Chapter 9 Rippee 1st

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Chapter 9 Rippee 1st - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Democratic and Republican candidates for president are formally nominated by the

    • A.

      Presidential caucuses

    • B.

      Presidential primaries

    • C.

      Electoral College

    • D.

      National party conventions

    • E.

      National committees

    Correct Answer
    D. National party conventions
    Explanation
    The Democratic and Republican candidates for president are formally nominated by the national party conventions. These conventions are large gatherings where delegates from each state come together to select their party's nominee for president. During the convention, delegates vote on the candidate they believe should represent their party in the general election. This process allows for a democratic selection of the party's candidate and helps to unify party members behind a single nominee.

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  • 2. 

    Caucuses are usually organized like

    • A.

      Bi-legislatures

    • B.

      Bi-legislatures

    • C.

      Winner-take-all election systems

    • D.

      Pyramids

    • E.

      The Electoral College

    Correct Answer
    D. Pyramids
    Explanation
    The term "caucuses" refers to a type of political meeting where members of a political party gather to discuss and select candidates for an upcoming election. The comparison to pyramids suggests that caucuses are organized hierarchically, with a small number of influential individuals at the top making decisions that trickle down to the larger group. This is similar to how power and decision-making are concentrated at the top of a pyramid structure.

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  • 3. 

    Following the Democratic National Convention in Chicago in 1968, the party chose to

    • A.

      Limit attendance at future conventions to the elected officers of the party's organizations nationwide

    • B.

      Limit attendance at future conventions to the party's nationwide elected government officeholders

    • C.

      Tighten up its convention delegate selection to keep it from being overrun by women, minorities, youth, and single-issue groups

    • D.

      Allow party officers and Democratic officeholders, many of whom had not been seated at recent conventions, to serve as "superdelegates.”

    • E.

      Open up its process of choosing delegates to the national convention in order to respond to demands for greater inclusion from women, minorities, youth, and other groups

    Correct Answer
    E. Open up its process of choosing delegates to the national convention in order to respond to demands for greater inclusion from women, minorities, youth, and other groups
    Explanation
    After the Democratic National Convention in 1968, where there were protests and unrest, the party decided to address the demands for greater inclusion from women, minorities, youth, and other groups. They chose to open up the process of choosing delegates to the national convention, allowing for more diverse representation. This decision was made to ensure that the convention was not dominated solely by elected officers or government officeholders, but rather included a broader range of voices and perspectives from within the party.

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  • 4. 

     What was the mandate of the McGovern-Fraser Commission?

    • A.

      To make the Democratic Party conventions more representative

    • B.

      To create a fair system for scheduling primaries throughout the U.S

    • C.

      To create a fair system for scheduling primaries for the Democratic Party

    • D.

      To lower the influence of money in the election

    • E.

      To ensure equal access for all Democratic candidates to time on television

    Correct Answer
    A. To make the Democratic Party conventions more representative
    Explanation
    The mandate of the McGovern-Fraser Commission was to make the Democratic Party conventions more representative. This means that the commission was tasked with implementing changes that would ensure a fair and inclusive representation of party members in the convention process. This could involve reforms such as increasing the number of delegates from underrepresented groups, implementing rules to prevent the exclusion of certain candidates, or creating a more democratic and transparent selection process for delegates. The goal was to make the party conventions more reflective of the diverse voices and opinions within the Democratic Party.

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  • 5. 

    National party leaders who automatically get a delegate slot at the Democratic national party convention are called

    • A.

      Party bosses

    • B.

      Campaign counsels

    • C.

      Superdelegates

    • D.

      Caucus chairmen

    • E.

      Press secretaries

    Correct Answer
    C. Superdelegates
    Explanation
    Superdelegates are national party leaders who are automatically granted a delegate slot at the Democratic national party convention. They are not bound by the results of primary elections or caucuses, allowing them to independently vote for the candidate of their choice. This system gives party leaders and elected officials a significant influence in the nomination process and ensures their participation in the convention. The term "superdelegates" refers to their elevated status and influence within the party.

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  • 6. 

    Frontloading refers to

    • A.

      A strategy employed by candidate press secretaries that seeks to bombard the media with positive news

    • B.

      The recent tendency of states to hold primaries early in the calendar year in order to capitalize on media attention

    • C.

      A fundraising technique that candidates employ to amass large amounts of money before a campaign actually begins

    • D.

      Bargaining among superdelegates over which candidate they will support at the national convention

    • E.

      Candidates’ refusal to campaign in early primary states

    Correct Answer
    B. The recent tendency of states to hold primaries early in the calendar year in order to capitalize on media attention
    Explanation
    Frontloading refers to the recent tendency of states to hold primaries early in the calendar year in order to capitalize on media attention. This means that states are scheduling their primary elections earlier in the year, often before other states, in order to gain more media coverage and influence the outcome of the overall election. By holding their primaries early, these states hope to have a greater impact on the selection of the final candidate for their political party.

