Chapter 9. Nail Structure And Growth

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 421

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Nail Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    A normal, healthy nail:
    • A. 

      Is completelt inflexible

    • B. 

      Has a spotted surface

    • C. 

      Is shiny

    • D. 

      Is white and opaque

  • 2. 
    The portion of the living skin on which the nail plate sits is called the:
    • A. 

      Nail bed

    • B. 

      Cuticle

    • C. 

      Matrix

    • D. 

      Ligament

  • 3. 
    The__________is the whitish, half-moon shape at the base of the nail. 
    • A. 

      Sidewall

    • B. 

      Lunula

    • C. 

      Root

    • D. 

      Free edge

  • 4. 
    The part of the nail plate that extends over the tip of the finger or toe is the:
    • A. 

      Free edge

    • B. 

      Matrix

    • C. 

      Bed epithelium

    • D. 

      Sidewall

  • 5. 
    A ___________is a tough band of fibrous tissue that connects bones or holds an organ in place. 
    • A. 

      Muscle

    • B. 

      Ligament

    • C. 

      Tendon

    • D. 

      Nerve

  • 6. 
    The ____________ is the fold of skin overlapping the side of the nail.
    • A. 

      Eponychium

    • B. 

      Hyponnychium

    • C. 

      Nail groove

    • D. 

      Sidewall

  • 7. 
    After an injury, infection, or disease, the natural nail will return to its healthy growth as long as the __________ is healthy and undamaged.
    • A. 

      Lateral nail fold

    • B. 

      Lunula

    • C. 

      Matrix

    • D. 

      Nail plate

  • 8. 
    Replacement of the natural fingernail usually takes about: 
    • A. 

      6-8months

    • B. 

      4-6 months

    • C. 

      4-8 weeks

    • D. 

      2-8 months

  • 9. 
    The finger nail on the ___________typically grows slowest.
    • A. 

      Thumb

    • B. 

      Middle finger

    • C. 

      Pinkie finger

    • D. 

      Index finger

  • 10. 
    The nail has a water content between:
    • A. 

      10 and 15 percent

    • B. 

      1 and 5 percent

    • C. 

      20 and 45 percent

    • D. 

      15 and 25 percent

  • 11. 
    The natural nail is an appendage of the: 
    • A. 

      Dermis

    • B. 

      Epidermis

    • C. 

      Skin

    • D. 

      Skeleton

  • 12. 
    The appearance of the nails can reflect the general health of the: 
    • A. 

      Body

    • B. 

      Skin

    • C. 

      Muscular system

    • D. 

      Skeletal system

  • 13. 
    The __________ is relatively porous and will allow water to pass through.
    • A. 

      Nail bed

    • B. 

      Matrix

    • C. 

      Nail plate

    • D. 

      Eponychium

  • 14. 
    The matrix contains:
    • A. 

      Lymph and blood vessels

    • B. 

      Nerves, lymph, and blood vessels

    • C. 

      Water and blood vessels

    • D. 

      Water, lymph, and blood vessels

  • 15. 
    Tissue that adheres directly to the natural nail plate but which can be easily removed with gentle scraping is:
    • A. 

      Ligament

    • B. 

      Hyponychium

    • C. 

      Eponychium

    • D. 

      Cuticle

  • 16. 
    Cosmetologists are allowed to ___________ the eponychium.
    • A. 

      Cut

    • B. 

      Trim

    • C. 

      Push back

    • D. 

      File

  • 17. 
    Cuticle moisturizes, softeners, and conditioners are not designed to treat the:
    • A. 

      Cuticle

    • B. 

      Nail plate

    • C. 

      Sidewall

    • D. 

      Hyponychium

  • 18. 
    Toenails are thicker and harder then fingernails because the _________ of the toenail is longer than that of the fingernail.
    • A. 

      Nail bed

    • B. 

      Matrix

    • C. 

      Lunula

    • D. 

      Eponychium

  • 19. 
    Unlike healthy hair, healthy nails are not __________ periodically.
    • A. 

      Cut

    • B. 

      Cleaned

    • C. 

      Shed

    • D. 

      Maintained

  • 20. 
    It takes about __________ for toenails to be fully replaced. 
    • A. 

      3-6 months

    • B. 

      6-9 months

    • C. 

      9 months to 1 year

    • D. 

      1 year to 15 months

  • 21. 
    The living skin at the base of the natural nail plate that covers the matrix area is the: 
    • A. 

      Eponychium

    • B. 

      Hyponychium

    • C. 

      Cuticle

    • D. 

      Lunula

  • 22. 
    The thin layer of tissue between the nail plate and the nail bed is the: 
    • A. 

      Bed eponychium

    • B. 

      Bed epithelium

    • C. 

      Lateral nail fold

    • D. 

      Onyx

  • 23. 
    The slightly thickened layer of skin that lies between the fingertip and free edge of the natural nail plate is the: 
    • A. 

      Epithelium

    • B. 

      Eponychium

    • C. 

      Sidewall

    • D. 

      Hyponychium

  • 24. 
    The dead, colorless tissue attached to the natural nail plate is known as the: 
    • A. 

      Nail bed

    • B. 

      Nail fold

    • C. 

      Nail groove

    • D. 

      Nail cuticle

  • 25. 
    The __________ is the area where the nail plate cells are formed.‚Äč
    • A. 

      Cuticle

    • B. 

      Lunula

    • C. 

      Matrix

    • D. 

      Free edge

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