# CIW V5 Site Designer

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 270
Questions: 139 | Attempts: 270

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Exam Type: CIW
Exam Code: 1D0-520
Total Questions: 139

• 1.

### Susan is creating some additional images for her customer's Web site. One image will be used repeatedly on site pages. However, in order to support the site's topic-specific color scheme, she wants one shape in the image's background to be a different color on each page. What is the best way for Susan to accomplish this task?

• A.

Create the image using layers for its different components.

• B.

Create the image using series for its different components.

• C.

Create the image using pages for its different components.

• D.

Create the image using frames for its different components.

A. Create the image using layers for its different components.
Explanation
By creating the image using layers, Susan can easily change the color of the specific shape in the background on each page. Layers allow for independent editing of different components of an image, making it the best option for achieving the desired result.

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• 2.

### Consuela is updating her company's Web site. She wants to add an image that is 1,414 pixels by 724 pixels. Her site audience generally uses a monitor resolution of 1024x768. Using Fireworks, how can she adjust the image to fit the users' monitors?

• A.

Resample the image to adjust the print size.

• B.

Resample the image to increase the resolution.

• C.

Resample the image to decrease the color depth.

• D.

Resample the image to decrease the pixel dimensions.

D. Resample the image to decrease the pixel dimensions.
Explanation
Resampling the image to decrease the pixel dimensions will adjust the image to fit the users' monitors. By reducing the pixel dimensions of the image to match the monitor resolution of 1024x768, Consuela can ensure that the image will be displayed properly on her site audience's monitors without any distortion or cropping.

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• 3.

### User feedback can be evaluated in many ways. Which of the following methods is more quantitative than direct user feedback, and will provide indirect feedback from the majority of users who do not respond?

• A.

User surveys

• B.

Site server logs

• C.

• D.

Opt-in bulk mail services

B. Site server logs
Explanation
Site server logs are more quantitative than direct user feedback because they provide objective data about user behavior on a website. These logs record information such as the number of visitors, their click paths, the pages they visited, and the time spent on each page. This data can be analyzed to identify patterns and trends, allowing for a more comprehensive understanding of user behavior. Unlike user surveys or online e-mail links, site server logs capture data from all users, including those who do not actively provide feedback. Opt-in bulk mail services may provide some indirect feedback, but it is not as quantitative or comprehensive as site server logs.

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• 4.

### Jared is creating an interactive Web site that is expected to respond to heavy traffic. He needs to request new hardware in order to build a staging server. What requirement of the staging server should he be aware of when ordering the new hardware?

• A.

The staging server should have the same hardware and software configuration as the production server.

• B.

The staging server should have a different operating system from that of the production server for flexibility during testing.

• C.

The staging server should have a slower processor and less RAM than the production server because it is just a test server.

• D.

The staging server should have more RAM and a faster processor than the production server because testing is more intensive than production use.

A. The staging server should have the same hardware and software configuration as the production server.
Explanation
Jared should be aware that the staging server should have the same hardware and software configuration as the production server. This is important because it ensures that the staging environment accurately reflects the production environment. By having the same configuration, Jared can accurately test the performance and functionality of the website under heavy traffic conditions before deploying it to the production server. This helps to identify any potential issues or bottlenecks and allows for proper optimization and troubleshooting before the website goes live.

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• 5.

### Consider the following code: <a href="http://www.ciwcertified.com"> <img src="ciw-logo.gif" width="231" height="84" border="0"/> </a> The preceding code seems to render properly in multiple Web browsers. However, it will not validate to W3C standards. Which of the following must be added?

• A.

The alt attribute

• B.

• C.

A closing </img> tag

• D.

An embedded style sheet

A. The alt attribute
Explanation
The alt attribute must be added. The alt attribute is used to provide alternative text for an image in case it cannot be displayed. It is an important attribute for accessibility purposes and is required by W3C standards.

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• 6.

### In which of the following formats do graphic files support 24 bits of color information and work well with photographs?

• A.

GIF

• B.

SVG

• C.

BMP

• D.

JPEG

D. JPEG
Explanation
JPEG is the correct answer because it is a commonly used format for graphic files that supports 24 bits of color information. It is particularly well-suited for photographs due to its ability to compress images without significant loss of quality. JPEG files can display millions of colors and are widely supported by various devices and software applications.

