Aklog's Chemistry E- Quiz 1

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Quizzes Created: 1 | Total Attempts: 106
Questions: 63 | Attempts: 106

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    • A.

      Calcium

    • B.

      Aluminum

    • C.

      Sodium

    • D.

      Potassium

    Correct Answer
    B. Aluminum
    Explanation
    Aluminum is the correct answer because it is the only metal among the given options. Calcium, sodium, and potassium are all alkali earth metals, while aluminum is a transition metal.

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  • 2. 

    • A.

      Calcium

    • B.

      Aluminum

    • C.

      Berylium

    • D.

      Boron

    Correct Answer
    D. Boron
    Explanation
    Boron is the correct answer because it is the only element in the given list that does not belong to the group of alkaline earth metals. Calcium, aluminum, and beryllium are all alkaline earth metals, while boron is a metalloid. This distinction sets boron apart from the other elements listed and makes it the correct answer.

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  • 3. 

    • A.

      Calcium

    • B.

      ALuminum

    • C.

      Boron

    • D.

      Magnesium

    Correct Answer
    A. Calcium
    Explanation
    Calcium is the correct answer because it is the first element listed in the given list. The list starts with Calcium, followed by Aluminum, Boron, and Magnesium. Therefore, Calcium is the correct answer based on the order in which the elements are presented.

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  • 4. 

    • A.

      Ca

    • B.

      C

    • C.

      Li

    • D.

      Ne

    Correct Answer
    B. C
    Explanation
    The correct answer is C because it is the only option that is a chemical symbol for an element on the periodic table. "Ca" represents calcium, "Li" represents lithium, and "Ne" represents neon. Therefore, the correct answer is C.

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  • 5. 

    • A.

      Chlorine

    • B.

      FLuorine

    • C.

      Bromine

    • D.

      Neon

    Correct Answer
    A. Chlorine
    Explanation
    Chlorine is the correct answer because it is the only element listed that is a halogen. Fluorine, bromine, and neon are also elements, but they do not belong to the halogen group.

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  • 6. 

    • A.

      Chlorine

    • B.

      Fluorine

    • C.

      Bromine

    • D.

      Neon

    Correct Answer
    B. Fluorine
    Explanation
    Fluorine is the correct answer because it is the only element among the options that is a halogen. Chlorine and bromine are also halogens, but neon is a noble gas, not a halogen.

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  • 7. 

    • A.

      Chlorine

    • B.

      Sodium

    • C.

      Helium

    • D.

      Oxygen

    Correct Answer
    C. Helium
    Explanation
    The given list consists of elements from the periodic table. Chlorine, Sodium, and Oxygen are all chemical elements that are commonly known. Helium is also a chemical element, but it is different from the others because it is a noble gas and has a unique set of properties.

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  • 8. 

    • A.

      Lithium

    • B.

      Helium

    • C.

      Sodium

    • D.

      Carbon

    Correct Answer
    A. Lithium
    Explanation
    Lithium is the correct answer because it is the only element listed that is an alkali metal. Alkali metals are found in Group 1 of the periodic table and are highly reactive and have low melting points. Helium is a noble gas, Sodium is an alkali metal, and Carbon is a nonmetal. Therefore, Lithium is the only element that fits the criteria of being an alkali metal.

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  • 9. 

    • A.

      Lithium

    • B.

      Magnesium

    • C.

      Calcium

    • D.

      Berylium

    Correct Answer
    B. Magnesium
    Explanation
    Magnesium is the correct answer because it is an alkaline earth metal that belongs to Group 2 of the periodic table. It has an atomic number of 12 and is known for its low density and high strength-to-weight ratio. Magnesium is commonly used in alloys and is essential for many biological processes in the human body. It is also highly reactive and burns brightly when ignited, making it useful in fireworks and flares.

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  • 10. 

    • A.

      Nitrogen

    • B.

      Carbon

    • C.

      Berylium

    • D.

