Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
| By Timmy198
T
Timmy198
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 577 | Total Attempts: 310,143
Questions: 10 | Attempts: 829

Settings

Infrared radiation is rather an interesting subject, however you should not be ignorant about it and what it really is, why it’s invisible to human eye. Are you up for the quiz?

• 1.

### Infrared radiation is sometimes called?

• A.

Infrared light

• B.

Electromagnetic field

• C.

Illumination

• D.

None of the above

A. Infrared light
Explanation
Infrared radiation is sometimes called "Infrared light" because it is a type of electromagnetic radiation with longer wavelengths than visible light. It is not referred to as "Electromagnetic field" or "Illumination" as these terms are not specific to infrared radiation.

Rate this question:

• 2.

### It extends from the nominal red edge of the visible spectrum at?

• A.

650 nanometers

• B.

700 nanometers

• C.

859 nanometers

• D.

600 nanometers

B. 700 nanometers
Explanation
The correct answer is 700 nanometers. The red edge of the visible spectrum is the longest wavelength of light that can be perceived by the human eye as red. This wavelength is typically around 650-700 nanometers. Therefore, 700 nanometers is the most reasonable choice as it falls within this range.

Rate this question:

• 3.

### Most of the thermal radiation emitted by objects near room temperature is?

• A.

Nanometer

• B.

Cathode ray

• C.

Ultra rays

• D.

Infrared

D. Infrared
Explanation
Most of the thermal radiation emitted by objects near room temperature is in the form of infrared radiation. Infrared radiation has longer wavelengths than visible light and is not visible to the human eye. Objects at room temperature emit thermal radiation as a result of the movement of their molecules. This thermal radiation is primarily in the form of infrared waves, which can be detected by specialized devices such as infrared cameras or sensors.

Rate this question:

• 4.

### Like EMR, infrared radiation carried radiant energy and behaves like a?

• A.

Wave

• B.

Quantum

• C.

Photon

• D.

All of the above

D. All of the above
Explanation
Infrared radiation, like EMR, carries radiant energy and behaves like a wave, a quantum, and a photon. Infrared radiation exhibits wave-like properties, such as wavelength and frequency, and can be described as a stream of particles called photons, which have discrete energy levels called quanta. Therefore, all of the above options are correct explanations for the behavior of infrared radiation.

Rate this question:

• 5.

### Infrared was discovered in 1800 by astronomer Sir?

• A.

George Moore

• B.

George Washington

• C.

Allan Sugar

• D.

William Herschel

D. William Herschel
Explanation
William Herschel, an astronomer, discovered infrared radiation in 1800. He was conducting experiments on the temperature of different colors of light by passing sunlight through a prism and measuring the temperature of each color. Herschel noticed that the temperature increased as he moved the thermometer beyond the red end of the visible spectrum, where no light was visible. This led him to conclude that there must be an invisible form of radiation beyond the red light, which he named "infrared".

Rate this question:

• 6.

### The astronomer discovered a type of invisible radiation in the spectrum lower in?

• A.

Rays

• B.

Energy

• C.

Light

• D.

None of the above

B. Energy
Explanation
The correct answer is "Energy." The question is asking about a type of invisible radiation that the astronomer discovered in the lower spectrum. Rays and light are both forms of visible radiation, so they cannot be the correct answer. "Energy" is the most suitable answer because radiation is a form of energy that can exist in different parts of the spectrum, including the lower spectrum.

Rate this question:

• 7.

### Slightly more than half of the total energy from the Sun was eventually found to arrive on Earth in the form of?

• A.

Ultra ray

• B.

Ultra violet

• C.

• D.

Infrared

D. Infrared
Explanation
The correct answer is Infrared. Slightly more than half of the total energy from the Sun arrives on Earth in the form of infrared radiation. Infrared radiation is a type of electromagnetic radiation with longer wavelengths than visible light. It is not visible to the human eye but can be felt as heat. Infrared radiation plays a crucial role in Earth's climate system, as it is absorbed by greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, helping to warm the planet.

Rate this question:

• 8.

### The balance between absorbed and emitted infrared radiation has a critical effect on Earth’s?

• A.

Movement

• B.

Weather

• C.

Climate

• D.

None of the above

C. Climate
Explanation
The balance between absorbed and emitted infrared radiation has a critical effect on Earth's climate. Infrared radiation is a form of heat energy that is absorbed and emitted by the Earth and its atmosphere. When there is an imbalance between the amount of infrared radiation absorbed and emitted, it can lead to changes in temperature and weather patterns, which ultimately affect the long-term climate of the planet. Therefore, maintaining a balance between absorbed and emitted infrared radiation is crucial for understanding and predicting climate changes.

Rate this question:

• 9.

### Infrared radiation is emitted or absorbed by?

• A.

Atom

• B.

Photon

• C.

Oxygen

• D.

Molecule

D. Molecule
Explanation
Infrared radiation is emitted or absorbed by molecules. This is because infrared radiation corresponds to the energy levels associated with the vibrations and rotations of molecules. When a molecule absorbs infrared radiation, it gains energy and its vibrational or rotational modes are excited. Similarly, when a molecule emits infrared radiation, it releases energy from its vibrational or rotational modes. Atoms, photons, and oxygen do not possess the necessary vibrational or rotational modes to emit or absorb infrared radiation.

Rate this question:

• 10.

### Infrared radiation excites vibrational modes in a molecule through a change in the?

• A.

Dipole moment

• B.

Infrared

• C.

Atom

• D.

Sodium

A. Dipole moment
Explanation
Infrared radiation excites vibrational modes in a molecule through a change in the dipole moment. This is because infrared radiation interacts with the polar bonds in a molecule, causing the atoms to vibrate. The dipole moment is a measure of the separation of positive and negative charges in a molecule, and a change in this separation leads to the excitation of vibrational modes.

Rate this question:

Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

• Current Version
• Mar 21, 2023
Quiz Edited by
ProProfs Editorial Team
• Mar 11, 2018
Quiz Created by
Timmy198

Related Topics