Chapter 8 - Middle Adulthood Quiz

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Chapter 8 - Middle Adulthood Quiz - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    People with ______________, which is characterized by competitiveness, impatience, and a tendency toward frustration and hostility, are ______ susceptible to heart disease. 

    • A.

      Type B behavior pattern; less

    • B.

      Type A behavior pattern; less

    • C.

      Type A behavior pattern; more

    • D.

      Type B behavior pattern; more

    Correct Answer
    C. Type A behavior pattern; more
    Explanation
    People with type A behavior pattern, which is characterized by competitiveness, impatience, and a tendency toward frustration and hostility, are more susceptible to heart disease. This is because the high levels of stress associated with type A behavior pattern can lead to increased blood pressure, higher levels of cholesterol, and an increased risk of blood clot formation. These factors contribute to the development of heart disease.

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  • 2. 

    More men die in middle age of diseases of the ___________ than any other cause.

    • A.

      Heart and circulatory system

    • B.

      Heart and lymphatic system

    • C.

      Muscles and joint system

    • D.

      Heart and pancreatic system

    Correct Answer
    A. Heart and circulatory system
    Explanation
    The correct answer is heart and circulatory system. This is because heart diseases, such as coronary artery disease and heart failure, are the leading cause of death in middle-aged men. These diseases affect the heart and the blood vessels, leading to various cardiovascular complications. The circulatory system is responsible for transporting oxygen and nutrients throughout the body, and when it is compromised, it can result in serious health issues and even death.

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  • 3. 

    Men are _________ to suffer heart disease than women, and the risks __________ with age.

    • A.

      Less likely; increase

    • B.

      More likely; increase

    • C.

      More likely; decrease

    • D.

      More likely; increase then decrease as you enter into late adulthood

    Correct Answer
    B. More likely; increase
    Explanation
    Men are more likely to suffer heart disease than women, and the risks increase with age. This is supported by research and statistics that consistently show a higher prevalence of heart disease in men compared to women. Additionally, as individuals age, their risk of developing heart disease also increases due to factors such as the accumulation of plaque in the arteries and decreased cardiovascular function. Therefore, the correct answer is "more likely; increase."

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  • 4. 

    People with ______________, which is characterized by non-competitiveness, patience, and a lack of aggression, have less than ______ the risk of coronary disease than those of the other behavior type. 

    • A.

      Type B behavior pattern; half

    • B.

      Type A behavior pattern; half

    • C.

      Type A behavior pattern; one-third

    • D.

      Type B behavior pattern; more

    Correct Answer
    A. Type B behavior pattern; half
    Explanation
    People with type B behavior pattern, which is characterized by non-competitiveness, patience, and a lack of aggression, have less than half the risk of coronary disease than those of the other behavior type. This means that individuals who exhibit type B behavior are less likely to develop coronary disease compared to individuals who exhibit type A behavior pattern.

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  • 5. 

    Erik Erikson suggests that middle adulthood encompasses the period of __________________________, where people consider their contributions to family, community, work, and society.

    • A.

      FORMAL OPERATIONS PERIOD

    • B.

      IDENTITY-VERSUS-IDENTITY-CONFUSION STAGE

    • C.

      EGO-INTEGRITY-VERSUS-DESPAIR STAGE

    • D.

      GENERATIVITY VERSUS STAGNATION

    Correct Answer
    D. GENERATIVITY VERSUS STAGNATION
    Explanation
    In Erik Erikson's theory of psychosocial development, the stage of generativity versus stagnation occurs during middle adulthood. During this stage, individuals reflect on their lives and evaluate their contributions to their family, community, work, and society. They strive to make a positive impact and leave a lasting legacy. Stagnation refers to a lack of growth or progress, and individuals in this stage may feel unfulfilled or dissatisfied if they have not been able to make meaningful contributions. This stage is characterized by a focus on productivity, nurturing relationships, and making a difference in the world.

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  • 6. 

    Daniel Levinson suggests that the early 40’s are marked by transition and crisis. Central to his theory is the concept of a ________________ – a stage of uncertainty and indecision brought about by the realization that life is finite. 

    • A.

      Midlife Intermission

    • B.

      Midlife Crisis

    • C.

      Midlife Transition

    • D.

      Male Menopause

    Correct Answer
    B. Midlife Crisis
    Explanation
    According to Daniel Levinson, the early 40s are a time of transition and crisis known as the "midlife crisis." This stage is characterized by uncertainty and indecision, triggered by the realization that life is finite. It is a period where individuals may question their choices and goals, leading to a search for meaning and purpose in life. This term specifically refers to the psychological and emotional challenges that individuals may face during this stage of life.

