Chapter 20: Sound

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Chapter 20: Sound - Quiz

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The source of every sound is something that is

    • A.

      Vibrating.

    • B.

      Moving.

    • C.

      Accelerating.

    • D.

      Undergoing simple harmonic motion.

    • E.

      A net emitter of energy.

    Correct Answer
    A. Vibrating.
    Explanation
    Sound is produced when an object vibrates, causing the surrounding air particles to vibrate as well. This vibration creates a disturbance that travels through the air as sound waves. Therefore, the source of every sound is something that is vibrating.

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  • 2. 

    A sound source of high frequency emits a high

    • A.

      Speed.

    • B.

      Amplitude.

    • C.

      Pitch.

    • D.

      All of these

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. Pitch.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "pitch." Pitch refers to the perceived frequency of a sound wave. A sound source of high frequency emits a high pitch. Amplitude, on the other hand, relates to the intensity or loudness of a sound, while speed refers to the rate at which sound waves travel. Therefore, the correct answer is pitch, as high frequency corresponds to a high pitch.

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  • 3. 

    Double the frequency of a sound and you halve its

    • A.

      Wavelength.

    • B.

      Speed.

    • C.

      Amplitude.

    • D.

      All of these

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Wavelength.
    Explanation
    When the frequency of a sound is doubled, it means that the number of complete cycles of the sound wave per second has doubled. As a result, the wavelength, which is the distance between two consecutive points of the wave, will be halved. This is because the speed of sound remains constant in a given medium, so if the frequency increases, the distance between the wave peaks must decrease in order to maintain the same speed. Therefore, doubling the frequency of a sound will halve its wavelength.

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  • 4. 

    Double the frequency of sound and you also double its

    • A.

      Wavelength.

    • B.

      Speed.

    • C.

      Amplitude.

    • D.

      All of these

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    E. None of these
    Explanation
    Doubling the frequency of sound does not double its wavelength, speed, or amplitude. The wavelength of a sound wave is inversely proportional to its frequency, so doubling the frequency would result in halving the wavelength. The speed of sound in a medium is determined by the properties of that medium and is not affected by the frequency. The amplitude of a sound wave is determined by the energy of the wave and is not directly related to the frequency. Therefore, none of these options are correct.

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  • 5. 

    The approximate range of human hearing is

    • A.

      10 hertz to 10,000 hertz.

    • B.

      20 hertz to 20,000 hertz.

    • C.

      40 hertz to 40,000 hertz.

    • D.

      Actually all of these – depends on the hearing ability of the person.

    Correct Answer
    B. 20 hertz to 20,000 hertz.
    Explanation
    The approximate range of human hearing is 20 hertz to 20,000 hertz. This range is commonly referred to as the audible frequency range. It represents the frequencies at which the average human ear is capable of perceiving sound. Frequencies below 20 hertz are considered infrasound and are typically felt rather than heard. Frequencies above 20,000 hertz are considered ultrasound and are also beyond the range of human hearing. Therefore, the correct answer is 20 hertz to 20,000 hertz.

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  • 6. 

    We are best at hearing

    • A.

      Infrasonic sound.

    • B.

      Ultrasonic sound.

    • C.

      Both infrasonic and ultrasonic sounds.

    • D.

      None of the above choices are true.

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above choices are true.
    Explanation
    The statement "We are best at hearing infrasonic sound" is not true because infrasonic sounds are below the range of human hearing. The statement "We are best at hearing ultrasonic sound" is also not true because ultrasonic sounds are above the range of human hearing. Therefore, the correct answer is "None of the above choices are true" as neither infrasonic nor ultrasonic sounds are within the range of human hearing.

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  • 7. 

    A sound wave is a

    • A.

      Longitudinal wave.

    • B.

      Transverse wave.

    • C.

      Standing wave.

    • D.

      Shock wave.

    • E.

      None of the above choices are correct.

    Correct Answer
    A. Longitudinal wave.
    Explanation
    A sound wave is a longitudinal wave because it travels by compressing and expanding the particles of the medium it is passing through in the same direction as the wave itself. In other words, the particles of the medium vibrate back and forth parallel to the direction of the wave propagation. This is different from a transverse wave, where the particles move perpendicular to the direction of the wave. Standing waves and shock waves are not applicable to sound waves.

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  • 8. 

    Compressions and rarefactions are characteristic of

    • A.

      Longitudinal waves.

    • B.

      Transverse waves.