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• 7.

### Tom wants to display <li> list elements in a row. What should he add to his style sheet?

• A.

Li {layout:inline}

• B.

Li {display:inline}

• C.

Li {display:block}

• D.

Ul {display:inline}

B. Li {display:inline}
Explanation
To display the list elements in a row, Tom should add the CSS rule "li {display:inline}" to his style sheet. This rule sets the display property of the "li" elements to "inline", which allows them to be displayed horizontally in a row.

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• 8.

### Which of the following would typically be found in the contents of an external style sheet?

• A.

P [margin: 1in]

• B.

P (margin: 1in)

• C.

P { margin: 1in }

• D.

C. P { margin: 1in }
Explanation
The correct answer is "P { margin: 1in }". This is the correct syntax for defining a CSS rule in an external style sheet. The "P" selector selects all paragraph elements, and the "margin: 1in" property sets the margin of the paragraphs to 1 inch. An external style sheet is a separate file that contains CSS rules and is linked to an HTML document using the tag. This allows for the separation of style and content, making it easier to maintain and update the styles across multiple pages.

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• 9.

### Hal has saved a file as a template in Dreamweaver. If he has not already done so, Dreamweaver will prompt him to add:

• A.

A content region.

• B.

An editable region.

• C.

A CSS style sheet.

• D.

A tag to hold content.

B. An editable region.
Explanation
When Hal saves a file as a template in Dreamweaver, if he has not already done so, Dreamweaver will prompt him to add an editable region. An editable region allows the user to modify specific areas of the template while keeping the rest of the content consistent. This feature is useful for creating templates that can be easily customized without affecting the overall structure and design.

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• 10.

### Alma has been asked to upgrade the pages on her Web site to XHTML 1.0 Transitional. Which of the following tags must she alter on each page?

• A.

The tag

• B.

The tag

• C.

The tag

• D.

The tag

D. The tag
Explanation
Alma needs to alter the tag on each page to upgrade them to XHTML 1.0 Transitional. The tag specifies the version of HTML or XHTML being used on the webpage. In this case, upgrading to XHTML 1.0 Transitional requires changing the tag to reflect this version.

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• 11.

### Which of the following is the common name for the practice hackers use to trick people into revealing sensitive information?

• A.

Social engineering

• B.

Identity exploitation

• C.

Information probing

• D.

Intellectual deception

A. Social engineering
Explanation
Social engineering is the common name for the practice hackers use to trick people into revealing sensitive information. This technique involves manipulating individuals through psychological manipulation or deception to gain access to confidential data. It often involves tactics such as impersonation, phishing emails, or phone scams to deceive individuals into providing personal information or access to secure systems.

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• 12.

### Jason needs to create a table with four columns and six rows. Which of the following attributes must he include in the <td> tag to allow the first cell to span across the entire width of the table?

• A.

Colspan="4"

• B.

Colspan="6"

• C.

Rowspan="6"

• D.

Width="100%"

A. Colspan="4"
Explanation
To allow the first cell to span across the entire width of the table, Jason must include the attribute "colspan" in the tag. The value of "colspan" determines how many columns the cell should span. In this case, since the table has four columns, the correct value for "colspan" is "4". This will make the first cell occupy all four columns and cover the entire width of the table.

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• 13.

### The W3C has developed XHTML standards for the World Wide Web. These standards:

• A.

Allow proprietary software to run in other vendors' browsers.

• B.

Ensure consistent display in various browsers and platforms.

• C.

Define a language that incorporates data structures and internal logic.

• D.

allow markup elements to combine both structure and formatting in a single text file.

B. Ensure consistent display in various browsers and platforms.
Explanation
The correct answer is "ensure consistent display in various browsers and platforms." This is because XHTML standards developed by the W3C (World Wide Web Consortium) are designed to provide a consistent display of web content across different browsers and platforms. By adhering to these standards, web developers can ensure that their websites are displayed correctly regardless of the browser or platform being used by the user. This helps to improve the user experience and ensures that the content is accessible to a wider audience.

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• 14.

