Combining Forms Of The Skeletal System: Chapter 6

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Combining Forms Of The Skeletal System: Chapter 6 - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Acetabul/o

    • A.

      Acetabulum

    • B.

      Joint

    • C.

      Glue

    • D.

      Rib

    Correct Answer
    A. Acetabulum
    Explanation
    The term "acetabul/o" refers to the acetabulum, which is a part of the hip bone. It is the socket-like structure that forms the hip joint, where the head of the femur (thigh bone) fits in. The other options, such as joint, glue, and rib, are not related to acetabulum.

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  • 2. 

    Acr/o

    • A.

      Foot

    • B.

      Rib

    • C.

      Extremity

    • D.

      Wrist

    Correct Answer
    C. Extremity
    Explanation
    The term "acr/o" refers to extremities or the outermost parts of the body. Among the given options, "extremity" is the only one that is related to the concept of "acr/o." It represents the farthest parts of the body, such as the hands and feet. Therefore, "extremity" is the correct answer.

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  • 3. 

    Ankyl/o

    • A.

      Finger or toe

    • B.

      Stiffening or crooked

    • C.

      Shoulder blade

    • D.

      Cartlidge

    Correct Answer
    B. Stiffening or crooked
    Explanation
    The term "ankyl/o" refers to stiffening or crookedness. This can be seen in medical terms such as ankylosing spondylitis, which is a condition that causes inflammation and stiffness in the spine. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "stiffening or crooked."

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  • 4. 

    Arthr/o

    • A.

      Tibia

    • B.

      Wrist

    • C.

      Joint

    • D.

      Glue

    Correct Answer
    C. Joint
    Explanation
    The term "arthr/o" refers to the joint, and "tibia" refers to the shinbone. Therefore, the combination of "arthr/o" and "tibia" suggests a joint related to the shinbone. The other options, wrist and glue, do not relate to the given terms. Hence, the correct answer is joint.

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  • 5. 

    Burs/o

    • A.

      A hump

    • B.

      Wrist

    • C.

      Glue

    • D.

      A pouch

    Correct Answer
    D. A pouch
    Explanation
    The term "burs/o" refers to a pouch-like structure in the body. This can be seen in various anatomical terms such as bursa, which is a small fluid-filled sac that cushions and reduces friction between tissues such as bones, tendons, and muscles. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "a pouch".

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  • 6. 

    Carcin/o

    • A.

      Cancer

    • B.

      Decay

    • C.

      Flesh

    • D.

      Pain

    Correct Answer
    A. Cancer
    Explanation
    The term "carcin/o" is derived from the Greek word "karkinos," which means crab. It is used as a combining form to refer to cancer. Cancer is a disease characterized by the uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells in the body. The term "carcin/o" is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate cancer or cancer-related conditions. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "cancer."

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  • 7. 

    Carp/o

    • A.

      Spine

    • B.

      Elbow

    • C.

      Wrist

    • D.

      Hand

    Correct Answer
    C. Wrist
    Explanation
    The word "carp/o" refers to the bones of the wrist, so the correct answer is "wrist". The other options, spine, elbow, and hand, do not correspond to the term "carp/o".

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  • 8. 

    Cartilagin/o and chondr/o

    • A.

      Glue

    • B.

      Catilage

    • C.

      Flesh

    • D.

      Tendons

    Correct Answer
    B. Catilage
    Explanation
    The terms "cartilagin/o" and "chondr/o" both refer to cartilage, which is a flexible connective tissue found in various parts of the body. It provides support and cushioning to joints, as well as maintaining the shape of certain body structures like the nose and ears. Therefore, the correct answer is "cartilage."

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  • 9. 

    Clavicul/o

    • A.

      Hip

    • B.

      Collarbone or clavicle

    • C.

      Spine

    • D.

      Neck

    Correct Answer
    B. Collarbone or clavicle
    Explanation
    The term "clavicul/o" refers to the collarbone or clavicle. The clavicle is a long bone that connects the shoulder to the sternum (breastbone). It is located in the upper part of the chest and plays a crucial role in stabilizing the shoulder joint and supporting arm movement. Therefore, "collarbone or clavicle" is the correct answer as it accurately represents the meaning of "clavicul/o."

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  • 10. 

    Coccyg/e and coccyg/o

    • A.

      Wrist

    • B.

      Coccyx,collarbone

    • C.

      Clavicle

    • D.

