Chapter 20 Practice Test

19 Questions | Total Attempts: 102

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Chapter 20 Practice Test

Remember to use your notes. Please disregard the "type your answer here box" on question 10. Use the map for questions 11-16. Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Free blacks living in both the North and the South
    • A. 

      Had the same rights as whites.

    • B. 

      Lived side by side with whites.

    • C. 

      Preferred living apart from whites.

    • D. 

      Faced discrimination and racism.

  • 2. 
    What was the main effect of the cotton gin on slaves?
    • A. 

      It decreased the value of slaves.

    • B. 

      It ended the Atlantic slave trade.

    • C. 

      It made slaves' lives easier.

    • D. 

      It increased the demand for slaves.

  • 3. 
    The great majority of slaves worked as
    • A. 

      Household servants.

    • B. 

      Skilled craftspeople.

    • C. 

      Factory workers.

    • D. 

      Field hands.

  • 4. 
    The most common way slaves resisted slavery was by 
    • A. 

      Organizing salve uprisings.

    • B. 

      Killing their owners.

    • C. 

      Finding ways to avoid work.

    • D. 

      Running away to the North.

  • 5. 
    Slaveholders used all of these methods to control enslaved African Americans except
    • A. 

      Treating slaves like grown-up children.

    • B. 

      Threatening severe punishment to slaves who did not obey.

    • C. 

      Keeping slaves ignorant about the world beyond their owner's land.

    • D. 

      Promising slaves their freedom if they worked hard.

  • 6. 
    When gathered together in their “invisible churches,” slaves
    • A. 

      Taught their children the value of silence.

    • B. 

      Brought joy and comfort to each other.

    • C. 

      Kept their African languages alive.

    • D. 

      Preached a message of obedience to their owners.

  • 7. 
    What slaves generally feared most of all was being
    • A. 

      Sent back to Africa.

    • B. 

      Caught while running away.

    • C. 

      Sold away from their families.

    • D. 

      Disrespectful to their elders.

  • 8. 
    Many white southerners who did not own slaves still supported slavery because they knew that
    • A. 

      Slaveholders were the South's natural leaders.

    • B. 

      The South's economy depended on slave labor.

    • C. 

      They would have their own slaves someday.

    • D. 

      The Constitution did not ban slavery in the South.

  • 9. 
    African cultural traditions were expressed in all the following except
    • A. 

      The living conditions endured by slaves.

    • B. 

      The songs and spirituals sung by slaves.

    • C. 

      The stories and folktales told by slaves.

    • D. 

      The art and quilts created by slaves.

  • 10. 
  • 11. 
    The map above shows
    • A. 

      The rising value of slaves

    • B. 

      The growth of the cotton kingdom

    • C. 

      The end of the Atlantic slave trade

    • D. 

      The routes followed by runaway slaves

  • 12. 
    Referring to the map above, between 1839 and 1860, the amount of land in the South devoted to cotton
    • A. 

      Increased slowly.

    • B. 

      About doubled.

    • C. 

      Decreased slightly.

    • D. 

      Stayed about the same.

  • 13. 
    From Norfolk to Port Lavaca, about how wide was the cotton kingdom in 1860?
    • A. 

      1,600 miles

    • B. 

      800 miles

    • C. 

      400 miles

    • D. 

      1,200 miles

  • 14. 
    What invention accounts for the changes shown on the map above? 
    • A. 

      Cotton gin

    • B. 

      Steam boat

    • C. 

      Mechanical reaper

    • D. 

      Sewing machine

  • 15. 
    Viewing the map above, from 1801 to 1860, the system of slavery moved mainly
    • A. 

      West into the Mississippi Valley and Texas.

    • B. 

      South into Florida and the Caribbean.

    • C. 

      East onto islands off the Atlantic Coast.

    • D. 

      North into the Ohio Valley and Louisiana Territory.

  • 16. 
    The map suggests that selling slaves for the slave trade was more profitable than raising cotton in
    • A. 

      Georgia and Alabama.

    • B. 

      Virginia and Kentucky.

    • C. 

      Texas and Arkansas.

    • D. 

      Louisiana and Mississippi.

  • 17. 
    Read the passage below. Then read each question and choose the best answer based on the passage. The real feelings and opinions of the slaves were not much known or respected by their masters...and in this respect Col. Lloyd was no exception to the rule. His slaves were so numerous he did not know them when he saw them. Nor, indeed, did all his slaves know him. It is reported of him, that riding along the road one day he met a colored man, and addressed him... . “Well, boy, who do you belong to?” “To Col. Lloyd,” replied the slave. “Well does the Colonel treat you well?” “No, sir,” was the ready reply. “What, does he work you hard?” “Yes, sir.” “Well, don't he give you enough to eat?” “Yes, sir, he gives me enough to eat, such as it is.” The Colonel rode on; the slave also went on about his business, not dream- ing that he had been conversing with his master. He thought and said nothing of the matter, until two or three weeks afterwards, he was informed by his overseer that for having found fault with his master, he was now to be sold to a Georgia trader... . This was the penalty of telling the simple truth... . Slaveholders are known to have sent spies among their slaves to ascertain if possible their views and feelings in regard to their condition; hence the maxim established among them, that “a still tongue makes a wise head.” I was fre- quently asked if I had a kind master, and I do not remember ever to have given a negative reply. Life and Times of Frederick Douglass
  • 18. 
    According to Douglass, what did masters know about the feelings and opinions of their slaves?
    • A. 

      They didn't want to know anything about slaves' feelings and opinions.

    • B. 

      They knew how slaves felt but didn't care about their opinions.

    • C. 

      They knew little about how slaves felt because slaves were afraid to be truthful.

    • D. 

      The knew exactly how slaves felt.

  • 19. 
    This passage is an example of
    • A. 

      A piece of fiction written about an event that never happened.

    • B. 

      A primary source written by an eyewitness to an event.

    • C. 

      A secondary source written by a historian about an event.

    • D. 

      An opinion piece written to express the author's views.

  • 20. 
    The word maxim in the passage means a
    • A. 

      Wise saying.

    • B. 

      Firm rule.

    • C. 

      Common practice.

    • D. 

      Foolish superstition.