### Kellee wants to determine which areas of her company's Web site attract visitors, and the frequency with which those areas are visited. Which of the following is the best way for her to determine these facts?

• A.

Monitor network traffic during peak hours.

• B.

Place a hit counter on each page of the Web site.

• C.

Analyze the Web site server logs to measure page access.

• D.

Call users and ask them which sections of the site they visit often.

C. Analyze the Web site server logs to measure page access.
Explanation
Analyzing the website server logs is the best way for Kellee to determine which areas of her company's website attract visitors and the frequency of those visits. Server logs record all the requests made to the website, including the specific pages accessed and the time of access. By analyzing these logs, Kellee can gather data on the popularity of different areas of the website and the frequency of visits, allowing her to make informed decisions about improving and optimizing the website's content and layout. Monitoring network traffic, using hit counters, or asking users directly would not provide as comprehensive and accurate information as analyzing the server logs.

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• 15.

### Which of the following is an example of structural markup?

• A.

Summary

• B.

Summary

• C.

Summary

• D.

Summary

B. Summary
Explanation
The given answer "Summary" is an example of structural markup because it is used to provide a brief overview or summary of the content. Structural markup is used to define the structure and layout of a document, such as headings, paragraphs, lists, and tables. In this case, "Summary" is likely used as a heading or subheading to indicate that the following content provides a summary of something.

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• 16.

### Both versions of GIF files support small file size, lossless compression and transparency. Which of the two GIF versions also supports animation and interlacing?

• A.

87a

• B.

87b

• C.

89a

• D.

89b

C. 89a
Explanation
The correct answer is 89a because it is the only version of GIF that supports both animation and interlacing. The other versions, 87a and 87b, do not have these features.

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• 17.

### Rosa wants to position a paragraph 100 pixels below the top of the HTML document, and 100 pixels from its left margin. Which styles should she use?

• A.

Top: 100px; left: 100px

• B.

position: relative; top: 100px; left: 100px

• C.

Position: absolute;top: 100px;left: 100px

• D.

Position: absolute;margin-top: 100px;margin-left: 100px

C. Position: absolute;top: 100px;left: 100px
Explanation
The correct answer is "position: absolute;top: 100px;left: 100px". This is because the "position: absolute" property allows Rosa to position the paragraph precisely on the HTML document. The "top: 100px" property positions the paragraph 100 pixels below the top of the document, and the "left: 100px" property positions it 100 pixels from the left margin.

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• 18.

### Image slicing involves:

• A.

Selecting rectangular sections of a larger graphic to be divided into smaller images during export.

• B.

Creating an animated GIF file from a single large image file to decrease perceived download time.

• C.

Merging several small image files into a single large image file to simplify placement on the Web page.

• D.

Selecting sections of a single image and saving them as separate JPG files in a specially created folder.

A. Selecting rectangular sections of a larger graphic to be divided into smaller images during export.
• 19.

### What is another name for the staging server?

• A.

Live server

• B.

Production server

• C.

Redundant server

• D.

Development server

D. Development server
Explanation
The staging server is commonly referred to as the development server. This server is used to test and validate changes made to a software or application before it is deployed to the live production environment. It allows developers to ensure that the changes work as intended and do not cause any issues or disruptions to the live system.

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• 20.

### You have created a style sheet and applied it to every Web page on your site. After reviewing the updated pages, you notice that not all of the styles implemented by the style sheet were applied to some of the pages. Which of the following is the most plausible reason for this?

• A.

One style sheet cannot be applied to multiple pages.

• B.

Certain styles cannot be rendered the same on all pages.

• C.

Linked styles will be overridden by embedded or inline styles on the page.

• D.

Your site uses multiple linked style sheets, which are conflicting with one another.

C. Linked styles will be overridden by embedded or inline styles on the page.
Explanation
When a style sheet is applied to multiple web pages, the linked styles in the style sheet can be overridden by embedded or inline styles that are specifically defined within the individual pages. This means that if a particular page has its own embedded or inline styles, those styles will take precedence over the linked styles from the external style sheet. Thus, the most plausible reason for not all styles being applied to some pages is that the linked styles are being overridden by embedded or inline styles on those pages.