    • C.

      Both longitudinal and transverse waves.

    • D.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    A. Longitudinal waves.
    Explanation
    Compressions and rarefactions are characteristic of longitudinal waves. In a longitudinal wave, the particles of the medium vibrate parallel to the direction of wave propagation. Compressions are regions where particles are close together, while rarefactions are regions where particles are spread apart. This type of wave is commonly observed in sound waves, where the particles in the air vibrate back and forth in the same direction as the sound wave travels. Transverse waves, on the other hand, have particles that vibrate perpendicular to the direction of wave propagation.

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  • 9. 

    Compressions and rarefactions normally travel in

    • A.

      The same direction in a wave.

    • B.

      Opposite directions in a wave.

    • C.

      Directions that are at right angles to the wave direction.

    Correct Answer
    A. The same direction in a wave.
    Explanation
    In a wave, compressions and rarefactions refer to the regions of high and low pressure respectively. When a wave propagates through a medium, the particles in the medium vibrate back and forth in the same direction as the wave. This causes the compressions and rarefactions to also move in the same direction as the wave. Therefore, compressions and rarefactions normally travel in the same direction in a wave.

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  • 10. 

    Sound travels faster in

    • A.

      Air.

    • B.

      Water.

    • C.

      Steel.

    • D.

      A vacuum.

    • E.

      Sound travels at about the same speed in all of the above media.

    Correct Answer
    C. Steel.
    Explanation
    Sound travels faster in steel compared to air, water, or a vacuum. This is because sound waves propagate faster in denser mediums, and steel is denser than air, water, or a vacuum. The particles in steel are closer together, allowing sound waves to travel more quickly through the material.

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  • 11. 

    Sound waves cannot travel in

    • A.

      Air.

    • B.

      Water.

    • C.

      Steel.

    • D.

      A vacuum.

    • E.

      Any of the above media

    Correct Answer
    D. A vacuum.
    Explanation
    Sound waves require a medium to travel through because they are mechanical waves that propagate by vibrating particles in the medium. In a vacuum, there are no particles present to vibrate and transmit the sound waves. Therefore, sound cannot travel in a vacuum.

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  • 12. 

    The speed of a sound wave in air depends on

    • A.

      Its frequency.

    • B.

      Its wavelength.

    • C.

      The air temperature.

    • D.

      All of the above choices are correct.

    • E.

      None of the above choices are correct.

    Correct Answer
    C. The air temperature.
    Explanation
    The speed of a sound wave in air depends on the air temperature. This is because the speed of sound is directly proportional to the square root of the temperature. As the temperature increases, the speed of sound also increases. Conversely, as the temperature decreases, the speed of sound decreases. Therefore, the air temperature is a crucial factor in determining the speed of a sound wave in air.

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  • 13. 

    Sound travels faster in air if the air temperature is

    • A.

      Warm.

    • B.

      Cold.

    • C.

      Average.

    Correct Answer
    A. Warm.
    Explanation
    Sound travels faster in warm air because the speed of sound is directly proportional to the temperature of the medium it is traveling through. As the temperature of air increases, the molecules in the air move faster and collide more frequently, allowing sound waves to propagate more quickly. In cold air, the molecules move slower and collide less frequently, resulting in a slower speed of sound.

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  • 14. 

    A wave having a frequency of 1000 hertz vibrates at

    • A.

      Less than 1000 cycles per second.

    • B.

      1000 cycles per second.

    • C.

      More than 1000 cycles per second.

    Correct Answer
    B. 1000 cycles per second.
    Explanation
    The frequency of a wave refers to the number of cycles or vibrations it completes in one second. In this case, the wave has a frequency of 1000 hertz, which means it completes 1000 cycles per second. Therefore, the correct answer is "1000 cycles per second."

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  • 15. 

    Reverberation is actually a case of

    • A.

      Sound interference.

    • B.

      Forced vibrations.

    • C.

      Re-echoed sound.

    • D.

      Resonance.

    • E.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Re-echoed sound.
    Explanation
    Reverberation refers to the persistence of sound in an enclosed space due to multiple reflections. It occurs when sound waves bounce off surfaces and create a series of echoes. This phenomenon is commonly experienced in large rooms or halls with hard surfaces. Therefore, re-echoed sound is the correct answer as it accurately describes the concept of reverberation.

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  • 16. 

    The explanation for refraction must involve a change in

    • A.

      Frequency.

    • B.