      Calcium

    Correct Answer
    A. Nitrogen
    Explanation
    Nitrogen is the correct answer because it is the only element among the options that is a non-metal. Carbon, Beryllium, and Calcium are all metals.

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  • 11. 

    • A.

      Sodium

    • B.

      Potassium

    • C.

      Lithium

    • D.

      Berylium

    Correct Answer
    B. Potassium
    Explanation
    Potassium is the correct answer because it is an alkali metal that belongs to Group 1 of the periodic table. It has an atomic number of 19 and is represented by the symbol K. Potassium is highly reactive and is known for its role in various biological processes, including muscle contraction and nerve function. It is also an essential nutrient for plants and animals. Sodium, lithium, and beryllium are also elements, but they do not have the same characteristics or placement in the periodic table as potassium.

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  • 12. 

    • A.

      Potassium

    • B.

      Sodium

    • C.

      Neon

    • D.

      Li

    Correct Answer
    B. Sodium
    Explanation
    Sodium is the correct answer because it is the only element listed among the options. Potassium, neon, and Li are not elements, but rather symbols or abbreviations for elements. Therefore, sodium is the only valid choice.

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  • 13. 

    • A.

      Sulfur

    • B.

      Ne

    • C.

      Sodium

    • D.

      Potassium

    Correct Answer
    A. Sulfur
    Explanation
    Sulfur is the correct answer because it is the only element listed among the options. The other options, Ne, Sodium, and Potassium, are not elements but rather symbols or names of other elements. Therefore, Sulfur is the only correct answer.

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  • 14. 

    • A.

      Chemical change

    • B.

      Physical change

    • C.

      Melting

    • D.

      Chicken

    Correct Answer
    A. Chemical change
  • 15. 

    • A.

      Litmus paper

    • B.

      Filter paper

    • C.

      Microscope

    • D.

      Slide

    Correct Answer
    A. Litmus paper
    Explanation
    Litmus paper is the correct answer because it is a type of paper that is used to test the acidity or alkalinity of a substance. It changes color when it comes into contact with an acidic or alkaline solution, allowing for easy identification of the pH level. This makes it a useful tool in various scientific experiments and in everyday applications such as testing the pH of water or soil. Additionally, litmus paper is affordable, easily accessible, and simple to use, making it a popular choice for pH testing.

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  • 16. 

    • A.

      Tongs

    • B.

      Beaker

    • C.

      Flask

    • D.

      Ring stand

    Correct Answer
    A. Tongs
    Explanation
    Tongs are a type of tool commonly used in laboratories to handle hot objects safely. They are designed with long, insulated handles that provide a firm grip and protect the user's hands from burns. Tongs are particularly useful for picking up and moving items such as beakers, flasks, and other glassware that may be too hot to handle directly. Therefore, tongs are the correct answer in this context as they are the most appropriate tool for handling hot objects in a laboratory setting.

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  • 17. 

    • A.

      Ringstand

    • B.

      Tongs

    • C.

      Beaker

    • D.

      Flask

    Correct Answer
    A. Ringstand
    Explanation
    A ringstand is a piece of laboratory equipment used to support other equipment, such as beakers and flasks, during experiments. It consists of a metal rod attached to a heavy base, with a metal ring or clamp at the top. The ring or clamp can be adjusted to hold different types of equipment securely in place. This allows for hands-free operation and ensures that the equipment is stable and safe during the experiment. Therefore, the ringstand is the correct answer as it is a necessary tool for holding and supporting other laboratory equipment.

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  • 18. 

    • A.

      Beaker

    • B.

      Pipette

    • C.

      Cup

    • D.

      Cylinder

    Correct Answer
    B. Pipette
    Explanation
    A pipette is a laboratory tool used to accurately measure and transfer small volumes of liquid. It is typically made of glass or plastic and has a narrow tube with a tapered tip. The liquid is drawn into the pipette using a suction mechanism, and then dispensed drop by drop. Pipettes are commonly used in scientific experiments and medical procedures where precise measurements are required.

