# Chapter 26: Properties Of Light

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• 1.

### Most of the waves in the electromagnetic spectrum are

• A.

Red light.

• B.

Blue light.

• C.

Green light.

• D.

Invisible.

D. Invisible.
Explanation
Most of the waves in the electromagnetic spectrum are invisible because they fall outside the range of wavelengths that can be detected by the human eye. While red, blue, and green light are all part of the visible spectrum, the electromagnetic spectrum also includes other types of waves such as radio waves, microwaves, infrared, ultraviolet, X-rays, and gamma rays, which are all invisible to the naked eye.

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• 2.

### Electromagnetic waves consist of

• A.

Compressions and rarefactions of electromagnetic pulses.

• B.

Oscillating electric and magnetic fields.

• C.

Particles of light energy.

• D.

High-frequency gravitational waves.

B. Oscillating electric and magnetic fields.
Explanation
Electromagnetic waves are characterized by oscillating electric and magnetic fields. These fields are perpendicular to each other and to the direction of wave propagation. The electric field oscillates in one plane, while the magnetic field oscillates in a perpendicular plane. This oscillation of electric and magnetic fields allows the wave to carry energy and information through space. It is important to note that electromagnetic waves do not consist of particles of light energy or high-frequency gravitational waves, as suggested in the other options.

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• 3.

### The fact that light travels at 300,000 km/s is a consequence of

• A.

Electromagnetic wave propagation.

• B.

Electromagnetic field induction.

• C.

Maxwell's laws.

• D.

Energy conservation.

• E.

None of these

D. Energy conservation.
Explanation
The correct answer is energy conservation. This is because the speed at which light travels is determined by the amount of energy it carries. According to the principle of energy conservation, the speed of light is constant and does not change. This is a fundamental concept in physics and is supported by experimental evidence. The other options, such as electromagnetic wave propagation and Maxwell's laws, are related to the behavior of light but do not directly explain why it travels at a specific speed. Therefore, the correct explanation is that the speed of light is a consequence of energy conservation.

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• 4.

### The source of all electromagnetic waves is

• A.

Changes in atomic energy levels.

• B.

Vibrating atoms.

• C.

Accelerating electric charges.

• D.

Crystalline fluctuations.

• E.

None of these

C. Accelerating electric charges.
Explanation
Electromagnetic waves are produced by accelerating electric charges. When charged particles are accelerated, they create changes in the electric and magnetic fields around them, which propagate as waves. This phenomenon is the basis for the generation of all types of electromagnetic waves, including radio waves, microwaves, infrared radiation, visible light, ultraviolet radiation, X-rays, and gamma rays. Vibrating atoms, changes in atomic energy levels, and crystalline fluctuations do not directly produce electromagnetic waves. Therefore, the correct answer is accelerating electric charges.

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• 5.

### The main difference between a radio wave and a light wave is its

• A.

Speed.

• B.

Wavelength.

• C.

Frequency.

• D.

All of these

• E.

Two of these

E. Two of these
Explanation
The main difference between a radio wave and a light wave is that they have different wavelengths and frequencies. Radio waves have longer wavelengths and lower frequencies compared to light waves. Therefore, the correct answer is "two of these" because both wavelength and frequency differ between radio waves and light waves.

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• 6.

### Which of these electromagnetic waves has the shortest wavelength?

• A.

• B.

Infrared waves

• C.

X-rays

• D.

Ultraviolet waves

• E.

Light waves

C. X-rays
Explanation
X-rays have the shortest wavelength among the given options. X-rays are a type of high-energy electromagnetic radiation. They have shorter wavelengths and higher frequencies than ultraviolet waves and visible light waves. X-rays are commonly used in medical imaging and industrial applications due to their ability to penetrate materials and produce detailed images.

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• 7.

### Compared to ultraviolet waves, the wavelength of infrared waves is

• A.

Shorter.

• B.

Longer.

• C.

The same.

B. Longer.
Explanation
Infrared waves have a longer wavelength compared to ultraviolet waves. This means that the distance between two consecutive peaks or troughs in an infrared wave is greater than that in an ultraviolet wave.

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• 8.

### Compared to radio waves, the velocity of visible light waves in a vacuum is

• A.

Less.

• B.

More.

• C.

The same.

C. The same.
Explanation
Visible light waves and radio waves both belong to the electromagnetic spectrum. The velocity of electromagnetic waves in a vacuum is constant, which is the speed of light, denoted by "c". Therefore, the velocity of visible light waves and radio waves in a vacuum is the same.