      Wavelength.

    • C.

      Speed.

    • D.

      All of the above choices are true.

    • E.

      None of the above choices are true.

    Correct Answer
    C. Speed.
    Explanation
    The explanation for refraction involves a change in speed. When light passes from one medium to another, such as from air to water, its speed changes. This change in speed causes the light to bend or refract. The frequency and wavelength of the light remain the same, but the speed changes, leading to the phenomenon of refraction.

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  • 17. 

    When the speed of sound near the ground is greater than it is at higher altitudes, the sound tends to be bent

    • A.

      Upward.

    • B.

      Downward.

    • C.

      To the left.

    • D.

      To the right.

    • E.

      None of the above choices are correct.

    Correct Answer
    A. Upward.
    Explanation
    When the speed of sound near the ground is greater than it is at higher altitudes, it creates a situation known as a temperature inversion. In this scenario, sound waves tend to bend or refract upwards, away from the ground. This is because the sound waves travel faster in the denser, cooler air near the ground, causing them to refract towards the region of slower speed, which is higher up in the atmosphere. Therefore, the correct answer is upward.

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  • 18. 

    Refraction of sound can occur in

    • A.

      Air.

    • B.

      Water.

    • C.

      Both air and water.

    • D.

      Neither air nor water.

    Correct Answer
    C. Both air and water.
    Explanation
    Refraction of sound refers to the change in direction of sound waves as they pass from one medium to another. This phenomenon occurs when sound waves travel through air and encounter a different medium, such as water. The change in the speed of sound in different mediums causes the sound waves to bend or change direction. Therefore, sound can refract in both air and water.

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  • 19. 

    A dolphin perceives its environment by the sense of

    • A.

      Sight.

    • B.

      Sound.

    • C.

      Both sight and sound.

    • D.

      Neither sight nor sound.

    Correct Answer
    B. Sound.
    Explanation
    Dolphins perceive their environment primarily through the sense of sound. They have excellent hearing abilities and use echolocation to navigate and locate objects in the water. Dolphins emit clicks and listen to the echoes that bounce back, allowing them to create a mental map of their surroundings. While dolphins also have good eyesight, sound is their primary sensory modality for perception.

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  • 20. 

    In perceiving its environment, a dolphin makes use of

    • A.

      Echoes.

    • B.

      The Doppler effect.

    • C.

      Ultrasound.

    • D.

      All of the above choices are correct.

    • E.

      None of the above choices are correct.

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above choices are correct.
    Explanation
    Dolphins use a combination of echoes, the Doppler effect, and ultrasound to perceive their environment. Echoes help them locate objects by bouncing sound waves off them and listening for the returning sound. The Doppler effect allows dolphins to detect the movement of objects by interpreting changes in the frequency of sound waves reflected off them. Ultrasound is used by dolphins for communication and navigation, as it allows them to produce high-frequency sound waves that can travel long distances underwater. Therefore, all of the above choices are correct explanations for how dolphins perceive their environment.

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  • 21. 

    The energy of sound in air eventually becomes

    • A.

      Increased internal energy of the air.

    • B.

      Weaker and weaker until it disappears.

    • C.

      Cancelled by destructive interference.

    • D.

      Cancelled by both destructive and constructive interference.

    Correct Answer
    A. Increased internal energy of the air.
    Explanation
    When sound travels through air, it transfers energy to the air molecules. This energy causes the air molecules to vibrate and move, increasing their internal energy. As the sound waves propagate further away from the source, the energy is gradually dissipated and spread out, resulting in a decrease in the intensity of the sound. However, the overall energy of the air is increased due to the absorption of sound energy, even though the sound itself may become weaker and eventually disappear.

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  • 22. 

    The frequencies of sound that carry farther in air are

    • A.

      Low.

    • B.

      High.

    • C.

      Ultrasonic.

    Correct Answer
    A. Low.
    Explanation
    Low frequency sound waves have longer wavelengths and can travel farther in air compared to high frequency sound waves. This is because low frequency waves are less likely to be absorbed or scattered by particles in the air, allowing them to propagate over longer distances. Ultrasonic frequencies, on the other hand, have very short wavelengths and are absorbed quickly by the air, limiting their range. Therefore, the correct answer is low.

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  • 23. 

    The wavelengths of sound that carry farther in air are relatively

    • A.

      Long.

    • B.

      Short.

    • C.

      Ultrasonic.