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• 21.

### You are creating a Web site that uses a gradient fill for all page backgrounds on a site. To ensure that you can see the gradient through the image background, you should:

• A.

Use TIF images with transparent backgrounds.

• B.

Use JPG images with transparent backgrounds.

• C.

Use GIF 89a images with transparent backgrounds.

• D.

Use GIF 89b images with transparent backgrounds.

C. Use GIF 89a images with transparent backgrounds.
• 22.

### You want to provide your visitors with Web pages that look good and perform well on many browsers and platforms. Accessibility and conformance to W3C standards are critical. Using a WYSIWYG editor, what would be the most appropriate positioning method and font choice for page elements on the site template?

• A.

Table layout and relative font sizes

• B.

Table layout and absolute font sizes

• C.

CSS positioning and relative font sizes

• D.

CSS positioning and absolute font sizes

C. CSS positioning and relative font sizes
Explanation
CSS positioning and relative font sizes would be the most appropriate choice for page elements on the site template. This is because using CSS positioning allows for more flexibility and control over the layout of the web pages, ensuring that they look good on different browsers and platforms. Relative font sizes, on the other hand, adapt to the user's preferred font size settings, making the content more accessible and conforming to W3C standards.

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• 23.

### The best way to thwart a dictionary attack is by enforcing a:

• A.

Proxy server policy.

• B.

• C.

Restricted access policy.

• D.

Firewall configuration policy.

Explanation
A dictionary attack is a type of cyber attack where an attacker tries to gain unauthorized access to a system by systematically trying all possible words or combinations of words from a dictionary. Enforcing a strong password policy can help thwart such attacks as it requires users to create passwords that are complex and not easily guessable. Strong passwords typically include a combination of uppercase and lowercase letters, numbers, and special characters, making it difficult for attackers to crack them using dictionary-based techniques.

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• 24.

### Which of the following techniques helps stop a denial-of-service (DOS) attack in which an attacker has sent multiple ICMP or TCP packets to crash a Web server on the Internet?

• A.

Filtering traffic at the firewall

• B.

Changing passwords on a regular basis

• C.

Installing Apache server rather than Microsoft IIS

• D.

Placing the database and the Web server on separate systems

A. Filtering traffic at the firewall
Explanation
Filtering traffic at the firewall helps stop a denial-of-service (DOS) attack by blocking or filtering out the malicious packets sent by the attacker. By configuring the firewall to only allow legitimate traffic to reach the web server, the excessive ICMP or TCP packets sent by the attacker can be blocked, preventing the server from crashing. This technique helps protect the server and ensures that only valid traffic is allowed to access the web server.

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• 25.

### Which of the following is directly exploited by a brute-force attack?

• A.

The Web server's available bandwidth

• B.

The Web server's authentication mechanisms

• C.

The TCP/IP software installed on the Web server

• D.

The log file mechanisms that exist on the Web server

B. The Web server's authentication mechanisms
Explanation
A brute-force attack is a method used by hackers to gain unauthorized access to a system by systematically trying all possible combinations of passwords or encryption keys until the correct one is found. In this case, the correct answer is "The Web server's authentication mechanisms" because brute-force attacks target the authentication mechanisms of a web server, such as login forms or password authentication systems, in order to gain access to restricted areas or sensitive information. By repeatedly trying different combinations of usernames and passwords, the attacker hopes to find the correct credentials and bypass the authentication process.

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• 26.

### You have been asked to insert an image named kayak.jpg in a Web page. Which of the following code examples will validate as XHTML 1.0 Transitional?

• A.

• B.

• C.

</img>

• D.

</img>

A.
Explanation

This code example will validate as XHTML 1.0 Transitional because it uses the `` tag to insert an image and includes the required attributes, such as `src` to specify the image file ("kayak.jpg") and `alt` to provide alternative text for the image. The `alt` attribute is important for accessibility purposes as it describes the image for users who may not be able to see it.

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• 27.

### The role of the project manager is to:

• A.

Develop Web sites and manage Web site resources.

• B.

Create the blueprint for the site and plan the navigation.

• C.

Evaluate available resources and create specifications.

• D.

Create Flash animations and user interfaces for Web applications.

