for the incoming waves to be reflected and concentrated at a single point, creating a tightly focused beam that can travel long distances without significant spreading. This property makes parabolic dish antennas ideal for point-to-point communication and long-range transmission.

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• 22.

### The energy picked up by a parabolic antenna is concentrated at the:

• A.

Center

• B.

Edges

• C.

Focus

• D.

Horn

C. Focus
Explanation
The energy picked up by a parabolic antenna is concentrated at the focus. A parabolic antenna is designed in such a way that incoming waves are reflected and converge at a single point called the focus. This concentration of energy at the focus allows for efficient reception and transmission of signals. The shape of the parabolic antenna helps to gather and direct the energy towards the focus, resulting in enhanced performance.

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• 23.

### Antennas are often tested in:

• A.

An echo chamber

• B.

An anechoic chamber

• C.

A vacuum chamber

• D.

An RF reflective chamber

B. An anechoic chamber
Explanation
Antennas are often tested in an anechoic chamber. An anechoic chamber is a specially designed room that is completely isolated from external noise and electromagnetic signals. It is lined with materials that absorb sound and electromagnetic waves, creating a reflection-free environment. This allows accurate testing of antennas without any interference or reflections, ensuring that the measurements obtained are reliable and representative of the antenna's performance in real-world conditions.

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• 24.

### Field strength at a distance from an antenna is measured with:

• A.

A slotted line

• B.

A dipole

• C.

An EIRP meter

• D.

A field-strength meter

D. A field-strength meter
Explanation
A field-strength meter is used to measure the field strength at a distance from an antenna. This device is specifically designed to measure the intensity of the electromagnetic field produced by the antenna. It helps in determining the strength of the signal being transmitted by the antenna and is commonly used in the field of radio communication and broadcasting. The other options mentioned, such as a slotted line, dipole, and EIRP meter, are not specifically designed for measuring field strength and are used for different purposes.

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