    Correct Answer
    A. Long.
    Explanation
    Sound waves with longer wavelengths have lower frequencies and are able to travel farther in air because they can diffract around obstacles and are less likely to be absorbed or scattered by particles in the air. Shorter wavelengths have higher frequencies and are more easily absorbed and scattered, resulting in shorter travel distances. Ultrasonic waves have frequencies higher than the upper limit of human hearing and are not relevant to this question.

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  • 24. 

    Sound will be louder if a struck tuning fork is held

    • A.

      In the air.

    • B.

      With its base against a table top.

    • C.

      With its prongs in shallow water.

    • D.

      In your closed fist.

    Correct Answer
    B. With its base against a table top.
    Explanation
    When a tuning fork is struck, it vibrates and produces sound waves. These sound waves travel through the air or any medium they encounter. When the base of the tuning fork is held against a table top, the vibrations are transmitted to the table, which acts as a resonator. This amplifies the sound waves produced by the tuning fork, making the sound louder. Holding the tuning fork in the air, in shallow water, or in a closed fist does not provide a resonating surface to amplify the sound waves, resulting in a quieter sound.

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  • 25. 

    A base fiddle is louder than a harp because of its

    • A.

      Thicker strings.

    • B.

      Sounding board.

    • C.

      Lower pitch.

    • D.

      All of the above are true.

    • E.

      None of the above are true.

    Correct Answer
    B. Sounding board.
    Explanation
    A base fiddle is louder than a harp because of its sounding board. The sounding board of a musical instrument is responsible for amplifying and projecting the sound produced by the strings. In the case of a base fiddle, the larger size and construction of its sounding board allows for greater resonance and volume, resulting in a louder sound compared to a harp. Thicker strings and lower pitch may contribute to the overall tone and timbre of the instrument, but they are not the primary factors that make the base fiddle louder.

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  • 26. 

    The natural frequency of an object depends on its

    • A.

      Size, shape and elasticity.

    • B.

      Size and shape.

    • C.

      Size and elasticity.

    • D.

      Shape and elasticity.

    Correct Answer
    A. Size, shape and elasticity.
    Explanation
    The natural frequency of an object refers to the frequency at which it naturally vibrates or oscillates without any external force. This frequency is determined by several factors, including the size, shape, and elasticity of the object. The size of the object affects the wavelength of the vibrations, while the shape determines the mode of vibration. Additionally, the elasticity of the object determines how quickly it can return to its original position after being disturbed. Therefore, all three factors, size, shape, and elasticity, play a role in determining the natural frequency of an object.

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  • 27. 

    The object with the highest natural frequency is a

    • A.

      Small bell.

    • B.

      Large bell.

    • C.

      Medium size bell.

    Correct Answer
    A. Small bell.
    Explanation
    A small bell typically has a higher natural frequency compared to larger bells. This is because the natural frequency of an object is determined by its size, shape, and material. Smaller objects tend to vibrate at higher frequencies, while larger objects vibrate at lower frequencies. Therefore, a small bell would have the highest natural frequency among the given options.

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  • 28. 

    The least energy required to produce forced vibration in an object occurs

    • A.

      Below its natural frequency.

    • B.

      At its natural frequency.

    • C.

      Above its natural frequency.

    Correct Answer
    B. At its natural frequency.
    Explanation
    When an object is subjected to forced vibration, it will vibrate with the maximum amplitude at its natural frequency. This is because the natural frequency is the frequency at which the object naturally oscillates with the least amount of energy. When the object is forced to vibrate at its natural frequency, the energy input is efficiently transferred to the object, resulting in maximum vibration. At frequencies below or above the natural frequency, the object will require more energy to vibrate with the same amplitude. Therefore, the least energy required to produce forced vibration in an object occurs at its natural frequency.

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  • 29. 

    Caruso is said to have made a crystal chandelier shatter with his voice. This is a demonstration of

    • A.

      An echo.

    • B.

      Sound refraction.

    • C.

      Beats.

    • D.

      Resonance.

    • E.

      Interference.

    Correct Answer
    D. Resonance.
    Explanation
    When Caruso sang, his voice produced sound waves that matched the natural frequency of the crystal chandelier. This caused the chandelier to vibrate at a high amplitude, eventually leading to its shattering. This phenomenon is known as resonance, where an object vibrates strongly in response to a matching frequency.

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  • 30. 

    In designing a music hall, an acoustical engineer deals mainly with

    • A.