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  • 7. 

    The ability to deal with new problems and situations. ______________ is inductive reasoning, spatial orientation, perceptual speed, and verbal memory. This type of intelligence does _______________ with age.

    • A.

      Fluid intelligence; decrease

    • B.

      Fluid intelligence; increase

    • C.

      Crystallized intelligenge; decrease

    • D.

      Crystallized intelligenge; increase

    Correct Answer
    A. Fluid intelligence; decrease
    Explanation
    Fluid intelligence refers to the ability to think and reason abstractly, solve problems, and adapt to new situations. It involves skills such as inductive reasoning, spatial orientation, perceptual speed, and verbal memory. As people age, their fluid intelligence tends to decrease. This means that they may have more difficulty with new problems and situations and may not be as quick or efficient in their thinking and problem-solving abilities. Crystallized intelligence, on the other hand, refers to knowledge and skills that are acquired through experience and education, and tends to increase with age.

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  • 8. 

    Satisfaction begins to ____________ just after a marriage begins, and ________ till it reaches its low point at the birth of the child; then it slowly _________ to high levels.

    • A.

      Decline; falls; does not

    • B.

      Increase; falls; returns

    • C.

      Decline; rises; returns

    • D.

      Decline; falls; returns

    Correct Answer
    D. Decline; falls; returns
    Explanation
    After a marriage begins, satisfaction starts to decline. It continues to fall until it reaches its lowest point at the birth of a child. However, after that, it slowly returns to high levels.

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  • 9. 

    An initial, momentary storage of information that lasts only an instant. There is ___ decline of sensory memory in middle age.

    • A.

      Sensory Memory; no

    • B.

      Short-Term Memory; no

    • C.

      Long-Term Memory; no

    Correct Answer
    A. Sensory Memory; no
    Explanation
    Sensory memory refers to the initial, momentary storage of information that lasts only an instant. The statement suggests that there is no decline of sensory memory in middle age. This means that middle-aged individuals do not experience a decrease in their ability to retain sensory information for a brief period of time.

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  • 10. 

    Holds information that is rehearsed for a relatively permanent time. There is some _________ in middle age in that storage appears to be less efficient and there also appears to be some reduction in the efficiency of memory retrieval.

    • A.

      Sensory Memory; decline

    • B.

      Short-Term Memory; decline

    • C.

      Long-Term Memory; decline

    Correct Answer
    C. Long-Term Memory; decline
    Explanation
    As individuals age, there is evidence to suggest that there is a decline in the efficiency of long-term memory storage and retrieval. This means that information that is rehearsed and stored in long-term memory may not be retained as effectively as in younger individuals. This decline in long-term memory can contribute to difficulties in remembering and recalling information, which is often observed in middle age. Therefore, the correct answer is Long-Term Memory; decline.

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  • 11. 

    Holds information for 15 to 25 seconds. Again, there is ___ decline in middle age. 

    • A.

      Sensory Memory; no

    • B.

      Short-Term Memory; no

    • C.

      Long-Term Memory; no

    Correct Answer
    B. Short-Term Memory; no
    Explanation
    Short-term memory holds information for a brief duration, typically around 15 to 25 seconds. The given statement states that there is no decline in middle age, implying that short-term memory remains intact during this period. Therefore, the correct answer is Short-Term Memory; no.

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  • 12. 

    The store of information, skills, and strategies that people have acquired through education and prior experiences, and through their previous use of intelligence. It holds ______ or __________ with age.

    • A.

      Fluid intelligence; steady or decreases

    • B.

      Fluid intelligence; steady or increases

    • C.

      Crystallized intelligenge; steady or decreases

    • D.

      Crystallized intelligenge; steady or increases

    Correct Answer
    D. Crystallized intelligenge; steady or increases
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "crystallized intelligence; steady or increases". Crystallized intelligence refers to the knowledge and skills that a person has acquired through education and prior experiences. This type of intelligence tends to remain stable or even improve with age, as individuals continue to accumulate knowledge and expertise over time.

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  • 13. 

    About __ woman in __ will get divorced after 40, but about ____ to ____ of divorced people eventually remarry. 

    • A.

      2 in 8; 75% to 80%

    • B.

      3 in 8; 75% to 80%

    • C.

      1 in 8; 70% to 80%

    • D.

      1 in 8; 75% to 80%

    Correct Answer
    D. 1 in 8; 75% to 80%
    Explanation
    Approximately 1 in 8 women will get divorced after the age of 40. Additionally, about 75% to 80% of divorced individuals eventually remarry.

