Chapter1 (Computer Types )part1 Quiz

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Chapter1 (Computer Types )part1 Quiz - Quiz

This is a formative assessment on chapter1 part1. This will help you recall this theoretical part.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is your name?

  • 2. 

    Hardware is All the []parts of a computer that you can see, touch and pick up.

    Explanation
    The correct answer is physical. In this context, "physical" refers to the tangible components of a computer system that can be physically observed, touched, and manipulated. These components include devices such as the monitor, keyboard, mouse, CPU, and memory modules. The term "hardware" encompasses all these physical parts that make up a computer system.

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  • 3. 

    1. Software is Computer [ ] that is stored electronically and not physically.

    Explanation
    The term "data" refers to information or facts that are stored electronically and not physically. In the given question, the blank space is asking for a word that describes software as something that is stored electronically and not physically. Among the options provided, "data" is the most suitable choice as it accurately describes the nature of software. Software is not a tangible object but rather a collection of data and instructions that can be processed by a computer.

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  • 4. 

    Software is basically a set of [ ] (written in a computer language) that tells the hardware what to do

    Explanation
    The correct answer is "instructions" because software refers to a collection of programs or code written in a computer language. These programs or code are a set of instructions that provide specific commands and tasks for the hardware to execute. The software instructs the hardware on how to perform various operations and functions based on the given instructions.

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  • 5. 

    [There are 3 types of software]

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false because it states that there are only 3 types of software, which is not true. In reality, there are numerous types of software such as operating systems, application software, system software, programming software, etc. Therefore, the statement is incorrect.

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  • 6. 

    1. A compiler is a computer program that translates a program written in a [ ]into machine code.

    Correct Answer
    high level language
    Explanation
    A compiler is a computer program that translates a program written in a high level language into machine code. High level languages are designed to be easily understood by humans and are closer to natural language, making it easier for programmers to write code. The compiler takes this human-readable code and converts it into machine code, which is a low-level language that can be directly executed by the computer's hardware. This process allows the program to be executed by the computer and perform the desired tasks.

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  • 7. 

    [utilities are example of application software]

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Utilities are not an example of application software. Utilities refer to a set of software tools or programs that are designed to assist in managing and maintaining a computer system. They are typically used for tasks such as disk management, data backup, system optimization, and security. Application software, on the other hand, is designed to perform specific tasks or functions for end-users, such as word processing, spreadsheet management, or graphic design. Therefore, utilities are not considered application software.

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  • 8. 

    A [ ] Is a computer program  that put all the modules together to form the final program.

    Correct Answer
    linker
    Explanation
    A linker is a computer program that puts all the modules together to form the final program. It takes the object code generated by the compiler and combines it with other necessary libraries and modules to create an executable file. The linker resolves external references, assigns memory addresses to variables and functions, and performs other tasks required for the program to run correctly. Without a linker, the individual modules of a program would not be able to communicate with each other and the program would not be able to execute.

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  • 9. 

    A [ ] is the software that enables  one or more hardware devices to communicate with the computer’s operating system.

    Correct Answer
    device driver
    Explanation
    A device driver is a software that allows hardware devices to communicate with the computer's operating system. It acts as a translator between the hardware and the operating system, enabling them to understand each other and work together seamlessly. Without device drivers, the operating system would not be able to recognize or control the hardware devices connected to the computer. Device drivers play a crucial role in ensuring proper functionality and compatibility between hardware and software components.

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  • 10. 

    [ ] is the type of software that allow the user to do specific task.

    Correct Answer
    application software
    Explanation
    Application software refers to a type of software that is designed to perform specific tasks or functions for the user. It is different from system software, which is responsible for managing and operating the computer system. Application software includes programs like word processors, spreadsheets, graphic design tools, and web browsers, among others. These programs are created to meet the needs and requirements of users, allowing them to accomplish specific tasks efficiently and effectively.

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  • 11. 

    [Design of casing allows for heat to escape. This is a disadvantage of PCs.]

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that the design of casing in PCs allows for heat to escape, which is considered a disadvantage. However, this statement is incorrect. In fact, the design of casing in PCs is intended to keep the internal components cool by allowing proper airflow and heat dissipation. This is achieved through the use of fans, vents, and heat sinks. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 12. 

    [They need a constant power supply as they do not use batteries. ]This is a disadvantage of PCs.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement suggests that PCs need a constant power supply because they do not use batteries. This can be seen as a disadvantage because it means that PCs are dependent on a reliable source of electricity to function properly. Unlike devices that use batteries, PCs cannot operate without being connected to a power outlet, which can limit their portability and make them less convenient in situations where a power source is not readily available. Therefore, the statement is true.

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  • 13. 

    [Need to copy files onto portable storage (memory stick) or send via email if you need to work in a different location. ]This is a disadvantage of PCs.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because one of the disadvantages of PCs is the need to copy files onto portable storage or send them via email when working in a different location. This can be inconvenient and time-consuming compared to using cloud storage or having access to files from any device.