      Modulation.

    • B.

      Forced vibrations.

    • C.

      Resonance.

    • D.

      Beats.

    • E.

      Wave interference.

    Correct Answer
    E. Wave interference.
    Explanation
    An acoustical engineer deals mainly with wave interference when designing a music hall. Wave interference refers to the interaction between two or more waves, resulting in the amplification or cancellation of certain frequencies. In a music hall, it is crucial to control wave interference to ensure optimal sound quality and minimize unwanted echoes or reverberations. By understanding how waves interact and interfere with each other, an acoustical engineer can strategically design the hall's shape, materials, and layout to achieve the desired acoustic properties.

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  • 31. 

    Sound waves can interfere with one another so that no sound results.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    • C.

      Either true or false, depending on the air temperature.

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Sound waves can interfere with each other in a process called destructive interference. This occurs when two sound waves of equal frequency and amplitude meet and their crests align with the troughs of the other wave, resulting in cancellation. When this happens, the sound waves effectively cancel each other out, resulting in no sound being heard. Therefore, the statement that sound waves can interfere with one another so that no sound results is true.

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  • 32. 

    The phenomenon of beats results from sound

    • A.

      Refraction.

    • B.

      Reflection.

    • C.

      Interference.

    • D.

      All of these

    • E.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. Interference.
    Explanation
    Interference is the correct answer because beats occur when two sound waves of slightly different frequencies interfere with each other. This interference creates a pattern of alternating constructive and destructive interference, resulting in a perceived fluctuation in the loudness of the sound. Refraction and reflection are not related to the occurrence of beats, so they are not the correct answers. Therefore, the correct explanation is that beats result from interference.

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  • 33. 

    Which doesn't belong to the same family?

    • A.

      Infrasonic waves

    • B.

      Ultrasonic waves

    • C.

      Radio waves

    • D.

      Shock waves

    • E.

      Longitudinal waves

    Correct Answer
    C. Radio waves
    Explanation
    The given options are all types of waves, except for radio waves. Radio waves are electromagnetic waves, while the rest of the options are all types of mechanical waves.

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  • 34. 

    When you tune a radio to a certain station, you match the frequency of the internal electrical circuit to the frequency of the wanted radio station. In so doing you are employing the principle of

    • A.

      Forced vibrations.

    • B.

      Resonance.

    • C.

      Beats.

    • D.

      Reverberation.

    • E.

      Wave interference.

    Correct Answer
    B. Resonance.
    Explanation
    When you tune a radio to a certain station, you adjust the frequency of the internal electrical circuit to match the frequency of the wanted radio station. This is known as resonance. Resonance occurs when an object vibrates at its natural frequency in response to an external force with the same frequency. In this case, the internal electrical circuit of the radio resonates with the frequency of the desired radio station, allowing for clear reception of the station's signal.

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  • 35. 

    In the case of radio, which has the higher frequency?

    • A.

      Carrier wave

    • B.

      Sound wave

    • C.

      Neither. Both may be of the same frequency.

    Correct Answer
    A. Carrier wave
    Explanation
    The carrier wave has a higher frequency in the case of radio. The carrier wave is the electromagnetic wave that carries the radio signal, while the sound wave represents the audio signal being transmitted. The carrier wave is typically in the radio frequency range, which is much higher than the frequency of the sound wave. Therefore, the carrier wave has a higher frequency compared to the sound wave in radio communication.

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  • 36. 

    For FM radio, the F stands for

    • A.

      Frequency.

    • B.

      Forced vibration at which resonance occurs.

    • C.

      Foul.

    • D.

      Female.

    • E.

      Fax.

    Correct Answer
    A. Frequency.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "frequency" because in FM radio, the F stands for the frequency at which the radio waves are transmitted. Frequency refers to the number of complete cycles of a wave that occur in one second. In FM radio, different radio stations are assigned different frequencies, and tuning into a specific frequency allows the listener to receive the corresponding radio station.

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  • 37. 

    For AM radio, the A stands for

    • A.

      Acceleration.

    • B.

      Authorized.

    • C.

      Amplitude.

    • D.

      Agony.

    • E.

      Almost.

    Correct Answer
    C. Amplitude.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "amplitude." In the context of AM radio, the A stands for amplitude. Amplitude refers to the maximum extent of a vibration or oscillation, in this case, the variation in the strength or intensity of the radio waves. AM radio uses amplitude modulation, where the amplitude of the carrier wave is varied to transmit the audio signal.