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• 9.

### If an electric charge is shaken up and down

• A.

Sound is emitted.

• B.

Light is emitted.

• C.

Electron excitation occurs.

• D.

A magnetic field is created

• E.

Its mass decreases.

D. A magnetic field is created
Explanation
When an electric charge is shaken up and down, it creates a disturbance in the electric field surrounding it. This disturbance in the electric field generates a magnetic field perpendicular to the direction of the disturbance. This phenomenon is known as electromagnetic radiation and it is the basis for the creation of electromagnetic waves, including light. Therefore, the correct answer is that a magnetic field is created.

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• 10.

### If an electron vibrates up and down 1000 times each second, it generates an electromagnetic wave having a

• A.

Period of 1000 s.

• B.

Speed of 1000 m/s.

• C.

Wavelength of 1000 m.

• D.

Frequency of 1000 Hz.

• E.

Wavelength of 1000 km.

D. Frequency of 1000 Hz.
Explanation
When an electron vibrates up and down 1000 times each second, it is essentially oscillating at a frequency of 1000 Hz. Frequency refers to the number of cycles or vibrations that occur in a given time period. In this case, the electron completes 1000 cycles in one second, indicating a frequency of 1000 Hz. This frequency determines the rate at which the electromagnetic wave is generated.

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• 11.

### Which of the following is fundamentally different from the others?

• A.

Sound waves

• B.

X-rays

• C.

Gamma rays

• D.

Light waves

• E.

A. Sound waves
Explanation
Sound waves are fundamentally different from the others because they require a medium (such as air, water, or solids) to travel through, while the other options (X-rays, gamma rays, light waves, and radio waves) are all forms of electromagnetic radiation that can travel through a vacuum. Sound waves are mechanical waves that propagate through the vibration of particles in a medium, while the other options are all forms of electromagnetic waves that propagate through oscillating electric and magnetic fields.

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• 12.

### The natural frequency of the atoms in glass is in the

• A.

Infrared part of the spectrum.

• B.

Visible part of the spectrum.

• C.

Ultraviolet part of the spectrum.

C. Ultraviolet part of the spectrum.
Explanation
Glass is a transparent material that allows visible light to pass through it. The natural frequency of the atoms in glass is in the ultraviolet part of the spectrum, which is a higher frequency than visible light. This means that the atoms in glass cannot absorb or emit visible light, but they can absorb or emit ultraviolet light. Therefore, the correct answer is ultraviolet part of the spectrum.

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• 13.

### When ultraviolet light is incident upon glass, atoms in the glass

• A.

Are forced into vibration.

• B.

Resonate.

• C.

Pass the light energy along practically undiminished.

• D.

Freely absorb and re-emit most of the ultraviolet light.

B. Resonate.
Explanation
When ultraviolet light is incident upon glass, the atoms in the glass resonate. This means that the atoms absorb the energy from the light and start vibrating at their natural frequency. This vibration of the atoms is what allows the glass to interact with the ultraviolet light. Resonance occurs when the frequency of the light matches the natural frequency of the atoms, causing them to vibrate more strongly. Therefore, the correct answer is "resonate."

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• 14.

### When visible light is incident upon clear glass, atoms in the glass

• A.

Are forced into vibration.

• B.

Resonate.

• C.

Convert the light energy into internal energy.

A. Are forced into vibration.
Explanation
When visible light is incident upon clear glass, the atoms in the glass are forced into vibration. This is because the photons of light interact with the electrons in the atoms, causing them to absorb energy and move to higher energy levels. As the electrons return to their original energy levels, they release the absorbed energy in the form of vibrations. These vibrations then propagate through the glass, allowing the light to pass through.

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• 15.

### Consider light energy that is momentarily absorbed in glass and then re-emitted. Compared to the absorbed light, the frequency of the re-emitted light is

• A.

Considerably less.

• B.

Slightly less.

• C.

The same.

• D.

Slightly more.

• E.

Considerably more.

C. The same.
Explanation
When light energy is absorbed in glass and then re-emitted, the frequency of the re-emitted light remains the same. This is because the frequency of light is determined by the source that produced it, in this case, the original light that was absorbed. The glass does not change the frequency of the light as it is re-emitted, so it remains the same.

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• 16.

### The speed of light in the void between molecules in glass is

• A.