      Coccyx,tailbone

    Correct Answer
    D. Coccyx,tailbone
    Explanation
    The correct answer is coccyx, tailbone. The term "coccyx" refers to the small triangular bone at the base of the spine, commonly known as the tailbone. The term "tailbone" is a more colloquial term for the same bone. Therefore, both "coccyx" and "tailbone" are correct terms to describe the bone located at the end of the vertebral column.

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  • 11. 

    Coccyg/o or coccyg/e

    • A.

      Fastened

    • B.

      Coccyx,collarbone

    • C.

      Coccyx,tailbone

    • D.

      Humerus

    Correct Answer
    C. Coccyx,tailbone
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "coccyx, tailbone". The term "coccyg/o" or "coccyg/e" refers to the coccyx, which is the small triangular bone at the base of the spine. It is commonly known as the tailbone. The other options mentioned, such as collarbone and humerus, are unrelated to the term "coccyg/o" or "coccyg/e".

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  • 12. 

    Coll/a

    • A.

      Glue

    • B.

      X-ray

    • C.

      Tibia

    • D.

      Ulna

    Correct Answer
    A. Glue
  • 13. 

    Cost/o

    • A.

      Head

    • B.

      Toes

    • C.

      Foot

    • D.

      Rib

    Correct Answer
    D. Rib
    Explanation
    The term "cost/o" refers to the ribs, which are the curved bones that form the rib cage and protect the organs in the chest. The other options listed, such as head, toes, foot, are not related to the term "cost/o" and do not pertain to the ribs. Therefore, the correct answer is rib.

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  • 14. 

    Crani/o

    • A.

      Toe

    • B.

      Kneecap

    • C.

      Skull

    • D.

      Jawbone

    Correct Answer
    C. Skull
    Explanation
    The term "crani/o" refers to the skull. It is derived from the Greek word "kranion," which means skull. Therefore, "crani/o" is the correct answer because it specifically relates to the skull, not the toe or kneecap.

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  • 15. 

    Dactyl/o

    • A.

      Fingers and toes

    • B.

      Femur

    • C.

      Fibula

    • D.

      Ilium

    Correct Answer
    A. Fingers and toes
    Explanation
    The term "dactyl/o" refers to fingers and toes. This is evident from the given options where "femur," "fibula," and "ilium" are all bones, while "fingers and toes" is the only option related to body parts. Therefore, "fingers and toes" is the correct answer.

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  • 16. 

    Femor/o

    • A.

      Bone marrow

    • B.

      Tibia

    • C.

      Femur

    • D.

      Fibula

    Correct Answer
    C. Femur
    Explanation
    The term "femor/o" refers to the femur, which is the thigh bone in the human body. The femur is the longest and strongest bone in the body, located between the hip and the knee. It plays a crucial role in supporting the weight of the body and facilitating movement. Therefore, the correct answer is "femur."

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  • 17. 

    Fibul/o

    • A.

      Ilium

    • B.

      Fibula

    • C.

      Tibia

    • D.

      Femur

    Correct Answer
    B. Fibula
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "fibula". The term "fibula" refers to a bone located in the lower leg, on the lateral side. It is one of the two bones in the lower leg, along with the tibia. The fibula is slender and does not bear as much weight as the tibia, but it plays a crucial role in providing stability and support to the leg.

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  • 18. 

    Fixat/o

    • A.

      Glue

    • B.

      Fastened

    • C.

      Sacrum

    • D.

      Foot

    Correct Answer
    B. Fastened
    Explanation
    The term "fixat/o" refers to something that is fastened or secured. In this context, it means that something is attached or held firmly in place. Therefore, the correct answer "fastened" accurately describes the meaning of "fixat/o".

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  • 19. 

    Humer/o

    • A.

      Crescent

    • B.

      A hump

    • C.

      To draw

    • D.

      Humerus

    Correct Answer
    D. Humerus
    Explanation
    The term "humer/o" refers to the humerus, which is the bone located in the upper arm. This bone is commonly referred to as the humerus in medical terminology. Therefore, the correct answer is "humerus."

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  • 20. 

    Ili/o

    • A.

      Tendon

    • B.

      Kneecap

    • C.

      Curvature

    • D.

      Ilium

    Correct Answer
    D. Ilium
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "ilium". The ilium is a bone that is part of the pelvis. It is the largest and uppermost bone of the pelvis, and it forms the prominence of the hip. The other options mentioned, such as tendon, kneecap, and curvature, do not relate to the given term "ili/o". Therefore, the ilium is the most appropriate answer in this context.

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  • 21. 

    Isch/i

    • A.

      Skull

    • B.

      Ischium, hip

    • C.

      Lamina

    • D.

