Chapter 8 - Middle Adulthood Quiz

26 Questions | Total Attempts: 698

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Adulthood Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    People with ______________, which is characterized by competitiveness, impatience, and a tendency toward frustration and hostility, are ______ susceptible to heart disease. 
    • A. 

      Type B behavior pattern; less

    • B. 

      Type A behavior pattern; less

    • C. 

      Type A behavior pattern; more

    • D. 

      Type B behavior pattern; more

  • 2. 
    More men die in middle age of diseases of the ___________ than any other cause.
    • A. 

      Heart and circulatory system

    • B. 

      Heart and lymphatic system

    • C. 

      Muscles and joint system

    • D. 

      Heart and pancreatic system

  • 3. 
    Men are _________ to suffer heart disease than women, and the risks __________ with age.
    • A. 

      Less likely; increase

    • B. 

      More likely; increase

    • C. 

      More likely; decrease

    • D. 

      More likely; increase then decrease as you enter into late adulthood

  • 4. 
    People with ______________, which is characterized by non-competitiveness, patience, and a lack of aggression, have less than ______ the risk of coronary disease than those of the other behavior type. 
    • A. 

      Type B behavior pattern; half

    • B. 

      Type A behavior pattern; half

    • C. 

      Type A behavior pattern; one-third

    • D. 

      Type B behavior pattern; more

  • 5. 
    Erik Erikson suggests that middle adulthood encompasses the period of __________________________, where people consider their contributions to family, community, work, and society.
    • A. 

      FORMAL OPERATIONS PERIOD

    • B. 

      IDENTITY-VERSUS-IDENTITY-CONFUSION STAGE

    • C. 

      EGO-INTEGRITY-VERSUS-DESPAIR STAGE

    • D. 

      GENERATIVITY VERSUS STAGNATION

  • 6. 
    Daniel Levinson suggests that the early 40’s are marked by transition and crisis. Central to his theory is the concept of a ________________ – a stage of uncertainty and indecision brought about by the realization that life is finite. 
    • A. 

      Midlife Intermission

    • B. 

      Midlife Crisis

    • C. 

      Midlife Transition

    • D. 

      Male Menopause

  • 7. 
    The ability to deal with new problems and situations. ______________ is inductive reasoning, spatial orientation, perceptual speed, and verbal memory. This type of intelligence does _______________ with age.
    • A. 

      Fluid intelligence; decrease

    • B. 

      Fluid intelligence; increase

    • C. 

      Crystallized intelligenge; decrease

    • D. 

      Crystallized intelligenge; increase

  • 8. 
    Satisfaction begins to ____________ just after a marriage begins, and ________ till it reaches its low point at the birth of the child; then it slowly _________ to high levels.
    • A. 

      Decline; falls; does not

    • B. 

      Increase; falls; returns

    • C. 

      Decline; rises; returns

    • D. 

      Decline; falls; returns

  • 9. 
    An initial, momentary storage of information that lasts only an instant. There is ___ decline of sensory memory in middle age.
    • A. 

      Sensory Memory; no

    • B. 

      Short-Term Memory; no

    • C. 

      Long-Term Memory; no

  • 10. 
    Holds information that is rehearsed for a relatively permanent time. There is some _________ in middle age in that storage appears to be less efficient and there also appears to be some reduction in the efficiency of memory retrieval.
    • A. 

      Sensory Memory; decline

    • B. 

      Short-Term Memory; decline

    • C. 

      Long-Term Memory; decline

  • 11. 
    Holds information for 15 to 25 seconds. Again, there is ___ decline in middle age. 
    • A. 

      Sensory Memory; no

    • B. 

      Short-Term Memory; no

    • C. 

      Long-Term Memory; no

  • 12. 
    The store of information, skills, and strategies that people have acquired through education and prior experiences, and through their previous use of intelligence. It holds ______ or __________ with age.
    • A. 

      Fluid intelligence; steady or decreases

    • B. 

      Fluid intelligence; steady or increases

    • C. 

      Crystallized intelligenge; steady or decreases

    • D. 

      Crystallized intelligenge; steady or increases

  • 13. 
    About __ woman in __ will get divorced after 40, but about ____ to ____ of divorced people eventually remarry. 
    • A. 

      2 in 8; 75% to 80%

    • B. 

      3 in 8; 75% to 80%

    • C. 

      1 in 8; 70% to 80%

    • D. 

      1 in 8; 75% to 80%

  • 14. 
    There has been a significant increase in the U.S. in the number of young adults who come back to live in the homes of their middle-aged parents, a phenomenon called __________________.
    • A. 

      Returning Children

    • B. 

      Boomerang Children

    • C. 

      Empty-Nest Children

    • D. 

      Coming Back Home Children

  • 15. 
    Grandparents who are actively engaged in grand parenting and have influence over their grandchildren's lives. 
    • A. 

      Involved Grandparents

    • B. 

      Companionate Grandparents

    • C. 

      Remote Grandparents

  • 16. 
    Grandparents who are detached and distant, and show little interest in their grandchildren.
    • A. 

      Involved Grandparents

    • B. 

      Companionate Grandparents

    • C. 

      Remote Grandparents

  • 17. 
    Grandparents who are more relaxed, and act as supporters and buddies to their grandchildren. 
    • A. 

      Involved Grandparents

    • B. 

      Companionate Grandparents

    • C. 

      Remote Grandparents

  • 18. 
    Prevalance of spousal abuse occurs in families with 4 more or children; increased _______, fewer resources; low _______ status; and growing up in a ________ home. 
    • A. 

      Stress; SES; violent

    • B. 

      Stress; SES; nonviolent

    • C. 

      Tension; SES; violent

    • D. 

      Stress; economical ; violent

  • 19. 
    The divorce rate is ________ for second marriages. There is more stress, especially with blended families.
    • A. 

      Lower

    • B. 

      Higher

    • C. 

      The same as first marriages

  • 20. 
    Some form of violence happens in _________ of all marriages. Close to ____ of marriages in the U. S. are characterized by continuing, severe violence. Violence occurs across social strata, ethnic groups, and religions.
    • A. 

      One-half; 15%

    • B. 

      One-fourth; 20%

    • C. 

      One-fourth; 15%

    • D. 

      One-eighth; 15%

  • 21. 
    When parents experience feelings of unhappiness, worry, loneliness, and depression resulting from their children's departure from home.
    • A. 

      Boomerang Children

    • B. 

      Empty Nest Syndrome

    • C. 

      Sandwich Generation

    • D. 

      Depression

  • 22. 
    The stage of marital aggression where a batterer becomes upset and shows dissatisfaction initially through verbal abuse. 
    • A. 

      Tension Building Stage

    • B. 

      Acute Battering Incident

    • C. 

      Loving Contrition Stage

  • 23. 
    The stage of marital aggression where the husband feels remorse and apologizes for his actions of abuse. 
    • A. 

      Tension Building Stage

    • B. 

      Acute Battering Incident

    • C. 

      Loving Contrition Stage

  • 24. 
    The stage of marital aggression where the physical abuse actually occurs. 
    • A. 

      Tension Building Stage

    • B. 

      Acute Battering Incident

    • C. 

      Loving Contrition Stage

  • 25. 
    The need for middle-aged adults to fulfill the needs of both their children and their aging parents.
    • A. 

      Sandwich Generation

    • B. 

      Empty Nest Syndrome

    • C. 

      Grandparenting

    • D. 

      Boomerang Children

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