More than its speed in a vacuum.

• B.

The same as its speed in a vacuum.

• C.

Less than its speed in a vacuum.

B. The same as its speed in a vacuum.
Explanation
The speed of light in a vacuum is considered to be the maximum possible speed for any object in the universe. When light passes through a material like glass, it slows down due to interactions with the atoms and molecules in the material. However, in the voids or empty spaces between these molecules, the speed of light returns to its maximum value, which is the same as its speed in a vacuum. Therefore, the correct answer is that the speed of light in the void between molecules in glass is the same as its speed in a vacuum.

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• 17.

### Compared to its average speed in air, the average speed of a beam of light in glass is

• A.

More.

• B.

Less.

• C.

The same.

B. Less.
Explanation
The average speed of a beam of light in glass is less compared to its average speed in air because the refractive index of glass is greater than that of air. This means that light slows down when it enters glass due to the increased density of the medium. As a result, the average speed of light in glass is reduced, making it slower than its speed in air.

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• 18.

### Infrared waves are often called heat waves because they

• A.

Emanate from relatively hot sources.

• B.

Consist of frequencies lower than those of visible light.

• C.

Induce resonance in molecules and increase internal energy in a substance.

• D.

Are absorbed rather than reflected by the skin.

• E.

Are the predominant waves emitted by the sun.

C. Induce resonance in molecules and increase internal energy in a substance.
Explanation
Infrared waves have the ability to induce resonance in molecules, causing them to vibrate and increase their internal energy. This increase in energy is what we perceive as heat. Therefore, infrared waves are often referred to as heat waves.

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• 19.

### Materials generally become warmer when light is

• A.

Absorbed by them.

• B.

Reflected by them.

• C.

Transmitted by them.

• D.

All of these

• E.

None of these

A. Absorbed by them.
Explanation
When light is absorbed by materials, it means that the energy of the light is transferred to the material. This increase in energy leads to an increase in the internal kinetic energy of the material, causing its temperature to rise. Therefore, materials generally become warmer when light is absorbed by them.

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• 20.

### Sunburns are produced by

• A.

Ultraviolet light.

• B.

Visible light.

• C.

Infrared light.

• D.

All of these

• E.

None of these

A. Ultraviolet light.
Explanation
Sunburns are produced by ultraviolet (UV) light. When the skin is exposed to excessive UV radiation from the sun or artificial sources like tanning beds, it can cause damage to the DNA in skin cells. This leads to inflammation, redness, pain, and eventually the characteristic peeling of sunburned skin. Visible light and infrared light do not have the same damaging effects on the skin as UV light. Therefore, the correct answer is ultraviolet light.

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• 21.

### The Earth's atmosphere is transparent to most waves in the

• A.

Infrared part of the spectrum.

• B.

Visible part of the spectrum.

• C.

Ultraviolet part of the spectrum.

• D.

Entire electromagnetic spectrum.

B. Visible part of the spectrum.
Explanation
The Earth's atmosphere is transparent to most waves in the visible part of the spectrum. This means that light in the visible range can pass through the atmosphere without being significantly absorbed or scattered. This is why we can see objects and colors on Earth's surface with our eyes. In contrast, the atmosphere absorbs and scatters a significant amount of infrared and ultraviolet light, making them less visible to us. The entire electromagnetic spectrum includes all types of waves, including those in the visible range, as well as infrared, ultraviolet, and other types of waves.

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• 22.

### A lunar eclipse occurs when the

• A.

• B.

• C.

Earth passes into the sun's shadow.

• D.

Earth passes into the moon's shadow.

B. Moon passes into Earth's shadow.
Explanation
During a lunar eclipse, the moon passes into Earth's shadow. This occurs when the Earth comes between the sun and the moon, causing the moon to be temporarily blocked from the sunlight. As a result, the moon appears to darken and may even take on a reddish hue. This phenomenon can only happen during a full moon when the Earth, moon, and sun are aligned in a straight line.

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• 23.

### A solar eclipse occurs when the

• A.

• B.

Moon passes into the Earth's shadow.

• C.

C. The moon's shadow touches Earth.
Explanation
During a solar eclipse, the moon's shadow touches Earth. This happens when the moon aligns between the sun and Earth, blocking the sun's light and casting a shadow on Earth's surface. As the moon moves in its orbit, this alignment causes the shadow to fall on a specific region, resulting in a solar eclipse. The moon's shadow is responsible for the temporary darkening of the sun during this phenomenon.