      Sword

    Correct Answer
    B. Ischium, hip
    Explanation
    The term "ischium" refers to a bone in the hip. It is one of the three bones that make up the hip bone, along with the ilium and pubis. The ischium is located at the lower and posterior part of the hip bone. Therefore, the correct answer is "ischium, hip".

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  • 22. 

    Kyph/o

    • A.

      To draw

    • B.

      Spine

    • C.

      A hump

    • D.

      A pouch

    Correct Answer
    C. A hump
    Explanation
    The term "kyph/o" refers to a hump or rounded curvature of the spine. This is the correct answer because "kyph/o" is a combining form that specifically relates to the presence of a hump or excessive curvature in the spine. The other options, such as "to draw," "spine," and "a pouch," do not accurately reflect the meaning of "kyph/o."

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  • 23. 

    Lamin/o

    • A.

      Sacrum

    • B.

      Lamina (thin plate)

    • C.

      Spine

    • D.

      Kneecap

    Correct Answer
    B. Lamina (thin plate)
    Explanation
    The term "lamin/o" refers to the thin plate-like structure. The sacrum is a bone located at the base of the spine, which does not match the definition of a thin plate. Similarly, the spine refers to the series of bones in the back, and the kneecap is a bone located in the knee joint. Therefore, the correct answer is lamina, as it accurately represents a thin plate-like structure.

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  • 24. 

    Lord/o

    • A.

      Lower jawbone

    • B.

      Bending,curve

    • C.

      Jawbone

    • D.

      Ccrescent

    Correct Answer
    B. Bending,curve
    Explanation
    The word "bending" suggests a movement or action of flexing or curving, while the word "curve" indicates a shape or form that is not straight but instead has a gradual change in direction. Both words are related to the concept of a curved or flexed shape. Therefore, the correct answer is "bending, curve."

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  • 25. 

    Lumb/o

    • A.

      Loin,lower back

    • B.

      Lower jawbone

    • C.

      Spine

    • D.

      Curvature

    Correct Answer
    A. Loin,lower back
    Explanation
    The term "lumb/o" refers to the lower back or loin region of the body. It specifically relates to the area between the ribs and the pelvis. This term is commonly used in medical terminology to describe conditions or structures associated with the lower back. Therefore, the correct answer is "loin, lower back."

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  • 26. 

    Mandibul/o

    • A.

      Upper jawbone

    • B.

      Lower jawbone

    • C.

      Bone marrow

    • D.

      Radius

    Correct Answer
    B. Lower jawbone
    Explanation
    The term "mandibul/o" refers to the lower jawbone. This can be inferred from the word "mandible," which is the anatomical term for the lower jawbone. The other options, such as "upper jawbone," "bone marrow," and "radius," do not correspond to the term "mandibul/o." Therefore, the correct answer is "lower jawbone."

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  • 27. 

    Maxill/o

    • A.

      Elbow

    • B.

      Flesh

    • C.

      Tendon

    • D.

      Jawbone

    Correct Answer
    D. Jawbone
    Explanation
    The term "maxill/o" refers to the jawbone.

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  • 28. 

    Menisc/i

    • A.

      Crescent

    • B.

      Small

    • C.

      Rib

    • D.

      Glue

    Correct Answer
    A. Crescent
    Explanation
    The word "menisc/i" refers to the meniscus, which is a crescent-shaped structure found in the knee joint. The other words in the list, such as small, rib, and glue, do not have any direct connection to the term "menisc/i". Therefore, the correct answer is "crescent" because it is the only word that is related to the shape of a meniscus.

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  • 29. 

    Myel/o

    • A.

      Tendon

    • B.

      Flesh

    • C.

      Bone marrow

    • D.

      Rib

    Correct Answer
    C. Bone marrow
    Explanation
    The term "myel/o" refers to bone marrow, which is the soft, spongy tissue found inside bones. This is the correct answer because it accurately defines the medical term.

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  • 30. 

    Oste/o

    • A.

      Bone

    • B.

      Flesh

    • C.

      Elbow

    • D.

      Skin

    Correct Answer
    A. Bone
    Explanation
    The term "oste/o" is a combining form that is derived from the Greek word "osteon" meaning bone. It is commonly used in medical terminology to refer to anything related to bones. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is "bone".

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  • 31. 

    Patell/o

    • A.

      Skull

    • B.

      Hand

    • C.

      Kneecap

    • D.

      Elbow

    Correct Answer
    C. Kneecap
    Explanation
    The term "patell/o" refers to the kneecap. The prefix "patell-" combined with the suffix "-o" indicates that the word pertains to the kneecap. This is commonly used in medical terminology to describe anything related to the kneecap, such as patellar tendon or patellofemoral syndrome. Therefore, "kneecap" is the correct answer in this case.

