The Cognitive Approach End Of Topic Test Resit

17 Questions

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All multiple choice questions are worth one mark and have only one correct answer. The essay question (the last question) is worth 12 marks.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Describe and evaluate one theory of forgetting. (12)
  • 2. 
    Give an example of a one tailed (directional) hypothesis.
    • A. 

      Listening to music will not change how well you remember a word list.

    • B. 

      Eating chocolate will lift or depress your mood.

    • C. 

      Relaxation causes a decrease in heart rate.

  • 3. 
    What is a dependent variable?
    • A. 

      A variable that is being measured.

    • B. 

      A variable we seek to control.

    • C. 

      A variable that may disrupt our results.

  • 4. 
    What is an independent variable?
    • A. 

      A variable that is indpendent of our research.

    • B. 

      A variable that is manipulated by the researcher.

    • C. 

      A variable that the participant brings to the research.

  • 5. 
    Which of these is correct?DV: Dependent VariableIV: Independent Variable
    • A. 

      Number of questions answered correctly is a DV. Boys versus girls is an IV Morning versus afternoon is an IV

    • B. 

      Number of questions answered correctly is a IV. Boys versus girls is an DV Morning versus afternoon is an IV

    • C. 

      Number of questions answered correctly is a IV. Boys versus girls is an IV Morning versus afternoon is an DV

    • D. 

      Number of questions answered correctly is a DV. Boys versus girls is an DV. Morning versus afternoon is an IV

    • E. 

      Number of questions answered correctly is a IV. Boys versus girls is an DV. Morning versus afternoon is an DV

  • 6. 
    Which of these reduces the effect of participant variables when using an independent measures design:
    • A. 

      Making sure our participants are as similar as possible.

    • B. 

      Randomly allocating participants to groups.

    • C. 

      Removing all distractions from the room.

  • 7. 
    What does cognitive psychology investigate?
    • A. 

      Observable behaviour

    • B. 

      Interaction with others

    • C. 

      The unconscious mind

    • D. 

      Thought processes

  • 8. 
    According to the levels of processing theory of memory...
    • A. 

      We remember items that are repeated again and again

    • B. 

      Maintenance rehearsal will encode items into our long-term memory

    • C. 

      Deep processing involves elaborative rehearsal, ensuring encoding into long-term memory

    • D. 

      Input, output, and storage are the three levels

  • 9. 
    James was drunk, so his girlfriend convinced him to get out of his car, and she drove him home in her car.  He could not remember where his car was parked when he got up the next morning, but after drinking a beer, James remembered where he left his car.  This phenomenon best illustrates:
    • A. 

      The misinformation effect

    • B. 

      Context-dependent memory

    • C. 

      The framing effect

    • D. 

      State-dependent memory

  • 10. 
    Which of the following terms is synonymous with “motivated forgetting”?
    • A. 

      Regression

    • B. 

      Repression

    • C. 

      Sublimation

    • D. 

      Rationalization

  • 11. 
    A retrieval cue is…
    • A. 

      A brain structure stimulus used to locate a particular memory

    • B. 

      The same thing as an elaboration encoding variable

    • C. 

      Always based on the mood you were in when a memory was first encoded

    • D. 

      A stimulus associated with a memory that is used to locate that memory

  • 12. 
    If you were attempting to recall a memory, the memory process you would be using is...
    • A. 

      Retrieval

    • B. 

      Storage

    • C. 

      Acquisition

    • D. 

      Encoding

  • 13. 
    Which level of processing should result in the longest lasting memories?
    • A. 

      Structural encoding

    • B. 

      Mnemonic encoding

    • C. 

      Semantic encoding

    • D. 

      Shonemic encoding

  • 14. 
    What do cognitive psychologists compare the mind to?
    • A. 

      A keyboard

    • B. 

      A DVD

    • C. 

      A Computer

    • D. 

      A Television

  • 15. 
    What method did Bartlett use in his attempt to show how schema can affect memory.
    • A. 

      The field method

    • B. 

      The serial reproduction method

    • C. 

      The case study method

    • D. 

      The serial positioning method

  • 16. 
    What did Koehler (1932) use as a measure of stress in his study on repression?
    • A. 

      Blood pressure

    • B. 

      Heart rate

    • C. 

      Saliva samples

    • D. 

      Galvanic skin response

  • 17. 
    What did Elizabeth Loftus' work show?
    • A. 

      That traumatic events can distort memory.

    • B. 

      That the environment can distort memory.

    • C. 

      That post event information can distort memory.

    • D. 

      That the way we ask questions will not affect memory.