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• 24.

### A partial solar eclipse occurs for people in the sun's

• A.

Umbra.

• B.

Penumbra.

• C.

None of these

B. Penumbra.
Explanation
A partial solar eclipse occurs for people in the sun's penumbra. The penumbra is the outer part of the shadow that is cast during an eclipse, where only a portion of the sun is blocked. In a partial solar eclipse, the moon does not completely cover the sun, resulting in a partial shadow being cast on Earth. This allows people within the penumbra to witness a partial eclipse where the sun appears partially obscured.

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• 25.

### While Earth is experiencing a total solar eclipse, an observer on the side of the moon facing the Earth would see

• A.

Earth disappear from the sky.

• B.

Earth dim and turn reddish.

• C.

Nothing unusual.

• D.

A tiny dark spot move across the face of Earth.

D. A tiny dark spot move across the face of Earth.
Explanation
During a total solar eclipse, the moon passes between the Earth and the Sun, causing a shadow to be cast on the Earth. From the side of the moon facing the Earth, an observer would see a tiny dark spot moving across the face of the Earth, which is the shadow of the moon. This is because the moon blocks the sunlight from reaching certain areas of the Earth, creating a temporary dark spot.

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• 26.

### The sensation of color is seen when light falls on the eye's

• A.

Rods

• B.

Cones

• C.

Both

• D.

Neither

B. Cones
Explanation
The sensation of color is primarily seen when light falls on the eye's cones. Cones are photoreceptor cells in the retina that are responsible for color vision and high visual acuity. They are most sensitive to different wavelengths of light, allowing us to perceive a wide range of colors. Rods, on the other hand, are responsible for vision in low light conditions but do not contribute significantly to color perception. Therefore, the correct answer is cones.

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• 27.

### The cones in the retina of the eye are

• A.

Most densely packed at the center of vision.

• B.

Uniformly spread along the visual field.

• C.

Concentrated along the peripHery of vision.

A. Most densely packed at the center of vision.
Explanation
The cones in the retina of the eye are most densely packed at the center of vision. This is because the center of vision, known as the fovea, is responsible for sharp and detailed vision. Cones are photoreceptor cells that are responsible for color vision and visual acuity, and they are highly concentrated in the fovea. This high density allows for better color discrimination and higher visual acuity in the central part of our visual field. As we move towards the periphery of vision, the density of cones decreases, and the density of rods (cells responsible for low-light vision) increases.

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• 28.

### Red-hot and blue-hot stars appear white to the eye because

• A.

The eye has difficulty seeing color at night.

• B.

They are too dim to fire the cones.

• C.

They are too dim to fire the rods.

• D.

They are overwhelmed by the blackness of the nighttime sky.

• E.

Eye receptivity peaks in the yellow-green part of the spectrum.

B. They are too dim to fire the cones.
Explanation
Red-hot and blue-hot stars appear white to the eye because they are too dim to fire the cones. The cones in the human eye are responsible for color vision, and they require a certain level of brightness to be activated. Since red-hot and blue-hot stars emit light at a lower intensity compared to other objects, they do not provide enough stimulation to the cones, resulting in the perception of white color.

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• 29.

### In the periphery of our vision, we are

• A.

More sensitive to low frequencies than high ones.

• B.

Insensitive to color and movement.

• C.

Sensitive to movement, but cannot see color.

• D.

Sensitive to both movement and color.

• E.

None of these

C. Sensitive to movement, but cannot see color.
Explanation
In the periphery of our vision, our eyes are more sensitive to detecting movement rather than color. This means that while we may be able to detect objects moving in our peripheral vision, we may not be able to accurately perceive their color. This is because the cells responsible for color vision, called cones, are concentrated in the central part of the retina, which is responsible for our central vision. In contrast, the cells responsible for detecting movement, called rods, are more abundant in the periphery of the retina. Therefore, in our peripheral vision, we are sensitive to movement but cannot see color.

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• 30.

### Information-carrying nerves are connected to the retina at

• A.

The fovea.

• B.

The blind spot.

• C.

The cornea.

• D.

The iris.

• E.

The peripHery.

B. The blind spot.
Explanation
The correct answer is the blind spot. The blind spot is the area on the retina where the optic nerve exits the eye, and it lacks photoreceptor cells. This means that there are no information-carrying nerves connected to this area of the retina. Thus, the blind spot is the correct answer for the location where information-carrying nerves are not connected to the retina.