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  • 19. 

    • A.

      Goggles

    • B.

      Beaker

    • C.

      Stand

    • D.

      Test tubes

    Correct Answer
    A. Goggles
    Explanation
    The correct answer is goggles because goggles are a type of protective eyewear that is worn to protect the eyes from any potential hazards or injuries. In a laboratory setting, goggles are essential to protect the eyes from chemicals, fumes, and flying debris. They are designed to provide a barrier between the eyes and any potential dangers, ensuring the safety of the individual wearing them. Therefore, goggles are an important safety equipment in a laboratory environment.

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  • 20. 

    • A.

      Scale

    • B.

      Thermometer

    • C.

      Beaker

    • D.

      Graduated Cylinder

    Correct Answer
    B. Thermometer
    Explanation
    A thermometer is a device used to measure temperature. It typically consists of a long, narrow glass tube filled with a liquid, such as mercury or alcohol, that expands or contracts with changes in temperature. The liquid rises or falls in the tube, providing a numerical reading of the temperature. In contrast, a scale is a tool used for weighing objects, a beaker is a cylindrical container used for holding and mixing liquids, and a graduated cylinder is a tall, narrow container used for measuring the volume of liquids. Therefore, the correct answer is thermometer.

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  • 21. 

    • A.

      Graduated Cylinder

    • B.

      Test tubes

    • C.

      Beaker

    • D.

      Cup

    Correct Answer
    B. Test tubes
    Explanation
    Test tubes are commonly used in laboratories for holding and mixing small amounts of liquid. They are narrow and cylindrical in shape, allowing for easy handling and precise measurements. Graduated cylinders are used for measuring larger volumes of liquid, while beakers and cups are typically used for holding and transferring liquids, but do not provide the same level of precision as test tubes. Therefore, the correct answer is test tubes.

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  • 22. 

    • A.

      Graduated Cylinder

    • B.

      Mortar and Pestle

    • C.

      Test tube

    • D.

      Grinder

    Correct Answer
    B. Mortar and Pestle
    Explanation
    A mortar and pestle is a tool used in laboratories and kitchens to grind, crush, and mix substances. It consists of a bowl-shaped mortar and a club-shaped pestle, which is used to grind or crush the substances placed in the mortar. This tool is commonly used for grinding solid chemicals into fine powders or for crushing and mixing ingredients in cooking. It provides a more controlled and precise way of grinding substances compared to other tools such as a grinder or a test tube.

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  • 23. 

    • A.

      Graduated Cylinder

    • B.

      Mortar and Pestle

    • C.

      Beaker

    • D.

      Cup

    Correct Answer
    A. Graduated Cylinder
    Explanation
    A graduated cylinder is the correct answer because it is a laboratory instrument used to measure the volume of liquids accurately. It has a narrow cylindrical shape with markings on the side, allowing for precise measurements. The other options, such as mortar and pestle, beaker, and cup, are not specifically designed for measuring liquid volume. While they can hold liquids, they are not as accurate or precise as a graduated cylinder.

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  • 24. 

    • A.

      Graduated Cylinders

    • B.

      Beakers

    • C.

      Test Tube

    • D.

      Microscope

    Correct Answer
    B. Beakers
    Explanation
    Beakers are commonly used in laboratories for holding and measuring liquids. They have a wide mouth, which makes it easier to pour and transfer liquids. Beakers also have markings on the side, allowing for accurate measurement of volume. They are made of glass or plastic and come in various sizes. While graduated cylinders are also used for measuring liquids, beakers are more versatile and can be used for a wider range of purposes, such as mixing, heating, and storing substances. Test tubes are smaller and used for holding small amounts of liquids or conducting experiments. Microscopes are used for magnifying and observing small objects or samples.

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  • 25. 

    • A.

      Graduated cylinder

    • B.

      Erlenmeyer flask

    • C.

      Beaker

    • D.