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  • 14. 

    They have very fast processor speeds, therefore they Can perform millions and millions of complex mathematical functions and calculations per second. This is an advantage of using  PCs.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    mainframe

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  • 15. 

    They can support multiple operating systems. Also they can run and manage huge networks of computers. This is an advantage of using mainframes. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Mainframes are known for their ability to support multiple operating systems simultaneously. This means that different applications and software can run on different operating systems within the mainframe environment, allowing for increased flexibility and compatibility. Additionally, mainframes have the capability to run and manage large networks of computers, making them ideal for organizations with extensive computing needs. These advantages make the statement true.

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  • 16. 

    Mainframes do not generate a lot of heat. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    they do according they need to be placed in air conditioned rooms.

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  • 17. 

    [ ] Is a tablet designed as a hybrid between tablet and Smartphone

    Correct Answer
    phablet
    Explanation
    A phablet is a type of tablet that is designed to be a hybrid between a tablet and a smartphone. It typically has a larger screen size than a smartphone but smaller than a traditional tablet, making it easier to use for tasks such as browsing the internet, watching videos, and playing games. The term "phablet" is a combination of the words "phone" and "tablet," highlighting its dual functionality.

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  • 18. 

    Some of the smartphones operating systems are:

    • A.

      IOS

    • B.

      Android

    • C.

      Linux

    • D.

      Windows

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. IOS
    B. Android
    D. Windows
    Explanation
    iOS, Android, Windows

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  • 19. 

    Next generation of smart phones will use touch screens with OLED, the touch screen will be coated with a crystalline layer that allows the phones to be partially  [ ]  powered.

    Correct Answer(s)
    solar
    Explanation
    The next generation of smartphones will use touch screens with OLED technology, which will be coated with a crystalline layer. This layer will enable the phones to harness solar power, allowing them to be partially powered by the sun. This advancement in technology will make smartphones more energy-efficient and reduce their reliance on traditional power sources.

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  • 20. 

    [Smartwatches can link to smart phones via blue tooth connectivity]

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Smartwatches can indeed link to smartphones via Bluetooth connectivity. Bluetooth technology allows for wireless communication between devices over short distances. This feature enables smartwatches to sync with smartphones, allowing users to receive notifications, make calls, send messages, and access various apps and features directly from their wrist. This connectivity enhances the functionality and convenience of smartwatches, making them an integral part of the connected ecosystem with smartphones.

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  • 21. 

    [Facial recognition is a type of Artificial Intelligence (AI) biometrics. ]

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Facial recognition is indeed a type of Artificial Intelligence (AI) biometrics. It uses AI algorithms to analyze and identify unique facial features of individuals, allowing for accurate identification and authentication. This technology has various applications, ranging from unlocking smartphones to enhancing security systems. By leveraging AI, facial recognition systems can continuously learn and improve their accuracy over time, making them an integral part of biometric identification systems.

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  • 22. 

    Night Vision enhancement (NVE). Uses video technology through a headset connected to a computer. The system allows images to be projected inside the headset in front of the eyes.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Night Vision enhancement (NVE) amplifies infrared light and visible light so that the image can still be seen in apparent darkness. (used in military)

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  • 23. 

    Quantum is the science of making a message unintelligible to any un authorised user (hacker) 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Quantum cryptography is a branch of quantum physics that focuses on using principles of quantum mechanics to secure communication. It involves using the properties of quantum systems, such as the uncertainty principle and quantum entanglement, to create encryption protocols that are theoretically unbreakable. By harnessing these quantum properties, it is possible to make a message unintelligible to any unauthorized user or hacker, hence making the statement true.

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  • 24. 

    CAT uses 2 tools: Terminology D.B and Translation memories . 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    CAT, which stands for Computer-Assisted Translation, indeed utilizes two tools: Terminology D.B (Database) and Translation Memories. These tools are designed to assist translators in their work by providing access to a database of terminology and previously translated segments. The Terminology D.B helps maintain consistency in the translation by providing a centralized repository of approved terms, while the Translation Memories store previously translated segments for reuse, saving time and effort. Therefore, the statement "CAT uses 2 tools: Terminology D.B and Translation memories" is true.

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  • 25. 

    Select the wrong answer, Virtual reality  is used in below areas:

    • A.

      Sport ( like a golfer trying to improve the swing)

    • B.

      Fashion(to see the clothes on people)

    • C.

      Entertainment (like games)

    • D.

      Banks ( like modifying accounts).

    • E.

      Education (like looking inside an ancient building as part of a history lesson).

    • F.

      Military applications(like training to use a new tank).

    Correct Answer
    D. Banks ( like modifying accounts).
    Explanation
    Virtual reality is used in various fields such as sports, fashion, entertainment, education, and military applications. However, it is not typically used in banks for the purpose of modifying accounts. Virtual reality technology is more commonly utilized in these areas for training, simulation, visualization, and immersive experiences rather than directly modifying financial accounts.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 17, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Radwa
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