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• 31.

### The size of the pupil of your eye depends on

• A.

The brightness of light in the room.

• B.

The temperature of the room.

• C.

The time of day.

• D.

• E.

Two of these

E. Two of these
Explanation
The size of the pupil of your eye depends on two factors: the brightness of light in the room and the time of day. The pupil will constrict in bright light to protect the retina from excessive light exposure, and it will dilate in dim light to allow more light to enter the eye. Additionally, the pupil size can also be influenced by the time of day, as it tends to be smaller in bright daylight and larger in dimmer conditions. The temperature of the room and your mood do not directly affect the size of the pupil.

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• 32.

### If a light signal and a radio signal were emitted simultaneously from Alpha Centauri, the first to reach Earth would be the

• A.

• B.

Light signal.

• C.

Both would reach Earth at the same time.

C. Both would reach Earth at the same time.
Explanation
The question is asking about the time it takes for a light signal and a radio signal emitted from Alpha Centauri to reach Earth. According to the theory of relativity, the speed of light is constant and is the fastest speed possible. Therefore, both the light signal and the radio signal would reach Earth at the same time since they are both traveling at the speed of light.

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• 33.

### Which of the following cannot travel in a vacuum?

• A.

A light wave

• B.

A sound wave

• C.

• D.

All can travel in a vacuum.

• E.

None can travel in a vacuum.

B. A sound wave
Explanation
A sound wave cannot travel in a vacuum because it requires a medium, such as air, water, or solids, to propagate. Sound waves are mechanical waves that travel by compressing and decompressing the particles of the medium they are passing through. In a vacuum, where there are no particles to compress and transmit the wave, sound cannot travel.

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• 34.

### The main difference between a radio wave and a sound wave is their different

• A.

Frequencies.

• B.

Wavelengths.

• C.

Energies.

• D.

Amplitudes.

• E.

Modes of travel.

E. Modes of travel.
Explanation
The main difference between a radio wave and a sound wave is their different modes of travel. Radio waves are electromagnetic waves that can travel through a vacuum, such as space, and can propagate through the air or other materials. On the other hand, sound waves are mechanical waves that require a medium, such as air, water, or solids, to travel through. Sound waves cannot travel through a vacuum and rely on the particles of the medium to propagate.

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• 35.

### If the sun were to disappear right now, we wouldn't know about it for 8 minutes because it takes 8 minutes

• A.

For the sun to disappear.

• B.

To operate receiving equipment in the dark.

• C.

For light to travel from the sun to the Earth.

• D.

All of these

• E.

None of these

C. For light to travel from the sun to the Earth.
Explanation
The correct answer is for light to travel from the sun to the Earth. This is because light travels at a finite speed, and it takes approximately 8 minutes for light to travel from the sun to the Earth. Therefore, if the sun were to disappear right now, we wouldn't know about it until 8 minutes later when the absence of sunlight reaches Earth.

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• 36.

### Glass is transparent to wave frequencies that

• A.

Match its natural frequencies.

• B.

Are below its natural frequencies.

• C.

Both of these

• D.

None of these

B. Are below its natural frequencies.
Explanation
Glass is transparent to wave frequencies that are below its natural frequencies. This means that glass allows light waves with frequencies lower than its natural frequencies to pass through, resulting in transparency. However, when the wave frequencies match or are higher than the natural frequencies of glass, they are absorbed or reflected, causing the glass to appear opaque or reflective.

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• 37.

### Glass is opaque to wave frequencies that

• A.

Match its natural frequencies.

• B.

Are below its natural frequencies.

• C.

Both of these

• D.

None of these

A. Match its natural frequencies.
Explanation
Glass is opaque to wave frequencies that match its natural frequencies. This means that when a wave frequency matches the natural frequency of glass, it is absorbed by the glass and cannot pass through, making it opaque. This phenomenon is known as resonance, where the glass absorbs the energy of the wave and vibrates at its natural frequency. Frequencies below or above the natural frequencies of glass do not match and therefore do not cause resonance, allowing them to pass through the glass.

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• 38.

### A pair of sunglasses and a pair of clear reading glasses are left in the sunlight. The hotter glasses would be the

• A.

Sunglasses.

• B.

• C.

Both

• D.