      Test tubes

    Correct Answer
    B. Erlenmeyer flask
    Explanation
    The erlenmeyer flask is the correct answer because it is a common laboratory glassware used for holding and mixing liquids. It has a conical shape with a narrow neck, which allows for easy swirling and mixing of substances without the risk of spills. The shape of the flask also makes it easier to heat liquids evenly, as the wide base provides a larger surface area for heat distribution. Additionally, the narrow neck of the flask can be fitted with a stopper or a rubber tubing, making it suitable for various experiments and reactions.

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  • 26. 

    • A.

      Erlenmeyer flask

    • B.

      Microscope

    • C.

      Beaker

    • D.

      Scale

    Correct Answer
    B. Microscope
    Explanation
    The given options are erlenmeyer flask, microscope, beaker, and scale. Out of these options, the correct answer is microscope. A microscope is a scientific instrument used to magnify and observe small objects or organisms that are not visible to the naked eye. It is commonly used in biology, medicine, and research to study cells, tissues, and microorganisms. The other options, such as erlenmeyer flask, beaker, and scale, are laboratory equipment used for measuring, mixing, and weighing substances, but they do not serve the purpose of magnifying objects like a microscope does.

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  • 27. 

    • A.

      Cesium

    • B.

      Radon

    • C.

      Magnesium

    • D.

      Molybedium

    Correct Answer
    B. Radon
    Explanation
    Radon is the correct answer because it is the only element among the given options that is a noble gas. Noble gases are characterized by their low reactivity and full valence electron shells, making them stable and unreactive. Cesium, magnesium, and molybdenum are not noble gases and have different chemical properties.

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  • 28. 

    • A.

      Radon

    • B.

      Chromium

    • C.

      Silver

    • D.

      Gold

    Correct Answer
    B. Chromium
    Explanation
    The given answer, Chromium, is a chemical element that is commonly found in the Earth's crust. It is a transition metal with atomic number 24 and symbol Cr. Chromium is known for its shiny, silver-gray appearance and is often used in the production of stainless steel and other alloys. It is also used in various industrial applications, such as electroplating and pigment production. Therefore, among the given options, Chromium is the most suitable and logical choice.

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  • 29. 

    • A.

      Calcium

    • B.

      Barium

    • C.

      Sodium

    • D.

      Potassium

    Correct Answer
    B. Barium
    Explanation
    Barium is the correct answer because it is a chemical element that belongs to the alkaline earth metals group. It has an atomic number of 56 and is represented by the symbol Ba. Barium is a soft, silvery-white metal that is highly reactive and easily oxidizes in air. It is commonly used in various industries, including medicine, where it is used in X-ray imaging and as a contrast agent for gastrointestinal studies. Barium compounds are also used in the production of ceramics, glass, and fireworks.

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  • 30. 

    • A.

      Gold

    • B.

      Platinum

    • C.

      Iron

    • D.

      Lithium

    Correct Answer
    B. Platinum
    Explanation
    Platinum is the correct answer because it is a precious metal that is highly valued for its rarity, durability, and beauty. It is often used in jewelry and as a catalyst in various chemical reactions. Gold is also a precious metal, but it is not the correct answer in this case. Iron is a common metal that is widely used in construction and manufacturing, while lithium is a chemical element that is used in batteries and other electronic devices.

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  • 31. 

    • A.

      Gold

    • B.

      Silver

    • C.

      Silicon

    • D.

      Iron

    Correct Answer
    C. Silicon
    Explanation
    Silicon is the correct answer because it is the odd one out among the given options. Gold, silver, and iron are all metals, while silicon is a non-metal. This makes silicon unique and different from the other elements listed.

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  • 32. 

    • A.

      Gold

    • B.

      Phosphorous

    • C.

      Sulfur

    • D.

      Silver

    Correct Answer
    B. Phosphorous
    Explanation
    Phosphorous is the correct answer because it is the only element listed that is not a precious metal. Gold, silver, and sulfur are all considered precious metals, while phosphorous is a non-metal element.