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  • 38. 

    On some days, air nearest the ground is colder than air that is higher up. On one of these days, sound waves

    • A.

      Tend to be refracted upward.

    • B.

      Tend to be refracted downward.

    • C.

      Travel without refraction.

    Correct Answer
    B. Tend to be refracted downward.
    Explanation
    On days when the air nearest the ground is colder than the air higher up, a temperature inversion occurs. This causes sound waves to be refracted downward. This happens because sound travels faster through warmer air and slower through colder air. As the sound waves encounter the colder air near the ground, they slow down and bend downward towards the denser air. This phenomenon is known as downward refraction.

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  • 39. 

    Sound refraction depends on the fact that the speed of sound is

    • A.

      Constant.

    • B.

      Variable.

    • C.

      Proportional to frequency.

    • D.

      Inversely proportional to wavelength.

    • E.

      None of the above choices are correct.

    Correct Answer
    B. Variable.
    Explanation
    Sound refraction refers to the bending of sound waves as they pass through different mediums with varying densities. This bending occurs because the speed of sound is not constant; it changes depending on the properties of the medium. When sound waves pass from one medium to another, such as from air to water or from warm air to cold air, the speed of sound changes, causing the waves to refract or change direction. Therefore, the correct answer is "variable."

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  • 40. 

    A 340-hertz sound wave travels at 340 m/s in air with a wavelength of

    • A.

      1 m.

    • B.

      10 m.

    • C.

      100 m.

    • D.

      1000 m.

    • E.

      None of the above choices are correct.

    Correct Answer
    A. 1 m.
    Explanation
    The speed of sound in air is approximately 340 m/s. The formula to calculate the speed of a wave is speed = frequency x wavelength. In this case, the frequency is given as 340 Hz. By rearranging the formula, we can calculate the wavelength by dividing the speed by the frequency. Therefore, the wavelength of the sound wave is 1 meter.

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  • 41. 

    When the handle of a tuning fork is held solidly against a table, the sound becomes louder and the time that the fork keeps vibrating

    • A.

      Becomes longer.

    • B.

      Becomes shorter.

    • C.

      Remains the same.

    Correct Answer
    B. Becomes shorter.
    Explanation
    When the handle of a tuning fork is held solidly against a table, the sound becomes louder because the table acts as a resonating surface, amplifying the sound waves produced by the fork. However, the time that the fork keeps vibrating becomes shorter because the solid connection with the table allows for efficient transfer of energy from the fork to the table, causing the vibrations to dampen and fade out more quickly.

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  • 42. 

    Resonance can be looked at as forced vibration with the

    • A.

      Least amount of energy input.

    • B.

      Maximum amount of energy input.

    • C.

      Matching of wave amplitudes.

    • D.

      Matching of constructive and destructive interference.

    • E.

      Minimum beat frequency.

    Correct Answer
    A. Least amount of energy input.
    Explanation
    Resonance is a phenomenon where an object oscillates at its natural frequency when subjected to an external force. In this context, resonance is described as forced vibration, meaning that an external force is applied to the object to make it vibrate. The answer "least amount of energy input" suggests that resonance occurs with the minimum amount of energy needed to sustain the vibration at the object's natural frequency. This implies that resonance can be achieved with a relatively small force or energy input.

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  • 43. 

    In which one of these media does sound travel the fastest?

    • A.

      Water vapor

    • B.

      Water

    • C.

      Ice

    • D.

      Steam

    • E.

      Sound travels the same speed in each of the above media.

    Correct Answer
    C. Ice
    Explanation
    Sound travels fastest in solids because the particles in solids are closely packed together, allowing sound waves to propagate more efficiently. Ice is a solid, so sound would travel faster in ice compared to water vapor, water, or steam.

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  • 44. 

    Inhaling helium increases the pitch of your voice. One reason for this is that sound travels

    • A.

      Slower in helium than in air.

    • B.

      Faster in helium than in air.

    • C.

      The same speed in helium, but the wavelength is greater.

    Correct Answer
    B. Faster in helium than in air.
    Explanation
    When we inhale helium, it increases the pitch of our voice because sound travels faster in helium than in air. The speed of sound is determined by the density and elasticity of the medium through which it travels. Helium is less dense than air and has lower molecular weight, which results in faster sound propagation. As a result, when we speak with helium in our lungs, the sound waves travel faster, causing a higher frequency and thus a higher pitch in our voice.