C. Evaluate available resources and create specifications.
Explanation
The role of the project manager is to evaluate the resources that are available for the project and create specifications based on those resources. This involves assessing the skills, expertise, and availability of team members, as well as any external resources that may be needed. The project manager also needs to consider the budget and timeline constraints when creating the specifications. By evaluating the available resources and creating specifications accordingly, the project manager ensures that the project can be successfully executed within the given constraints.

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• 28.

### Curtis is creating a new Web site for his company. Which of the following should drive all other development concerns for the company's site?

• A.

The site should support the vision of the company.

• B.

The site should replicate the company's product brochure.

• C.

The site should support one aspect of the company's goals.

• D.

The site should expand the vision of the company into new areas.

A. The site should support the vision of the company.
Explanation
The correct answer is "The site should support the vision of the company." When creating a new website for a company, it is important for the website to align with the overall vision and goals of the company. The website should reflect the company's values, mission, and objectives. It should be designed in a way that promotes the company's brand and communicates its message effectively to the target audience. By supporting the company's vision, the website can help drive all other development concerns, such as design, content, and functionality, to ensure a cohesive and successful online presence.

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• 29.

### Egon is a member of a site development team hired by a skydiving center to establish a Web presence. Of the following specifications, which would best indicate the accessibility, interactivity and search features that Egon recommends?

• A.

Design specification

• B.

Content specification

• C.

Architecture specification

• D.

Functionality specification

D. Functionality specification
Explanation
The functionality specification would best indicate the accessibility, interactivity, and search features that Egon recommends. This specification focuses on the specific functions and features that the website should have, including how users can access and interact with the site, as well as any search functionality that should be included. It provides guidelines for the technical aspects of the website, ensuring that it meets the desired level of accessibility and interactivity.

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• 30.

### You are working for a financial services company. The company has a Web site that allows its customers to review their statements online. Your Web site uses the Document Object Model (DOM), ActiveX, JavaScript and Java. Which of these technologies is most likely to cause customers problems with their browsers when they try to access information?

• A.

Java

• B.

ActiveX

• C.

JavaScript

• D.

Document Object Model (DOM)

B. ActiveX
Explanation
ActiveX is most likely to cause customers problems with their browsers when they try to access information. ActiveX is a technology developed by Microsoft that allows interactive content to be displayed on web pages. However, it is only supported by Internet Explorer browsers and is not compatible with other browsers such as Chrome or Firefox. This can cause compatibility issues for customers who use different browsers, leading to problems accessing the information on the website.

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• 31.

### You have included a check box on a registration Web page that users accessing your site can select to receive periodic bulk e-mail from your company. What must you include in your bulk email messages to your subscribers?

• A.

An opt-out option to discontinue receiving the messages

• B.

An opt-in option to receive similar messages from related companies

• C.

A section in which recipients can provide feedback about the company

• D.

Coupons for product specials that can be printed and redeemed on future purchases

A. An opt-out option to discontinue receiving the messages
Explanation
In order to comply with email marketing regulations and best practices, it is necessary to include an opt-out option in bulk email messages. This allows subscribers to easily and conveniently unsubscribe from receiving further messages if they no longer wish to receive them. It is important to give recipients the choice and control over their email preferences, and the opt-out option ensures that their wishes are respected.

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• 32.

### Marcus is designing a site and wants to use a ready-made template from a Web development application. One consequence of using predesigned templates is that:

• A.

• B.

They interfere with the design process.

• C.

They are unlikely to fulfill all design specifications.

• D.

They contain business logic that cannot be modified.

C. They are unlikely to fulfill all design specifications.
Explanation
Using predesigned templates in web development applications may result in the templates not fully meeting all design specifications. This is because the templates are pre-made and may not perfectly align with the specific requirements and preferences of Marcus's site. While templates can provide a good starting point and save time, they often require customization and adjustments to fully match the desired design and functionality.

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• 33.

### Which of the following would be an effective way to attract customers to your site without violating end-user trust and privacy?

• A.

• B.

• C.

Send e-mail to all current and potential customers.

• D.

Design trademarks and logos to resemble those of competitors.

A. Use metadata effectively and appropriately.
Explanation

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• 34.