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  • 7. 

    The New Hampshire primary is important because

    • A.

      New Hampshire has a very large number of delegates

    • B.

      New Hampshire is a particularly typical state

    • C.

      It is the primary held closest to the time of the convention

    • D.

      It is the first primary

    • E.

      It involves the first caucuses

    Correct Answer
    D. It is the first primary
    Explanation
    The New Hampshire primary is important because it is the first primary. Being the first primary, it sets the tone for the rest of the election season and can greatly influence the momentum and viability of candidates. It allows candidates to gauge their level of support and adjust their strategies accordingly. Additionally, media coverage and public attention are usually focused on the first primary, making it a crucial opportunity for candidates to make a strong impression and gain early momentum in the race.

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  • 8. 

    The "big mo" refers to

    • A.

      Achieving momentum in the nomination campaign

    • B.

      The path-breaking presidential campaign of Morris "Mo" Udall

    • C.

      The overwhelming need for money in a presidential campaign

    • D.

      The importance of the Missouri primary in the presidential nomination campaign

    • E.

      The moment in which a candidate receives enough delegates to receive the nomination

    Correct Answer
    A. Achieving momentum in the nomination campaign
    Explanation
    The term "big mo" refers to achieving momentum in the nomination campaign. This means that a candidate is gaining significant support, winning key endorsements, and performing well in primaries and caucuses. Momentum is crucial in a nomination campaign as it can attract more voters, donors, and media attention, which can ultimately lead to securing the party's nomination.

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  • 9. 

    A political party’s statement of its goals and policies for the next four years is called a

    • A.

      Partisan position

    • B.

      Party platform

    • C.

      Ideology

    • D.

      World view

    • E.

      Candidate scorecard

    Correct Answer
    B. Party platform
    Explanation
    A political party's statement of its goals and policies for the next four years is called a party platform. This platform outlines the party's stance on various issues, such as healthcare, education, taxes, and foreign policy. It serves as a guide for party members and voters to understand the party's positions and what they plan to prioritize if elected into power. The party platform helps differentiate one party from another and allows voters to make informed decisions based on the party's stated objectives and policies.

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  • 10. 

    The Federal Election Campaign Act

    • A.

      Provided public financing for Senate and House races

    • B.

      Required broadcasters to provide free airtime to each major candidate for federal office

    • C.

      Ended public financing for presidential campaigns

    • D.

      Required all candidates for federal office to disclose all contributions made to their campaigns

    • E.

      Removed spending limits from presidential campaigns

    Correct Answer
    D. Required all candidates for federal office to disclose all contributions made to their campaigns
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "required all candidates for federal office to disclose all contributions made to their campaigns." The Federal Election Campaign Act was enacted in 1971 and aimed to increase transparency and accountability in campaign financing. One of its key provisions was the requirement for all candidates running for federal office to disclose all contributions made to their campaigns. This was done to ensure that the public had access to information about who was funding political campaigns, in order to prevent corruption and undue influence in the political process.

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  • 11. 

    Soft money is

    • A.

      Money donated by a person to his or her own campaign

    • B.

      Cash contributions that are not traceable and in some situations illegal

    • C.

      Small donations that, while important to a campaign, are not as important as larger contributions

    • D.

      Money loaned to a campaign, but expected to be paid back

    • E.

      Money donated to parties rather than candidates, thus not subject to contribution or spending limits

    Correct Answer
    E. Money donated to parties rather than candidates, thus not subject to contribution or spending limits
    Explanation
    Soft money refers to money donated to political parties rather than individual candidates. This type of donation is not subject to contribution or spending limits, allowing parties to receive larger amounts of money from donors. By donating to parties instead of candidates, individuals can bypass regulations and restrictions on campaign financing. Soft money has been criticized for potentially influencing political decisions and creating an imbalance of power.

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  • 12. 

    Which of the following is an example of a 527 group?

    • A.

      MoveOn.org

    • B.

      JohnKerry.com

    • C.

      The Republican Party of Iowa

    • D.

      The Democratic Party of New Hampshire

    • E.

      EggPac

    Correct Answer
    A. MoveOn.org
    Explanation
    MoveOn.org is an example of a 527 group because it is a political organization that operates under Section 527 of the Internal Revenue Code. These groups are allowed to raise and spend unlimited amounts of money on political activities, such as running issue advocacy ads and supporting or opposing candidates. MoveOn.org is known for its liberal and progressive stance, and it has been involved in various political campaigns and initiatives.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 10, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Arippee
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