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  • 33. 

    • A.

      Phosphorous

    • B.

      Sulfur

    • C.

      Nitrogen

    • D.

      Oxygen

    Correct Answer
    B. Sulfur
    Explanation
    Sulfur is the correct answer because it is an element that is commonly found in nature and has various uses. It is a nonmetal with atomic number 16 and symbol S. Sulfur is used in the production of sulfuric acid, which is widely used in various industries. It is also used in the production of fertilizers and pesticides. Additionally, sulfur is an essential element for the formation of proteins and vitamins in living organisms. Overall, sulfur plays a crucial role in various industrial and biological processes.

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  • 34. 

    • A.

      Sulfur

    • B.

      Phosphorous

    • C.

      Silver

    • D.

      Oxygen

    Correct Answer
    D. Oxygen
    Explanation
    Oxygen is the correct answer because it is the only element among the options that is a gas at room temperature. Sulfur, phosphorous, and silver are all solid elements.

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  • 35. 

    write 24,000 in SI notation

    • A.

      2.4 x 10 ^4

    • B.

      240.0 x 10 ^4

    • C.

      24.000 x 10 ^4

    • D.

      0.24 x 10 ^4

    Correct Answer
    A. 2.4 x 10 ^4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2.4 x 10^4. This is because SI notation is a way of expressing numbers in a concise and standardized format. In SI notation, the number is written as a decimal between 1 and 10, multiplied by a power of 10. In this case, 24,000 can be written as 2.4 multiplied by 10 raised to the power of 4.

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  • 36. 

    write 0.00024 in Scientific notation

    • A.

      2.4 x 10^ -4

    • B.

      0.0024 x 10^ -4

    • C.

      24.0.0x 10^ -2

    • D.

      2.4 x 10^ 4

    Correct Answer
    A. 2.4 x 10^ -4
    Explanation
    The given number, 0.00024, can be expressed in scientific notation as 2.4 x 10^ -4. In scientific notation, the number is written as a decimal between 1 and 10, multiplied by a power of 10. In this case, the decimal is 2.4, and it is multiplied by 10 raised to the power of -4. This means that the decimal point is moved 4 places to the left, resulting in a smaller number.

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  • 37. 

    Which of the following is not a physical change

    • A.

      Ice melting

    • B.

      Water boiling and evaporating

    • C.

      Paper burning

    • D.

      Salt dissolving in water

    Correct Answer
    C. Paper burning
    Explanation
    Burning paper is not a physical change because it involves a chemical reaction that changes the composition of the paper. Physical changes only involve a change in the physical properties of a substance, such as a change in state or shape, without altering its chemical composition. When paper burns, it undergoes a combustion reaction that breaks down the cellulose fibers in the paper, releasing heat, light, and various gases. Therefore, paper burning is a chemical change.

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  • 38. 

    Which of the following is not a chemical change

    • A.

      Magnesium ribbon burning

    • B.

      Paper burning

    • C.

      Ice melting

    • D.

      The fizzing of hydrogen peroxide when poured onto a cut

    Correct Answer
    C. Ice melting
    Explanation
    Ice melting is not a chemical change because it is a physical change. In this process, the solid ice changes to liquid water without any change in its chemical composition. The molecules in the ice rearrange themselves due to an increase in temperature, but the chemical bonds between the hydrogen and oxygen atoms remain intact. Therefore, ice melting is a reversible process and does not involve any chemical reactions.

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  • 39. 

    what unit would use to measure how much a gold bar weighs

    • A.

      Liter

    • B.

      Meter

    • C.

      Kilogram

    • D.

      Second

    Correct Answer
    C. Kilogram
    Explanation
    A kilogram is the unit of measurement used to measure the weight of objects, including gold bars. Weight is a measure of the force exerted on an object due to gravity, and the kilogram is the standard unit for measuring mass. Therefore, a kilogram would be the appropriate unit to measure how much a gold bar weighs.