### You have been asked to transfer print copy to a Web page. Which of the following is a commonly accepted rule concerning white space in this situation?

• A.

A Web page should contain less than 10 percent white space at any time.

• B.

A Web page should contain more than 10 percent white space, but no more than 20 percent.

• C.

A Web page should contain approximately 50 percent less text than a printed page containing the same information.

• D.

A Web page should contain approximately 20 percent less text than a printed page containing the same information.

C. A Web page should contain approximately 50 percent less text than a printed page containing the same information.
Explanation
The correct answer is "A Web page should contain approximately 50 percent less text than a printed page containing the same information." This is because reading on a screen is generally more difficult and tiring for the eyes compared to reading from a printed page. Therefore, it is recommended to have less text on a web page to make it easier for users to read and navigate.

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• 35.

### Gordon has been asked to create a focus group to aid in finishing the production of a Web site for the company World Stocks, Bonds and Currency Inc. What should this process definitely include?

• A.

Asking the corporate customers for their favorite colors, and then incorporating those colors into a style guide

• B.

Choosing at least five individuals who represent the target audience demographic, and then using testers with varying degrees of computer experience to review the site

• C.

Creating a set of real-world activities that the company wants to provide to its customers, and then assigning those activities as tasks to accomplish, with step-by-step directions for completing them

• D.

Using the bottom-up approach to site development by asking the corporate customers for the type of functionality they expect from the site, and then designing the look and feel of the site around those functions

B. Choosing at least five individuals who represent the target audience demographic, and then using testers with varying degrees of computer experience to review the site
Explanation
The process of creating a focus group for finishing the production of a website should definitely include choosing individuals who represent the target audience demographic. This ensures that the feedback received is relevant and representative of the intended users. Additionally, using testers with varying degrees of computer experience helps to identify any usability issues and ensures that the website is user-friendly for all types of users.

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• 36.

### Mikala is designing a Web site for TLP Building Supply. The company's CEO is impressed by Flash introductions and blinking marquees, and she wants to use them on the TLP site. Mikala knows from reviewing the site audience surveys that the TLP audience prefers easy navigation and a simple design. How can Mikala balance the CEO's preferences with the audience's needs?

• A.

Discuss the survey results and develop the site mission with the CEO, and then design the site.

• B.

Design the site according to W3C standards, and then meet with the CEO after the site is completed.

• C.

Convince the CEO that blinking marquees and Flash ineffectively convey a Web site's message and should not be used.

• D.

Implement the CEO's suggestions for including the latest technologies because the primary responsibility of a Web designer is to give customers what they request.

A. Discuss the survey results and develop the site mission with the CEO, and then design the site.
Explanation
Mikala should balance the CEO's preferences with the audience's needs by discussing the survey results and developing the site mission with the CEO, and then designing the site. This approach ensures that the CEO's preferences are taken into account, but also considers the audience's preference for easy navigation and a simple design. By involving the CEO in the discussion and aligning the site mission with the survey results, Mikala can create a website that meets both the CEO's desires and the audience's needs.

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• 37.

### Which of the following strategies is best for implementing bulk e-mailing to customers?

• A.

Buy an e-mail list from a vendor that sells a similar product.

• B.

Give customers the option to receive or to stop receiving bulk e-mail.

• C.

Send e-mail messages to all customer e-mail addresses collected at the time of purchase.

• D.

Generate a list of e-mail addresses from a directory listing of people who work in the same field as your company.

B. Give customers the option to receive or to stop receiving bulk e-mail.
Explanation
The best strategy for implementing bulk e-mailing to customers is to give customers the option to receive or stop receiving bulk e-mail. This approach ensures that customers have control over whether they want to receive promotional e-mails or not, which helps in building a positive customer relationship. It also complies with privacy regulations and avoids the risk of spamming customers who may not be interested in receiving bulk e-mails.

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• 38.

### Which of the following is a benefit of imported style sheets?

• A.

Imported style sheets override embedded styles.

• B.

Imported style sheets work with all older browsers.

• C.

Multiple style sheets can be applied using one style declaration.

• D.

Imported style sheets are the only way to override the default style of a browser.