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  • 14. 

    There has been a significant increase in the U.S. in the number of young adults who come back to live in the homes of their middle-aged parents, a phenomenon called __________________.

    • A.

      Returning Children

    • B.

      Boomerang Children

    • C.

      Empty-Nest Children

    • D.

      Coming Back Home Children

    Correct Answer
    B. Boomerang Children
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Boomerang Children". This term refers to the phenomenon of young adults returning to live with their middle-aged parents. It implies a sense of returning back to the parents' home after initially leaving the nest. This trend has become more prevalent in recent years, with various factors such as economic challenges and changing social norms contributing to it.

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  • 15. 

    Grandparents who are actively engaged in grand parenting and have influence over their grandchildren's lives. 

    • A.

      Involved Grandparents

    • B.

      Companionate Grandparents

    • C.

      Remote Grandparents

    Correct Answer
    A. Involved Grandparents
    Explanation
    Involved grandparents are actively engaged in grandparenting and have influence over their grandchildren's lives. They are likely to spend time with their grandchildren, provide emotional support, and actively participate in their upbringing. These grandparents are involved in various aspects of their grandchildren's lives, such as education, hobbies, and decision-making. They play an active role in their grandchildren's lives and have a significant impact on their development and well-being.

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  • 16. 

    Grandparents who are detached and distant, and show little interest in their grandchildren.

    • A.

      Involved Grandparents

    • B.

      Companionate Grandparents

    • C.

      Remote Grandparents

    Correct Answer
    C. Remote Grandparents
    Explanation
    Remote grandparents are described as being detached and distant, showing little interest in their grandchildren. This suggests that they have limited involvement in their grandchildren's lives and may not prioritize building a close relationship with them. Unlike involved grandparents who actively participate in their grandchildren's lives and companionate grandparents who are warm and nurturing, remote grandparents may be emotionally distant and less engaged in their grandchildren's upbringing.

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  • 17. 

    Grandparents who are more relaxed, and act as supporters and buddies to their grandchildren. 

    • A.

      Involved Grandparents

    • B.

      Companionate Grandparents

    • C.

      Remote Grandparents

    Correct Answer
    B. Companionate Grandparents
    Explanation
    Companionate grandparents are more relaxed and act as supporters and buddies to their grandchildren. They have a close and friendly relationship with their grandchildren, providing emotional support and companionship. They may not have the same level of involvement in daily caregiving tasks as involved grandparents, but they still play an important role in the grandchildren's lives by offering love, guidance, and a listening ear.

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  • 18. 

    Prevalance of spousal abuse occurs in families with 4 more or children; increased _______, fewer resources; low _______ status; and growing up in a ________ home. 

    • A.

      Stress; SES; violent

    • B.

      Stress; SES; nonviolent

    • C.

      Tension; SES; violent

    • D.

      Stress; economical ; violent

    Correct Answer
    A. Stress; SES; violent
    Explanation
    The correct answer is stress; SES; violent. The prevalence of spousal abuse is more likely to occur in families with 4 or more children, as this can lead to increased stress levels within the household. Additionally, lower socioeconomic status (SES) can contribute to higher levels of stress and limited resources, which can further increase the risk of spousal abuse. Finally, growing up in a violent home can also contribute to the cycle of violence and increase the likelihood of spousal abuse in adulthood.

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  • 19. 

    The divorce rate is ________ for second marriages. There is more stress, especially with blended families.

    • A.

      Lower

    • B.

      Higher

    • C.

      The same as first marriages

    Correct Answer
    B. Higher
    Explanation
    The divorce rate is higher for second marriages due to several factors. There is often more stress in second marriages, especially when blended families are involved. The challenges of merging two families, dealing with stepchildren, and managing different parenting styles can create additional strain on the relationship. Additionally, individuals who have already been through a divorce may be more likely to have unresolved issues or emotional baggage that can impact their second marriage. These factors contribute to a higher divorce rate in second marriages compared to first marriages.

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  • 20. 

    Some form of violence happens in _________ of all marriages. Close to ____ of marriages in the U. S. are characterized by continuing, severe violence. Violence occurs across social strata, ethnic groups, and religions.

    • A.

      One-half; 15%

    • B.

      One-fourth; 20%

    • C.

      One-fourth; 15%

    • D.

      One-eighth; 15%

    Correct Answer
    C. One-fourth; 15%
    Explanation
    Approximately one-fourth of all marriages experience some form of violence, while around 15% of marriages in the U.S. are marked by ongoing and severe violence. This indicates that violence in marriages is not limited to a specific social stratum, ethnic group, or religion, as it occurs across various demographics.