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  • 32. 

    Ped/o

    • A.

      Elbow

    • B.

      Foot

    • C.

      Hand

    • D.

      Rib

    Correct Answer
    B. Foot
    Explanation
    The term "ped/o" is derived from the Latin word "pes" which means foot. Therefore, "ped/o" refers to anything related to the foot. Among the given options, foot is the correct answer as it is the body part associated with "ped/o". The other options, such as elbow, hand, and rib, are not related to "ped/o" and do not match its meaning.

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  • 33. 

    Phalang/e

    • A.

      Fingers toes

    • B.

      Elbow

    • C.

      Wrist

    • D.

      Ribs

    Correct Answer
    A. Fingers toes
    Explanation
    The given list consists of body parts, and the correct answer is "fingers toes". This answer is correct because fingers and toes are both parts of the body that are connected to the hands and feet respectively. The other options listed, such as elbow, wrist, and ribs, are also body parts, but they do not fit the category of "fingers toes".

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  • 34. 

    Rach/i

    • A.

      Shouler

    • B.

      Spine

    • C.

      Jaw bone

    • D.

      Wrist

    Correct Answer
    B. Spine
    Explanation
    The given options are body parts, and the correct answer is "spine." The spine is a vital part of the human body, consisting of a series of bones called vertebrae that extend from the skull to the pelvis. It serves as a protective structure for the spinal cord, which is responsible for transmitting signals between the brain and the rest of the body. The spine also provides stability, support, and flexibility to the body, allowing for various movements and postures.

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  • 35. 

    Rad/i

    • A.

      Radius

    • B.

      X-ray

    • C.

      To draw

    • D.

      A pouch

    Correct Answer
    A. Radius
    Explanation
    The word "radius" matches the given pattern "rad/i" as it starts with "rad" and is followed by any character. The other options do not match the pattern. "x-ray" starts with "x" and not "rad", "to draw" does not start with "rad", and "a pouch" does not match the pattern as it does not start with "rad". Therefore, the correct answer is "radius".

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  • 36. 

    Rhumat/o

    • A.

      Condition of

    • B.

      Wrist

    • C.

      Discharge

    • D.

      Crescent

    Correct Answer
    C. Discharge
    Explanation
    The term "rhumat/o" does not have a specific meaning on its own, but when combined with the suffix "-o," it forms the word "rhumato," which refers to a discharge. Therefore, the correct answer is "discharge."

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  • 37. 

    Sacr/o

    • A.

      X-ray

    • B.

      Sacrum

    • C.

      Sternum

    • D.

      Ulna

    Correct Answer
    B. Sacrum
    Explanation
    The term "sacrum" refers to the triangular bone located at the base of the spine, formed by the fusion of five vertebrae. It plays a crucial role in connecting the spine to the pelvis and providing stability and support to the upper body. The given term "sacr/o" is a combining form that specifically relates to the sacrum. Therefore, the correct answer is "sacrum."

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  • 38. 

    Sarc/o

    • A.

      Flesh

    • B.

      Bone

    • C.

      Wrist

    • D.

      Joint

    Correct Answer
    A. Flesh
    Explanation
    The term "sarc/o" refers to flesh or connective tissue. This is the correct answer because it matches the meaning of the prefix "sarc/o" which is commonly used in medical terminology to indicate flesh or muscle. The other options, such as bone, wrist, and joint, do not match the meaning of "sarc/o" and are therefore incorrect.

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  • 39. 

    Scapul/o

    • A.

      Jawbone

    • B.

      Kneecap

    • C.

      Finger toe bones

    • D.

      Shoulder blade

    Correct Answer
    D. Shoulder blade
    Explanation
    The term "scapul/o" refers to the shoulder blade. The other options listed, such as "jawbone," "kneecap," and "finger toe bones," do not correspond to the term "scapul/o." Therefore, the correct answer is "shoulder blade."

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  • 40. 

    Scoli/o

    • A.

      Heel bone

    • B.

      Curvature

    • C.

      A hump

    • D.

      A pouch

    Correct Answer
    B. Curvature
    Explanation
    The term "scoli/o" refers to scoliosis, which is a medical condition characterized by an abnormal curvature of the spine. Therefore, the term "curvature" is the correct answer as it directly relates to the definition of scoliosis.

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  • 41. 

    Spin/o

    • A.

      Neck

    • B.

      Spine

    • C.

      Hand

    • D.