C. Multiple style sheets can be applied using one style declaration.
Explanation
Imported style sheets allow multiple style sheets to be applied using one style declaration. This means that instead of having to write separate style declarations for each style sheet, they can be combined into one, simplifying the code and making it easier to manage. This benefit is particularly useful when working with large websites that require multiple style sheets to achieve the desired design and layout. By using imported style sheets, developers can streamline their code and improve efficiency in managing styles across the website.

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• 39.

### You are designing a medical research site. The content will include medical terminology. When is it acceptable to use industry jargon?

• A.

When a casual tone is appropriate

• B.

When the audience will understand the terms

• C.

When the Web designer understands the jargon

• D.

When you want to demonstrate the superiority of your site

B. When the audience will understand the terms
Explanation
It is acceptable to use industry jargon when the audience will understand the terms. This ensures effective communication and avoids confusion among the readers. Using medical terminology in a medical research site is justified as it caters to a specific audience who are knowledgeable in the field. The use of jargon helps to convey information accurately and efficiently, enhancing the credibility and professionalism of the site.

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• 40.

### Which of the following Web site characteristics demonstrates the ability to present information dynamically from a knowledge base?

• A.

Interactivity

• B.

Static layout

• C.

Dynamic HTML

• D.

Database integration

D. Database integration
Explanation
Database integration is the correct answer because it refers to the ability of a website to retrieve and display information dynamically from a knowledge base or database. This means that the website can pull and present information in real-time, allowing for a more interactive and personalized user experience. Interactivity, static layout, and dynamic HTML are not specifically related to pulling information from a knowledge base.

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• 41.

### You are responsible for administering a Web site for a college program designed to get students to express their perspectives on topical issues. Your supervisor has been asked to ensure that all Web sites for the college are Conformance Level "Triple-A," according to Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) standards. Which of the following will have to be eliminated from your site?

• A.

All XHTML tables within the site

• B.

All HTML content written to 4.01 specifications

• C.

All audio content without a text-based alternative

• D.

All visual content without an accessible audio alternative

C. All audio content without a text-based alternative
Explanation
All audio content without a text-based alternative will have to be eliminated from the site. This is because Conformance Level "Triple-A" according to Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) standards requires that all content on the website is accessible to individuals with disabilities. Without a text-based alternative, individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing will not be able to access the audio content. Therefore, it is necessary to remove this content to ensure compliance with accessibility standards.

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• 42.

### David has designed a home page for an e-commerce Web site. At the left side of the page is a large block of text with product names and prices. The right side features a detailed 100-pixel-by-200-pixel photo of a sample product. David decides that his page appears to be balanced. How did the two elements balance each other?

• A.

By size

• B.

By color

• C.

By value

• D.

By shape

D. By shape
Explanation
The two elements balance each other by shape. The large block of text on the left side is balanced by the detailed photo of a sample product on the right side. The shape of the text block and the shape of the photo create a symmetrical and visually pleasing composition on the page.

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• 43.

### What is the primary purpose of navigational elements within a Web site?

• A.

To organize a list of hyperlinks

• B.

To make it easy for users to visit other sites

• C.

To enable user movement throughout the site

• D.

C. To enable user movement throughout the site
Explanation
The primary purpose of navigational elements within a website is to enable user movement throughout the site. Navigational elements such as menus, links, and buttons provide a clear and intuitive way for users to navigate from one page to another within the website. They help users easily find and access the different sections, pages, and content of the site, enhancing the overall user experience and ensuring that users can explore and interact with the website effectively.

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• 44.

### What is the name for colors that create black when mixed together?

• A.

• B.

• C.

Subtractive

• D.

Transitional

C. Subtractive
Explanation
Subtractive colors are the ones that create black when mixed together. This is because they absorb light and reflect very little, if any, back to our eyes. When all the colors in the subtractive color model (cyan, magenta, and yellow) are combined, they absorb all the light, resulting in the absence of color or black. Therefore, the correct answer is Subtractive.

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• 45.

### A college is considering allowing podcasting on its student Web site. What should be done to ensure that the site meets the college's strict accessibility policy?

• A.

Create an alternative page that does not list the audio files.

• B.

Require a text-only version of each audio transmission from the site.