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  • 21. 

    When parents experience feelings of unhappiness, worry, loneliness, and depression resulting from their children's departure from home.

    • A.

      Boomerang Children

    • B.

      Empty Nest Syndrome

    • C.

      Sandwich Generation

    • D.

      Depression

    Correct Answer
    B. Empty Nest Syndrome
    Explanation
    Empty Nest Syndrome refers to the feelings of sadness, loneliness, and depression that parents may experience when their children leave home. This can be a significant life transition for parents, as they may feel a sense of loss and emptiness after their children have moved out. It is a natural response to this change and can be attributed to the adjustment period parents go through when their role as a caregiver is no longer as prominent.

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  • 22. 

    The stage of marital aggression where a batterer becomes upset and shows dissatisfaction initially through verbal abuse. 

    • A.

      Tension Building Stage

    • B.

      Acute Battering Incident

    • C.

      Loving Contrition Stage

    Correct Answer
    A. Tension Building Stage
    Explanation
    The tension building stage is the correct answer because during this stage, the batterer becomes upset and shows dissatisfaction through verbal abuse. This stage is characterized by escalating tension, arguments, and a general feeling of walking on eggshells. Verbal abuse is often used as a way for the batterer to assert control and power over their partner. It is important to recognize the signs of the tension building stage in order to intervene and prevent further escalation of violence.

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  • 23. 

    The stage of marital aggression where the husband feels remorse and apologizes for his actions of abuse. 

    • A.

      Tension Building Stage

    • B.

      Acute Battering Incident

    • C.

      Loving Contrition Stage

    Correct Answer
    C. Loving Contrition Stage
    Explanation
    The Loving Contrition Stage refers to the stage of marital aggression where the husband feels remorse and apologizes for his abusive actions. This stage typically follows the Acute Battering Incident, where the abuse occurs. During the Loving Contrition Stage, the abuser may display affection, remorse, and apologize for their behavior. This stage is often characterized by promises to change and expressions of love and remorse. It is important to note that this stage is part of the cycle of abuse and does not necessarily indicate genuine change or a resolution to the abusive behavior.

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  • 24. 

    The stage of marital aggression where the physical abuse actually occurs. 

    • A.

      Tension Building Stage

    • B.

      Acute Battering Incident

    • C.

      Loving Contrition Stage

    Correct Answer
    B. Acute Battering Incident
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Acute Battering Incident. This stage refers to the actual occurrence of physical abuse within a marital relationship. It is characterized by a sudden outburst of violence and aggression towards the victim. This stage typically follows the tension-building stage, where tension and conflict gradually escalate between the partners. After the acute battering incident, the cycle of violence often enters the loving contrition stage, where the abuser may show remorse and apologize to the victim, leading to a temporary period of calm before the cycle repeats.

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  • 25. 

    The need for middle-aged adults to fulfill the needs of both their children and their aging parents.

    • A.

      Sandwich Generation

    • B.

      Empty Nest Syndrome

    • C.

      Grandparenting

    • D.

      Boomerang Children

    Correct Answer
    A. Sandwich Generation
    Explanation
    The term "Sandwich Generation" refers to middle-aged adults who are caught between the responsibilities of taking care of their children and their aging parents. This group of individuals often find themselves "sandwiched" between the needs of their children and the needs of their parents, which can be emotionally, physically, and financially demanding. They have to balance their roles as parents and caregivers, often juggling multiple responsibilities and facing unique challenges. This term accurately describes the situation of middle-aged adults who are faced with the need to fulfill the needs of both their children and their aging parents.

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  • 26. 

    According to this theory, abuse and neglect of children leads them to be predisposed to abusiveness as adults.

    • A.

      Predisposed Violent Hypothesis

    • B.

      Cycle of Terror Hypothesis

    • C.

      Cycle of Violence Hypothesis

    • D.

      Generalized Slowing Hypothesis

    Correct Answer
    C. Cycle of Violence Hypothesis
    Explanation
    The Cycle of Violence Hypothesis suggests that individuals who experience abuse and neglect as children are more likely to become abusive themselves as adults. This theory proposes that the cycle of violence is perpetuated from one generation to the next, as those who were victims of abuse may lack the necessary skills and resources to break the pattern. This hypothesis highlights the importance of early intervention and prevention efforts to break the cycle and protect future generations from experiencing abuse.

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  • Aug 29, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
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  • Dec 03, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Tinamide
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