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  • 45. 

    An explosion occurs 34 km away. Since sound travels at 340 m/s, the time it takes for the sound to reach you is

    • A.

      0.1 second.

    • B.

      1 second.

    • C.

      10 seconds.

    • D.

      20 seconds.

    • E.

      More than 20 seconds.

    Correct Answer
    E. More than 20 seconds.
    Explanation
    The distance between the explosion and the person is given as 34 km. Since sound travels at a speed of 340 m/s, we can calculate the time it takes for the sound to reach the person by dividing the distance by the speed of sound. In this case, 34 km is equal to 34,000 meters. Dividing this by 340 m/s gives us 100 seconds. Therefore, the correct answer is more than 20 seconds.

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  • 46. 

    The beat frequency produced when a 240 hertz tuning fork and a 246 hertz tuning fork are sounded together is

    • A.

      6 hertz.

    • B.

      12 hertz.

    • C.

      240 hertz.

    • D.

      245 hertz.

    • E.

      None of the above choices are correct.

    Correct Answer
    A. 6 hertz.
    Explanation
    When two tuning forks with slightly different frequencies are sounded together, they create a beat frequency equal to the difference between their frequencies. In this case, the beat frequency is 246 Hz - 240 Hz = 6 Hz. Therefore, the correct answer is 6 hertz.

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  • 47. 

    A 1056-hertz tuning fork is sounded at the same time a piano note is struck. You hear three beats per second. What is the frequency of the piano string?

    • A.

      Not enough information to be certain

    • B.

      1056 hertz

    • C.

      1059 hertz

    • D.

      1053 hertz

    • E.

      3168 hertz

    Correct Answer
    A. Not enough information to be certain
    Explanation
    The given information states that a 1056-hertz tuning fork is sounded at the same time a piano note is struck, and three beats per second are heard. However, the frequency of the piano string cannot be determined solely based on this information. The beats per second indicate that there is a difference in frequency between the tuning fork and the piano string, but without knowing the exact frequency of the tuning fork or the specific relationship between the frequencies of the tuning fork and the piano string, it is not possible to determine the frequency of the piano string with certainty. Therefore, the answer is "not enough information to be certain."

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  • 48. 

    Suppose you sound a 1056-hertz tuning fork at the same time you strike a note on the piano and hear 2 beats/second. You tighten the piano string very slightly and now hear 3 beats/second. What is the frequency of the piano string?

    • A.

      1053 hertz

    • B.

      1054 hertz

    • C.

      1056 hertz

    • D.

      1058 hertz

    • E.

      1059 hertz

    Correct Answer
    E. 1059 hertz
    Explanation
    The frequency of the tuning fork is given as 1056 hertz. When the tuning fork and the piano string are struck at the same time, the beats heard are 2 beats/second. This indicates that the frequency of the piano string is slightly different from the tuning fork. When the piano string is tightened slightly, the beats heard increase to 3 beats/second. This suggests that the frequency of the piano string is increasing and getting closer to the frequency of the tuning fork. Therefore, the frequency of the piano string is 1059 hertz, which is the closest option given.

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  • 49. 

    Which type of radio wave produces the least static in a radio receiver?

    • A.

      AM

    • B.

      FM

    • C.

      Both have equal amounts of static.

    Correct Answer
    B. FM
    Explanation
    FM radio waves produce the least static in a radio receiver compared to AM radio waves. This is because FM radio waves have a higher frequency and shorter wavelength, which allows them to carry more information and be less susceptible to interference. On the other hand, AM radio waves have a lower frequency and longer wavelength, making them more prone to static and interference from atmospheric conditions and other electronic devices. Therefore, FM radio provides a clearer and more static-free listening experience.

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  • 50. 

    Repeatedly tap the side of a drinking glass with a spoon while filling it with water and you will notice that the pitch of the sound

    • A.

      Increases.

    • B.

      Decreases.

    • C.

      Remains relatively constant.

    Correct Answer
    B. Decreases.
    Explanation
    When tapping the side of a drinking glass with a spoon while filling it with water, the pitch of the sound decreases. This is because as the glass is being filled with water, the space inside the glass decreases. The pitch of the sound is determined by the frequency of the vibrations produced by tapping the glass. As the space inside the glass decreases, the frequency of the vibrations decreases, resulting in a lower pitch sound.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 18, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 29, 2013
    Quiz Created by
    Drtaylor
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