Neither

A. Sunglasses.
Explanation
When left in the sunlight, the sunglasses would become hotter compared to the clear reading glasses. This is because sunglasses are designed to block out a significant amount of UV rays, which in turn reduces the amount of heat absorbed by the lenses. On the other hand, the clear reading glasses do not have this UV protection, allowing them to absorb more heat from the sunlight. Therefore, the sunglasses would be the hotter glasses in this scenario.

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• 39.

### The moon would be at its fullest just before the time of a

• A.

Solar eclipse.

• B.

Lunar eclipse.

• C.

Both of these

• D.

None of these

B. Lunar eclipse.
Explanation
During a lunar eclipse, the Earth is positioned between the Sun and the Moon, causing the Moon to pass through the Earth's shadow. This alignment only occurs during a full moon, when the Moon is on the opposite side of the Earth from the Sun. Therefore, the Moon would be at its fullest just before the time of a lunar eclipse.

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• 40.

### What is the wavelength of an electromagnetic wave that has a frequency of 1 hertz?

• A.

Less than 1 m

• B.

1 m

• C.

More than 1 m

C. More than 1 m
Explanation
The wavelength of an electromagnetic wave is inversely proportional to its frequency. Since the frequency given is only 1 hertz, which is very low, the wavelength will be relatively long. Therefore, the wavelength of this electromagnetic wave will be more than 1 meter.

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• 41.

### What is the wavelength of an electromagnetic wave that has a frequency of 3 kilohertz?

• A.

Less than 1 km

• B.

1 km

• C.

More than 1 km

C. More than 1 km
Explanation
The wavelength of an electromagnetic wave is inversely proportional to its frequency. Since the frequency is given as 3 kilohertz, which is a relatively low frequency, the wavelength would be relatively long. This means that the wavelength would be more than 1 kilometer.

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• 42.

### What is the frequency of an electromagnetic wave that has a wavelength of 300,000 km?

• A.

Less than 1 Hz

• B.

1 Hz

• C.

More than 1 Hz

B. 1 Hz
Explanation
The frequency of an electromagnetic wave is determined by the number of complete cycles it completes in one second. Since the speed of light is approximately 300,000 km/s, and the wavelength is given as 300,000 km, it means that the wave completes one cycle in one second. Therefore, the frequency of the wave is 1 Hz.

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• 43.

### The main difference between the retina of a human eye and that of a dog's eye is the

• A.

Predominance of cones in a dog's retina.

• B.

Absence of cones in a dog's retina.

• C.

More intricate optic nerve in a human's eye.

• D.

Absence of cones in a human's eye.

• E.

None of these

B. Absence of cones in a dog's retina.
Explanation
The correct answer is the absence of cones in a dog's retina. The retina is responsible for detecting light and converting it into neural signals. Cones are photoreceptor cells in the retina that are responsible for color vision and visual acuity. Humans have a high density of cones in their retinas, allowing for detailed color vision. On the other hand, dogs have a higher density of rods, which are responsible for low-light vision but do not provide color vision. Therefore, the absence of cones in a dog's retina is the main difference compared to a human's retina.

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• 44.

### Things seen by moonlight usually aren't colored because moonlight

• A.

Doesn't have very many colors in it.

• B.

Is too dim to activate the retina's cones.

• C.

pHotons don't have enough energy to activate the retina's cones.

• D.

All of these

• E.

None of these

B. Is too dim to activate the retina's cones.
Explanation
Moonlight is usually not colored because it is too dim to activate the retina's cones. The cones in the retina are responsible for color vision and require a certain level of light intensity to be activated. Moonlight, being relatively dim compared to sunlight, does not provide enough light energy to stimulate the cones and perceive colors. Therefore, objects seen under moonlight appear colorless or in shades of gray.

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• 45.

### At the same time an astronaut on the moon sees a solar eclipse, observers on Earth see

• A.

A lunar eclipse.

• B.

A solar eclipse.

• C.

No eclipse at all.

A. A lunar eclipse.
Explanation
When an astronaut on the moon sees a solar eclipse, it means that the moon is passing between the sun and the Earth, blocking the sunlight from reaching the astronaut's position. This phenomenon is known as a lunar eclipse. On the other hand, observers on Earth would see a lunar eclipse when the Earth passes between the sun and the moon, casting a shadow on the moon's surface. Therefore, the correct answer is "a lunar eclipse."

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• Mar 22, 2023
Quiz Edited by
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• Feb 13, 2013
Quiz Created by
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