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  • 40. 

    To measure the volume of a substance we use liters

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because liters are a commonly used unit of measurement for volume. Liters are used to measure the volume of liquids and gases, and they are derived from the metric system. One liter is equal to 1000 milliliters, and it is a convenient unit for measuring the volume of substances in everyday life.

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  • 41. 

    The Neutron has a positive charge

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
  • 42. 

    The atomic mass gives you the number of electrons in an atom

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The atomic mass of an atom is not directly related to the number of electrons in the atom. Atomic mass is a measure of the total mass of an atom, which includes the mass of protons, neutrons, and electrons. The number of electrons in an atom is determined by the atomic number, not the atomic mass.

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  • 43. 

    silicon is a metal

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Silicon is not a metal, it is a chemical element that is classified as a metalloid. Metalloids have properties that are intermediate between those of metals and nonmetals. While silicon shares some characteristics with metals, such as being a good conductor of electricity, it also has nonmetallic properties like being brittle and having a high melting point. Therefore, the statement "silicon is a metal" is false.

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  • 44. 

    part of the atom found in nucleus

    • A.

      Electron

    • B.

      Proton

    • C.

      Atomic mass

    • D.

      Meter

    Correct Answer
    B. Proton
    Explanation
    Protons are part of the atom found in the nucleus. They have a positive charge and contribute to the atomic mass of an atom. Electrons, on the other hand, are found outside the nucleus and have a negative charge. Atomic mass refers to the total mass of an atom, including both protons and neutrons. Meters, on the other hand, are units of measurement and are not part of the atom. Therefore, the correct answer is proton.

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  • 45. 

    Nitrogen is the 6th element

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Nitrogen is actually the 7th element in the periodic table, not the 6th. The 6th element is carbon.

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  • 46. 

    NaCl is a compound

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    NaCl is a compound because it is made up of two elements, sodium (Na) and chlorine (Cl), which are chemically bonded together. Compounds are substances composed of two or more different elements that are chemically combined in fixed proportions. In the case of NaCl, sodium and chlorine ions form an ionic bond, resulting in the formation of a compound known as sodium chloride.

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  • 47. 

    Metric unit for volume

    • A.

      Liter

    • B.

      Meter

    • C.

      Gram

    • D.

      Second

    Correct Answer
    A. Liter
    Explanation
    The metric unit for volume is the liter. It is commonly used to measure the capacity or amount of space occupied by a substance. Other options like meter, gram, and second are units used to measure length, weight, and time respectively, and are not directly related to volume.

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  • 48. 

    metric unit for time

    • A.

      Meter

    • B.

      Liter

    • C.

      Gram

    • D.

      Second

    Correct Answer
    D. Second
    Explanation
    The metric unit for time is the second. The second is a standard unit of measurement for time in the International System of Units (SI). It is defined as the duration of 9,192,631,770 periods of the radiation corresponding to the transition between two hyperfine levels of the ground state of the caesium-133 atom.

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  • 49. 

    Metric unit for mass

    • A.

      Meter

    • B.

      Liter

    • C.

      Gram

    • D.

      Second

    Correct Answer
    C. Gram
    Explanation
    Gram is the metric unit for mass. It is commonly used to measure the weight or mass of small objects. The gram is a smaller unit compared to the kilogram, which is used for larger objects. Other options like meter, liter, and second are units of length, volume, and time respectively, and are not used to measure mass.

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  • 50. 

    Metric unit for length

    • A.

      Meter

    • B.

      Liter

    • C.

      Gram

    • D.

      Second

    Correct Answer
    A. Meter
    Explanation
    The metric unit for length is the meter. It is a fundamental unit in the International System of Units (SI) and is used to measure distances. The meter is defined as the distance traveled by light in a vacuum in 1/299,792,458 of a second. It is commonly used in scientific and everyday measurements, such as measuring the length of objects or distances between locations.

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