Clp Midterm Exam Study

46 Questions | Total Attempts: 103

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Midterm Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Is rooted in cultural heritage, nationality characteristics, race, religion, and language.
    • A. 

      Gender

    • B. 

      Culture

    • C. 

      Ethnicity

    • D. 

      Psychology

  • 2. 
    “This is the greatest self-help book I’ve ever read,” says Belle. “The author really knows what she is talking about. She bases her advice on her own experiences.” Based upon the guidelines presented in your textbook, Belle ought to be
    • A. 

      Cautious of the advice given since it is based on anecdotal experiences.

    • B. 

      Thankful for getting sound wisdom founded on reliable personal evidence.

    • C. 

      Grateful for the similarity of the author’s and reader’s intuitions.

    • D. 

      Cautious since the book is based on psycholinguistics.

  • 3. 
    Three undecided voters watch the presidential debates. One thought the Democratic candidate performed better, one thought the Republican candidate did better, and one saw the debate as a tie. If these friends are critical thinkers, they will listen to the others’ observations because they:
    • A. 

      Want to be able to convince the other two to vote for his/her candidate.

    • B. 

      Recognize the importance of multiple perspectives.

    • C. 

      Realize that only one perspective can be correct.

    • D. 

      Like to argue.

  • 4. 
    Jeffery wanted to make sure that the preexisting condition of motivation would not affect his experiment on the effects of study skills on grades. He should:
    • A. 

      Allow the subjects to volunteer to be in the experimental and control groups

    • B. 

      Use personality tests to place subjects in the experimental and control groups

    • C. 

      Use random assignment of subjects to the experimental and control groups

    • D. 

      Teach both groups study skills and see which group actually utilized the skills

  • 5. 
    Consist of thoughts, feelings, and motives that each person experiences privately but cannot be observed directly.
    • A. 

      Inferences

    • B. 

      Behavior

    • C. 

      Contexts

    • D. 

      Mental Processes

  • 6. 
    According to your textbook, adjustment without _______ is likely to be a hollow achievement.
    • A. 

      Passive acceptance

    • B. 

      Compromise

    • C. 

      Growth

    • D. 

      Positive reinforcement

  • 7. 
    Conclusions that people draw from behavior:
    • A. 

      Mental Processes

    • B. 

      Inferences

    • C. 

      Contexts

    • D. 

      Psychology

  • 8. 
    The process of thinking reflectively, productively, and evaluating the evidence.
    • A. 

      Critical Thinking

    • B. 

      Adjustment

    • C. 

      Contexts

    • D. 

      Gender

  • 9. 
    Since being in college, you have learned to manage your time and get along with your roommate, and you have changed your major. The psychological process of __________ has allowed you to have a more fulfilling year in college.
    • A. 

      Cognitive dissonance

    • B. 

      Assimilation

    • C. 

      adjustment

    • D. 

      Introspection

  • 10. 
    The scientific term for how people evaluate their lives in terms of their happiness and life satisfaction.
    • A. 

      Contexts

    • B. 

      Ethnicity

    • C. 

      Culture

    • D. 

      Subjective well-being

  • 11. 
    The belief that one can master a situation and produce positive outcomes.
    • A. 

      Self-efficacy

    • B. 

      Classical conditioning

    • C. 

      Operant conditioning

    • D. 

      Reinforcement

  • 12. 
    A pattern of enduring, distinctive thoughts, emotions, and behaviors that characterize the way an individual adapts to the world.
    • A. 

      Collective unconscious

    • B. 

      Archetypes

    • C. 

      Individual psychology

    • D. 

      Personality

  • 13. 
    The correct sequence of Freud's stages of personality development are:
    • A. 

      Anal, oral, phallic, genital, latency

    • B. 

      Oral, anal, latency, genital, phallic

    • C. 

      Anal, oral, phallic latency, genital

    • D. 

      oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital

  • 14. 
    Clinical techniques that involve an individual drawing a person, completing incomplete sentences, or saying the first word that comes to mind when presented with a word, such as fear or happy, would be considered:
    • A. 

      Self-report tests

    • B. 

      Projective tests

    • C. 

      Cognitive assessments

    • D. 

      Behavioral assessments

  • 15. 
    The Freudian structure of personality that deals with morality.
    • A. 

      Personality

    • B. 

      Id

    • C. 

      Ego

    • D. 

      Superego

  • 16. 
    Which psychological perspective views personality as being primarily unconscious and emphasizes that early experiences with parents play an important role in the development of one’s personality?
    • A. 

      Humanistic perspective

    • B. 

      Behavioral perspective

    • C. 

      Trait perspective

    • D. 

      Psychodynamic perspective

  • 17. 
    The Freudian structure of personality that consists of instincts and is the individual's reservoir of psychic energy.
    • A. 

      Superego

    • B. 

      Ego

    • C. 

      Id

    • D. 

      Personality

  • 18. 
    Which of the following psychological theorists viewed behavior as merely a surface characteristic and advocated the understanding of personality through the exploration of the symbolic meanings of behavior and the deep inner-workings of the mind?
    • A. 

      Albert Bandura

    • B. 

      B.F. Skinner

    • C. 

      Sigmund Freud

    • D. 

      Carl Rogers

  • 19. 
    As Mario is filling out his income tax forms, he makes the decision not to report all of his income. He figures that it is okay, because everyone cheats on their taxes; and besides, he needs the money more than the government does. Mario is exhibiting which defense mechanism?
    • A. 

      Regression.

    • B. 

      Displacement.

    • C. 

      Rationalization.

    • D. 

      Sublimation

  • 20. 
    The Freudian structure of personality that deals with the demands of reality.
    • A. 

      Ego

    • B. 

      Superego

    • C. 

      Psychodynamic perspectives

    • D. 

      Id

  • 21. 
    Your representation of the attributes you believe or you actually possess.
    • A. 

      Morita therapy

    • B. 

      Value conflict

    • C. 

      Actual self

    • D. 

      Values

  • 22. 
    A sense of integration of self in which different parts come together in a unified whole.
    • A. 

      Possible selves

    • B. 

      Identity

    • C. 

      Self-esteem

    • D. 

      Actual self

  • 23. 
    A form of education that promotes social responsibility and service to the community, aiming to help adolescents and emerging adults to become less self-centered and more strongly motivated to help others.
    • A. 

      Ethnic identity

    • B. 

      Psychological moratorium

    • C. 

      Narcissism

    • D. 

      Service learning

  • 24. 
    Every time David smells the least amount of smoke, he tends to relive the house fire he was in six months ago. Since that fire, David has also had difficulty sleeping, is easily startled, and has felt emotionally numb and unable to experience any real pleasure. David would most likely be diagnosed with:
    • A. 

      Histrionic personality disorder.

    • B. 

      Bipolar disorder.

    • C. 

      Conversion disorder.

    • D. 

      Post-traumatic stress disorder.

  • 25. 
    Standards that we apply to determine the worth of things, ideas, or events. Our values reflect what matters most to us.
    • A. 

      Psychological moratorium

    • B. 

      Identity foreclosure

    • C. 

      Identity achievement

    • D. 

      Values

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