      Foot

    Correct Answer
    B. Spine
    Explanation
    The word "spin/o" is a medical term that refers to the spine. Therefore, the correct answer is "spine" as it is directly related to the given term.

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  • 42. 

    Spondyl/o

    • A.

      Bone marrow

    • B.

      Tailbone

    • C.

      Sacrum

    • D.

      Vertebra

    Correct Answer
    D. Vertebra
    Explanation
    The term "spondyl/o" refers to the vertebrae, which are the individual bones that make up the spinal column. The other options listed, such as bone marrow, tailbone, and sacrum, do not accurately represent the meaning of "spondyl/o." Therefore, the correct answer is vertebra.

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  • 43. 

    Stern/o

    • A.

      Vertebra

    • B.

      Rib

    • C.

      Sternum,breatbone

    • D.

      Kneecap

    Correct Answer
    C. Sternum,breatbone
    Explanation
    The given answer, "sternum, breastbone," is correct because the sternum is commonly referred to as the breastbone. The sternum is a flat bone located in the center of the chest, connecting the ribs and forming the front of the rib cage. It serves to protect the vital organs in the chest, such as the heart and lungs. Therefore, the sternum and breastbone are interchangeable terms referring to the same anatomical structure.

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  • 44. 

    Tendon/o

    • A.

      Tendon

    • B.

      Flesh

    Correct Answer
    A. Tendon
    Explanation
    The term "tendon/o" refers to the combining form for tendon. Tendons are tough, fibrous cords that connect muscles to bones. They are responsible for transmitting the force generated by muscles to the bones, allowing for movement. The suffix "-o" is commonly used in medical terminology to denote a combining form. Therefore, "tendon/o" can be understood as the combining form for tendon.

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  • 45. 

    Tibi/o

    • A.

      Flesh

    • B.

      Femur

    • C.

      Tibia

    • D.

      Tendon

    Correct Answer
    C. Tibia
    Explanation
    The term "tibia" refers to the bone located in the lower leg, commonly known as the shinbone. It is one of the two long bones in the lower leg, with the other being the fibula. The tibia plays a crucial role in supporting body weight and providing stability during movement. It is also an important site for muscle attachment, as tendons connect muscles to the tibia. Therefore, among the given options, "tibia" is the most appropriate term related to bone and tendon.

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  • 46. 

    Tract/o

    • A.

      To draw

    • B.

      X-ray

    • C.

      Sacrum

    • D.

      Femur

    Correct Answer
    A. To draw
    Explanation
    The word "tract/o" is derived from the Latin word "tractus" which means "to draw". This is evident in words like "attract" (to draw towards), "detract" (to draw away), and "extract" (to draw out). Therefore, "to draw" is the correct answer as it accurately reflects the meaning of "tract/o".

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  • 47. 

    Radi/o

    • A.

      Crescent

    • B.

      Spine

    • C.

      X-ray

    • D.

      Radius

    Correct Answer
    C. X-ray
    Explanation
    The term "x-ray" is the only word in the given options that is related to the medical field. It is a type of electromagnetic radiation used in medical imaging to visualize the internal structures of the body. The other options, "radio," "crescent," "spine," and "radius," do not have a direct connection to the medical field or the concept of imaging.

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  • 48. 

    Uln/o

    • A.

      Clavicle

    • B.

      Elbow

    • C.

      Wrist

    • D.

      Neck

    Correct Answer
    B. Elbow
    Explanation
    The term "uln/o" refers to the ulna bone, which is one of the two bones in the forearm. The clavicle is the collarbone, the wrist is the joint connecting the hand to the forearm, and the neck is the part of the body connecting the head to the shoulders. Therefore, the correct answer is "elbow," as it is the joint connecting the upper and lower arm.

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  • 49. 

    Vertebr/o

    • A.

      Tendon

    • B.

      Sacrum

    • C.

      Vertebra

    • D.

      Shoulder blade

    Correct Answer
    C. Vertebra
    Explanation
    The term "vertebr/o" refers to the vertebra, which is a bone in the spinal column. This term is derived from the Latin word "vertebra" meaning joint or joint of the spine. Therefore, the correct answer is "vertebra," as it is directly related to the term "vertebr/o."

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  • 50. 

    Xipho/o

    • A.

      Kneecap

    • B.

      Spine

    • C.

      To draw

    • D.

      Sword

    Correct Answer
    D. Sword
    Explanation
    The term "xipho/o" refers to the word "sword". This is evident from the given options where "sword" is the only word that can be associated with "xipho/o". The other options, such as "kneecap", "spine", and "to draw", do not have any connection to "xipho/o". Therefore, "sword" is the correct answer.

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