• C.

Create a disclaimer on the page for the audio file format and site visitors who are hard-of-hearing.

• D.

Convert all transmissions into the Ogg Vorbis format, which is easily accessible using additional audio plug-ins.

B. Require a text-only version of each audio transmission from the site.
Explanation
To ensure that the college's strict accessibility policy is met, requiring a text-only version of each audio transmission from the site is the best option. This will allow individuals who are deaf or hard-of-hearing to access the content by providing a written transcript or description of the audio. It ensures that all students, regardless of their abilities, can fully engage with the podcasting content on the student Web site.

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• 46.

### A local philanthropic organization with a well-developed mission, vision and set of values has never had a Web site. The organization has hired Manuel to design a site. The president and directors of the organization want the mission, vision and values included in the site. This information is expressed as several paragraphs of text. What suggestion should Manuel offer?

• A.

Suggest replacing the information with a company slogan.

• B.

Rewrite the mission, vision and values as single, short phrases.

• C.

Include the mission, vision and values in their entirety on the home page.

• D.

Provide a top-level link to a page containing the mission, vision and values information.

D. Provide a top-level link to a page containing the mission, vision and values information.
Explanation
Manuel should suggest providing a top-level link to a page containing the mission, vision, and values information. This allows the organization to showcase their mission, vision, and values on the website without overwhelming the homepage with lengthy paragraphs of text. By providing a separate page dedicated to this information, visitors can easily access and learn more about the organization's core beliefs and principles.

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• 47.

### You are using a style sheet. Which of the following examples of code are best suited for crossplatform design?

• A.

Font-family: bold, italics;

• B.

Font-family=monotype, courier

• C.

Font-family: Impact, Verdana, Geneva;

• D.

Font-family: Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;

D. Font-family: Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;
Explanation
The code "font-family: Helvetica, Arial, sans-serif;" is best suited for cross-platform design because it specifies a list of font families that are commonly available on different operating systems and devices. This ensures that the text will be displayed consistently across various platforms, as it will try to use the first font family in the list, and if not available, it will fall back to the next one, and so on. This approach increases the chances of the text being rendered correctly regardless of the user's device or operating system.

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• 48.

### Diamond is the new Web designer for Comet Designs. She has been asked to design the company Web site for its new corporate customer. She knows the following facts: The company distributes party goods. The site will have wide distribution. The site users are technologically unsophisticated. What guidelines will help Diamond design an appropriate new site for the audience?

• A.

Site users prefer Flash streaming media plug-ins.

• B.

Most site users do not use plug-ins in their browsers.

• C.

A resolution of 800x600 pixels is the minimum design standard.

• D.

Most site users still have modem connections with speeds of 56 Kbps.

C. A resolution of 800x600 pixels is the minimum design standard.
Explanation
Diamond should design the new site with a minimum resolution of 800x600 pixels. This is because the site users are technologically unsophisticated and most likely have older devices with lower screen resolutions. By designing the site to accommodate this minimum standard, Diamond ensures that the site will be accessible and user-friendly for the target audience.

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• 49.

### How many fonts are commonly used in Web page design?

• A.

Two

• B.

Four

• C.

Six

• D.

Eight

A. Two
Explanation
In web page design, two fonts are commonly used. This is because using too many fonts can create a cluttered and unprofessional appearance. By limiting the number of fonts, designers can maintain consistency and readability across the website. Having a primary font for headings and a secondary font for body text is a common practice in web design.

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• 50.

### Martin has created a Web site that uses colors to direct users through the site. Although the site looks great, users are frustrated when trying to find content. What should Martin do to enhance navigability but retain the look and feel of the site?

• A.

Use the same color throughout the site.

• B.

• C.

Place a path marker at the bottom of each page.

• D.

Ensure that page headings are sufficiently descriptive.

Explanation
Adding a color legend in the navigation menu would enhance navigability while retaining the look and feel of the site. This would provide users with a clear understanding of the different colors used and their corresponding meanings, allowing them to easily navigate through the site. It would address the frustration users are experiencing in finding content by providing them with a visual guide to help them navigate more effectively.

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• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Jun 25, 2011
Quiz Created by
Bcartwri

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